Character Study on Aristobulus

Character Study on Aristobulus

Romans 16: Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household.

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aristobulus i


Easton's Bible Dictionary - Aristobulus
A Roman mentioned in Paul's Epistle to the (Romans 16:10 ), whose "household" is saluated.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Aristobulus
Aristobulus, whose "household" is "saluted" (Romans 16:10). Himself not being greeted, it is likely either he was not a Christian or was absent from Rome. The family would hardly be called after him, if he were dead.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Aristobulus
(uh rihss toh byoo' luhss) Head of a Christian household in Rome whom Paul greeted (Romans 16:10 ).

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Aristobulus
A resident at Rome whose household Paul saluted Romans 16:10 .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Aristobulus
A good counselor
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Aristobulus
ARISTOBULUS . 1 . The name of a son and of a grandson of Herod the Great. The grandson lived as a private Individual at Rome, and was a friend of the Emperor Claudius; those greeted by St. Paul in Romans 16:10 were probably some of his slaves. If he was then dead, they might have become members of the Imperial household, but would still retain Aristobulus’ name. 2 . The teacher of Ptolemy ( 2M Malachi 1:10 ).

A. J. Maclean.

Sentence search

Abistobulus - Paul salutes ‘them which are of the household of Aristobulus’ (τοὺς ἐκ τῶν Ἀρισβούλου), i. Lightfoot thinks that Aristobulus was a grandson of Herod the Great, and brother of Agrippa and Herod. This Aristobulus lived and died in Rome in a private station (see Jos. The ‘household of Aristobulus’ would naturally include many Orientals and Jews, and therefore probably some Christians. If Lightfoot is right, the reference to the ‘household of Aristobulus’ is strong evidence for the Roman destination of these salutations
Herodion - This possibility is strengthened by the fact that the name immediately preceding his is Aristobulus (Romans 16:10 ). Herodion could have been one of those in the household of Aristobulus
Aristobulus - Aristobulus . If he was then dead, they might have become members of the Imperial household, but would still retain Aristobulus’ name
Eubulus - Some identify him with Aristobulus, the traditional first evangelist of Britain
Aristobulus - Aristobulus, whose "household" is "saluted" (Romans 16:10)
Mac'Cabees - His eldest son, Aristobulus I. Aristobulus II. 78-69, resulting in the dethronement of Aristobulus II. 37 Antigonus, a son of Aristobulus II. , ruled, and with his two grandchildren, Aristobulus and Mariurnne, the Asmonaean dynasty ended
Salome alexandra - After the death of her husband Aristobulus I, she freed his brother, Alexander Jannaeus from prison, and married him shortly thereafter, in accordance with the laws of yibbum
Shalomtzion - After the death of her husband Aristobulus I, she freed his brother, Alexander Jannaeus from prison, and married him shortly thereafter, in accordance with the laws of yibbum
Herodias - Daughter of Aristobulus, one of the sons of Mariamne and Herod the Great, and consequently sister of Agrippa I
Hero'Dias, - daughter of Aristobulus, one of the sons of Mariamne and Herod the Great, and consequently sister of Agrippa I
Herodion - Lightfoot connects Herodion with ‘the household of Aristobulus’ saluted in the preceding verse. He considers that Aristobulus was a member of the Herodian family, and that his ‘household’ would naturally include many Orientals and Jews, and therefore probably some Christians (Philippians4 1878, p
Herodias - She was the daughter of Aristobulus and Bernice
Herodias - (Matthew 14:3-11 ; Mark 6:17-28 ; Luke 3:19 ), the daughter of Aristobulus and Bernice
Agrippa i. - The grandson of Herod the Great, and son of Aristobulus and Bernice
Herod Agrippa i - Grandson of Herod the Great, and son of Aristobulus and Berenice
Herodias - A granddaughter of Herod the Great and Mariamne, daughter of Aristobulus, and sister of Herod Agrippa I
Apelles - As the salutation which follows is that to ‘the household of Aristobulus,’ it has been suggested that Apelles’ Christian activity may have lain in that direction. If Aristobulus (q
Salo'me - (Matthew 14:6 ) She married in the first the tetrarch of Trachonitis her paternal uncle, sad secondly Aristobulus, the king of Chalcis
Maccabees - Aristobulus I. According to the will of John Hyrcanus, the government was placed in his widow’s hands, while the high priesthood was given to the oldest of his five sons, Aristobulus. After the death of Aristobulus, his widow Alexandra (Salome) released his three brothers from prison, and married the oldest of them, Alexander Jannæus (or Jonathan), making him king and high priest. Alexander carried on still more vigorously the monarchical policy of Aristobulus, and undertook the extension of Judæa by the conquest of the surrounding cities, including those of Upper Galilee. In fact, he did undertake to administer the State, but his younger and more energetic brother Aristobulus organized the rebellion, defeated Hyrcanus, and compelled him to surrender. With the assistance of Aretas, king of Arabia, he organized an army and besieged Aristobulus in the Temple Mount. Before he reached Judæa, however, both Aristobulus and Hyrcanus referred their quarrel to him. Scaurus favoured Aristobulus, and ordered Aretas to return to Arabia. Aristobulus, however, undertook to continue the revolt, fleeing to Alexandrium, a fortress on the Samaritan hills, above the Jordan Valley. Pompey followed him, and Aristobulus promised to surrender. Aristobulus was taken prisoner, and Hyrcanus was re-established as high priest, but without the title of ‘king. ’ Great numbers of Jews were taken by Pompey to Rome at this time, together with Aristobulus, and became the nucleus of the Jewish community in the capital. Antigonus, however, the second son of Aristobulus, with the assistance of the Parthians, captured Phasael, compelled Herod to flee, and seized the State. Alexander , the elder son of Aristobulus ii. Antigonus , with his father Aristobulus, escaped from the Romans, and in b. Aristobulus retreated to Machærus, but after two years’ siege was compelled to surrender, and went again as prisoner to Rome, where he was poisoned (b. , married her cousin Alexander, son of Aristobulus ii. Aristobulus III. ... Although the direct line of Hasmonæans was thus wiped out by Herod, the family was perpetuated in the sons of Herod himself by Mariamme Alexander and Aristobulus
Hasmonean - These included embracing some forms of Hellenism (he changed the name of his three sons from Judas, Mattathias, and Jonathan, all names of Maccabean heroes, to Aristobulus, Antigonus, and Alexander Janneus). Judas Aristobulus I successfully challenged his widowed mother and claimed the title king. Aristobulus was followed by Alexander Janneus who ruled for some 28 years. , the ensuing struggle over succession between her sons, Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II, led to the immediate consequence of Roman control of Judea being imposed by Pompey. Although Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II would continue as players in the Judean drama, the Hasmonean dynasty effecively came to an end with the death of Salome Alexandra
Salome - She became wife of her uncle Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, and afterwards of Aristobulus the king of Chalcis, Mark 6:22-28 , etc
Salome - (See HEROD ANTIPAS; JOHN THE BAPTIST Salome married first Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis, her paternal uncle; then Aristobulus, king of Chalcis
Injury - As part of the Hasmonean intrigue, Aristobulus had the ears of his uncle Hyrcanus II mutilated to disqualify him from priestly service (40 B
Asyncritus - That such little communities existed in Rome, each with its own place of meeting, would appear from other similar phrases in Romans 16 : ‘the church that is in their house’ (Romans 16:5), ‘all the saints that are with them’ (Romans 16:15), and from the references to the Christian members of the ‘households’ of Aristobulus and Narcissus (Romans 16:10-11)
Asmonaeans - This illustrious house, whose princes united the regal and pontifical dignity in their own persons, administered the affairs of the Jews during a period of a hundred and twenty-six years; until, disputes arising between Hyrcanus II, and his brother Aristobulus, the latter was defeated by the Romans, who captured Jerusalem, and reduced Judea to a military province, B
Herod - Mariamne had Maccabean blood flowing through her veins, was most beautiful, and Herod's hopes for establishing a dynasty rested with her and their two sons, Alexander and Aristobulus. Herod also had executed Aristobulus III, son of Alexandra and brother of Mariamne soon after he was appointed by Herod to be high priest. Antipater, his firstborn son, and Salome, his sister, continually agitated the household and brought accusations against Alexander and Aristobulus, the sons of Herod and Mariamne. ... Other Herods named in the New Testament include the following:... Agrippa I, the son of Aristobulus and grandson of Herod. ... Herodias (Matthew 14:3 ) was the daughter of Aristobulus (son of Herod and Mariamne I) and Bernice, the daughter of Herod's sister, Salome. After his death in 34, she married a relative Aristobulus, prince of Chalcis and had three children (Matthew 14:6-12 ; Mark 6:22-29 )
Herod Agrippa i. - Son of Aristobulus and Bernice, and grandson of Herod the Great
Jannes - Numenius, cited by Aristobulus, says that Jannes and Jambres were sacred tribes of the Egyptians, who excelled in magic at the time when the Jews were driven out of Egypt
Machabees, the - the Romans thought it necessary to interfere in the fratricidal war between Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II
Herod the Great - ... Herod had married Mariamne, daughter of Alexandra, who had a son named Aristobulus, a descendant of the Maccabees. Herod, being afraid of Rome to which Alexandra had appealed, made Aristobulus high priest; but when he witnessed the joy of the people his jealousy was aroused, and he caused the young man to be drowned, while bathing with his comrades, through their pretended rough play
Herod - His name was Agrippa, but surnamed Herod; the son of Aristobulus and Mariamne, and grandson to Herod, the Great
Herod - The power of Hyrcanus had always been opposed by his brother Aristobulus; and now Antigonus, the son of the latter, continued in hostility to Herod, and was assisted by the Jews. 35 , was the grandson of Herod the Great and Mariamne, the son of the Aristobulus who was put to death with his mother, by the orders of his father
Jericho - Bacchides, the general of the Syrians in the Maccabæan period, captured and fortified Jericho ( 1Ma 9:50 ); Aristobulus also took it (Jos
Proselyte - The Idumeans were converted in the same way by Aristobulus
Narcissus - probably ‘the household of Aristobulus’ [q
Psalms of Solomon - For he, as a Roman, came from the West, and thither he led back to grace his triumph in Rome the Jewish prince Aristobulus; he availed himself of the quarrels between the Jewish princes Hyrcanus and Aristobulus and their supporters to secure the Roman power in Judah; he was at first approached and welcomed by both these princes, but in the end he was resolutely resisted by Aristobulus in Jerusalem, so that he was compelled to bring up battering-rams from Tyre where-with to break down the fortified wall of Jerusalem; he shocked Jewish feeling by intruding into the Holy of Holies, and fifteen years after he had captured Jerusalem and profaned the Temple, he was slain beside Mons Cassius near Pelusium, his body being at first left unburied on the Egyptian shore, and then hastily and unceremoniously burned... A considerable similarity of tone and temper and the possibility of satisfying all the specific allusions, more or less completely, by what is known independently of the condition of the Jews between about 80 and 40 b. , but one or two (4 and 12) perhaps earlier still, before the Jews in general had suffered at Pompey’s hands and the party of the ‘sinners’ had received that severer treatment which Pompey measured out to Aristobulus and his party. with recognizing the royal dignity which the Hasmonaeans had claimed since Aristobulus I. As a matter of fact, though ‘righteous’ and ‘sinners’ alike must have suffered greatly from the necessary results of Pompey’s attack on and capture of Jerusalem, it was the party of the Sadducees, the adherents of Aristobulus, who with his children were taken captive, that suffered most
Tabor (1) - 53 Gabinius here defeated Alexander, son of Aristobulus ii
Agrippa - surnamed Herod, the son of Aristobulus and Mariamne, and grandson of Herod the Great, was born A. After the death of his father Aristobulus, Josephus informs us that Herod, his grandfather, took care of his education, and sent him to Rome to make his court to Tiberius
Septuagint - Aristobulus, who was a tutor to Ptolemy Physcon; Philo, who lived in our Saviour's time, and was contemporary with the apostles; and Josephus, speak of this translation as made by seventy-two interpreters, by the care of Demetrius Phalereus, in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus
Judas - A Jew holding some important position at Jerusalem; he is named in the title of a letter sent from the Jews of Jerusalem and Judæa and the Jewish Senate to their brethren in Egypt, and to a certain Aristobulus ( 2M Malachi 1:10 )
Archelaus - Herod having put to death his sons Alexander, Aristobulus, and Antipater, and expunged out of his will Herod Antipas, whom he had declared king, he substituted Archelaus, and gave Antipas the title of tetrarch only
Roman Empire - , interfered in the contest between Aristobulus and Aretas king of Arabia Petraea, who supported Hyrcanus, whom Aristobulus had driven from the high priesthood
Herod - was the son of Aristobulus and Bernice, and grandson of Herod the Great
Caesarea - Here he condemned to death his two sons Alexander and Aristobulus
Septuagint - Aristobulus (second century B
Septuagint - Other forms of the tradition are given by the Alexandrian writers Aristobulus and Philo, and by Josephus. An army of apologists was raised up, of whom Josephus and Philo are, for us, the chief, because so much of their work is extant; but they must have been well-nigh equalled in weight and influence by such writers as the historians Alexander Cornelius (‘Polyhistor’), Demetrius, Eupolemus, Artapanus, and Aristeas, the poets Philo, Theodotus, and Ezekiel, the philosopher Aristobulus, and Cleodemus or Malchas, small fragments of whose writings are preserved in Clem
Herod - Hyrcanus had been for a considerable time prince and high priest of the Jewish nation; but while the Roman empire was in an unsettled state, after the death of Julius Caesar, Antigonus, son of Aristobulus, brother of Hyrcanus, made himself master of the city and all Judea. In this state Herod found things when he came to Rome, and the most that he then aimed at was to obtain the kingdom for Aristobulus, his wife's brother; but the senate of Rome, moved by the recommendations of Mark Antony, conferred the kingdom of Judea upon Herod himself
Aretas - He incurred the displeasure of the Romans by interfering in the quarrel of Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, but the war which Scaurus waged against him left his power unbroken (Ant
Hebrews - 2) and Aristobulus (Praep
Jews - Aristobulus was the first of the Maccabees who assumed the name of king. About forty-two years after, a contest arising between the two brothers, Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, the sons of Alexander Jaddaeus, relative to the succession of the crown, both parties applied to the Romans for their support and assistance. Scaurus, the Roman general, suffered himself to be bribed by Aristobulus, and placed him on the throne, Not long after, Pompey returned from the east into Syria, and both the brothers applied to him for protection, and pleaded their cause before him, (B. ) Pompey considered this as a favourable opportunity for reducing Palestine under the power of the Romans, to which the neighbouring nations had already submitted; and therefore, without deciding the points in dispute between the two brothers, he marched his army into Judea, and, after some pretended negotiation with Aristobulus and his party, besieged and took possession of Jerusalem. Julius Caesar confirmed Hyrcanus in the pontificate, and granted fresh privileges to the Jews; but about four years after the death of Julius Caesar, Antigonus, the son of Aristobulus, with the assistance of the Parthians, while the empire of Rome was in an unsettled state, deposed his uncle Hyrcanus, (B
Nicodemus - 2) gives Nicodemus as the name of an ambassador from Aristobulus to Pompey
Herod - He put to death successively Hyrcanus, his wife Mariamne's grandfather, Mariamne herself to whom he had been passionately attached, his two sons by her, Alexander and Aristobulus, and just four days before his death signed the order for executing their bitter accuser, his oldest son Antipater. He married the daughter of Aretas, king of Arabia Petraea; but afterwards, meeting at Rome, he became enamoured of and took, his half-brother Herod Philip's wife, and his own niece, daughter of Aristobulus, Herodias. Son of Aristobulus Herod the Great's son) and Berenice
Fulness of the Time - With its chief seat at Alexandria, its leading representatives, such as Aristobulus and Philo, endeavoured to show that the Mosaic law, correctly understood, contained all that the best Greek philosophers had taught
Rome, - The Jewish king Aristobulus and his son formed part of Pompey's triumph, and many Jewish captives and immigrants were brought to Rome at that time
Herod - , son of Aristobulus, Herod the Great’s son by the Hasmonaean Mariamne
Alexandria - This attempted fusion of Hebraism and Hellenism was begun by Aristobulus, and reached its climax in Philo, a contemporary of Jesus Christ
Romans, the Epistle to the - A considerable number saluted in Romans 16 were Jew-Christians: Mary, Aquila, Priscilla, Andronicus and Junia, Paul's kinsmen, Herodion, Apelles, Aristobulus (of the Herodian family)
Government - Aristobulus becomes king (b
Romans Epistle to the - It is possible that the households of Aristobulus and Narcissus (Romans 16:10-11) may refer to the slaves of the Imperial household inherited from Aristobulus, the grandson of Herod the Great, and to those of the Narcissus who was executed by Agrippina, but again the names are common, and, as Lake points out, we should expect οἱ Ναρκισσιανοί instead of οἱ Ναρκίσσου, words ending in -ani being usually transliterated
Seventy (2) - ) as follows:—James (brother of the Lord), Timothy, Titus, Barnabas, Ananias, Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Simon, Nicolas, Parmenas, Cleopas, Silas, Silvanus, Crescens, Epenetus, Andronicus, Amplias, Urbanus, Stachys, Apelles, Aristobulus, Narcissus, Herodion, Rufus, Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Hermas, Patrobas, Rhodion, Jason, Agabus, Linus, Gaius, Philologus, Olympas, Sosipater, Lucius, Tertius, Erastus, Phygellus, Hermogenes, Dermas, Quartus, Apollos, Cephas, Sosthenes, Epaphroditus, Caesar, Marcus, Joseph Barsabbas, Artemas, Clemens, Onesiphorus, Tychicus, Carpus, Euodius, Philemon, Zenas, Aquila, Priscas, Junias, Marcus (2), Aristarchus, Pudens, Trophimus, Lucas the Eunuch, Lazarus
Josephus - the intervention of the Romans under Pompey, consequent upon the wars between the brothers Hyrcanus and Aristobulus; XV. the tragedy of Herod’s family till the execution of Alexander and Aristobulus, the sons of Mariamne; XVII
Dates (2) - This massacre, quite in keeping with the growing cruelty and suspicion of Herod, who had recently procured the murder of his two sons, Alexander and Aristobulus, was secretly carried out and seemingly of small extent, not being mentioned by Josephus, and being apparently limited to children to whom the star which the Magi saw in the east, at least six months before, might have reference. If the coming of the Magi took place shortly after the death of Herod’s sons Alexander and Aristobulus (b
Galilee (2) - 3), Aristobulus (b
Jerusalem - His successor, Judas, made an important change in the Jewish government, by taking the title of king which dignity was enjoyed by his successors forty-seven years, when a dispute having arisen between Hyrcanus II, and his brother Aristobulus, and the latter having overcome the former, and made himself king, was, in his turn, conquered by the Romans under Pompey, by whom the city and temple were taken, Aristobulus made prisoner, and Hyrcanus created high priest and prince of the Jews, but without the title of king
Family - ... Under this head we may notice four households mentioned in the NT: the ‘household of Caesar’ (ἠ Καίσαρος οἰκία), Philippians 4:22; ‘they of Aristobulus,’ Romans 16:10; ‘they of Narcissus,’ Romans 16:11; and ‘they of Chloe,’ 1 Corinthians 1:11. 425), and that their households were absorbed in that of Caesar, but still retained their old names, ‘They of Aristobulus1 would be equivalent to ‘Aristobuliani,’ and ‘they of Narcissus’ to ‘Narcissiani
Government of the Hebrews - This illustrious house, whose princes united the regal and pontifical dignity in their own persons, administered the affairs of the Jews during a period of one hundred and twenty-six years; until, disputes arising between Hyrcanus II, and his brother Aristobulus, the latter was defeated by the Romans under Pompey, who captured Jerusalem, and reduced Judea to dependence, B
Jews - In 3939, Aristobulus invited the Romans to assist him against Hircanus, his elder brother
Christ in Jewish Literature - 49), and he was 36 years old in the third year of Aristobulus, the son of Jannai