Character Study on Aristarchus

Character Study on Aristarchus

Acts 19: And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.
Acts 20: And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
Acts 27: And entering into a ship of Adramyttium, we launched, meaning to sail by the coasts of Asia; one Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.
Colossians 4: Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;)
Philemon 1: Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellowlabourers.

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American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
A native of Thessalonica, a faithful fellow-laborer with Paul, Acts 20:4 27:2 Philippians 1:24 . His life was endangered in the riot at Ephesus, excited by the silversmiths, Acts 19:29 ; but having escaped, he continued with Paul, and was a prisoner with him at Rome, Colossians 4:10 .

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
Best ruler, native of Thessalonica (Acts 20:4 ), a companion of Paul (Acts 19:29 ; 27:2 ). He was Paul's "fellow-prisoner" at Rome (Colossians 4:10 ; Philippians 1:24 ).

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
Aristarchus: of Thessalonica. Paul's companion on his third missionary tour, and dragged into the theater with Gains by the mob at Ephesus; he accompanied Paul to Asia, afterward to Rome (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4; Acts 27:2). Paul calls him "my fellow prisoner" (lit. fellow captive, namely, in the Christian warfare), "my fellow laborer," in his epistles from Rome (Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24). Epaphras similarly (Philemon 1:23; Colossians 1:7) is called "my fellow prisoner," "our fellow servant." Paul's two friends possibly shared his imprisonment by turns, Aristarchus being his fellow prisoner when he wrote to the Colossians, Epaphras when he wrote to Philemon. Bishop of Apamaea, according to tradition.

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Aristarchus of Thessalonica, Saint
(1century) Disciple of Saint Paul whom he accompanied in his Apostolic missions (Acts 20; 27) to Ephesus, Corinth, Jerusalem, and finally Rome. In the Epistle to the Colossians, Paul calls him "my fellow prisoner." Venerated as a martyr, August 4,.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
(ehr ihss tahr' chuhss) Personal name perhaps meaning, “best ruler.” Paul's companion caught by the followers of Artemis in Ephesus (Acts 19:29 ). Apparently the same person was the Thessalonian who accompanied Paul from Greece to Jerusalem as he returned from his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4 ). Aristarchus also accompanied Paul when he sailed for Rome (Acts 27:2 ). Paul sent greetings from Aristarchus, a fellow prisoner and worker, in his letters to the Colossians (Acts 4:10 ) and Philemon (24). Later church tradition said Nero put Aristarchus to death in Rome.



Morrish Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
A Macedonian of Thessalonica, companion of Paul on several journeys and on his way to Rome. Paul once calls him 'my fellow prisoner.' Acts 19:29 ; Acts 20:4 ; Acts 27:2 ; Colossians 4:10 ; Philippians 24 .

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Aristarchus
ARISTARCHUS . The name of one of St. Paul’s companions in travel. He was ‘a Macedonian of Thessalonica’ ( Acts 19:29 ; Acts 27:2 ), and a convert from Judaism ( Colossians 4:10 f.). From Troas, Aristarchus accompanied St. Paul on his departure for Jerusalem at the close of the third missionary journey ( Acts 20:4 ); he also embarked with the Apostle on his voyage to Rome ( Acts 27:2 ). In Colossians 4:10 he is called St. Paul’s ‘fellow-prisoner’ (cf. Philippians 1:23 , where Epaphras, not Aristarchus, is styled ‘my fellow-prisoner in Christ Jesus’). The expression probably refers not to a spiritual captivity, but either to a short imprisonment arising out of the turmoil described in Acts 19:29 , or to a voluntary sharing of the Apostle’s captivity by Aristarchus and Epaphras.

J. G. Tasker.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Aristarchus
The best prince
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Aristarchus
(Ἀρίσταρχος)

A Macedonian Christian and a native of Thessalonica who became one of the companions of St. Paul on his third missionary journey. He is first mentioned on the occasion of the riot in Ephesus, where along with another companion of the Apostle named Gaius (q.v. [Note: quod vide, which see.] ), probably of Derbe, he was rushed by the excited multitude into the theatre (Acts 19:29). He seems to have been an influential member of the Church of Thessalonica, and was deputed along with Secundus (q.v. [Note: quod vide, which see.] ) to convey the contributions of the Church to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4). He was thus present in the city at the time of St. Paul’s arrest, and seems to have remained in Syria during the two years of the Apostle’s imprisonment in Caesarea, for we find him embarking with the prisoner on the ship bound for the West (Acts 27:2). It is not certain that he accompanied St. Paul to Rome. He may, as Lightfoot supposes (Phil.4 34), have disembarked at Myra (Acts 27:5). On the other hand, Ramsay (St. Paul3, 316) believes that both Aristarchus and St. Luke accompanied the Apostle on the voyage as his personal slaves. In any case Aristarchus was present in Rome soon after St. Paul’s arrival, and it is not impossible that he came later with contributions from the Philippian Church to the Apostle. When the Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon were written, Aristarchus was with the Apostle in Rome. In the former (Colossians 4:10) he is called the ‘fellow-prisoner’ (συναιχμάλωτος) of the writer, and we find the same term, which usually indicates physical restraint, applied to Epaphras (q.v. [Note: quod vide, which see.] ) in Philemon 1:23. While the idea in the Apostle’s mind may be that Aristarchus, like himself, was taken captive by Jesus Christ, it is more probable that Aristarchus shared St. Paul’s prison in Rome, either as a suspected friend of the prisoner or voluntarily as the Apostle’s slave-a position which he and Epaphras may have taken alternately. In Philemon 1:24 he is called ‘fellow-labourer’ of the writer. Nothing is known of his subsequent history. According to tradition he suffered martyrdom under Nero.

Literature.-W. M. Ramsay, St. Paul the Traveller3, London, 1897, pp. 279, 316; J. B. Lightfoot, Colossians and Philemon 1:3, do. 1879, p. 236, Philippians 4, do. 1878, p. 34; articles in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and in Encyclopaedia Biblica ; R. J. Knowling, in Expositor’s Greek Testament ii. [1900] 414.

W. F. Boyd.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Aristarchus
spoken of by St. Paul in his Epistle to the Colossians, Colossians 4:10 , and often mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles. He was a Macedonian, and a native of Thessalonica. He accompanied St. Paul to Ephesus, and there continued with him during the two years of his abode in that place, sharing with him in all the dangers and labours of the ministry, Acts 19:29 ; Acts 20:4 ; Acts 27:2 . He was near losing his life in a tumult raised by the Ephesian silversmiths. He left Ephesus with the Apostle, and went with him into Greece. From thence he attended him into Asia; from Asia into Judea, and from Judea to Rome.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Aristarchus
Aristarchus (ăr-is-tär'kus), best ruler. A Macedonian of Thessalonica who accompanied Paul upon his third missionary journey. Acts 20:4; Acts 27:2. He was nearly killed in the tumult which Demetrius excited in Ephesus, Acts 19:29, and it is said that he was finally beheaded in Rome. Paul alludes to him both as his fellow-laborer and fellow-prisoner. Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Aristarchus
Among the faithful helpers who travelled with Paul on his preaching tours was Aristarchus, a Christian from Thessalonica in the northern Greek province of Macedonia (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4). Though attacked during a riot in Ephesus (Acts 19:28-29), Aristarchus stuck firmly with Paul throughout the remaining journeys recorded in Acts. He accompanied Paul on his final visit to Palestine (Acts 20:1-6), probably stayed with him during his imprisonment there, and went with him on his journey to Rome (Acts 27:2). He remained with Paul during Paul’s two-year imprisonment in Rome (Acts 28:16; Acts 28:30; Colossians 4:10; Philem 24).

Sentence search

Aristarchus - Aristarchus also accompanied Paul when he sailed for Rome (Acts 27:2 ). Paul sent greetings from Aristarchus, a fellow prisoner and worker, in his letters to the Colossians (Acts 4:10 ) and Philemon (24). Later church tradition said Nero put Aristarchus to death in Rome
Aristarchus - Aristarchus . From Troas, Aristarchus accompanied St. Philippians 1:23 , where Epaphras, not Aristarchus, is styled ‘my fellow-prisoner in Christ Jesus’). The expression probably refers not to a spiritual captivity, but either to a short imprisonment arising out of the turmoil described in Acts 19:29 , or to a voluntary sharing of the Apostle’s captivity by Aristarchus and Epaphras
Secundus - Along with Aristarchus accompanied Paul in his last journey from Greece to Jerusalem as far as Troas (Acts 20:4)
Aristarchus - Among the faithful helpers who travelled with Paul on his preaching tours was Aristarchus, a Christian from Thessalonica in the northern Greek province of Macedonia (Acts 19:29; Acts 20:4). Though attacked during a riot in Ephesus (Acts 19:28-29), Aristarchus stuck firmly with Paul throughout the remaining journeys recorded in Acts
Aristarchus - Aristarchus: of Thessalonica. " Paul's two friends possibly shared his imprisonment by turns, Aristarchus being his fellow prisoner when he wrote to the Colossians, Epaphras when he wrote to Philemon
Aristarchus - Paul3, 316) believes that both Aristarchus and St. In any case Aristarchus was present in Rome soon after St. When the Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon were written, Aristarchus was with the Apostle in Rome. While the idea in the Apostle’s mind may be that Aristarchus, like himself, was taken captive by Jesus Christ, it is more probable that Aristarchus shared St
Aristarchus - Aristarchus (ăr-is-tär'kus), best ruler
Secundus - The Greek of the verse is obscure, but the meaning probably is that Aristarchus and Secundus and those mentioned afterwards went direct to Troas from Corinth and waited there for the Apostle, who came with Sopater by way of Macedonia
Gaius - He with Aristarchus was seized and carried into the theatre during the uproar at Ephesus
Gaius - The association of his name with that of Aristarchus seems to identify him with the Gaius of Derbe
Gaius - During a heathen outbreak against Paul at Ephesus the mob seized Gaius and Aristarchus because they could not find Paul, and rushed with them into the theatre
Gaius - Along with Aristarchus, he was seized during the riot in Ephesus incited by Demetrius the silversmith
Asses - The ship with Luke, Sopater, Aristarchus, etc
Rome - He had during these years for companions Luke and Aristarchus (Acts 27:2 ), Timothy (Philippians 1:1 ; Colossians 1:1 ), Tychicus (Ephesians 6 :: 21 ), Epaphroditus (Philippians 4:18 ), and John Mark (Colossians 4:10 )
Epaphras - ... Aristarchus is designated Paul's "fellow prisoner" in Colossians 4:10, and his "fellow laborer" in Philemon 1:24 (both epistles were sent at the same time)
Thessalonica - Members of the church here were Jason, Gaius, Secundus, Aristarchus
Prisoner - ... 3: συναιχμάλωτος (Strong's #4869 — Noun Masculine — sunaichmalotos — soon-aheekh-mal'-o-tos ) "a fellow prisoner," primarily "one of fellow captives in war" (from aichme, "a spear," and haliskomai, "to be taken"), is used by Paul of Andronicus and Junias, Romans 16:7 ; of Epaphras, Philemon 1:23 ; of Aristarchus, Colossians 4:10 , on which Lightfoot remarks that probably his relations with the Apostle in Rome excited suspicion and led to a temporary confinement, or that he voluntarily shared his captivity by living with him
Secundus - ] , Blass])... Secundus was a Macedonian Christian belonging to the church of Thessalonica, by which he and Aristarchus were deputed to convey to Jerusalem the contributions of the Thessalonians on behalf of the poor brethren of the mother church
Thessalonica - Among his converts were Caius, Aristarchus, Secundus, and perhaps Jason
Gaius - Paul, who with Aristarchus was seized at Ephesus. They are described as ‘men of Macedonia’ (Μακεδόνας), there being very little support for another reading, ‘a man of Macedonia,’ referring to Aristarchus only
Thessalonica - An important man in the church at Thessalonica was Aristarchus, who later went with Paul to Rome and remained there during Paul’s imprisonment (Acts 20:4; Acts 27:1-2; Colossians 4:10; Philem 24)
Sopater - We know that one of them, Trophimus, did so (Acts 21:29), and evidently also Aristarchus (Acts 27:2)
Jesus - He is described, along with Mark and Aristarchus, as a fellow-worker unto the Kingdom of God and as having been a comfort unto the Apostle
Jesus - He is described, along with Mark and Aristarchus, as a fellow-worker unto the Kingdom of God and as having been a comfort unto the Apostle
Philemon - In both letters Paul mentions that Epaphras, Mark, Luke, Aristarchus and Demas are with him in his imprisonment (Colossians 1:7-8; Colossians 4:10; Colossians 4:12; Colossians 4:14; Philem 23-24)
Trophimus - Paul in Macedonia and accompanied him to Asia, and thence preceded him to Troas, where they were joined by the delegates from the other churches-Sopater of Berœa, Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy
Urbanus - ’ Elsewhere the term is used of Aristarchus (Colossians 4:11, Philemon 1:24), Clement and others (Philippians 4:3), Demas (Philemon 1:24), Epaphroditus (Philippians 2:25), Jesus Justus (Colossians 4:11), Luke (Philemon 1:24), Mark (Colossians 4:10, Philemon 1:24), Philemon (Philemon 1:2), Titus (2 Corinthians 8:23)
Alexandria - Greek philosophers and mathematicians such as Euclid, Aristarchus, and Eratosthenes worked here
Andronicus - ’ The only other mention of ‘fellow-prisoner’ is in a description of Aristarchus (Colossians 4:10) and Epaphras (Philemon 1:23)
Gospels - When Peter left Rome, Mark stayed behind, and was still there when Paul arrived as a prisoner, accompanied by Luke and Aristarchus (about AD 60; Acts 27:2; Acts 28:16; Acts 28:30). (In letters Paul wrote from Rome, he mentions that Mark, Luke and Aristarchus were all with him; Colossians 4:10; Colossians 4:14; Philem 24
Thessalonica - ) Other Thessalonian Christians were Demas perhaps, Gaius (Acts 19:29), Secundus, and Aristarchus (Acts 20:4; Acts 27:2; Acts 19:29)
Colossians, Letter to the - Having appealed to the Emperor because of the injustice he met in Palestine, Paul came to Rome, accompanied by Luke and Aristarchus
Macedonia - He loved to re-visit his first European mission-field (Acts 19:21; Acts 20:1-3, 1 Corinthians 16:5, 2 Corinthians 1:20; 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 8:1; 2 Corinthians 9:2; 2 Corinthians 9:4), and among other ‘men of Macedonia’ who aided and cheered him were Gaius and Aristarchus (Acts 19:29), Secundus of Thessalonica (Acts 20:4), Sopater of Berœa (Acts 20:4), and Epaphroditus of Philippi (Philippians 2:25)
Thessalonians, the Epistles to the - ) Paul probably visited Thessalonica subsequently (Acts 20:4) on his way to Asia, and took with him thence the Thessalonians Aristarchus and Secundus. Aristarchus was his "companion in travel," and shared his perils at Ephesus and his shipwreck, and was his "fellow prisoner" and "fellow labourer" at Rome (Acts 27:2; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:24)
Friends Friendship - And when he speaks of others, like Urban, Epaphroditus, Clement, and Philemon, as his fellow-workers, or, like Andronicus, Junias, and Aristarchus, as his fellow-prisoners, or, like Archippus, as his fellow-soldiers, it would be very puerile criticism to say that because he does not term them technically his friends there was no friendship between him and them
Philemon, Epistle to - there is also close connexion in the fact that Onesimus was a Colossian ( Colossians 4:9 ), and in the salutations in both Epistles from Epaphras, Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, and Luke
Fast, the - Paul, along with his companions Aristarchus and Luke, did observe the Fast, the fact is illuminative for the question of his attitude to Judaism generally, notwithstanding his principle that the law is abrogated
Petrus, Saint, Archbaptist of Alexandria - Paul was constrained to leave Gaius and Aristarchus in the hands of the mob of Ephesus (Act_19:29-30); Peter escaped from prison and his guards died for it; the Innocents died in place of the Holy Child
Thessalonica - Members of the church of Thessalonica whose names are known are Jason, Gaius, Secundus, Aristarchus, and perhaps Demas
Timothy - He was imprisoned with Paul (as was Aristarchus: Colossians 4:10) and set free, probably soon after Paul's liberation (Hebrews 13:23)
Seventy (2) - ) as follows:—James (brother of the Lord), Timothy, Titus, Barnabas, Ananias, Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Simon, Nicolas, Parmenas, Cleopas, Silas, Silvanus, Crescens, Epenetus, Andronicus, Amplias, Urbanus, Stachys, Apelles, Aristobulus, Narcissus, Herodion, Rufus, Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Hermas, Patrobas, Rhodion, Jason, Agabus, Linus, Gaius, Philologus, Olympas, Sosipater, Lucius, Tertius, Erastus, Phygellus, Hermogenes, Dermas, Quartus, Apollos, Cephas, Sosthenes, Epaphroditus, Caesar, Marcus, Joseph Barsabbas, Artemas, Clemens, Onesiphorus, Tychicus, Carpus, Euodius, Philemon, Zenas, Aquila, Priscas, Junias, Marcus (2), Aristarchus, Pudens, Trophimus, Lucas the Eunuch, Lazarus
Games - In the same city the Apostle and his friends Gains and Aristarchus came near experiencing the violence of the mob in the theatre (Acts 19:23 ff
Family - Luke, who (as the pronoun ‘we’ shows) accompanied him on his voyage to Italy, as also did Aristarchus (Acts 27:2; Colossians 4:10), must have done so in the capacity of a slave, taking this office on himself in order to follow his master
Acts of the Apostles - , Timothy, Tychicus, Aristarchus, Mark, Prisca, Aquila, Trophimus must be excluded), or as having deserted him, or as being Roman Christians and recent friends
Colossians, Epistle to the - Aristarchus, in Philem