Easton's Bible Dictionary
Sons of thunder, a surname given by our Lord to James and John (Mark 3:17 ) on account of their fervid and impetuous temper (Luke 9:54 ).
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
"Sons of thunder." The Aramaic name given to James and John by Jesus. Hebrew beney regesh ; Their fiery zeal appears in (Luke 9:54) their desiring the Lord's permission that they should command fire from heaven (like Elias) to consume the Samaritans who would not receive Him, "because His face was as though He would go to Jerusalem." Also in (Mark 9:38) their forbidding one casting out demons in Christ's name, because he followed not with them. Compare also their ambition for the highest place in Christ's kingdom, next Himself (Mark 9:35-41). Grace subsequently corrected this zeal without knowledge, making James the willing martyr (Acts 12) and John the apostle of gentleness and love. Still the old zeal against perverters of the truth as it is in Jesus appears in 2 John 1:10-11; 3 John 1:10.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(bohuhnuhr' jeess; sons of thunder ) A name given by Jesus to James and John, the sons of Zebedee (Mark 3:17 ). The Gospel writer gave the meaning of the name as “sons of thunder,” but did not explain why it was appropriate. The name may be indicative of the thunderous temperament these brothers apparently possessed. See Apostles ; Disciples .
Any declamatory and vociferous preacher or orator.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
BOANERGES ( Mark 3:17 ), ‘Sons of Thunder.’ The Master’s appellation of James and John. Jerome takes it as a reference to their fiery eloquence. Others derive it rather from their fiery disposition in early days (cf. Luke 9:52-56 ). It would thus be a playful yet serious sobriquet, constantly reminding them of their besetting sin and warning them to overcome it.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
This name, signifying 'sons of thunder,' was given by the Lord to James and John the sons of Zebedee, Mark 3:17 , perhaps because of their urgent zeal, as was manifest when, indignant at the treatment of their Lord, they asked if they should call down fire from heaven. Luke 9:54 . It was John who told the Lord that they had forbidden one who was casting out demons in His name, because he followed not with them. Mark 9:38 . This act of the apostles was condemned by the Lord, but it is to be feared that similar prohibition has often been repeated by others since those days.
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
BOANERGES.—In Mark 3:17 we read that Christ ‘gave to James and John name(s) Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder’ (καὶ ἐπέθηκεν αὐτοῖς ὄνομα [v.l. ὀνόματα] Βοανηργές, ὅ ἐστιν υἱοὶ βροντῆς).* [Note: The MSS give: βοανηργεςא AB, etc., βοανεργης D, βοανεργες EF, etc.] The equation Boanerges = ‘sons of thunder’ presents two difficulties: (a) the Hebrew בִּנַי does not naturally give rise to the two vowels οα; (b) no known Hebrew or Aram. [Note: Aramaic.] root rgs or rgsh has the meaning ‘thunder.’ A third difficulty might be added, that the title Boanerges, whatever its meaning, does not accurately correspond to ὀνομα(τα), ‘name(s).† [Note: ὁυουατα is read by א AC, etc., ὀνομα is the reading of BD.] If the Evangelist be right in saying that the original title meant ‘sons of thunder,’ we must suppose that Βοανη or Βοανε is due to inaccurate transliteration of בִּנִי, or to a conflation of two readings with a single vowel (see Dalm. Gram.2 [Note: designates the particular edition of the work referred] p. 144). But the difficulty as to ργες = βροντή remains. Jerome (on Daniel 1:7) thought that Boanerges should be emended into Benereem = בִּנִי רֽעִס. In that case the s is a mistake on the part of the Evangelist or his copyists for m. Others prefer to think that the original title was בִּנִי רְנַז = ‘sons of wrath,’ or בְּנַי רְנַשׁ = ‘sons of tumult,’ and that υἱοὶ βροντῆς is an inaccurate translation on the part of the Evangelist. The Syriac Version (Sinaiticus) unfortunately gives us no assistance. It transliterates Bĕnai Ragsh or Ragshi, and omits the explanation ὅ ἐστιν υἱοὶ βροντῆς (see Burkitt, Evangelion da-Mepharreshe, i. 181, ii. 280). It is possible, however, that the corruption lies deeper than this. Just as Dalmanutha (Mark 8:10) is probably a corruption of an Aramaic proper name (see Burkitt, ii. 249), so Boanerges may be a fusion of two names answering to the ὀνόματα. In that case the Evangelist, misreading or mishearing his Aramaic original, has fused two names into one, and has tried to give a rough translation of the word thus formed. The first name might be בַנּי (Banni), בַנַּי (Bannai), or בּ֖נּי (Bunnai). Curiously enough, the Babylonian Talmud gives Bani as the name of one of the disciples of Jesus (Bab. [Note: Babylonian.] Sanh. 43a). For the second name we offer no conjecture. See, further, John, James.
Literature.—Encyc. Bibl. art. ‘Boanerges’; Expositor, iii. x.  332 ff.
W. C. Allen.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Son of thunder
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
The meaning of this name is explained to us, as given by Jesus himself, (Mark 3:17) "the Sons of thunder." Perhaps the word is a compound, from Bini, son; Regem, thunder, or tempest; intimating, perhaps, that those sons of Zebedee would be powerful preachers under the Lord.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Boanerges (bô'a-ner'jçs), sons of thunder. The name Christ gave to James and John, probably because of their fiery zeal; for proof of which see Luke 9:54; Mark 9:38; comp. Matthew 20:20.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
This word is neither Hebrew nor Syriac, and some have thought that the transcribers have not exactly copied it, and that the word was benereen βενερεεν , which expresses the sound of the Hebrew of the phrase, "sons of thunder." Parkhurst judges the word to be the Galilean pronunciation of the Hebrew בנו רעש expressed in Greek letters. Now, רעש properly signifies a violent trembling or commotion, and may therefore be well rendered by βροντη , thunder, which is a violent commotion in the air; so, vice versa, any violent commotion is figuratively, and not unusually, in all languages, called thunder. When our Saviour named the sons of Zebedee, Boanerges, he perhaps had an eye to that prophecy of Haggai, "Yet once, and I will shake the heavens and the earth," Haggai 2:6 ; which is, by the Apostle to the Hebrews 12:26 , applied to the great alteration made in the economy of the Jews by the publication of the Gospel. The name Boanerges, therefore, given to James and John, imports that they should be eminent instruments in accomplishing the wondrous change, and should, like an earthquake or thunder, mightily bear down all opposition, by their inspired preaching and miraculous powers. That it does not relate to their mode of preaching is certain; for that clearly appears to have been calmly argumentative, and sweetly, persuasive —the very reverse of what is usually called a thundering ministry.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
Sons of thunder, a name given by our Savior to James and John the sons of Zebedee, Mark 3:17 ; perhaps on account of their power as preachers. Some suppose it was given on the occasion of their request that Christ would call for fire from heaven, and destroy a village of the Samaritans, which had refused to entertain them, Luke 9:53,54 .
Sons of Thunder - —See Boanerges
Boanerges - Boanerges. —In Mark 3:17 we read that Christ ‘gave to James and John name(s) Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder’ (καὶ ἐπέθηκεν αὐτοῖς ὄνομα [v. ] The equation Boanerges = ‘sons of thunder’ presents two difficulties: (a) the Hebrew בִּנַי does not naturally give rise to the two vowels οα; (b) no known Hebrew or Aram. ’ A third difficulty might be added, that the title Boanerges, whatever its meaning, does not accurately correspond to ὀνομα(τα), ‘name(s). Jerome (on Daniel 1:7) thought that Boanerges should be emended into Benereem = בִּנִי רֽעִס. 249), so Boanerges may be a fusion of two names answering to the ὀνόματα. ‘Boanerges’; Expositor, iii
Boanerges - Boanerges (bô'a-ner'jçs), sons of thunder
Boanerges - Boanerges ( Mark 3:17 ), ‘Sons of Thunder
Boanerges - When our Saviour named the sons of Zebedee, Boanerges, he perhaps had an eye to that prophecy of Haggai, "Yet once, and I will shake the heavens and the earth," Haggai 2:6 ; which is, by the Apostle to the Hebrews 12:26 , applied to the great alteration made in the economy of the Jews by the publication of the Gospel. The name Boanerges, therefore, given to James and John, imports that they should be eminent instruments in accomplishing the wondrous change, and should, like an earthquake or thunder, mightily bear down all opposition, by their inspired preaching and miraculous powers
James (st.) the Great - John he receivedthe appellation of "Boanerges" from our Lord
Greater, James the, Saint - Our Lord called him and his brother John, "Boanerges" (sons of thunder), on account of their fiery zeal (Luke 9)
Thunder, Thundering - 1: βροντή (Strong's #1027 — Noun Feminine — bronte — bron-tay' ) in Mark 3:17 "sons of thunder" is the interpretation of Boanerges, the name applied by the Lord to James and John; their firey disposition is seen in Mark 9:38 ; Luke 9:54 ; perhaps in the case of James it led to his execution
Thunder (2) - See Boanerges
James, Son of Zebedee - James and his brother were named by the Lord Boanerges, 'sons of thunder
James - Because, probably, of their boldness and energy, he and John were called Boanerges, i
John the Apostle - The Lord surnamed them Boanerges, 'sons of thunder
James - The name of Boanerges was given to him and his brother
James - (Matthew 10:2 ; Mark 3:14 ; Luke 6:13 ; Acts 1:13 ) It would seem to have been at the time of the appointment of the twelve apostles that the name of Boanerges was given to the sons of Zebedee
Barak - ) So the family name of Hannibal was Barres, "the thunderbolt of war"; also Boanerges, "sons of thunder," applied to James and John
James - For this reason, or because of their zeal and energy as ministers of Christ, the name of Boanerges, or sons of thunder, was afterwards given to them, Mark 3:17
Mark, Gospel According to - This appears probable when it is considered that it makes no reference to the Jewish law, and that the writer takes care to interpret words which a Gentile would be likely to misunderstand, such as, "Boanerges" (3:17); "Talitha cumi" (5:41); "Corban" (7:11); "Bartimaeus" (10:46); "Abba" (14:36); "Eloi," etc
John - In zeal and intensity of character he was a "Boanerges" (Mark 3:17 )
James - ...
Perhaps because of James' and John's fiery fanaticism, evidenced as they sought to call down fire from heaven on the Samaritan village refusing to receive Jesus and the disciples (Luke 9:52-54 ), Jesus called the brothers “Boanerges” or “sons of thunder” (Mark 3:17 )
James - They got from Jesus the same appellation, ‘the Sons of Thunder’ (see Boanerges), and they stood, with Simon Peter, on terms of special intimacy with Him
Add - , "He added the name Peter to Simon," "He added to them the name Boanerges," and Revelation 22:18 , where the word is set in contrast to "take away from" (ver
John - ...
The sons of Zebedee were given the surname Boanerges , “sons of thunder” (Mark 3:17 ). Its author claims to be “John,” it is associated with Patmos and Ephesus, and in tone it fits the character of the apostle who was called “Boanerges
James - When certain Samaritans refused to admit Jesus Christ, James and John wished for fire from heaven to consume them, Luke 9:54 ; and for this reason, it is thought, the name of Boanerges, or sons of thunder, was given them
Mark, Gospel According to - 106) says that Christ changed Simon’s name to Peter, and that this is written ‘in his memoirs’ (ἐν τοῖς ἀπομνημονεύμασιν αὐτοῦ), and also that He changed the name of the sons of Zebedee to ‘Boanerges, which is Sons of Thunder. ’ But these last words actually occur only in Mark 3:17, where we read of both names, Peter and Boanerges, together, and in no other Gospel. ...
To Justin’s probable reference to the Boanerges passage (see above) must be added Dial
James - James and John were called Boanerges to express their natural character and the grace which would purify and ennoble it, making James the first apostle martyr and John the apostle of love. (See Boanerges
Mark, Gospel According to - 106) that Christ changed Simon’s name to Peter, and that this is written ‘in his Memoirs,’ and also that He changed the name of the sons of Zebedee to ‘Boanerges, which is Sons of Thunder. It retains several Aramaic words transliterated into Greek: Boanerges Mark 3:17 , Talitha cum ( i ) Mark 5:41 , Corban Mark 7:11 , Ephphatha Mark 7:34 (these Mk
James And John, the Sons of Zebedee - Mark also adds the giving of the name Boanerges. ...
To these references, where the Synoptists seem to be almost wholly dependent on the Marcan account, we must add Luke 9:54, the desire of James and John to call down fire from heaven on the inhospitable Samaritans, a story which may be connected with at least the interpretation of the name ‘Boanerges
Mark, the Gospel According to - All these minute touches, peculiar to him, show his Gospel is no epitome of the others but an independent witness, Mark tells Peter's humble origin (Mark 1:16-20), his connection with Capernaum (Mark 1:29), that Levi was son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14), that Boanerges was the title given by Christ to James and John (Mark 3:17), that, the ruler of the synagogue was named Jairus (Mark 5:22), that Jesus was a "carpenter" (Mark 6:3), that the Canaanite woman was a Syrophoenician (Mark 7:26)
Son - It is also used to describe characteristics other than moral, as: (i) sons of the resurrection, Luke 20:36 ; (j) sons of the Kingdom, Matthew 8:12 ; 13:38 ; (k) sons of the bridechamber, Mark 2:19 ; (l) sons of exhortation, Acts 4:36 ; (m) sons of thunder, Boanerges, Mark 3:17
James - The two brothers received from our Lord the name Boanerges (‘sons of thunder’), perhaps because of their impetuous zeal for their Master’s honour, shown by incidents like the wish to call down fire to consume certain Samaritans who refused Him a passage through their country (Luke 9:54; cf
John (the Apostle) - At this time Jesus called him and his brother Boanerges, that is, ‘sons of thunder’ (Mark 3:17). See Boanerges
John, the Epistles of - Yet as Old Testament also sets forth love, so John as a Boanerges also sets forth the terror of the Lord against unbelievers
Paul as an Evangelical Mystic - Luther and Law were Boanerges
John the Apostle - It is in this light that the statement of Mark 3:17 is generally understood ‘he surnamed them Boanerges , which ‘is Sons of thunder
Organization (2) - Even in the inner circle of His associates Christ had to admit the lapses of the Boanerges or of Peter; they had to learn slowly what it meant to be members of the Church as Christ conceived it