Character Study on Elon

Character Study on Elon

Genesis 26: And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite:
Genesis 36: Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;
Genesis 40: And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it. And Joseph said unto them, Do not interpretations belong to God? tell me them, I pray you.
Genesis 46: And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.
Leviticus 27: In the year of the jubile the field shall return unto him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land did belong.
Numbers 1: Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon.
Numbers 1: But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.
Numbers 2: Then the tribe of Zebulun: and Eliab the son of Helon shall be captain of the children of Zebulun.
Numbers 7: But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that they should bear upon their shoulders.
Numbers 7: On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer:
Numbers 7: And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year: this was the offering of Eliab the son of Helon.
Numbers 8: This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:
Numbers 10: And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.
Numbers 11: We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick:
Numbers 26: Of the sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Sardites: of Elon, the family of the Elonites: of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites.
Deuteronomy 29: The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.
Deuteronomy 32: To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Joshua 17: Now Manasseh had the land of Tappuah: but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim;
Joshua 19: And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,
Judges 1: Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.
Judges 12: And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged Israel ten years.
Judges 12: And Elon the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the country of Zebulun.
Judges 14: And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.
Judges 19: And they passed on and went their way; and the sun went down upon them when they were by Gibeah, which belongeth to Benjamin.
Judges 20: And the Levite, the husband of the woman that was slain, answered and said, I came into Gibeah that belongeth to Benjamin, I and my concubine, to lodge.
Ruth 2: And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.
1 Samuel 6: And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;
1 Samuel 6: And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.
1 Samuel 17: Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.
1 Samuel 21: Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
1 Samuel 30: And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.
1 Samuel 30: We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.
2 Samuel 1: Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
1 Kings 1: But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
1 Kings 4: The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bethshemesh, and Elonbethhanan:
1 Kings 15: And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
1 Kings 16: In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
1 Kings 17: Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.
1 Kings 19: And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there.
2 Kings 14: But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
2 Kings 14: Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
1 Chronicles 2: And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
1 Chronicles 11: Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite,
1 Chronicles 11: Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite,
1 Chronicles 13: And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.
1 Chronicles 27: The seventh captain for the seventh month was Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.
2 Chronicles 25: So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
2 Chronicles 26: So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of the burial which belonged to the kings; for they said, He is a leper: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.
Ezra 10: Arise; for this matter belongeth unto thee: we also will be with thee: be of good courage, and do it.
Esther 1: Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
Esther 2: And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.
Psalms 3: Salvation belongeth unto the LORD: thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah.
Psalms 47: The princes of the people are gathered together, even the people of the God of Abraham: for the shields of the earth belong unto God: he is greatly exalted.
Psalms 62: God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongeth unto God.
Psalms 62: Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work.
Psalms 68: He that is our God is the God of salvation; and unto GOD the Lord belong the issues from death.
Psalms 94: O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
Proverbs 24: These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have respect of persons in judgment.
Proverbs 26: He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.
Jeremiah 25: And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
Jeremiah 47: Baldness is come upon Gaza; Ashkelon is cut off with the remnant of their valley: how long wilt thou cut thyself?
Jeremiah 47: How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there hath he appointed it.
Daniel 9: O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.
Daniel 9: O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee.
Daniel 9: To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;
Amos 1: And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.
Zephaniah 2: For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up.
Zephaniah 2: And the coast shall be for the remnant of the house of Judah; they shall feed thereupon: in the houses of Ashkelon shall they lie down in the evening: for the LORD their God shall visit them, and turn away their captivity.
Zechariah 9: Ashkelon shall see it, and fear; Gaza also shall see it, and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.
Mark 9: For whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.
Luke 9: And the apostles, when they were returned, told him all that they had done. And he took them, and went aside privately into a desert place belonging to the city called Bethsaida.
Luke 19: Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
Luke 23: And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.
1 Corinthians 7: But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried careth for the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please the Lord:
Hebrews 5: But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
Hebrews 10: For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

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Easton's Bible Dictionary - Elon
A city of Dan (Joshua 19:43 ).

A Hittite, father of Bashemath, Esau's wife (Genesis 26:34 ).

One of the sons of Zebulun (Genesis 46:14 ).

The eleventh of the Hebrew judges. He held office for ten years (Judges 12:11,12 ). He is called the Zebulonite.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Elon Beth Hanan
("oak of the house of grace".) A commissariat district of Solomon (1 Kings 4:9).

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Elon
1. A Hittite, whose daughter Esau married (Genesis 26:34; Genesis 36:2). (See BASHEMATH.)

2. Genesis 46:14.

3. The judge who judged Israel ten years: buried in Aijalon (or Elon) in Zebulun (Judges 12:11-12).

Holman Bible Dictionary - Elon-Beth-Hanan
(ee' lahn-behth-hay' nan) See Elon .

Holman Bible Dictionary - Elon
(ee' lahn) Personal and place name meaning, “great tree” or “tree of god.” Compare Genesis 12:6 ; Judges 9:6 ,Judges 9:6,9:37 . See Genesis 46:14 ). A clan in Zebulun was thus named for him (Numbers 26:26 ). 2 . A judge from the tribe of Zebulun (Judges 12:11-12 ). City in tribal territory of Naphtali (Joshua 19:33 ), often transliterated into English as Allon. See Genesis 35:8 ). See 1 Samuel 10:3 ) or the “palm tree of Deborah” (Judges 4:5 ). See 1 Chronicles 4:37 ).

A different Hebrew spelling underlies other examples of Elon in English translations. 1. The Hittite father of Esau's wife Bashemath (Genesis 26:34 ). 2 . The Hittite father of Adah, Esau's wife (Genesis 36:2 ), Bashemath being listed as Ishmael's daughter (Genesis 36:3 ). See Joshua 19:43 ). It may be located at khirbet wadi Alin. It is probably the same place as Elon-beth-hanan (1 Kings 4:9 ), though some read Ajalon and Bethhanan or “Elon, and Beth-hanan” (REB).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elon
ELON . (‘terebinth’.) 1. Of the tribe of Zebulun, one of the minor judges ( Judges 12:11-12 ). All that is told of him is simply that he judged Israel for ten years, that he died, and was buried in Elon in Zebulun. 2. A son of Zebulun ( Genesis 46:14 , Numbers 26:26 , where the gentilic name Elonites occurs). 3. A Hittite, the father-in-law of Esau ( Genesis 26:34 ; Genesis 36:2 ).

ELON . 1. A town in the territory of Dan, now unknown ( Joshua 19:43 ). It is perhaps the same as Elon-beth-hanan ( 1 Kings 4:9 ). 2. An unknown locality in Zebulun ( Judges 12:12 ).

R. A. S. Macalister.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elon-Beth-Hanan
ELON-BETH-HANAN . See preceding article.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Elon
1. A Hittite, father of Bashemath, and Adah, wife, (or wives) of Esau. Genesis 26:34 ; Genesis 36:2 . See BASHEMATH.

2. Second son of Zebulun and founder of the ELONITES. Genesis 46:14 ; Numbers 26:26 .

3. The Zebulonite who judged Israel ten years. Judges 12:11,12 .

4. Border-town of Dan. Joshua 19:43 . Identified with Beit Ello, 31 59' N, 35 7' E .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Elon
Oak; grove; strong
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Elon-Beth-Hanan
The house of grace or mercy

Sentence search

Elonite - (ee' lahn ite) Citizen of Elon. See Elon
Elon - Elon . All that is told of him is simply that he judged Israel for ten years, that he died, and was buried in Elon in Zebulun. A son of Zebulun ( Genesis 46:14 , Numbers 26:26 , where the gentilic name Elonites occurs). ... Elon . It is perhaps the same as Elon-beth-hanan ( 1 Kings 4:9 )
Elonites - See Elon
e'Lonites, the - (Numbers 26:26 ) [Elon , 2]
Elon-Beth-Hanan - Elon-BETH-HANAN
Elon-Beth-Hanan - (ee' lahn-behth-hay' nan) See Elon
Zebulonite - The designation of Elon, the judge who bElonged to the tribe of Zebulun (Judges 12:11,12 )
Adah - Daughter of Elon, a Hittite, and one of the wives of Esau ( Genesis 36:2 ). ] ) the daughter of Elon the Hittite, whom Esau takes to wife, is named Basemath (wh
Beth-Hanan - See Elon-beth-hanan
Zeb'Ulonite, - (Judges 12:11,12 ) Applied only to Elon, the one judge produced by the tribe
Elon - ... A different Hebrew spelling underlies other examples of Elon in English translations. It is probably the same place as Elon-beth-hanan (1 Kings 4:9 ), though some read Ajalon and Bethhanan or “Elon, and Beth-hanan” (REB)
Thim'Nathah, - It is named between Elon and Ekron
Bashemath - It appears probable that Bashemath, daughter of Elon, is the same as ADAH, daughter of Elon; and that Bashemath, daughter of Ishmael, is the same as MAHALATH, daughter of Ishmael
Adah - ... The first of Esau's three wives, the daughter of Elon the Hittite (Genesis 36:2,4 ), called also Bashemath (26:34)
Elon - The judge who judged Israel ten years: buried in Aijalon (or Elon) in Zebulun (Judges 12:11-12)
Ibzan - He was succeeded by Elon a Zebulonite
Pillar, Plain of the, - or rather "oak of the pillar" (that being the real signification of the Hebrew word Elon ), a tree which stood near Shechem and at which the men of Shechem and the house of Millo assembled to crown Abimelech the son of Gideon
Basemath - ] ) she is called the daughter of Elon the Hittlte, while in Genesis 36:3 (prob. ] ) Esau is said to have taken Mahalath , the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebaioth, to be his wife; and in Genesis 36:2 the first mentioned of Esau’s wives is Adah , the daughter of Elon the Hittite
Allon - ALLON or Elon, a city of Naphtali (Joshua 19:33); others translate "the oak by Zaanaim" or "the oak of the loading of tents" (compare Judges 4:11), "the plain of Zaanaim the swamp, Ewald by Kedesh
Adah - One of the wives of Esau, daughter of Elon the Hittite and thus 'a daughter of Canaan:' she bare to Esau his first-born son Eliphaz, who became the father of seven of the dukes of Edom
Zaanannim - See Elon ; Terebinth
e'Lon - ) ... The second of the three sons attributed to Zebulun, (Genesis 46:14 ; Numbers 26:26 ) and the founder of the family of the Elonites. ) ... Elon the Zebulonite, who judged Israel for ten years, and was buried in Aijalon in Zebulun
Eliphaz - A son of Esau by his wife Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite (Genesis 36:4 )
Adah - Daughter of Elon the Hittite; one of Esau's three wives; mother of his firstborn, Eliphaz; ancestress of six of the Edomite tribes (Genesis 36:2-4; (Genesis 36:15-16); called Βashemath (Genesis 26:34), ("the fragrant")
Ajalon Aijalon - Place in Zebulun where Elon one of the judges of Israel was buried
Abdon - He succeeded Elon, and judged Israel eight years
Abdon - The tenth judge of Israel: he succeeded Elon, and ruled eight years
Diviner's Oak - Some translations understand the underlying Hebrew to refer to a plain (KJV, plain of Meonenim; NRSV, Elon-meonenim)
Aijalon - The burial place of the judge (Judges 12:12) Elon in Zebulun
Captivity - Six captivities are reckoned during the government by judges: the first, under Chushanrishathaim, king of Mesopotamia, which continued about eight years; the second, under Eglon, king of Moab, from which the Jews were delivered by Ehud; the third, under the Philistines, from which they were rescued by Shamgar; the fourth, under Jabin, king of Hazor, from which they were delivered by Deborah and Barak; the fifth, under the Midianites, from which Gideon freed them; and the sixth, under the Ammonites and Philistines, during the judicatures of Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, Samson, and Samuel
Meonenim, the Oak of - Elon: not as KJV "the plain of
Zebulun - His sons were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel, Genesis 46:14 . When the tribe of Zebulun left Egypt, it had for its chief Eliab the son of Elon, and comprehended fifty-seven thousand four hundred men able to bear arms, Numbers 1:9-30
Abdon (1) - He succeeded Elon, and judged Israel eight years. Pirathon, the city to which he bElonged, is identified by Robinson with the modern Fer'ata, six miles W
Zebulun - Elon, one of the Judges of Israel, was a Zebulunite, Judges 12:11-12 . A city in the border of Asher, but probably bElonging to Zebulun, Joshua 19:27
Grove - word 'Elon, uniformly rendered in the Authorized Version by "plain," properly signifies a grove or plantation
Aij'Alon - (Joshua 10:12 ) ... A place in Zebulon, mentioned as the burial-place of Elon, one of the Judges
Judges - Ninth judge: Jephthah—6 years; tenth judge: Ibzan—7 years; eleventh judge: Elon—10 years: twelfth judge: Abdon—8 years
Mahalath - " But Bashemath, daughter of Eros, is the same as Adah daughter of Elon
Judges - Eleventh judge: Elon; 10 years
Plains - ... Elon
Zebulun - ... According to Genesis 46:14 , Zebulun is the progenitor of three tribal families through his three sons Sered, Elon, and Jahleel, who went down into Egypt with the other sons and grandsons of Jacob. There is no name corresponding to Elon in this passage, but the names of seven of the twelve cities spoken of have been lost. , on the farther side of the plain of EsdraElon. Elon, who headed the tribes in the anarchic and troublous time preceding the kingdom ( Judges 12:11 )
Judge - " Of five of the judges, Tola (Judges 10:1 ), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges
Zebulun - ' Elon the judge was of this tribe
Zebulun - ' Elon the judge was of this tribe
Oak - ... ... 'Elon, Judges 4:11 ; 9:6 (RSV, "oak;" A
Grove - The Hebrew word translated "plain" (Elon ) signifies a grove or plantation; that of Mamre (Genesis 13:18), of Moreh (Genesis 12:6), of Zaanaim (Judges 4:11), of the pillar in Shechem (Judges 9:6), of Meonenim (Judges 9:37), of Tabor (1 Samuel 10:3)
Tree - ” ‘Elon occurs 10 times and only in relation to places of worship
Esau - Esau, when aged forty, married two Canaanitish women, Judith, daughter of Beeri, the Hittite; and Bashemath, daughter of Elon, Genesis 26:34
Judges - Thus it was chiefly the land east of the Jordan that Ehud, Jephthah, Elon, and Jair delivered and governed; Barak and Tola governed the northern tribes; Abdon the central; and Ibzan and Samson the southern
Judges, Book of - Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (Judges 12:8-15 ) ... I. The minor judges are Othniel, Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
Zebulun - Though substantially accurate it suggests more of a maritime coast as bElonging to Zebulun than after facts would have prompted. Elon the judge (Numbers 12:11-12) was of Zebulun
Galilee - It was bounded southward by the Carmel range and the southern border of the plain of EsdraElon, whence it stretched eastward by Bethshean (Scythopolis, Beisan) to the Jordan. Its further extension southward, to include the plain of EsdraElon, took place before the Maccabæan period. ‘Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet’ ( John 7:52 ) was another, in the face of the fact that Galilee was the home of Deborah, Barak, Ibzan, Tola, Elon, with the prophets Jonah, Elisha, and possibly Hosea
Judges, Book of - | Ibzan Judges 12:9 7... Judges 13 :1 40 | Elon Judges 12:11 10... From Mizpeh | Abdon Judges 12:14 8... (1 Samuel 7:12,13 ) |... to the anointing of Saul 9 |... Saul (in the former part of which Samuel was judge) Acts 13:21 40... David 1 Kings 2:11 40... Solomon's fourth year 1 Kings 6:1 3... 492... Deduct for parts of years being reckoned as full years 12... 480...
Judges - ... These extraordinary judges, raised by God, the temporal as well as spiritual King of Israel, as His vicegerents, between Joshua and the kings were 13: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah and Barak, Gideon, Abimelech (an usurper), Tola, Jair Jephtha, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon (Bedan 1 Samuel 12:11), Samson
Judges (1) - This section ( 1:1 2:5) serves as a kind of Introduction to the book, and certainly cannot have bElonged originally to it; ‘the whole character of Judges 1:1 to Judges 2:5 gives evidence that it was not composed for the place, but is an extract from an older history of the Israelite occupation of Canaan’ (Moore, p. As this introduction must be cut away as not bElonging to our book, a similar course must be followed with chs. 17 21; these form an appendix which does not bElong to the book. On their return they remain for a night in Gibeah, which bElonged to the Benjamites; here the men of the city so maltreat the concubine that she is left dead on the threshold of the house in which her lord is staying; the Levite takes up the dead body, brings it home, and, after having cut it up, sends the pieces by the hands of messengers throughout the borders of Israel, as a call to avenge the outrage. ... The Book of Judges itself is comprised in Judges 2:6 to Judges 16:31 ; and here it is to be noticed, first of all, that a certain artificiality is observable in the structure; the exploits of twelve men are recounted, and the idea seems to be that each represents one of the twelve tribes of Israel, thus: Judah is represented by Othniel, Benjamin by Ehud, the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh by Gideon (West) and Jair (East), Issachar by Tola, Zebulun by Elon, Naphtali by Barak, Ephralm by Abdon, Gad by Jephthah, and Dan by Samson; besides these ten there are Shamgar and Ibzan, two unimportant Judges, but against them there are the two tribes Reuben and Simeon, who, however, soon disappear; while the tribe of Levi, as always, occupies an exceptional position. ] Of the twelve Judges dealt with, seven are of Quite subordinate importance, little more than a bare mention of them being recorded; they are: Othniel ( Judges 3:7-11 ), who delivers the children of Israel from Cushan-rishathaim, king of Mesopotamia; he is mentioned incidentally in Judges 1:13 as marrying the daughter of Caleb; Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), of whom nothing more is said than that he killed six hundred Philistines; Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ); Jair ( Judges 10:3-5 ); Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ); Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ); and Abdon ( Judges 12:13-15 ). 9), though certainly bElonging to the Gideon chapters (6 8) stands on a somewhat different basis, inasmuch as Abimelech is not reckoned among the judges (see following section): Abimelech is made king of Shechem (Judges 9:1-6 ); Jotham his brother, delivers his parable from Mt Genzim, and then flees (( Judges 6:7-9 ); the quarrel between Abimelech and the Shechemites ( Judges 9:22-25 ); Gaal raises a revolt among the Shechemites ( Judges 9:26-33 ); Abimelech quells the revolt ( Judges 9:34-41 ); Shechem is captured and destroyed ( Judges 9:42-45 ); its tower burned ( Judges 9:46-49 ); Abimelech’s attack Thehez, and his death ( Judges 9:50-57 ). In the first place, there must have taken place at some time or other a collection of these ancient records which bElonged originally to different tribes; one may confidently assume that a collection of this kind would have been put together from written materials; these materials would naturally have been of varying value, so that the collector would have felt himself perfectly justified in discriminating between what he had before him; some records he would retain, others he would discard; and if he found two accounts of some tradition which he considered important, he would incorporate both. In the introduction, Judges 2:6 to Judges 3:6 , to the central part of the book, the hand of the Deuteronomic compiler is observable, but part of it bElongs to the pre-Deuteronomic form of the book. ... Judges 2:6 to Judges 3:6 , which forms the introduction to the main body of the book, is, with the exception of isolated notes such as Judges 2:9 , Judges 3:5 , of very little historical value; when, every time the people are oppressed, the calamity is stated to be due to apostasy from Jahweh, one cannot help feeling that the statement is altogether out of harmony with the spirit of the book itself; this theory is too characteristic of the ‘Deuteronomic’ spirit to be reckoned as bElonging to the period of the Judges. In the same way, the brief references to the ‘minor’ judges Shamgar ( Judges 3:31 ), Tola ( Judges 10:1-2 ), Jair ( Judges 10:5 ), Ibzan ( Judges 12:8-10 ), Elon ( Judges 12:11-12 ), and Abdon ( Judges 12:13-15 ) are historical notes of value; their Interpretation is another matter; it is possible that these names are the names of clans and not of individuals; some of them certainly occur as the names of clans in later books. 9, the story of Abimelech, is one of the oldest portions of the book, and contains for the most part genuine history; it gives an instructive glimpse of the relations between Canaanites and Israelites now brought side by side; ‘the Canaanite town Shechem, subject to Jerubbaal of Ophrah; his balf-Canaanite son Abimelech, who naturally bElongs to his mother’s people; the successful appeal to blood, which is “thicker than water,” by which he becomes king of Shechem, ruling over the neighbouring Israelites also; the interloper Gaal, and his kinsmen, who settle in Shechem and Instigate insurrection against Abimelech by skilfully appealing to the pride of the Shechemite aristocracy all help us better than anything else in the book to realize the situation in this period’ (Moore)
Zebedee - It was bounded on the east by that tribe, while on the south it seems to have touched the northern edge of the plain of EsdraElon, and to have included a portion of it towards the Kishon at the foot of Carmel. 22) that ‘the tribe of Zebulun’s lot included the land that lay as far as Gennesaret, and that which bElonged to Carmel and the sea. Apart from the southwest portion in the plain of EsdraElon, the tribal lands consist of undulating hills and narrow valleys, which, however, widen out at places into small but extremely fertile plains, the chief of which are the plain of Toran in the east, the plain of Suchnîn in the north, and el-Battauf or the plain of Asochis in the centre. The tribe had given two judges to Israel, Ibzan of Bethlehem (Judges 12:8) and Elon (Judges 12:11), while 3 miles from Nazareth was Gath-hepher, the birthplace of Jonah, the first prophet to the Gentiles, and his tomb is still shown there. To the south the plain of EsdraElon, the battle-ground of Israel, lies stretched out—a glorious panorama
Esau - Like every reprobate from a better life, Esau had far outdone the sons of Beeri and Elon in their impieties and debaucheries. Rebekah would have children; and then she would know the secret things that bElonged to Him who was forming her children in her womb; and, then, not able to wade into, and to keep her feet in the deep places of God, she fell into a life-long snare and sea of trouble, and laboured all her days under a life-long cross
Government of the Hebrews - For many of the judges, for instance, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, Eli, and Samuel, ruled the nation in peace