American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
King of Shinar in the time of Abraham. With three other petty kings, he made war upon the tribes around the Dead Sea, and the cities of the plain, Genesis 14:1 .
Easton's Bible Dictionary
King of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and cities of the plain (Genesis 14:1,4 ). It is now found that Amraphel (or Ammirapaltu) is the Khammu-rabi whose name appears on recently-discovered monuments. (See CHEDORLAOMER). After defeating Arioch (q.v.) he united Babylonia under one rule, and made Babylon his capital.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
One of the four invading kings (Genesis 14:9). Shinar, his kingdom, or Babylonia, was subordinate to the great Elanrite king, (See CHEDORLAOMER.) The Assyrian monuments attest that an Elamite king invaded and plundered Babylonia in 2386 B.C.; and Babylonian remains bear traces of Elamitic influence.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
One that speaks of secrets
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
AMRAPHEL . The king of Shinar ( Genesis 14:1 ). He has been identified (by Schrader and usually) with Hammurabi, king of Babylonia, but apart from the difficulties due to differences of spelling, there is no evidence that Hammurabi was ever allied with a king of Elam and a king of Larsa to invade the West. Boscawen suggests Amar-Pal, the ideographic writing of Sinmuhallit, the father of Hammurabi, for whom such an alliance is more likely. See Chedorlaomer.
C. H. W. Johns.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(am' ruh fehl) Personal name, probably originally Akkadian, meaning, “the God Amurru paid back” or “the mouth of God has spoken.” King of Shinar or Babylon who joined a coalition to defeat Sodom and Gomorrah, then other kings in Canaan and the Dead Sea area. The kings captured Lot. Hearing the news, Abraham assembled an army, defeated the coalition, and rescued Lot (Genesis 14:1-9 ). Amraphel cannot be equated with any other king of whom records are available from the Ancient Near East.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
King of Shinar, in the time of Abram. Genesis 14:1,9 .
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Amraphel (ăm'ra-fĕl), keeper, or highest of the gods. Perhaps a Hamite king of Shinar or Babylonia, who joined the victorious incursion of the Elamite Chedorlaomer against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the plain. Genesis 14:1.
Shinar - Amraphel was king of Shinar in the days of Abraham, Genesis 14:1
Amraphel - Amraphel (ăm'ra-fĕl), keeper, or highest of the gods
Shinar, the Land of - This was followed in course of time by an Elamite invasion; from which the land was finally delivered by Khammurabi, the son of Amarpel ("Amraphel, king of Shinar," Genesis 14:1 ), who became the founder of the new empire of Chaldea. (See Amraphel
Nimrod - ) Also according to the Midrash, he was Amraphel, one of the four kings whom Abraham battled (Genesis 14)
Amraphel - It is now found that Amraphel (or Ammirapaltu) is the Khammu-rabi whose name appears on recently-discovered monuments
Hammurabi - He is probably the Amraphel, King of Senaar, mentioned in Genesis 14
Amraphel - Amraphel
Amraphel - Amraphel cannot be equated with any other king of whom records are available from the Ancient Near East
Tidal - A king of Goiim, or ‘the nations,’ who accompanied Amraphel of Shinar and Arioch of Ellasar in the expedition made by Chedorlaomer of Elam against Sodom and the cities of the plain ( Genesis 14:1 )
Shinar - Amraphel, king of Shinar, was one of the four kings who fought against the five kings when Lot was taken prisoner
Chedor-Laomer - His vassals, Amraphel, king of Shinar, Arioch, king of Ellasar, and Tidal, king of Goiim, helped him to defeat the Canaanite princes of Sodom, Gomorrah, Adman, Zeboiim, and Zoar, who had rebelled against him after having acknowledged his authority for twelve years
Chaldeans - 713, a king of Babylon is mentioned, the first of whom we read after Nimrod and Amraphel
Siddim, Vale of - The scene of the defeat of the five Canaaoite kings by Amraphel and his three allies ( Genesis 14:8 ff
Chaldea - (See BABYLON; ABRAHAM; Amraphel
Elam - Chedorlaomer who invaded Palestine in Abraham's time (Genesis 14) was king of Elam, and then lord paramount over Amraphel, king of Shinar (Babylonia) on its confines
Babylon, Kingdom of - This was put an end to by Khammu-rabi (Amraphel), who drove the Elamites out of the country, and overcame Arioch, the son of an Elamite prince
Elam - Not many years later, Hammurabi of Babylon (perhaps the Amraphel of Genesis 14:1-24 ) threw off the yoke of Elam, which henceforth held an inferior place
Melchizedek - Amraphel and Arioch, have with some plausibility been identified with those of Hammurabi and Eriaku, contemporary kings of Babylon and Larsa about b
Abraham - , contemporary with Hammurabi (Amraphel?) of Babylon ( c [Note: circa, about
Abraham - ...
In a recently-discovered tablet, dated in the reign of the grandfather of Amraphel (Genesis 14:1 ), one of the witnesses is called "the Amorite, the son of Abiramu," or Abram
Hammurabi - ” Some scholars identified Hammurabi with the biblical king of Shinar named Amraphel (Genesis 14:1 ,Genesis 14:1,14:9 )
Palestine - 2000, as appears by the reference to ‘Amraphel, king of Shinar’ (= Hammurabi), occurred the battle of the four kings and five recorded in Genesis 14:1-24 the first event on Palestinian soil of which a Palestinian record is preserved
Babel - Kudur Lagomer (Chedorlaomer, the Cushite) is next in the dynasty, having as vassals Amraphel (Semitic), Arioch (Aryan), Tidal (Turanian or Scythic, or Turgal, "the great chief") reigning over nomadic races (goim , "nations