Character Study on Candace

Character Study on Candace

Acts 8: And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship,

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Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Candace
Queen of Ethiopia (the island of Meroe, in upper Nubia, between the Nile on one side and the Atbara on the other). The name of the dynasty, not merely the individual. Her eunuch or treasurer was converted to Christ by Philip the evangelist, through the power of the word (Isaiah 53), and the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:27, etc.); named Judich in Ethiopian tradition, which represents him as having propagated the gospel in Arabia Felix and Ethiopia, and brought Candace herself to the faith. Pliny (6:35) and Strabo (17:820), pagan authors, confirm Scripture as to Candace being the name of the Ethiopian queens, as Pharaoh was common to the Egyptian kings. Ethiopian monuments singularly confirm the prominence given to females as queens and armed warriors; the more singular as not an instance of the kind occurs in the Egyptian remains.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Candace
(can' duh cee) In Acts 8:27 , the queen of Ethiopia whose servant became a believer in Christ and was baptized by Philip. It is generally agreed that Candace was a title rather than a proper name, though its meaning is uncertain. The title was used by several queens of Ethiopia.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Candace
CANDACE . Queen of Ethiopia. A eunuch belonging to her, in charge of her treasure, was baptized by Philip ( Acts 8:27 ). The name was borne by more than one queen of Ethiopia. The Candace who invaded Egypt in b.c. 22 (Strabo) is, of course, earlier than this. A Candace is perhaps named on one of the pyramids of Meroe. See Cush.

F. Ll. Griffith.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Candace
Name or title of a queen of the Ethiopians, whose eunuch was converted on his returning from a visit to Jerusalem. Acts 8:27 .

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Candace
Candace (Κανδάκη) is mentioned in Acts 8:27 as ‘queen of the Ethiopians,’ i.e. of Meroë (see Ethiopia and Ethiopian Eunuch). It appears from various ancient authorities that this was a name always borne by the queen-mother of the Ethiopians, and that in many cases she reigned still as dowager: e.g. we read Κανδάκην Αἰθίοπες πᾶσαν τὴν τοῦ βασιλέως μητέρα καλοῦσιν (J. A. Cramer, Catena in Acta Apostolorum, 1844, p. 143), an extract from an anonymous author who proceeds to quote Bion (of Soli) thus: Αἰθίοπες τοὺς βασιλέων πατέρας οὐκ ἐκφαίνουσιν, ἁλλʼ ὡς ὄντας υἱοὺς ἡλίου παραδιδόασιν· ἑκάστου δὲ τὴν μητέρα καλοῦσι Κανδάκην; cf. Athen. xiii. 566 and Pliny, Historia Naturalis (Pliny) vi. 29. The name in its Egyptian form is said to occur on the monuments, and a queen so named tried conclusions with the Romans during the reign of Augustus 24-21 b.c. and obtained some measure of success. The expression in Acts 8:27 that the εὐνοῦχος δυνάστης, whom Philip baptized, ‘was over all her treasure’ suggests that this monarch was powerful and wealthy.

C. L. Feltoe.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Candace
Who possesses contrition
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Candace
The queen of the Ethiopians whose "eunuch" or chamberlain was converted to Christianity by the instrumentality of Philip the evangelist (Acts 8:27 ). The country which she ruled was called by the Greeks Meroe, in Upper Nubia. It was long the centre of commercial intercourse between Africa and the south of Asia, and hence became famous for its wealth (Isaiah 45:14 ). It is somewhat singular that female sovereignty seems to have prevailed in Ethiopia, the name Candace (compare "Pharaoh," "Ptolemy," "Caesar") being a title common to several successive queens. It is probable that Judaism had taken root in Ethiopia at this time, and hence the visit of the queen's treasurer to Jerusalem to keep the feast. There is a tradition that Candace was herself converted to Christianity by her treasurer on his return, and that he became the apostle of Christianity in that whole region, carrying it also into Abyssinia. It is said that he also preached the gospel in Arabia Felix and in Ceylon, where he suffered martyrdom. (See PHILIP .)



People's Dictionary of the Bible - Candace
Candace (kăn'da-sç or kan-dâ'sç, Eng.,kan'dâs), sovereign of slaves? The name is a title of Ethiopian queens. Acts 8:27. Her chamberlain or treasurer, a eunuch, was met by Philip the evangelist on the road between Jerusalem and Gaza, and converted. Her kingdom was Upper Nubia.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Candace
the name of an Ethiopian queen, whose eunuch coming to Jerusalem to worship the Lord, was baptized by Philip the deacon, near Bethsura, in the way to Gaza, as he was returning to his own country, Acts 8:27 . The Ethiopia here mentioned was the isle or peninsula of Meroe to the south of Egypt, which, as Mr. Bruce shows, is now called Atbara, up the Nile. Candace was the common name of the queens of that country. Strabo and Pliny mention queens of that name as reigning in their times. That the queen mentioned in the Acts was converted by the instrumentality of her servant, and that the country thus received Christianity at that early period, are statements not supported by any good testimony. See ABYSSINIAN CHURCH .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Candace
The name of an Ethiopian queen, whose high treasurer was converted to Christianity under the preaching of Philip the evangelist, Acts 8:27 . The Ethiopia over which she ruled was not Abyssinia, but that region of Upper Nubia called by the Greeks Meroe; and is supposed to correspond with the present province of Atbara, lying between thirteen and eighteen degrees north latitude. Extensive ruins found in this neighborhood, and along the upper valley of the Nile, indicate high civilization among the ancient Ethiopians. Pliny and Strabo inform us that for some time before and after the Christian era, Ethiopia Proper was under the government of female sovereigns, who all bore the appellation of Candace. Irenaeus and Eusebius ascribe to Candace's minister her own conversion to Christianity, and the promulgation of the gospel through her kingdom.

Sentence search

Candace - Candace . The Candace who invaded Egypt in b. A Candace is perhaps named on one of the pyramids of Meroe
Queen - (βασίλισσα)... The only person bearing this title that meets us in the apostolic writings is Candace, queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27). This people appear frequently to have had female sovereigns, and the name Candace seems to have been handed on from one to another, as we meet with several queens of this name in their early history
Ethio'Pian Eunuch, the, - , who was treasurer of Candace queen of Ethiopia, but who was converted to Christianity on a visit to Jerusalem, through philip the evangelist
Queen - 1: βασίλισσα (Strong's #938 — Noun Feminine — basilissa — bas-il'-is-sah ) the feminine of basileus, "a king," is used (a) of the "Queen of Sheba," Matthew 12:42 ; Luke 11:31 ; of "Candace," Acts 8:27 ; (b) metaphorically, of "Babylon," Revelation 18:7
Candace - Candace (kăn'da-sç or kan-dâ'sç, Eng
Candace - It is generally agreed that Candace was a title rather than a proper name, though its meaning is uncertain
Candace - ); named Judich in Ethiopian tradition, which represents him as having propagated the gospel in Arabia Felix and Ethiopia, and brought Candace herself to the faith. Pliny (6:35) and Strabo (17:820), pagan authors, confirm Scripture as to Candace being the name of the Ethiopian queens, as Pharaoh was common to the Egyptian kings
Ethiopian Eunuch - The chief officer or prime minister of state of Candace (q
Naphtuhim - This city was the royal residence, it is said, of Queen Candace (Acts 8:27 )
Queen - This is applied, as now, to one reigning in her own right, as the queen of Sheba, 2 Chronicles 9:1-12 ; and Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, Acts 8:27
Candace - It is somewhat singular that female sovereignty seems to have prevailed in Ethiopia, the name Candace (compare "Pharaoh," "Ptolemy," "Caesar") being a title common to several successive queens. There is a tradition that Candace was herself converted to Christianity by her treasurer on his return, and that he became the apostle of Christianity in that whole region, carrying it also into Abyssinia
Eunuch - In Acts 8:27, a Eunuch was "a court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasure
Ethiopians - Acts 8:27, where Candace, queen of (the) Ethiopians, and her εὐνοῦχος δυνάστης are mentioned in connexion with Philip the Deacon (see articles Candace, Ethiopian Eunuch, and Philip)
Ethiopia - The treasurer of its queen, Candace was baptized by Philip. 22, defeated Candace, queen of Ethiopia, and made the country tributary to Rome. Candace was an official title of the queens, one of whom is named in Acts 8:27
Eunuch - Such were Potiphar, Joseph's master, Genesis 39:17 , and the treasurer of Queen Candace, Acts 8:27
Abyssinia - According to legend, Christianity was introduced by the eunuch Candace baptized by Philip the Deacon, and was firmly established in the 4th century under Saint Frumentius, the first bishop
Deacon, Philip the, Saint - He converted many who "received the Holy Ghost" (Acts 8) and, commanded by an angel, travelled from Jerusalem to Gaza, on the way converting and baptizing the eunuch of Candace, Queen of Ethiopia (Acts 8)
Ethiopia - A eunuch, minister of Candace, Queen of Ethiopia, was converted to Christianity by the deacon Philip (Acts 8)
Evangelist, Philip the, Saint - He converted many who "received the Holy Ghost" (Acts 8) and, commanded by an angel, travelled from Jerusalem to Gaza, on the way converting and baptizing the eunuch of Candace, Queen of Ethiopia (Acts 8)
Ethiopia - ... In New Testament times, several queens of the kingdom of Meroe bore the title Candace. The Ethiopian eunuch to whom Philip explained the gospel was a minister of “the Candace, queen of the Ethiopians” (Acts 8:27 RSV). Candace should be understood as a title rather than a personal name
Ethiopian Eunuch - According to Acts 8:27 , an Ethiopian eunuch, minister of Candace , queen of the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, was met shortly after the martyrdom of Stephen by the deacon Philip when returning from a religious journey to Jerusalem, and converted to Christianity
Gaza - Mentioned in Acts 8, when the eunuch of Candace, Queen of Ethiopia, returning from Jerusalem where he had gone to worship, met Philip the Deacon and invited him into his chariot, that he might explain the writings of the prophet Isaias as they drove along; Philip "preached unto him Jesus," baptized him at his own request, "and the eunuch went on his way rejoicing
Candace - Candace was the common name of the queens of that country
Candace - Pliny and Strabo inform us that for some time before and after the Christian era, Ethiopia Proper was under the government of female sovereigns, who all bore the appellation of Candace. Irenaeus and Eusebius ascribe to Candace's minister her own conversion to Christianity, and the promulgation of the gospel through her kingdom
Queen - , Southern Arabia, Sheba (Matthew 12:42 ; Luke 11:31 ) and the "queen of the Ethiopians" (Acts 8:27 ), Candace
Ethio'Pia - Shortly before our Saviour's birth a native dynasty of females, holding the official title of Candace (Plin
Candace - Candace (Κανδάκη) is mentioned in Acts 8:27 as ‘queen of the Ethiopians,’ i
Philip - He was directed of the Spirit to proceed toward Gaza, where he preached Christ to the treasurer of Candace, queen of Ethiopia
Queen - Female regents were known in the ancient Near East (1 Kings 10:1-13 , the queen of Sheba; Acts 8:27 , the Ethiopian Candace)
Philip - Philip obeyed, and there met with an Ethiopian eunuch, belonging to Candace, queen of Ethiopia, whom he converted and baptized, Acts 8:26
Ethiopia - The Ethiopian queen Candace, whose treasurer is mentioned in Acts 8:27 , was probably queen of Meroe, where a succession of females reigned who all bore this name
Ethiopian Eunuch - Αἰθίοψ has been briefly discussed above, εὐνοῦχος implies that he was one of the Court officials and perhaps subject to the physical disability which the name ordinarily implies, but not ‘chamberlain’ in the strict sense of the term, as he ‘was in charge of all her treasure’ (see Candace), Becker (Charicles, Eng
Matthew - ... Later legendary accounts tell of Matthew's travel to Ethiopia where he became associated with Candace, identified with the eunuch of Acts 8:27
Philip - " As he travelled along this road he was overtaken by a chariot in which sat a man of Ethiopia, the eunuch or chief officer of Queen Candace, who was at that moment reading, probably from the Septuagint version, a portion of the prophecies of (Isaiah 53:6,7 )
Treasure, Treasury, Treasurer - oikonomos ), but the Ethiopian eunuch is said to have had charge of all the treasure of queen Candace
Ethiopia - 24 the Romans invaded Ethiopia in answer to an attack on Egypt by queen Candace, and destroyed Napata, but the kingdom continued to be independent
Abyssinian Church - The Abyssinian Christians themselves, indeed claim a much higher antiquity, having a tradition that the doctrine of Christ was first introduced among them by Queen Candace, Acts 8:27 ; or even preached there by the Apostles Matthew and Bartholomew; but the former is supported by no collateral evidence, and the latter is in opposition to high authority
Philip - He was instrumental in the conversion of the chamberlain of Candace, queen of Ethiopia, thus introducing Christianity into that historic heathen country ( Acts 8:26-39 )
Philip the Evangelist - In one an Ethiopian eunuch or chamberlain of Candace, a" proselyte of righteousness" (not as Cornelius, for whose admission to Christian fellowship a special revelation was needed, a "proselyte of the gate"), was returning from worship at Jerusalem
Ethiopia - ... Queen Candace reigned in this Nile-formed is land region; the name is the official designation of a female dynasty shortly before our Lord's time (Acts 8:27)
Philip the Evangelist - In this neighbourhood he fell in with an Ethiopian eunuch of Queen Candace, whom he converted by explaining to him part of Isaiah 53, and received at once to baptism (perhaps also to confirmation)
Proselytes - ... Tyre's alliance with David was a prophetic earnest of its future union with the kingdom of God, of which the Syrophoenician woman was a firstfruit (Mark 7:26), as Candace's eunuch the proselyte (Acts 8) was a pledge of Ethiopia's conversion. The eunuch of Candace was a sample of the full convert, circumcised and baptized at his admission (Otho, Lex Rabb. The centurion Cornelius was a proselyte of a less strict kind, which the rabbis would call a proselyte of the gate; otherwise a special revelation would not have been needed to warrant Peter's opening the gospel kingdom to him, as it had not been needed to open the gospel to Candace's eunuch (Acts 8; 10)
Proselyte - The chamberlain of Candace is included by Reinach among the ‘distinguished recruits’ of the Jewish faith (JE_ iv
the Sower Who Went Forth to Sow - "Understandest thou what thou readest?" said Philip the once deacon, and now the evangelist, to the dark treasurer of Queen Candace
the Ethiopian Eunuch - And it would be in his business relations with the heads of some of the trading and banking houses that the Jewish merchants had set up in Ethiopia, that Queen Candace's treasurer came into contact with the worshippers of Jehovah, till it all ended in his becoming a proselyte of the gate. And who can tell but that Queen Candace, and a great multitude of her black, but comely people, will yet be seen by us stretching out their hands and casting their crowns at His feet of whom Isaiah spake, and of whom Philip preached!... Let it no longer be a forlorn hopeTo wash an Ethiope;He's washed: his gloomy skin a peaceful shadeFor his white soul is made
Apostle - The manner of its being sent to Ethiopia, by the conversion of the eunuch who was chief treasurer to Candace, queen of the country, is related in Acts 8:26 , &c
Gospels - Hence by the reading of the law and the prophets in the synagogues everywhere each sabbath proselytes of righteousness were gathered from the Gentiles, such as the eunuch or chamberlain of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, a student of Scripture, Cornelius the centurion who "feared God with all his house, and gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God always
Trade And Commerce - Doubtless this was the route taken by the eunuch of the Candace mentioned in Acts 8
Roads And Travel - The eunuch of the Candace would continue his way to Gaza, and then by the coast-road into Egypt, thence southwards to Abyssinia