Character Study on Cleophas

Character Study on Cleophas

John 19: Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

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Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Mary of Cleophas


Mary of Cleophas or (See CLOPAS; ALPHAEUS; JAMES.) In John 19:25, "there stood by Jesus' cross His mother, and His mother's sister Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene." In Mark 15:40, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James the Little and of Joses, and Salome." In Matthew 27:56, "Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children" (i.e. Salome). Thus "Mary of Cleophas" is the same as "Mary of James the Little and of Joses," and was sister of the Virgin Mary. The names of the two sisters being alike may be explained by the fact that many manuscripts distinguish the Virgin Mary as Mariam, Mary of Cleophas and the other Mary's as Maria (as we distinguish Mary and Maria); it was a favorite name for mother's to give to children, from the famous Miriam, Moses' sister.

Mary was probably the Virgin's older sister or half-sister; she married Cleophas and by him had four sons, James (the apostle), Joses ("Joseph" Vaticanus manuscript, "John" Sinaiticus manuscript), Jude (the apostle), and Simon, and three daughters. She is first named at the cross, again in the evening of the same day "sitting over against the sepulchre" with Mary Magdalene (Matthew 27:61), having previously "beheld where He was laid" (Mark 15:47). She, with the women which came with Jesus from Galilee, "prepared spices and ointments" on the sabbath eve (Luke 23:55-56), and when the sabbath was past "came to see the sepulchre" (Matthew 28:1) and "to anoint Him" with the "sweet spices they had bought" (Mark 16:1), and then "saw the vision of angels which said He was alive" (Luke 24:23).

Cleopus being mentioned only to designate Mary and James implies he was dead when Jesus' ministry began. Joseph too was dead, for he is never mentioned after Luke 2. The widowed sisters then joined in the one house at Nazareth, and their children came to be regarded as "brethren" (Matthew 12:47; Matthew 13:55-56), there and at Capernaum (John 2:12). Her retiring disposition may be the cause of the non-mention of" Mary of Cleophas" until the crucifixion. Her sons were certainly older than Jesus, else they would not have dared to interfere with Him by force (Mark 3:21). John, by our Lord's direction, took His Virgin mother at the crucifixion to his own home in Jerusalem. Further residence with nephews who had so misunderstood her divine Son would have been less congenial to the bereaved virgin mother than residence with the beloved disciple.

1910 New Catholic Dictionary - Mary of Cleophas, Saint
Mentioned in John 19, is probably the mother of Saint James the Less.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Cleophas
(In the spelling of this word H Is inserted by mistake from Latin MSS.), rather Cleopas, which is the Greek form of the word, while Clopas is the Aramaic form. In John 19:25 the Authorized Version reads, "Mary, the wife of Clopas." The word "wife" is conjecturally inserted here. If "wife" is rightly inserted, then Mary was the mother of James the Less, and Clopas is the same as Alphaeus ( Matthew 10:3 ; 27:56 ).

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Cleophas
See CLEOPAS.

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Cleophas
CLEOPHAS.—This form appears in some Latin MSS [Note: SS Manuscripts.] , and is retained in the Vulgate (though against the evidence of Codex Amiatinus) in both Luke 24:18 and John 19:25. It was adopted by the early English versions (Wyclifite, Tindale), and passed into the Authorized Version of 1611. It still stands there in John 19:25 for Clopas (wh. see), but in Luke 24:18 it was replaced in 1629 by Cleopas (wh. see).

C. T. Dimont.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Cleophas
The whole glory
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Mary, Wife of Cleophas
This name occurs but once, John 19:25 : it is really 'Clopas;' the word 'wife' which is added in the A.V. is probably correct. By comparing together the following passages, Matthew 27:56,61 ; Matthew 28:1 ; Mark 15:40,47 ; Mark 16:1 ; and Luke 24:10 , it appears probable that 'the other Mary,' and 'Mary the mother of James (or James the less) and Joses' allude to the same person, and she may have been the wife of Clopas. In John 19:25 this Mary is said to be the sister of the Lord's mother, if we allow the word 'and' to separate the persons, which is the most obvious sense; and it is natural that as this is the only place where we read of the Lord's mother having a sister, it should say who she was. Thus there would be three Marys mentioned in the verse, and not four. That the Lord's mother should have a sister also called Mary may appear improbable, but the MSS vary, and there may have been a slight difference, as in the two modern names of Mary and Maria.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Cleophas
(clee' oh fuhss) KJV spelling of Clopas (John 19:25 ). The husband of Mary, one of the women who witnessed the crucifixion of Jesus. He has sometimes been identified with Cleopas, but no convincing evidence for such an identification exists. See Mary .



American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cleophas
The husband of Mary, John 19:25 , called also ALPHEUS, which see. The Cleopas mentioned in Luke 24:18 , probably was a different person.

Sentence search

Cle'Opas - ( Luke 24:18 ) Some think the same as Cleophas in (John 19:25 ) But they are probably two different persons. Cleopas is a Greek name, contracted from Cleopater, while Cleophas, or Clopas as in the Revised Version, is an Aramaic name, the same as Alphaeus
Alphaeus - See John 19:25 with Luke 24:18 and Matthew 10:3 , it is evident that Alphaeus is the same as Cleophas; Alphaeus being his Greek name, and Cleophas his Hebrew or Syriac name
Clopas - ] Cleophas ) is named only in John 19:25
Alphaeus - John 19:25 says Mary the wife of Cleophas was at the cross. This would seem to indicate that Cleophas and Alphaeus are two names for the same person. Some want to equate Alphaeus, Cleophas, and the Cleopas of Luke 24:18
Emmaus - (Hebrew: a people rejected) ... Town in Palestine "sixty furlongs from Jerusalem" (Luke 24), exact location uncertain, where Our Lord manifested Himself to Cleophas and another disciple after His Resurrection
Mary of Cleophas - ... Mary of Cleophas or (See CLOPAS; ALPHAEUS; JAMES. ) In John 19:25, "there stood by Jesus' cross His mother, and His mother's sister Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. Thus "Mary of Cleophas" is the same as "Mary of James the Little and of Joses," and was sister of the Virgin Mary. The names of the two sisters being alike may be explained by the fact that many manuscripts distinguish the Virgin Mary as Mariam, Mary of Cleophas and the other Mary's as Maria (as we distinguish Mary and Maria); it was a favorite name for mother's to give to children, from the famous Miriam, Moses' sister. ... Mary was probably the Virgin's older sister or half-sister; she married Cleophas and by him had four sons, James (the apostle), Joses ("Joseph" Vaticanus manuscript, "John" Sinaiticus manuscript), Jude (the apostle), and Simon, and three daughters. Her retiring disposition may be the cause of the non-mention of" Mary of Cleophas" until the crucifixion
Alphae'us - (John 19:25 ) [MARY ] In this latter place he is called Clopas (not, as in the Authorized Version, Cleophas)
Cleopas - He is supposed to be the same as Cleophas(or CLOPASas in the Greek) mentioned in John 19:25
Joses - A son of Cleophas and Mary, identified by some with the above, Matthew 27:56
Joses - See MARY, WIFE OF Cleophas
Simeon, Saint - Son of Cleophas and Mary, and, therefore a first cousin to Christ
Cleopas - Identified by some with Alphaeus or Clopas or Cleophas (John 19:25)
Cleophas - Cleophas
Lord, Brethren of the - His father was a certain Alphaeus, equivalent to the Cleophas or Clopas of John 19, according to the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 10; Mark 3; Luke 6), and his mother, Mary, was a close attendant on Jesus (Mark 15), being a sister of the mother of Jesus (John 19) or a sister-in-law (on Hegesippus's assertion that Cleophas was Saint Joseph's brother). Hence we may recognize the "Brethren of the Lord" as cousins of Christ, children of Mary, wife of Cleophas, and nephews of the Blessed Virgin
Alphaeus - The same as Clopas (as it should be written, not Cleophas), both names being Greek variations of Hebrew Chalpai , or Ηhalpai
James (st.) the Less - The son of Cleophas, or Alphaeus and Mary,and brother of Thaddaeus or St
Less, James the, Saint - Apostle, martyr, died 62 AD, son of Alpheus and Mary of Cleophas, who was probably the sister of the Blessed Virgin Mary; he was therefore called "brother of Our Lord"; known as James the Less (Mark 15) to distinguish him from James the Greater
Salome - (But see on John 19:25 (See MARY OF Cleophas
Brother - Yet this is not quite certain, as it may be that the James, Joses, and Judas in Matthew 13:55 , are the nephews of Christ alluded to in Matthew 27:56 Luke 6:15,16 John 19:25 ; Cleophas and Alphaeus being probably the same
Mary - MARY, of Cleophas. Jerom says, she bore the name of Cleophas, either because of her father, or for some other reason which cannot now be known. Others believe, with greater probability, that she was wife of Cleophas, as our version of the New Testament makes her, by supplying the word wife, John 19:25 , and mother of James the less, and of Simon, brethren of our Lord. These last mentioned authors take Mary mother of James, and Mary wife of Cleophas, to be the same person, Matthew 27:56 ; Mark 15:40-41 ; Luke 24:10 ; John 19:25 . John gives her the name of Mary of Cleophas; and the other evangelists, the name of Mary, mother of James. Cleophas and Alpheus are the same person; as James, son of Mary, wife of Cleophas, is the same as James, son of Alpheus. This is all we know with certainty concerning Mary, the wife of Cleophas
Brother - Some have supposed that they may have been the children of Joseph by a former marriage, and others that they were the children of Mary, the Virgin's sister, and wife of Cleophas
Brothers, Jesus - Later a famous scholar, Jerome, argued that Jesus' brothers were really his cousins because their mother was Mary of Cleophas and the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus (see John 19:25 )
James - In John 19:25 , this Mary is called the wife of Cleophas, perhaps to be identified with Alphaeus. See Cleophas ; Mary
Names in New Testament - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects

Elizabeth, worshipper of God

Gabriel, strong man of God

Gamaliel, God recompenses

Heli, Jehovah is high

Jesus, Jehovah saves

John, gift of God

Matthias, gift of Jehovah

Michael, who is like God?

Nathanael, gift of God

Timothy, honoring God

Zachary, Jehovah remembers

Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly

Asyncritus, incomparable

Bernice, victorious

Clement (Latin), kind

Eunice, victorious

Pudens, modest

Timon (Hebrew), honorable

Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror

Anna, grace

Caiphas, oppressor

Judas, praise

Malchus, ruler

Manahen, comforter

Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea

Philip, lover of horses

Prochorus, leader of a chorus

Salome, peace

Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father

Joseph, whom the Lord adds

Mnason, he who remembers

Onesiphorus, bringer of profit

Philologus, lover of words

Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer

Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle

Susanna, lily

Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth

Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo

Apollyon

Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter

Epaphroditus, beautiful

Hermes

Hermogenes

Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
New Testament, Names in - They are: ...
Ananias, Jehovah protects

Elizabeth, worshipper of God

Gabriel, strong man of God

Gamaliel, God recompenses

Heli, Jehovah is high

Jesus, Jehovah saves

John, gift of God

Matthias, gift of Jehovah

Michael, who is like God?

Nathanael, gift of God

Timothy, honoring God

Zachary, Jehovah remembers

Zebedee, gift of God
A large class of proper names for men and women is made up of adjectives denoting personal characteristics, such as ...
Andrew, manly

Asyncritus, incomparable

Bernice, victorious

Clement (Latin), kind

Eunice, victorious

Pudens, modest

Timon (Hebrew), honorable

Zacheus, pure
Names of things, and words referring to trades or avocations were taken as proper names: ...
Andronicus, conqueror

Anna, grace

Caiphas, oppressor

Judas, praise

Malchus, ruler

Manahen, comforter

Mary (Hebrew), bitter sea

Philip, lover of horses

Prochorus, leader of a chorus

Salome, peace

Tyrannus, tyrant
Some names seem to have been suggested by particular circumstances: ...
Cleophas, of an illustrious father

Joseph, whom the Lord adds

Mnason, he who remembers

Onesiphorus, bringer of profit

Philologus, lover of words

Sosipater, saviour of his father
Names of animals and plants are not frequent, the only example being ...
Damaris, heifer

Dorcas and Tabitha, gazelle

Susanna, lily

Rhode, rosebush
Names derived from numbers are ...
Quartus, fourth

Tertius and Tertullus, third
Names without Christian significance and probably derived from pagan mythology are: ...
Apollo, contracted form, of Apollonios, belonging to Apollo

Apollyon

Diotrephes, nourished by Jupiter

Epaphroditus, beautiful

Hermes

Hermogenes

Phebe, shining
"Bar" in a name means "son of," e
Mary - The wife of Cleophas, and mother of James the Less and Joses, Matthew 27:56,61 Luke 24:10 John 19:25 . See Cleophas
James - ... Another apostle, son of Alphaeus, or Cleophas, Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15
Mary - The wife of Cleophas, was present at the crucifixion and burial of our Lord, Matthew 27:56; Matthew 27:61, was among those who went to embalm him, Mark 16:1-10, was among the earliest to whom the news of his resurrection was announced, Luke 24:6; Luke 24:10, and on her way to the disciples with the intelligence she met her risen Lord and worshipped him
Brother - ... (3) It is expressly stated that Mary, wife of Cleophas and sister of the Virgin Mary (John 19:25), had sons, of whom James and Joses are named (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40)
Joseph - ... ·Joseph, or Joses, son of Mary and Cleophas, supposed to be one of those who did not at first believe on Christ, but was afterwards converted, John 7:5
Brother - For Mary, the mother of James and Joses, was the wife of Cleophas, and not the Virgin Mary
Mary - ... ·Mary, the wife of Cleophas
Mary, the Virgin - (See MARY OF Cleophas; ELISABETH
James - Clopas (Alexandrinus and Vaticanus manuscripts, John 19:25) or Cleophas (Sinaiticus manuscript) is the Hebrew, Alphaeus the Greek, of the same name: he married Mary, sister of the Virgin Mary, and had by her James, Joses, Jude, and Simon, and three daughters (Mary is sometimes designated "mother of James and Joses," Matthew 27:56, as these were the two oldest); he died before our Lord's ministry began, and his widow went to live with her sister the Virgin Mary, a widow also herself (for Joseph's name never occurs after Luke 2), at Nazareth (Matthew 13:55), Capernaum (John 2:12), and Jerusalem (Acts 1:14)