Character Study on Beelzebub

Character Study on Beelzebub

Matthew 10: It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?
Matthew 12: But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils.
Matthew 12: And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges.
Mark 3: And the scribes which came down from Jerusalem said, He hath Beelzebub, and by the prince of the devils casteth he out devils.
Luke 11: But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.
Luke 11: If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.
Luke 11: And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges.

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Easton's Bible Dictionary - Beelzebub
(Gr. form Beel'zebul), the name given to Satan, and found only in the New Testament (Matthew 10:25 ; 12:24,27 ; Mark 3:22 ). It is probably the same as Baalzebub (q.v.), the god of Ekron, meaning "the lord of flies," or, as others think, "the lord of dung," or "the dung-god."
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Beelzebub

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Beelzebub
See Gods and Goddesses, Pagan

Webster's Dictionary - Beelzebub
(n.) The title of a heathen deity to whom the Jews ascribed the sovereignty of the evil spirits; hence, the Devil or a devil. See Baal.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Beelzebub
(bee eel' zee buhb) (KJV, NIV) or BEELZEBUL (NAS, TEV, NRSV) Name for Satan in New Testament spelled differently in Greek manuscripts. The term is based on Hebrew Baal-zebub, “lord of the flies.” See Matthew 12:24 ). Jesus showed the contradictory nature of such a claim and turned the charge back on the Pharisees. He showed His power to cast out demons indicated God was at work, bringing in the kingdom of God. See Mark 3:22 ; Luke 11:15-26 .

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Beelzebub
(Hebrew: baal, lord; zebub, a fly)

A divinity worshiped by the Philistines at Accaron, as the god of flies, identified with the "demon" in the Gospels. In Luke 11, he is called chief of the demons. The Greek version of the New Testament has Beelzebul (prince of filth), perhaps an intentional change of the original word.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beelzebub
BEELZEBUB . See Baalzebub.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Beelzebub
Same as Baalzebub
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Beelzebub,
βεελζεβούλ. The meaning of this word is much disputed, some associate it with BAAL-ZEBUB 'lord of the fly,' in the O.T., but others believe it to be a term of contempt, signifying 'lord of dung.' The Jews, who blasphemously charged the Lord with casting out demons by Beelzebul (as it should be spelled), call him 'the prince of the demons,' which sufficiently explains their meaning to be that the one who was the head of those demons enabled the Lord to cast them out. Matthew 10:25 ; Matthew 12:24,27 ; Mark 3:22 ; Luke 11:15,18,19 . The Lord shows the folly of supposing that the same evil one who was seeking to build up a kingdom should be at the same time the means of pulling it down. He also denounces the dreadful blasphemy of saying that the work done by the Holy Spirit was accomplished by the influence of Satan: this blasphemy against the Holy Spirit was the sin that should never be forgiven. Cf. also 2 Kings 1:2 .

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Beelzebub or Beelzebul
BEELZEBUB or BEELZEBUL.—It is strange that this name has never yet been satisfactorily explained; stranger still that no trace of it has been found as yet among the scores of Jewish names for angels and spirits. The first part of the name is clear enough; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew ‘Baal’; nor is there anything strange in the dropping of λ before ζ the MSS [Note: SS Manuscripts.] followed by modern editors like Westcott-Hort and Weiss [Cheyne in his art. ‘Beelzebul’ in the Encyc. Bibl. finds ‘this scepticism as to λ in βεελ paradoxical,’ ‘the word βεεζεβουλ inexplicable and hardly pronounceable,’ and urges against it ‘the famous passage Matthew 10:25, where the οἰκοδεσπότης implies the speaker’s consciousness that בִּעִל is one element in the title,’ but his objection completely misses the mark. The dropping of the λ is merely phonetical; cf. in Josephus βεζέδελ in codd. MVRC for βελζέδεκ (BJ iii. 25), Βάζωρος for Βαλέζωρος (circa (about) Apion. i. 124), Βαζαφράνης for Βαρζαφρ. (Ant. xiv. 330); Ἀμεσάδ in Cod. Q of Daniel 1:11 [Theod. [Note: Theodotion.] ] for Ἀμελσάδ; ‘Philadephia’ in the Syriac Version of Euseb.’s Historia Ecclesiastica, etc.* [Note: The best analogy is the Syr. Name ברבעשמין, ‘son of the Bel of heaven,’ explained by Barheb. as ‘he with four names.’] More difficult is the change of β into λ at the end of the word, supposing the common explanation to be correct, that the name comes from 2 Kings 1:2. It has been explained as an intentional cacophonic corruption (= ‘god of the dung’) or a dialectical or phonetic variation (cf. Beliar for Belial or Bab el-Mandel for Mandeb). The spelling with b was retained in the NT by Luther, though his Greek text had λ, and by Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 in text; it was introduced by Jerome in the Vulgate, see the Index of Wordsworth-White, where 15 Latin spellings of the name are given, and cf. Jerome’s remark in OS 66, 11: ‘in fine ergo nominis b litera legenda est, non 1; musca enim zebub vocatur.’ λ is even found in Cod. 243 of the text of Symmachus in 2 Kings 1:2; but see the Syriac Hexapla in v. 6, and note, what has generally been overlooked, that the Septuagint took זבוב not בעל זבוב for the name of the god of Ekron: ἐπιζητῆσαι ἐν τῇ Βάαλ (dative) Μυῖαν (accusative) θεδν Ἀκκαρών; likewise Josepheus.: πρὸς την Ἀκκαρὼν θεὸν Μυῖαν, τοῦτο γὰρ ἧν ὅνομα τῷ θεῷ.

On the fly in worship and legend see Plin. HN x. 28. 75; Pausan. Deser. Gr. v. xiv. 1; aelian, Nat. Anim. v. 17, xi. 8; Usener, Götternamen, p. 260. There were Jewish legends about flies, such as that there were none in the temple (Aboth v. 8); Elisha was recognized as a prophet by the woman of Shunem, because no fly crept over his place at the table (Berakh. 10b); on the yezer ha-ra’ as a fly see Berakh. 61a, Targ. [Note: Targum.] Jer. on Ecclesiastes 10:1). The supposition that the name corresponds to Aramaic בעלדבבא = ‘enemy’ is not very likely, nor the other that it is the Baal of the heavenly mansion who became the Baal of the nether world (JAS, 1878, pp. 220–221). Later Jews identified Baal-zebub with Baal-berith, and told that some would carry an image of him (in the shape of a fly) in their pockets, producing it and kissing it from time to time (Shab. 83b. 63b). Procopius states (ad 2 Kings 1); πλὴν ἔστι μαθεῖν ἑξ ὦν Εὐσέβιος ἐν ἀρχῇ τῆς Εὐαγγελικῆς Προπαρασκευῆς ἐκ τῶν Φίλωνος παρατίθεται, ὡς δαίμων ἧν, οὔτω λεγόμενος· μᾶλλον δὲ γυνὴ παλαιά τις, ἤν ἑθεοποίησαν. Zahn (on Matthew 12:34) lays stress on the fact that the article is missing before ἄρχοντι τῶν δαιμόνων (‘a prince of the devils, not the prince’); but the definite article is found in Mark and Luke, and in Matthew 9:34 (if this verse be not a later addition) where several Latin documents have the name.

How scanty is our knowledge of NT times, when such a name, which appears quite popular in the NT, defies as yet all explanation, and is not found anywhere else! Origen on John 19 (p. 315, ed. Preuschen) remarks: πάντως γὰρ περὶ δαιμόνων τι μεμαθήκεισαν καὶ τοῦ ἄρχοντος αὐτῶν, ᾦ ὄνομα Βεελζεβούλ· ταῦτα δὲ οὐ πάνυ τι ἐν τοῖς φερομένοις κεῖται βιβλίοις.

Literature.—In addition to works cited above, see A. Loisy, ‘Beelzeboul’ (Rev. d’hist. et de lit. rel. 1904, v. 434–466).

Eb. Nestle.

The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Beelzebub
See Baal-Zebub

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Beelzebub
Matthew 10:25 . See BAALZEBUB .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Beelzebub
Beelzebub (be-ĕl'ze-bŭb), lord of filth, or of flies. A name of contempt applied to Satan, the prince of the evil angels. Beelzebub, in the original Greek, is, in every instance, "Beelzebul." See margin of Revised Version. This name is not so much a contemptuous corruption of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron, as it is a designation of idols; hence Beelzebul = the idol of idols, i.e., the chief abomination, was used as an appellation of the prince of devils. Matthew 10:25; Matthew 12:24; Matthew 12:27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15-27.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Beelzebub
"the prince of the devils," Matthew 12:24 . This name is derived from Baal-zebub, an idol deity among the Ekronites, signifying lord of flies, fly-baal, fly-god, whose office was to protect his worshippers from the torment of the gnats and flies with which that region was infested, 2 Kings 1:2,3,16 . It is also sometimes written Beel- sebul, which signifies probably the dung-god. The Jews seem to have applied this appellation to Satan, as being the author of all the pollutions and abominations of idol-worship.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baalzebub (Beelzebub)
BAALZEBUB (BEELZEBUB) . A Philistine god worshipped at Ekron ( 2Ki 1:2-3 ; 2 Kings 1:6 ; 2 Kings 1:16 ), whose name in the form of Beelzebul (AV [Note: Authorized Version.] and RV [Note: Revised Version.] Beelzebub ) has been applied to the ‘prince of the devils’ ( Matthew 10:25 ; Matthew 12:24 , Mark 3:22 , Luke 11:15 ; Luke 11:18-19 ). The OT form, ‘Baal (controller, inhabiter) of flies,’ indicates either that the god was thought to appear as a fly, or that, besides oracular powers, he possessed the ability to increase or destroy these insects. On the other hand, if the NT spelling, ‘Baal of the mansion (temple),’ is to be preferred, it would seem to indicate that the OT form is a deliberate perversion originating with some pious scribe, who was perhaps offended at such a title being given to any other than Jahweh. Such an interpretation would account for the variation in spelling, and for its application to Satan, whose realm was called ‘the house’ par excellence among the Jews of the NT period.

N. Koenig.

Sentence search

Beelzebub - Beelzebub
Beelzebub - Beelzebub (be-ĕl'ze-bŭb), lord of filth, or of flies. Beelzebub, in the original Greek, is, in every instance, "Beelzebul
Baal Zebub - Beelzebub, or BELZEBUB, signifies the god of flies, and was an idol of the Ekronites. "... It is evident that Beelzebub was considered as the patron deity of medicine; for this is plainly implied in the conduct of Ahaziah, 2 Kings 1. Hence we probably see the reason why Ahaziah sent to Beelzebub to inquire the issue of his accident; since Beelzebub was Apollo, and Apollo was the god of physic. The Jews, who changed Beelzebub into Beelzebul, "god of a dunghill," perhaps had a reference to the Greek of pytho, which signifies putrefied. In Scripture Beelzebub is called "the prince of devils," Matthew 12:24 ; Luke 11:15 ; merely, it would seem, through the application of the name of the chief idol of the Heathen world to the prince of evil spirits
be-el'Zebul - The correct reading is without doubt Beelzebul , and not Beelzebub
Baalzebub (Beelzebub) - BAALZEBUB (Beelzebub) . ] Beelzebub ) has been applied to the ‘prince of the devils’ ( Matthew 10:25 ; Matthew 12:24 , Mark 3:22 , Luke 11:15 ; Luke 11:18-19 )
Baalzebub - Beelzebul was the Jewish contemptuous term, by a slight alteration, for Beelzebub; i
Devil - ) Beelzebub, (Matthew 12:24
Devil - ... Beelzebub, Matthew 12:24
Baalzebub - there is the similar name of Beelzebub(q
Household - In Matthew 10:25 there is a contrast and comparison between the οἰκιακοί (Christ’s disciples) and the οἰκοδεσπότης (the Lord Himself), and Christ warns the Twelve that if He has been called Beelzebul (or Beelzebub) by His enemies (cf
Satan - He is "Beelzebub, the prince of the devils" (12:24)
Prince - "); "r" in Acts 3:17 ; 4:5,8 ; 13:27 ; 14:5 ; (e) of rulers of synagogues, Matthew 9:18,23 , "r;" so Luke 8:41 ; 18:18 ; (f) of the Devil, as "prince" of this world, John 12:31 ; 14:30 ; 16:11 ; of the power of the air, Ephesians 2:2 , "the air" being that sphere in which the inhabitants of the world live and which, through the rebellious and godless condition of humanity, constitutes the seat of his authority; (g) of Beelzebub, the "prince" of the demons, Matthew 9:24 ; 12:24 ; Mark 3:22 ; Luke 11:15
Recover - Go, inquire of Beelzebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this disease
Fly - Beelzebub, the parent of sin, is (as the name means) "the prince of flies
Sin - This sin, or blasphemy, as it should rather be called, many scribes and Pharisees were guilty of, who, beholding our Lord do his miracles, affirmed that he wrought them by Beelzebub, the prince of devils, which was, in effect, calling the Holy Ghost Satan, a most horrible blasphemy; and, as on this ground they rejected Christ, and salvation by him, their sin could certainly have no forgiveness. It appears that all the three evangelists agree in representing the sin or blasphemy against the Holy Ghost as a crime which would not be forgiven; but no one of them affirms that those who had ascribed Christ's power of casting out devils to Beelzebub, had been guilty of that sin, and in St. If men should ascribe these powers to Beelzebub, or in any respect reject their authority, they would blaspheme the Holy Ghost, from whom they were derived; and that sin would be unpardonable, because this was the completion of the evidence of the divine authority of Christ and his religion; and they who rejected these last means of conviction, could have no other opportunity of being brought to faith in Christ, the only appointed condition of pardon and forgiveness
Fly - The Philistines and Canaanites adored Beelzebub, the fly-god, probably as a patron to protect them against these tormenting insects
Devil - ... Matthew 12:24 (a) (Beelzebub)
Devil - He is called Satan 39 times; Beelzebub, the prince of the demons, 7 times
Devil - He is called, "The prince of this world," John 12:31 ; "The prince of the power of the air," Ephesians 2:2 ; "The god of this world," 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; "The dragon, that old serpent, the devil," Revelation 20:2 ; "That wicked one," 1 John 5:18 ; "A roaring lion," 1 Peter 5:8 ; "A murderer," "a liar," John 8:44 ; "Beelzebub," Matthew 12:24 ; "Belial," 2 Corinthians 6:15 ; "The accuser of the brethren," Revelation 12:10
Satan - Matthew 10:25 ) Satan is apparently identified with Beelzebub (or Beelzebul), and is occasionally designated ‘the evil one’ ( Matthew 13:19 ; Matthew 13:38 etc. Some scholars are of opinion that the name Beelzebub means not ‘fly-god’ but ‘enemy’ ( i. Our Lord, as is clearly apparent in the Synoptic tradition, recognized the existence and power of a kingdom of evil, with organized demonic agencies under the control of a supreme personality, Satan or Beelzebub
Hornet - The vindictive power that presided over this dreadful scourge was worshipped at Ekron, in Palestine, through fear, the reigning motive of Pagan superstition, under the title of Baal-zebub, "master or lord of the hornet," whence Beelzebub, in the New Testament, "the prince of demons," Matthew 12:24 . " See FLIES and See Beelzebub
Blasphemy (2) - To ascribe this action to Beelzebub is to be guilty of, or to approach the guilt of, blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, because it is treating the Holy Spirit as Beelzebub. Jesus did not expressly say that the scribes who put forward this Beelzebub theory of His work had actually committed this sin
Baal - See Beelzebub
Prince - archôn , used of Beelzebub ( Matthew 9:34 ; Matthew 12:24 , Mark 3:22 ), of the princes of the Gentiles ( Matthew 20:25 ), the princes of this world ( 1 Corinthians 2:6 ; 1 Corinthians 2:8 ), prince of the power of the air ( Ephesians 2:2 ), the Prince of the kings of the earth ( Revelation 1:5 )
Beelzebub or Beelzebul - Beelzebub or BEELZEBUL
Demon - The Pharisees said that the Lord cast out demons by Beelzebub the prince of demons
Envy (2) - When they could charge Him with a compact with Beelzebub (Matthew 12:22 ff
Chief, Chiefest, Chiefly - , of members of the Sanhedrin; "chief," in Luke 11:15 (RV, "prince") in reference to Beelzebub, the prince of demons
Prince (2) - The Matthaean phrase calls for no remark, especially as in John 12:24 ‘the prince of the devils’ is said to be Beelzebub (wh
Laughter - The pictures of a man endeavouring to serve two masters at once (Matthew 6:24), of another who feeds swine with pearls (Matthew 7:6), of a camel trying to get through a needle’s eye (Matthew 19:24), of a light being put under a bushel (Matthew 5:15), of him who sees a splinter in his brother’s eye, but fails to notice the beam in his own (Matthew 7:8), of Beelzebub at variance with Beelzebub (Matthew 12:24 ff
Nicodemus - " Many of Nicodemus' fellow rulers attributed Jesus' miracles to Beelzebub; Nicodemus on the contrary avows " we (including others besides himself) know Thou art a teacher come from God, for no man can do these miracles which Thou doest, except God be with him
Satan - In the famous "Beelzebub controversy" Jesus made clear his intention to drive Satan out of people's lives and to destroy his sovereignty (Matthew 12:26 ; Mark 3:23,26 ; Luke 11:18 )
Blindness (2) - ‘This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils
Unpardonable Sin - (Matthew 12:23), began to ask, ‘Is this the Son of David?’ But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, ‘This man doth not cast out devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils’ (Matthew 12:24, Mark 3:22; cf. He had cast out demons; and the Pharisees said that He did this by the help of Beelzebub
Call, Called, Calling - , denotes (a) "to surname;" (b) "to be called by a person's name;" hence it is used of being declared to be dedicated to a person, as to the Lord, Acts 15:17 (from Amos 9:12 ); James 2:7 ; (c) "to call a person by a name by charging him with an offense," as the Pharisees charged Christ with doing His works by the help of Beelzebub, Matthew 10:25 (the most authentic reading has epikaleo, for kaleo); (d) "to call upon, invoke;" in the Middle Voice, "to call upon for oneself" (i
Demoniac - It is evident that the devil and his angels, according to all that we can learn of them in the sacred books, are real beings; that the demons of the New Testament are malignant spirits; and that they act upon the same principles, and even under the authority of Satan himself, who is otherwise called Beelzebub, and the prince of the devils, Nay, in these very cases of possession, the chief of the apostate angels is clearly set forth as acting either in his own person, or by means of his infernal agents. "The Pharisees heard it," observes the Evangelist, "and they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils
Satan - Thus, when the Jews charged the Lord Jesus with casting out devils through Beelzebub, the prince of the devils, Christ made this answer, "If Satan cast out Satan he is divided against himself: how shall then his kingdom stand?" (Matthew 12:26) So that the struggle of life and glory, hath been from first to last directed against Christ's kingdom, and to establish the kingdom of Satan through the earth
Devil - Satan as Beelzebub (Matthew 12:24-30) is at the head of an organized kingdom of darkness, with its "principalities and powers" to be "wrestled" against by the children of light
Discipleship - … If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?’ (Matthew 10:24 f
Appreciation (of Christ) - Inspite of all the enmity written there; remembering that there were those who saw in Him an ally of Beelzebub (Matthew 12:24), working with the devil’s aid; that some called Him ‘a gluttonous man, a wine-bibber, friend of publicans and sinners’ (Matthew 11:19); that lawyers, and Pharisees, and Sadducees were ever watching to trip Him (Matthew 22:15), and plotting with Herodians (Matthew 22:16) to destroy Him; that the Galilaean cities, which should have known Him best,—Chorazin, Bethsaida, Capernaum (Matthew 11:21; Matthew 11:23), and even Nazareth,—rejected Him (Luke 4:28 f
Simple, Simplicity - Some of them had charged Jesus with being in league with Beelzebub (Luke 11:15; Mt
Tares - ‘On that day’ (Matthew 13:1) of the parables, or at least a short time before it, the Pharisees had shown their true colours by charging that Jesus cast out demons by Beelzebub, the prince of the demons (Matthew 12:22-32)
Gods And Goddesses, Pagan - Original meaning of the name is unknown but the Old Testament form, Baal-zebub, means "Lord of the flies"; in Jesus' day this god is derisively called Beel-zebul (NIV Beelzebub), "lord of dung, " and identified with Satan, the ruler of demons (Matthew 12:24 )
Satan (2) - Accused by the Pharisees, representatives of those to whose speculations in angelology and demonology that popular belief has been traced, of casting out demons through Beelzebub the prince of demons, Jesus, so far from controverting or throwing doubt upon the current opinions of the time, repels the charge by the argument that if Satan should cast out Satan, he would only be defeating his own ends and destroying his own work
Winter - In Matthew 12:38-45 substantially the same subject is resumed, but it is now à propos of the blasphemy of the scribes against the Holy Spirit in ascribing Jesus’ exorcisms to Beelzebub (Matthew 12:22-37), the intervening material (Matthew 12:1-21) comprising the two Sabbath incidents of Mark 2:23 to Mark 3:6
Antichrist - ), or Beelzebub (Matthew 12:24 ff
Angels - We also have the proper names Satan (thirty-one one times, nineteen outside the Gospels), Beelzebub (Gospels only, six times), and Belial or Beliar (2 Corinthians 6:15)
Hypocrisy - The miracle could no longer be questioned, but they could call it a sign of Beelzebub
Hypocrisy - The miracle could no longer be questioned, but they could call it a sign of Beelzebub
Sin (2) - Christ assumes the current Hebrew conception of a world of spiritual personalities under the leadership of Beelzebub (Luke 11:14-26)
Miracles - They crowned their enmity by attributing His casting out of demons to Beelzebub
Mark, Gospel According to - Eli ); and several Aramaic proper names are noticeable: Bartimæus Mark 10:48 (a patronymic), Cananæan Mark 3:18 , Iscariot Mark 3:19 , Beelzebub Mark 3:22 , Golgotha Mark 15:22
Elisha - ... Like Elijah, he conquered the idols on their own ground, performing without fee the cures for which Beelzebub of Ekron was sought in vain
Gospels - The document must have included the preaching of the Baptist, the Temptation, the Sermon on the Mount, the healing of the centurion’s servant, the coming of John’s messengers to Jesus, the instructions to the disciples, the Lord’s Prayer, the controversy about Beelzebub, the denunciation of the Pharisees, and precepts about over-anxiety
Holy Spirit (2) - Possibly even the charge brought against Him by the scribes, that He cast out devils by Beelzebub, in other words, that He was possessed Himself by a demon,—a charge mentioned in this connexion by Mk
Miracles - They could not deny the fact, but they imputed it to the agency of an infernal spirit: "This fellow," said they, "doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils