Character Study on Abishai

Character Study on Abishai

1 Samuel 26: Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.
1 Samuel 26: So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him.
1 Samuel 26: Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not smite him the second time.
1 Samuel 26: And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?
2 Samuel 2: And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.
2 Samuel 2: Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
2 Samuel 3: So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
2 Samuel 10: And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
2 Samuel 10: And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 16: Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.
2 Samuel 16: And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him.
2 Samuel 18: And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.
2 Samuel 18: And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom. And all the people heard when the king gave all the captains charge concerning Absalom.
2 Samuel 18: And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the king's son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.
2 Samuel 19: But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD'S anointed?
2 Samuel 20: And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take thou thy lord's servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us.
2 Samuel 20: But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
2 Samuel 21: But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
2 Samuel 23: And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.
1 Chronicles 2: Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
1 Chronicles 11: And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three.
1 Chronicles 18: Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
1 Chronicles 19: And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.
1 Chronicles 19: And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.

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Dictionary

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abishai
A son of Zeruiah, David's sister, brother of Joab and Asahel, one of the bravest of David's mighty men, 1 Chronicles 2:16 , and always faithful to his royal uncle. He went with him alone to the tent of Saul, 1 Samuel 26:7-11 ; and was a leader in the war with Ish-bosheth, 2 Samuel 2.18,24 , in the war with the Edomites, 1 Chronicles 18:12,13 , and with the Syrians and Ammonites, 2 Samuel 10:10 . In a battle with the Philistines, he rescued David, and slew Ishbi-benob the giant, 2 Samuel 21:16,17 . He lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, 2 Samuel 23:18 ; and was with David in the affairs of Shimei, Absalom, and Sheb, 2 Samuel 16:9 18:2 20:6,7 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Abishai
("father of gifts".) Nephew of David by his sister Zeruiah; brother of Joab and Asahel. Joab was more of the experienced general, Abishai the devoted champion for David. Thus, when David proposed to Ahimelech the Hittite and Abishai the perilous visit to Saul's camp, Abishai instantly volunteered, reckless of personal danger. His impulsive nature needed occasional checking, in his zeal for David. We find the consistency of character maintained throughout the history; the same spirit prompting the request at Hachilah," Let me smite Saul" (1 Samuel 26:8), as subsequently at Bahurim, when Shimei cursed David, prompted his exclamation "Why should this dead dog curse my Lord the king? let me take off his head" (2 Samuel 16:9).

He commanded one third of David's army at the battle with Absalom (2 Samuel 18), and rescued David when waxing faint and in imminent peril from the giant Ishbi-benob (2 Samuel 21:15-17). In the same war probably he, as chief of the three "mighties," chivalrously broke through the Philistine host to procure water for David from the well of his native Bethlehem (2 Samuel 23:14-17). Once he withstood 300 and slew them with his spear. In 2 Samuel 8:13 the victory over the 15,000 Edomites or Syrians in the Valley of Salt is ascribed to David; in 1 Chronicles 18:12, to Abishai. Probably the commander in chief was David, but the victory actually gained by Abishai.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Abishai
(uhb' ih ssha i) Personal name meaning, “father exists.” Son of David's sister Zeruiah and brother of Joab, David's general (1 Chronicles 2:15-16 ). He was with David when he spared Abner (1 Samuel 26:7 ) and with Joab pursuing Abner (2 Samuel 2:24 ) and killing Abner (2 Samuel 3:30 ). He commanded troops against Ammon (2 Samuel 10:1 ). He sought to kill Shimei for cursing David, but the king restrained him (2 Samuel 16:1 ; 2 Samuel 19:21 ). He led a third of David's troops against David's son Absalom (2 Samuel 18:1 ). He commanded forces against Sheba, who led a northern rebellion against David (2 Samuel 20:1 ). He killed Isbi-benob, the Philistine giant who threatened David (2 Samuel 21:15-17 ). A mighty captain, he was still not among David's elite three (2 Samuel 23:8-19 ). He was famed for killing 18,000 Edomites (1 Chronicles 18:12 ).



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Abishai
The present of my father
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Abishai
Father of (i.e., "desirous of") a gift, the eldest son of Zeruiah, David's sister. He was the brother of Joab and Asahel (2 Samuel 2:18 ; 1 Chronicles 2:16 ). Abishai was the only one who accompanied David when he went to the camp of Saul and took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster (1 Samuel 26:5-12 ). He had the command of one of the three divisions of David's army at the battle with Absalom (2 Samuel 18:2,5,12 ). He slew the Philistine giant Ishbi-benob, who threatened David's life (2 Samuel 21:15-17 ). He was the chief of the second rank of the three "mighties" (2 Samuel 23:18,19 ; 1 Chronicles 11:20,21 ); and on one occasion withstood 300 men, and slew them with his own spear (2 Samuel 23:18 ). Abishai is the name of the Semitic chief who offers gifts to the lord of Beni-Hassan. See illustration facing page 10.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abishai
ABISHAI . Son of Zeruiah, David’s step-sister ( 2 Samuel 17:25 , 1 Chronicles 2:16 ). His brothers were Joab and Asahel ( 2 Samuel 2:18 ). He was a hot-tempered, ruthless soldier. Accompanying David into Saul’s camp, he would fain have killed the sleeper ( 1 Samuel 26:7 ). An editorial addition ( 2 Samuel 3:30 ) associates him with Joab in the blood-revenge taken on Abner. Abishai was second in command of the army ( 2 Samuel 10:1-19 ; 2 Samuel 18:1-33 ), and if we make a slight necessary correction at 2 Samuel 23:18 f., we find that he was first of the famous thirty. He is credited with the slaughter of three hundred foes, and David once owed his life to Abishai’s interposition ( 2 Samuel 23:18 ; 2 Samuel 21:16 f.). Notwithstanding their relationship and their usefulness, there was a natural antipathy between the king and the two brothers ( 2 Samuel 3:39 ).

J. Taylor.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abishai
Son of David's sister Zeruiah, and brother of Joab. He was one of David's officers and served him many years. He accompanied David into Saul's camp while he slept. 1 Samuel 26:6-9 . With Joab he slew Abner. 2 Samuel 3:30 . In his zeal for David he asked permission to slay Shimei. 2 Samuel 16:9 ; 2 Samuel 19:21 . In the rebellion of Absalom he commanded a third of David's army. 2 Samuel 18:2 . He rescued David from Ishbi-benob the giant. 2 Samuel 21:17 . He was captain of the second three of David's 'mighty men,' and slew three hundred men. 2 Samuel 23:18 . To him is attributed the slaughter of eighteen thousand Syrians or Edomites in the valley of salt. 1 Chronicles 18:12 ; 2 Samuel 8:13 .

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Abishai
the son of Zeruiah, David's sister, who was one of the most valiant men of his time, and one of the principal generals in David's armies.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abishai
Abishai (a-bĭsh'a-î or a-bĭ-shâ'i), father of a gift, eldest son of Zeruiah, David's sister, brother of Joab and Asahel, one of the bravest of David's "mighty men," 1 Chronicles 2:16, always faithful to his royal uncle, and usually a personal attendant. He went with him alone to the tent of Saul, 1 Samuel 26:6-12, and was a leader in the war with Ish-bosheth, 2 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 2:24, in the war with the Edomites, 1 Chronicles 18:12-13, and with the Syrians and Ammonites. 2 Samuel 10:10; 2 Samuel 10:14. In a battle with the Philistines he rescued David, and slew Ish bi-benob the giant, 2 Samuel 21:16-17. He broke through their host around Bethlehem, and lifted up his spear against 300, and slew them, 2 Samuel 23:14-18 : and was with David in the matters of Shimei, Absalom, and Sheba. 2 Samuel 16:9; 2 Samuel 18:2; 2 Samuel 19:21; 2 Samuel 20:6-7.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abishai
With his brothers Joab and Asahel, Abishai joined David during David’s flight from Saul. The brothers, though related to David and strong supporters of him, were a constant worry to David because of their hotheadedness. Abishai seems to have been the most violent of the three (1 Samuel 26:6-9; 2 Samuel 2:18-24; 2 Samuel 3:30; 2 Samuel 3:39; 2 Samuel 16:9-10; 2 Samuel 19:21-22; 2 Samuel 21:16-17). He became one of the highest ranked officers in David’s army, being commander of that group of ‘mighty men’ known as The Thirty (2 Samuel 23:18-19). In battle he commanded large divisions of the fighting forces (2 Samuel 10:9-10; 2 Samuel 18:2).

Sentence search

Abshai - NAS spelling for Abishai. See Abishai
Ahimelech - The Hittite who, with Abishai, was asked by David: "Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp?" He lost a precious opportunity of serving the king (Isaiah 6:8); Abishai alone volunteered (1 Samuel 26:6)
Abishai - Joab was more of the experienced general, Abishai the devoted champion for David. Thus, when David proposed to Ahimelech the Hittite and Abishai the perilous visit to Saul's camp, Abishai instantly volunteered, reckless of personal danger. In 2 Samuel 8:13 the victory over the 15,000 Edomites or Syrians in the Valley of Salt is ascribed to David; in 1 Chronicles 18:12, to Abishai. Probably the commander in chief was David, but the victory actually gained by Abishai
Ishbi-Benob - A Philistine giant, who attacked David and was slain by Abishai (2 Samuel 21:16-17)
Zeruiah - Sister of David, and mother of his famous generals, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, 1 Chronicles 2:16
Ishbibenob - A giant who was on the point of killing David in battle, but was slain by Abishai, 2 Samuel 21:16-17
Ammah - Hill to which Joab pursued Abner and Abishai, it was 'before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon
Ishbi-Benob - He was slain by Abishai (2 Samuel 21:16,17 )
Ish'bi-be'Nob - (he that dwells at Nobl ), son of Rapha, one of the race of Philistine giants, who attacked David in battle, but was slain by Abishai
Zeru'Iah - (balsam ), the mother of the three leading heroes of David's army --Abishai, Joah and Asahel-- known as the "sons of Zeruiah
Ammah - A cubit, the name of a hill which Joab and Abishai reached as the sun went down, when they were in pursuit of Abner (2 Samuel 2:24 )
Zeruiah - Stricken of the Lord, David's sister, and the mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel (1 Chronicles 2:16 ), who were the three leading heroes of David's army, and being his nephews, they were admitted to the closest companionship with him
Abishai - With his brothers Joab and Asahel, Abishai joined David during David’s flight from Saul. Abishai seems to have been the most violent of the three (1 Samuel 26:6-9; 2 Samuel 2:18-24; 2 Samuel 3:30; 2 Samuel 3:39; 2 Samuel 16:9-10; 2 Samuel 19:21-22; 2 Samuel 21:16-17)
Sirah - ” A well (“cistern of Sirah” NRSV) where Joab and Abishai murdered Abner for killing their brother Asahel (2 Samuel 3:26-30 )
Three - Abishai--attained not to the first three
Abishai - Abishai was the only one who accompanied David when he went to the camp of Saul and took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster (1 Samuel 26:5-12 ). Abishai is the name of the Semitic chief who offers gifts to the lord of Beni-Hassan
Abishai - Abishai . Abishai was second in command of the army ( 2 Samuel 10:1-19 ; 2 Samuel 18:1-33 ), and if we make a slight necessary correction at 2 Samuel 23:18 f. He is credited with the slaughter of three hundred foes, and David once owed his life to Abishai’s interposition ( 2 Samuel 23:18 ; 2 Samuel 21:16 f
Asahel - David's nephew, youngest son of Zeruiah, David's sister; brother of Joab and Abishai
Salt, Valley of - The battle field between Judah and Edom where David and Amaziah conquered Abishai. (See JOAB; DAVID; AMAZIAH; Abishai
Zeruiah - ” Mother of three of David's generals, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel (2 Samuel 2:18 )
Zeruiah - Zeruiah had three sons, Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, the leaders of David's army; but it is not stated who was her husband
Yoav - (9th century BCE) Nephew of King David and general of his armies, brother of warriors Abishai, and Asahel
Joab ben zeruiah - (9th century BCE) Nephew of King David and general of his armies, brother of warriors Abishai, and Asahel
Ittai - He is afterwards with David at Mahanaim, holding in the army equal rank with Joab and Abishai (2 Samuel 18:2,5,12 )
Joab - was the son of Zeruiah, David's sister, and brother to Abishai and Asahel
Altaschith - " He used the same "destroy not" in 1 Samuel 26:9, to Abishai, who urged him to slay Saul when in his power
Zeruiah - Mother of Abishai (called so from Ishai = Jesse), Joab, and Asahel, "the sons of Zeruiah"; sister of Abigail and of the sons of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:13-17)
Asahel - The nephew of David, son of his sister Zeruiah, and brother of Joab and Abishai
Ittai - Later, Ittai shared command of David's army with Joab and Abishai (2 Samuel 18:2 )
Salt, Valley of - It is conjectured that while David was leading his army against the Ammonites and Syrians, the Edomites invaded the south of Judah, and that David sent Joab or Abishai against them, who drove them back and finally subdued Edom
Asahel - The youngest son of Zeruiah, David’s sister, and the brother of Joab and Abishai
Abner - In this engagement he killed, in self-defence, Asahel, the brother of Joab and Abishai. He then undertook to procure David's recognition throughout Israel; but after leaving his presence for the purpose was enticed back by Joab, and treacherously murdered by him and his brother Abishai, at the gate of the city, ostensibly in retaliation for the death of Asahel; really, we may suppose, through jealousy, as he would have at least rivalled Joab in position
Zeruiah - The mother of David’s officers Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, who are always referred to as ‘sons of Zerulah
Ishbibenob - The soldier Ishbibenob was killed by David's faithful soldier Abishai
Joab - Son of Zeruiah, David's sister, and brother of Abishai and Asahel, was the commander of David's army during almost the whole of his reign, 2 Samuel 5:6-10
Jashobeam - He slays 300 in Chronicles, where the number may have crept in from 2 Samuel 23:18 in the case of Abishai; 800 is the correct number in Samuel; not all at one blow, but with successive throws of his spear
Amasa - Amasa not being able to form his army in the time prescribed, David directed Abishai to pursue Sheba with the guards
Abishai - Abishai (a-bĭsh'a-î or a-bĭ-shâ'i), father of a gift, eldest son of Zeruiah, David's sister, brother of Joab and Asahel, one of the bravest of David's "mighty men," 1 Chronicles 2:16, always faithful to his royal uncle, and usually a personal attendant
Jesse - (On his removal to Moab in David's flight from Saul see DAVID, also see ABIGAIL on Jesse's connection with her and Joab, Abishai and Asahel, and Zeruiah
Hachilah - " David and his nephew Abishai stole at night into the midst of Saul's camp, when they were all asleep, and noiselessly removed the royal spear and the cruse from the side of the king, and then, crossing the intervening valley to the height on the other side, David cried to the people, and thus awoke the sleepers
Asahel - Brother of Joab and Abishai, David's nephew (2 Samuel 2:18 )
Zabad - descendant, just as Joab, Abishai, and Asahel, are called from the mother's side sons of Zeruiah, who married a foreigner
ab'Ner - He then undertook to procure his recognition throughout Israel; but after leaving his presence for the purpose was enticed back by Joab, and treacherously murdered by him and his brother Abishai, at the gate of the city, partly, no doubt, from fear lest so distinguished a convert to their cause should gain too high a place in David's favor, but ostensibly in retaliation for the death of Asahel
Amasa - Amasa's slowness in crushing Sheba's rebellion, perhaps owing to the disinclination of the troops to be under his command, obliged David to dispatch Abishai with the household guards, and Joab accompanied them
Abner - Still he was followed by Joab and Abishai, till he, who in the morning sported with murder, was obliged at even to entreat that Joab would stay his troops from the effusion of blood, 2 Samuel 2
Joab - Revengeful and bold as his brother Abishai, at the same time more able as a statesman (2 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 2:22; 2 Samuel 3:27). " Abishai is mentioned in David's flight before Saul; but Joab not until after Saul's death. ) In the war with Ammon, undertaken to avenge the indignity offered David's ambassadors by Hanun, Joab defeated Ammon's ally the Syrians while Abishai was defeating the Ammonites. The victory over Edom is variously attributed to David as king, to Joab as commander in chief, who slew 12,000, and to Abishai, who slew 6,000, under Joab (1 Chronicles 18:12). David therefore, when Sheba's rebellion broke out, had to send Abishai to pursue the rebel at once, with Joab's men and all the mighty men
Abner - Abner, escaping from the field, was overtaken by Asahel, who was "light of foot as a wild roe," the brother of Joab and Abishai, whom he thrust through with a back stroke of his spear (2Samuel 2:18-32)
Joab - His two brothers were Abishai and Asahel, the swift of foot, who was killed by Abner (2 Samuel 2:13-32 ), whom Joab afterwards treacherously murdered (3:22-27)
Sheba - David seeing it necessary to check this revolt, ordered Abishai to take the gibborim, "mighty men," and the body-guard and such troops as he could gather, and pursue Sheba
Step - This focus on the falling of a foot once is extended to the “stroke” of a spear: “Then said Abishai to David, … let me pin him to the earth with one stroke of the spear …” (1 Sam
Shimei - Why should that dead dog curse the king in that way? said Abishai to David. But the king answered to Abishai, So let him curse, because the Lord hath said unto him, Curse David. But David held his peace; for David had said to Abishai, It is the Lord. ... Abishai looked up and saw a dead dog barking and biting out of his own kennel-door in Bahurim that day. And when any of his friends, for his protection, or for his peace, or for his comfort would fain remove out of his life aught that tempts and tries him; aught that tramples on him and humbles him; aught that plagues him and vexes him and leads him into sin, like David to Abishai at Bahurim he says to him, Let it alone, for it is the Lord. He is set upon my humility, my submissiveness, my meekness, my gentleness, my resignation, my contentment, my detachment, my self-denial, my cross, my death to sin, my death to myself, my unearthliness, my heavenly-mindedness, my conformity to Christ, and my acceptance of Him-and what a splendid use is all that to which to put all the things that otherwise would be so much against me! And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Let this Benjamite alone, and let him curse; for the Lord hath bidden him
Ittai - At the battle of Mahunaim Ittai had equal rank with Joab and Abishai (2 Samuel 18:2; 2 Samuel 18:5; 2 Samuel 18:12)
Shimei - Abishai would have "taken off his head" then and there, as a "dead dog" presuming to "curse the king. Again Abishai would have slain Shimei, but David felt his day of restoration to the kingdom was no day for avenging wrongs, and said "thou shalt not die
Commander - Joab, Abishai, and Ittai were “commanders” in David’s army (cf
Find - David told Abishai: “… Take thou thy lord’s servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us” (2 Sam
Names - For instance, Abishai signifies, according to Gesenius, 'father of a gift'; but Fürst interprets it, 'Ab is existing,' or 'God is existing
Edom - Israel's slain lay unburied until Joab returned from smiting Edom along with Abishai. ... David as king, Joab as commander in chief and Abishai under Joab, smote Edom. Abishai first killed 6,000, Joab afterward 12,000 (as the title of Psalm 60 states); so in all 18,000 (in 2 Samuel 8:13)
Rabbah - After Hanun's insult Abishai and Joab defeated the allies Ammon and the Syrians of Bethrehob, Zoba, Ishtob, and Maachah (2 Samuel 10)
Abner - But Joab, by a message, brought him back from the well of Sirah, and, taking him aside to speak peaceably, murdered him, Abishai also being an accomplice, for the blood of Asahel (Numbers 35:19; 2 Samuel 3:30; 2 Samuel 3:39), and on Joab's part also, as appears likely from Amasa's case, from fear of Abner's becoming a rival in the chief command (2 Samuel 20:4-10)
Save - So Joab told Abishai: “If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me …” (2 Sam
Absalom - ... His locks, on which he prided himself (Judges 14:25-26), were the means of his destruction, for they kept him suspended from a terebinth tree until Joab pierced him; and David, whom the unnatural son would have gladly smitten, but who charged Joab, Abishai, and Ittai, his three generals, to spare the youth for his sake, mourned pathetically for his death: "O Absalom, my son, would God I had died for thee; my son, my son!" His grave was a pit, over which the insulting conquerors heaped stones, as over Achan and the king of Ai (Joshua 7:26; Joshua 8:29)
Sheba - Knowing that Joab and Abishai were on his heels, he shut himself up in Abel-beth-maacah (modern Abil ), a town in the extreme north
Satan (2) - In other passages it is applied, with no sinister meaning, to David, who, as the Philistines feared, might desert Achish and turn against them in battle (1 Samuel 29:4); to Abishai when he opposed David’s purpose of clemency towards Shimei (2 Samuel 19:22); and again to a foreign enemy in general (1 Kings 5:4); and to Hadad and Rezon in connexion with their revolt against Solomon (1 Kings 11:14; 1 Kings 11:23; 1 Kings 11:25)
Saul - Once again (1 Samuel 26), at Hachilah David spared Saul, though urged by Abishai to destroy him; the Altaschith of Psalm 57; 58; 59; refers to David's words on this occasion, "destroy not
David - Jesse's wife, David's mother, is not named; but Nahash her former husband is the one by whom she had two daughters, David's half-sisters: Zeruiah, mother of Abishai, Joab and Asahel; and Abigail, mother of Amasa by Jether or Ithra (1 Chronicles 2:13-17; 2 Samuel 17:25)