Character Study on Gedaliah

Character Study on Gedaliah

2 Kings 25: And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.
2 Kings 25: And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.
2 Kings 25: And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you.
2 Kings 25: But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.
1 Chronicles 25: Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD.
1 Chronicles 25: Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who with his brethren and sons were twelve:
Ezra 10: And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives: namely, of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren; Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah.
Jeremiah 38: Then Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashur the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken unto all the people, saying,
Jeremiah 39: Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.
Jeremiah 40: Now while he was not yet gone back, he said, Go back also to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon hath made governor over the cities of Judah, and dwell with him among the people: or go wheresoever it seemeth convenient unto thee to go. So the captain of the guard gave him victuals and a reward, and let him go.
Jeremiah 40: Then went Jeremiah unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and dwelt with him among the people that were left in the land.
Jeremiah 40: Now when all the captains of the forces which were in the fields, even they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam governor in the land, and had committed unto him men, and women, and children, and of the poor of the land, of them that were not carried away captive to Babylon;
Jeremiah 40: Then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.
Jeremiah 40: And Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan sware unto them and to their men, saying, Fear not to serve the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.
Jeremiah 40: Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, and among the Ammonites, and in Edom, and that were in all the countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant of Judah, and that he had set over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan;
Jeremiah 40: Even all the Jews returned out of all places whither they were driven, and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah, unto Mizpah, and gathered wine and summer fruits very much.
Jeremiah 40: Moreover Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were in the fields, came to Gedaliah to Mizpah,
Jeremiah 40: And said unto him, Dost thou certainly know that Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to slay thee? But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not.
Jeremiah 40: Then Johanan the son of Kareah spake to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly, saying, Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and no man shall know it: wherefore should he slay thee, that all the Jews which are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish?
Jeremiah 40: But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.
Jeremiah 41: Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.
Jeremiah 41: Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land.
Jeremiah 41: Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, even with Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there, and the men of war.
Jeremiah 41: And it came to pass the second day after he had slain Gedaliah, and no man knew it,
Jeremiah 41: And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, weeping all along as he went: and it came to pass, as he met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam.
Jeremiah 41: Now the pit wherein Ishmael had cast all the dead bodies of the men, whom he had slain because of Gedaliah, was it which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasha king of Israel: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah filled it with them that were slain.
Jeremiah 41: Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, even the king's daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the Ammonites.
Jeremiah 41: Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, even mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon:
Jeremiah 41: Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor in the land.
Jeremiah 43: Even men, and women, and children, and the king's daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah.
Zephaniah 1: The word of the LORD which came unto Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah.

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Dictionary

Chabad Knowledge Base - Gedaliah ben ahikam
(a) (d. 423 BCE) After Nebuchadnezzar exiled most of the Jews from Israel, he appointed Gedaliah to govern those who remained. Gedaliah advocated submission to Babylon as a means of ensuring continued partial Jewish autonomy, and under his administration, the Jewish colony prospered. When he was assassinated by political rivals, the Jews scattered and all remaining vestiges of Jewish autonomy were lost. His assassination is commemorated yearly with the Fast of Gedaliah. (b) A common Jewish name.

Chabad Knowledge Base - Fast of Gedaliah
fast on the third of Tishrei, commemorating the assassination of Gedaliah ben Achikam, governor of the First Jewish Commonwealth in the Holy Land; after this assassination, Jewish autonomy came to an end

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gedaliah
Made great by Jehovah.
the son of Jeduthum (1 Chronicles 25:3,9 ).

The grandfather of the prophet Zephaniah, and the father of Cushi (Zephaniah 1:1 ).

One of the Jewish nobles who conspired against Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:1 ).

The son of Ahikam, and grandson of Shaphan, secretary of king Josiah (Jeremiah 26:24 ). After the destruction of Jerusalem (see 2 Kings 25:22 ; Jeremiah 40:5 ; 52:16 ). Ishmael, however, at the head of a party of the royal family, "Jewish irreconcilables", rose against him, and slew him and "all the Jews that were with him" (Jeremiah 41:2,3 ) at Mizpah about three months after the destruction of Jerusalem. He and his band also plundered the town of Mizpah, and carried off many captives. He was, however, overtaken by Johanan and routed. He fled with such of his followers as escaped to the Ammonites (41:15). The little remnant of the Jews now fled to Egypt.
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Gedaliah
God is my greatness
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Gedaliah
1. Son of Ahikam, who saved Jeremiah from death (Jeremiah 26:24); grandson of Shaphan, Josiah's secretary, whom the king sent to inquire concerning the book of Jehovah' s law recently found (2 Kings 22:12; 2 Kings 22:14). Gedaliah thus inherited from father and grandfather a legacy of the fear of God. Left by Nebuchadnezzar, after the destruction of the temple (588 B.C.), to govern the cities of Judah and the farmers and vinedressers, who were allowed to remain in the land (Jeremiah 39:10; Jeremiah 39:14; Jeremiah 40:5-6; Jeremiah 40:11; Jeremiah 52:16). He was stationed at the stronghold Mizpah, six miles N. of Jerusalem, with a Chaldean guard (Jeremiah 41).

Jeremiah, when given his choice by Nebuzaradan where he should dwell, attached himself to Gedaliah, who was joined also by a promiscuous multitude of "men, women, and children, and of the poor of the land"; also by Ishmael of the blood royal, Johanan and Jonathan, Seraiah, the sons of Ephai, Jezaniah, and their men; also by the Jews who had been driven to Moab, Ammon, and Edom, but who now with reassured confidence began to gather, as formerly, "wine and summer fruits." This indicates his deserved popularity, while his words imply his loyalty to the supreme monarch to whom God by express prophecy had assigned the world kingdoms, and at the same time his gentleness as a ruler. "Fear not to be servants of the Chaldees; dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you."

Even reverence for the temple, though in ruins, revived under him; and men from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria came with their offerings and badges of mourning for the destruction of the Lord's house and the holy city (Jeremiah 41:5). Johanan warned Gedaliah that Baalis (called from the idol Baal) king of Ammon had sent Ishmael to assassinate him and his retinue. With unsuspecting generosity Gedaliah refused to credit it. So Ishmael, in violation of the sacred rights of hospitality and taking advantage of the opportunity, while eating Gedaliah's "bread" at Mizpah, smote him two months after his appointment (compare Psalms 41:9). Jealousy of Gedaliah's presidency was Ishmael's motive; his royal descent leading him to regard himself as the rightful ruler. Ammon, Israel's ancient foe, gladly used such a tool.

A mystery of providence that God should permit the righteous, in spite of warning, to rush in unsuspecting honesty of purpose into the trap laid for them; Isaiah 57:1 suggests a solution. An enemy's presence appears in such anomalies. Faith, in spite of them, believes God is ordering all things for the ultimate good of His people, and at the judgment will vindicate His ways and clear up all that is now dark. All suffering nature and disorganized society as well as believers yearn for the advent of Him who shall reign in righteousness (Isaiah 11; Ezekiel 21:27). His death is commemorated in the Jewish calendar as a national calamity; and many Jews under Johanan, fearing Babylon's vengeance, fled to Egypt, forcing Jeremiah with them (Jeremiah 41:18).

2. 1 Chronicles 25:3; 1 Chronicles 25:9.

3. Ezra 10:18.

4. Zephaniah 1:1.

5. Son of Pashur; one of the princes who caused Jeremiah's imprisonment (Jeremiah 38:1, etc.).

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Gedaliah
1. Son of Ahikam: he was made governor over those left in the land, with a Chaldean guard, by Nebuchadnezzar. He was joined by Jeremiah, and apparently ruled well; but he was treacherously murdered by Ishmael of Judah, who, according to Josephus (Ant. 10:9,3), was a member of the royal family. Gedaliah was duly warned, but had too good an opinion of the man. 2 Kings 25:22-25 ; Jeremiah 39:14 ; Jeremiah 40:5-16 ; Jeremiah 41:1-18 ; Jeremiah 43:6 .

2. Levite, son of Jeduthun. 1 Chronicles 25:3,9 .

3. Priest who had married a strange wife. Ezra 10:18 .

4. Grandfather of Zephaniah the prophet. Zephaniah 1:1 .

5. Son of Pashur and one of the princes who caused Jeremiah to be cast into a dungeon. Jeremiah 38:1 .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gedaliah
Gedaliah (gĕd'a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah hath made powerful. The governor of Judæa, appointed by Nebuchadnezzar after its subjection. 2 Kings 25:22; Jeremiah 40:5. He was a friend of Jeremiah, Jeremiah 40:6; a party headed by Ishmael slew him. Jeremiah 41:2.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Gedaliah
Son of Ahikam, appointed by Nebuchadnezzar to govern Judea after the destruction of Jerusalem. Like his father, he honored and befriended Jeremiah, Jeremiah 40:5 . He began the administration of his government at Mizpeh with wisdom, but in two months was treacherously murdered by one Ishmael, 2 Kings 25:22-26 Jeremiah 39:14 40:5-41:18 .

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Gedaliah
In 587 BC the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem, abolished Judah’s monarchy, plundered the nation’s treasures and took all its best people into captivity (2 Kings 25:1-21). They then appointed Gedaliah, son of a former Jerusalem official, governor over those Judeans who remained in the land (2 Kings 25:22; cf. Jeremiah 26:24).

Gedaliah set up his headquarters at Mizpah, north of Jerusalem, and with Jeremiah’s support followed a policy of submission to Babylon. He took no action against Judah’s anti-Babylonian military leaders who had managed to escape the Babylonian army, but encouraged them, and other Judeans who had fled for safety, to return and settle around Mizpah (2 Kings 25:23-24; Jeremiah 40:5-12).

One of Judah’s former army commanders, Ishmael, opposed this policy of submission to Babylon and plotted to overthrow Gedaliah. When told of the plot, Gedaliah refused to believe it. That did not stop Ishmael from murdering him, along with all the Judean officials and Babylonian supervisors at Gedaliah’s headquarters (2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:13-16; Jeremiah 41:1-3). That started a sequence of events that resulted in the rest of the Judeans fleeing to Egypt (2 Kings 25:26; Jeremiah 41:4-18; Jeremiah 42; Jeremiah 43).

The Bible mentions four other men named Gedaliah. The first was a musician in the time of David (1 Chronicles 25:3; 1 Chronicles 25:9), the second an ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah (Zephaniah 1:1), the third an official in Jerusalem who opposed Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:1-6), and the fourth a priest in the time of Ezra (Ezra 10:18).

Sentence search

Gedaliah ben ahikam - 423 BCE) After Nebuchadnezzar exiled most of the Jews from Israel, he appointed Gedaliah to govern those who remained. Gedaliah advocated submission to Babylon as a means of ensuring continued partial Jewish autonomy, and under his administration, the Jewish colony prospered. His assassination is commemorated yearly with the Fast of Gedaliah
Baalis - King of Ammon in time of Gedaliah ( Jeremiah 40:14 )
Ahi'Kam - (Jeremiah 26:24 ) He was the father of Gedaliah. [Gedaliah ] (B
Baalis - King of the Ammonites, who sent Ishmael to slay Gedaliah
Tanhumeth - Consolation, a Netophathite; one of the captains who supported Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:23 ; Jeremiah 40:8 )
Tan'Humeth - (consolation ), the father of Seraiah in the time of Gedaliah
Joadanus - One of the sons of Jesus, the son of Josedek ( 1E Esther 9:19 ); called in Ezra 10:18 Gedaliah
Tanhumeth - captains who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah ( 2 Kings 25:23 , Jeremiah 40:8 )
Kareah - Bald, the father of Johanan and Jonathan, who for a time were loyal to Gedaliah, the Babylonian governor of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 40:8,13,15,16 )
Ephai - They apparently were slain with Gedaliah by Ishmael
Gedali'ah - 588, Nebuchadnezzar departed from Judea, leaving Gedaliah with a Chaldean guard, (Jeremiah 40:5 ) at Mizpah to govern the vinedressers and husbandmen, (Jeremiah 52:16 ) who were exempted from captivity. Jeremiah jointed Gedaliah; and Mizpah became the resort of Jews from various quarters
Gedaliah - They then appointed Gedaliah, son of a former Jerusalem official, governor over those Judeans who remained in the land (2 Kings 25:22; cf. ... Gedaliah set up his headquarters at Mizpah, north of Jerusalem, and with Jeremiah’s support followed a policy of submission to Babylon. ... One of Judah’s former army commanders, Ishmael, opposed this policy of submission to Babylon and plotted to overthrow Gedaliah. When told of the plot, Gedaliah refused to believe it. That did not stop Ishmael from murdering him, along with all the Judean officials and Babylonian supervisors at Gedaliah’s headquarters (2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:13-16; Jeremiah 41:1-3). ... The Bible mentions four other men named Gedaliah
Baalis - He caused the assassination of Gedaliah, then governor of Judah, Jeremiah 40:14 ; 41:1 - 10
Baalis - He hired Ishmael to slay Gedaliah who had been appointed governor over the cities of Judah
Fast of gedaliah - fast on the third of Tishrei, commemorating the assassination of Gedaliah ben Achikam, governor of the First Jewish Commonwealth in the Holy Land; after this assassination, Jewish autonomy came to an end ...
Jezaniah - A Judahite military officer who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah ( Jeremiah 40:8 )
Ephai - Ishmael kille these "captains of the forces" left in Judah with Gedaliah, the governor appointed by the Babylonians (Jeremiah 41:3)
Baalis - He hired Ishmael to slay Gedaliah, who was appointed by the king of Babylon governor over the cities of Judah (Jeremiah 40:14)
Ephai - Described in Jeremiah 40:8 (Gr 47:8) as ‘the Netophathite,’ whose sons were amongst the ‘captains of the forces’ who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah, and were murdered along with him by Ishmael ( Jeremiah 41:3 )
Ephai - ” Father of men who joined Ishmael in revolt against and murder of Gedaliah, the governor of Judah after Babylon captured and destroyed Jerusalem in 586 B
Ahikam - the son of Shaphan, and father of Gedaliah
Tanhumeth - ” Father of Seraiah, a captain of forces remaining with Gedaliah in Judah following the deportation of Babylon (2 Kings 25:23 ; Jeremiah 40:8 )
Pashhur - Perhaps he is the father of Gedaliah ( Jeremiah 38:1 ), and likely identical with Pashhur, mentioned in 1 Chronicles 9:12 , Nehemiah 11:12 , as the ancestor of Adalah. Perhaps he was the father of Gedaliah ( Jeremiah 38:1 ). The father of the Gedaliah mentioned in Jeremiah 38:1 , and may be either 1 or 2 , or neither
Shaphan - His grandson Gedaliah was governor of Judea (25:22)
Gedaliah - Gedaliah (gĕd'a-lî'ah), whom Jehovah hath made powerful
Johanan - ... ... Son of Careah, one of the Jewish chiefs who rallied round Gedaliah, whom Nebuchadnezzar had made governor in Jerusalem (2 Kings 25:23 ; Jeremiah 40:8 ). He warned Gedaliah of the plans of Ishmael against him, a warning which was unheeded (Jeremiah 40:13,16 ). "The flight of Gedaliah's community to Egypt extinguished the last remaining spark of life in the Jewish state
Jaazaniah - Member of party led by Ishmael who opposed Gedaliah after the Babylonians made him governor over Judah following their destruction of Jerusalem in 587 B. Jaazaniah may also have been in Ishmael's party that assassinated Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:23-25 )
Johanan - 2 Kings 25:23 , Jeremiah 40:8 to Jeremiah 43:5 , the son of Kareah, chief of ‘the captains of the forces,’ who after the fall of Jerusalem joined Gedaliah at Mizpah. After the murder of Gedaliah he pursued Ishmael and the other conspirators, recovered the captives, and, in spite of the protest of Jeremiah, carried them to Egypt
Cushite - ... ... Son of Gedaliah, and father of the prophet (Zephaniah 1:1 )
Nethaniah - Son of Elishama and father of Ishmael who slew Gedaliah
Nethani'ah -
The son of Elishama, and father of Ishmael who murdered Gedaliah
Johanan - He warned Gedaliah of the plot against his life, and when Gedaliah was slain, and the people carried away, he was the means of rescuing them
Nethaniah - The father of Ishmael the murderer of Gedaliah ( 2 Kings 25:23 ; 2 Kings 25:25 , Jeremiah 40:8 ; Jeremiah 40:14-15 ; Jeremiah 41:1 f
Chimham - Johanan gathered his people there after the assassination of Gedaliah
Ahikam - He was father of Gedaliah whom Nebuchadnezzar made governor of the land
Geruth - ” Fugitives stopped there near Bethlehem on their way to Egypt fleeing from Ishmael, who had killed Gedaliah, whom Babylon had appointed governor of Judah after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B
Jaazaniah - A Judæan, one of the military commanders who came to Mizpah to give in their allegiance to Gedaliah ( 2 Kings 25:23 = Jeremiah 40:8 Jezaniah )
Ahikam - His son Gedaliah headed the Jews left in Judah after Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem (586 B
Jezani'ah - ) When the Babylonians had departed, Jezaniah, with the men under his command, was one of the first who returned to Gedaliah at Mizpah
Jezaniah - Army captain loyal to Gedaliah, the governor Babylon appointed over Judah immediately after Babylon destroyed Jerusalem and took the Jewish leaders into Exile about 586 B
Ahikam - God rewarded Ahikam by the honor put upon Gedaliah, his son, by Nebuchadnezzar's making him governor over the cities of Judah, and committing Jeremiah' to him, when the Babylonians took Jerusalem (Jeremiah 40:5; Jeremiah 39:14)
ja-Azani'ah -
One of the captains of the forces who accompanied Hohanan ben-Kareah to pay his respects to Gedaliah at Mizpah, (2 Kings 25:23 ) and who appears afterwards to have assisted in recovering Ishmael's prey from his clutches
Jeremiah, the Book of - In the chronological order of its several predictions and divine messages, is somewhat difficult of arrangement; but may be divide, by a natural and sufficiently accurate method, in to four general sections, containing severally the prophecies uttered in the reigns of Josiah, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah, and Gedaliah
Ahikam - He was the son of Shaphan, the royal secretary, and the father of Gedaliah, governor of Judea after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians (2 Kings 25:22 ; Jeremiah 40:5-16 ; 43:6 )
Nethaniah - Father of Ishmael who killed Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:23-25 ; Jeremiah 40:8 ,Jeremiah 40:8,40:14-16 ;Jeremiah 40:14-16;41:1 )
Gedaliah - Gedaliah thus inherited from father and grandfather a legacy of the fear of God. ... Jeremiah, when given his choice by Nebuzaradan where he should dwell, attached himself to Gedaliah, who was joined also by a promiscuous multitude of "men, women, and children, and of the poor of the land"; also by Ishmael of the blood royal, Johanan and Jonathan, Seraiah, the sons of Ephai, Jezaniah, and their men; also by the Jews who had been driven to Moab, Ammon, and Edom, but who now with reassured confidence began to gather, as formerly, "wine and summer fruits. Johanan warned Gedaliah that Baalis (called from the idol Baal) king of Ammon had sent Ishmael to assassinate him and his retinue. With unsuspecting generosity Gedaliah refused to credit it. So Ishmael, in violation of the sacred rights of hospitality and taking advantage of the opportunity, while eating Gedaliah's "bread" at Mizpah, smote him two months after his appointment (compare Psalms 41:9). Jealousy of Gedaliah's presidency was Ishmael's motive; his royal descent leading him to regard himself as the rightful ruler
Tahpanhes - Jeremiah, after the murder of Gedaliah, was taken to this place, and Pharaoh had a palace built or restored there, made of bricks In a brick-kiln
Tahapanes - The Jews from Jerusalem fled to this place after the death of Gedaliah (q
Gedaliah - Gedaliah was duly warned, but had too good an opinion of the man
Pashur - Father of Gedaliah
Tahapanes, Tahpanhes, Tehaphnehes - City in Lower Egypt, where Pharaoh had a house, and whither in disobedience the people of Judah fled after the murder of Gedaliah, taking Jeremiah and Baruch with them
Elishama - The father of Nethaniah, and grandfather of Ishmael, ‘of the seed royal,’ who killed Gedaliah at the time of the Exile ( 2 Kings 25:25 , Jeremiah 41:1 )
Tahpanhes - After the murder of Gedaliah (b
Shaphan - His family for two following generations played a worthy part as servants of Jehovah, and friends of the prophet Jeremiah: the Ahikam of 2 Kings 22:12-14 (= 2 Chronicles 34:20-22 ) and Jeremiah 26:24 , the Gemariah of Jeremiah 36:12 ; Jeremiah 36:25 , and Elasah ( Jeremiah 29:3 ) were Shaphan’s sons; the Micaiah of Jeremiah 36:11-12 , and Gedaliah (wh
Nebuzaradan - By Nebuchadnezzar's direction, Nebuzaradan "looked well to Jeremiah," gave him his choice of going to Babylon or staying, then sent him with victuals and a present, to be protected by Gedaliah the governor left over Judah, after having first told the Jews "Jehovah hath done according as He hath said, because ye have sinned against Jehovah" (Jeremiah 39:11-14; Jeremiah 40:2-5)
Elishama - An ancestor with royal bloodlines of Ishmael, the person who murdered Gedaliah and took over political control of Judah immediately after Babylon had destroyed Jerusalem (2 Kings 25:25 )
Jaazaniah - "Son of the Maacathite," a "captain of the forces" who accompanied Johanan in waiting on Gedaliah, the governor over the Jewish remnant after the capture of Jerusalem, and afterward in rescuing them from Ishmael, and in going to Egypt in spite of the Lord's prohibition (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 41:11; Jeremiah 43:4-5)
Seraiah - Army officer who reported to Gedaliah when he was named governor immediately after the fall of Jerusalem in 586 B
Ishmael - A member of the royal house of David who took the principal part in the murder of Gedaliah ( Jeremiah 41:1-2 ). It is probable that Ishmael resented Nebuchadnezzar’s appointment of Gedaliah as governor of Judæa ( Jeremiah 40:5 ) instead of some member of the ruling family, and considered him as unpatriotic in consenting to represent an alien power. Gedaliah and his retinue were killed after an entertainment given to Ishmael, who gained possession of Mizpah, the seat of government. Shortly afterwards he set out with his captives to join Baalis, but was overtaken by a body of Gedaliah’s soldiers at the pool of Gibeon ( Jeremiah 41:12 ), and defeated. The conspiracy may have been prompted by motives that were in part well considered, if on the whole mistaken; but it is significant that Jeremiah supported Gedaliah ( Jeremiah 40:6 ), in memory of whose murder an annual fast was observed for some years in the month Tishri ( Zechariah 7:5 ; Zechariah 8:19 )
Joha'Nan - ) After the murder of Gedaliah, Johanan was one of the foremost in the pursuit of his assassin, and rescued the captives he had carried off from Mizpah
Mizpah, Mizpeh - At Mizpah Gedaliah, who had been appointed governor of the province, sought to encourage those who had remained behind (Jeremiah 40:1 ). See Watchtower ; Samuel ; Jephthah ; Gedaliah
Seraiah - One of ‘the captains of the forces’ who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah ( 2 Kings 25:23 , Jeremiah 40:8 )
Nebuchadrezzar - For his relations with Judah, see Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah, Gedaliah
Seraiah - Son of Tanhumeth: a captain in the time of Gedaliah
Pashur - ... ... The father of Gedaliah
Jeremiah - He accordingly went to Mizpah with Gedaliah, who had been made governor of Judea. Johanan succeeded Gedaliah, and refusing to listen to Jeremiah's counsels, went down into Egypt, taking Jeremiah and Baruch with him (Jeremiah 43:6 )
Johanan - He led the effort against Ishmael, who had assassinated Gedaliah, the governor Babylon appointed over Judah
Seraiah - Son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite; came to the Babylonian viceroy Gedaliah to Mizpah, who promised security to the Jews who should dwell in the land, serving the king of Babylon (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 40:8)
Ishmael - Soon after, he returned and assassinated Gedaliah the governor and many others; but was obliged to flee for his life, Jeremiah 40:1-41:18
Mizpah - After the destruction of Jerusalem it became the centre from which Gedaliah, the governor appointed by Babylon, administered the scattered remains of the former kingdom (2 Kings 25:23; 2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:6-16; Jeremiah 41)
Mizpah, Mizpeh - The city was rebuilt by Asa king of Judah, and, after the destruction of Jerusalem, Gedaliah the governor established himself there
Ishmael - Baalis (called from the idol Baal) his host, urged him to slay Gedaliah who under the Babylonian king governed Judaea and the population which had not been carried away. ... These captains crossed the Jordan to pay their respects to Gedaliah at Mizpah, N. In spite of Johanan's open warning of Ishmael's intention, and even private offer to slay Ishmael in order to avert the death of Gedaliah and its evil consequences to the Jewish remnant, the latter in generous unsuspiciousness refused to believe the statement. Thirty days after, in the seventh month Ishmael and "ten men, princes of the king," at an hospitable entertainment given them by Gedaliah slew him with such secrecy that no alarm was given (compare Psalms 41:9), and then slew the Jews and Chaldeans, the men of war immediately about his person (not the rest, Jeremiah 40:16), with him. Ishmael met them, pretending to weep like themselves, and said, "Come to Gedaliah," as if he were one of his retinue. ... The result was a panic among the Jewish remnant in Judaea, as Johanan had foreseen when he warned Gedaliah. The calamity, Gedaliah's murder and the consequent dispersion of the Jews, was and is commemorated by the fast of the seventh month (Zechariah 7:5; Zechariah 8:19), the third of Tisri
Zedekiah - Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, ruled over Judah (2 Kings 25:22,24 ; Jeremiah 40:1,2,5,6 )
Jeremiah - Towards the close of his life he was carried into Egypt against his will, by the Jews who remained in Judea after the murder of Gedaliah, where he probably died
Ishmael - A prince of the royal family of Judah, who murdered the governor Gedaliah, with several of the Hebrews and Chaldeans who were attached to him
Gibeon - In Jeremiah 41:12 we again hear of Gibeon, in connexion with Johanan’s expedition against Ishmael to avenge the murder of Gedaliah
Fast - ... ... The fast of the seventh month, kept on the third of Tisri (Compare 2 Kings 25 ), the anniversary of the murder of Gedaliah (Jeremiah 41:1,2 )
Ishmael - He plotted against Gedaliah, and treacherously put him and others to death
Mizpah - Asa fortified Mizpah, 1 Kings 15:22; 2 Chronicles 16:6; it was where Gedaliah was assassinated, 2 Kings 25:23; 2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:6-15; Jeremiah 41:1-16; the men of Mizpah joined in rebuilding a par of the wall of Jerusalem
Bethlehem - Rehoboam fortified it ( 2 Chronicles 11:6 ), and here the murderers of Gedaliah took refuge ( Jeremiah 41:17 )
Azariah - He was one of the ‘captains of the forces’ who joined Gedaliah at Mizpah
Zephaniah - "Son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah
Fast, Fasting - In the seventh month, in memory of the murder of Gedaliah
Jeremiah - The Babylonians placed him under the protection of Gedaliah, the Jewish governor whom they had appointed over the Judeans left in the land (2 Kings 25:22; Jeremiah 39:13-14; Jeremiah 40:4-6). ... Sadly, Gedaliah was murdered by some Judeans who were still opposed to Babylon (2 Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:13-16; Jeremiah 41). (The period of Gedaliah’s governorship and the Judeans’ flight to Egypt is dealt with in Jeremiah Chapters 40-44. ... A unit of eight chapters then traces events in chronological sequence from the final siege of Jerusalem to the settlement of the Jews in Egypt: Jeremiah’s imprisonment and rescue (37:1-38:28); the fall of Jerusalem (39:1-18); the appointment of Gedaliah and his brutal assassination (40:1-41:18); the migration to Egypt (42:1-43:7); and Jeremiah’s message to the Jews in Egypt (43:8-44:30)
Gibeon - Fleeing from justice, Ishmael, the murderer of the Babylonian-appointed “governor” Gedaliah, was overtaken at Gibeon (Jeremiah 41:1 )
Rabbah - Nebuchadnezzar attacked Ammon because of Baalis their king having instigated Ishmael to slay Gedaliah the Chaldaean governor (Jeremiah 40:14)
Johanan - (See Gedaliah ISHMAEL JEREMIAH
Chronology of the Biblical Period - ... SIGNIFICANT DATES IN OLD TESTAMENT BIBLE HISTORY... Periods of History... Critical... Traditional... Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)... 1700-1500... 2000... Exodus... 1290... 1450... Conquest... 1250... 1400... Judges... 1200-1025... 1360-1025... Kings... ... ... Kings of United Israel... Critical... Traditional... Saul... 1025-1005... 1020-1004... David... 1005-965... 1004-965... Solomon... 965-925... 965-931... Kings of the Divided Kingdom... Judah... Israel... Critical... Traditional... Rehoboam... ... 924-907... 931-913... ... Jeroboam... 924-903... 926-909... Abijam (Abijah)... ... 907-906... 913-910... Asa... ... 905-874... 910-869... ... Nadab... 903-902... 909-908... ... Baasha... 902-886... 908-886... ... Elah... 886-885... 886-885... ... Zimri... 885... 885... ... (Tibni, 1 Kings 16:21 )... 885-881... 885-880... ... Omri... 885-873... 885-874... Jehoshaphat... ... 874-850... 873-848... ... Ahab... 873-851... 874-853... ... Ahaziah... 851-849... 853-852... Jehoram (Joram)... ... 850-843... 853-841... ... Jehoram... 849-843... 852-841... Ahaziah... ... 843... 841... Athaliah... ... 843-837... 841-835... ... Jehu... 843-816... 841-814... Joash (Jehoash)... ... 837-796... 835-796... ... Jehoahaz... 816-800... 814-798... Amaziah... ... 798-767... 796-767... ... Joash (Jehoash)... 800-785... 798-782... Uzziah (Azariah)... ... 791-740... 792-740... ... Jeroboam II... 785-745... 793-753... Jotham... ... 750-742... 750-732... ... Zechariah... 745... 753-752... ... Shallum... 745... 752... ... Menahem... 745-736... 752-742... Jehoahaz I (Ahaz)... ... 742-727... 735-715... ... Pekahiah... 736-735... 742-740... ... Pekah... 735-732... 752-732... ... Hoshea... 732-723... 732-723... Hezekiah... ... 727-698... 715-686... ... Fall of Samaria ... 722 ... 723/722 ... Manasseh... ... 697-642... 696-642... Amon... ... 642-640... 642-640... Josiah... ... 639-606... 640-609... Jehoahaz II... ... 609... 609... Jehoiakim... ... 608-598... 609-597... Jehoiachin... ... 598-597... 597... Zedekiah... ... 597-586... 597-586... Fall of Jerusalem ... ... 586 ... 586 ... BABYLONIAN EXILE AND RESTORATION UNDER PERSIAN RULE... Jehoiachin and leaders exiled to Babylon including Ezekiel... 597... Jerusalem destroyed, remaining leaders exiled to Babylon... 586... Gedaliah set over Judea... 58... Gedaliah assassinated... 581 (?)... Jeremiah taken with other Judeans to Egypt... 581 (?)... Judeans deported to Babylon... 581... Cyrus, king of Persia... 559-530... Babylon captured... 539... Edict allowing Jews to return to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel... 538... Temple restoration begun but quickly halted... 538... Cambysses, king of Persia... 530-522... Darius, king of Persia... 522-486... Haggai and Zechariah lead rebuilding of Temple... 520-515... Temple completed and rededicated... 515... Xerxes, king of Persia... 486-465... Artaxerxes I, king of Persia... 465-424... Ezra returns to Jerusalem and teaches the law... 458... Nehemiah returns to Jerusalem and rebuilds the walls... 445... NOTE: Overlapping dates of kings such as between Uzziah and Jotham result from coregencies, that is, a father installing his son as king during the father's lifetime and allowing the son to exercise royal power
Ishmael - He treacherously slew Gedaliah, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the cities of Judah, and all the Jews that were with him in Mizpah
Jeremi'ah - 586, by the Chaldeans, we find Jeremiah receiving better treatment; but after the death of Gedaliah, the people, disregarding his warnings, took refuge in Egypt, carrying the prophet with them
Baruch - ... The remnant of the people who had been left in Judea under the care of Gedaliah, having adopted the resolution of going into Egypt, and finding that Jeremiah opposed their taking that journey, threw the blame upon Baruch; insinuating that the latter had influenced the Prophet to declare against it
Jeremi'ah - 586, by the Chaldeans, we find Jeremiah receiving better treatment; but after the death of Gedaliah, the people, disregarding his warnings, took refuge in Egypt, carrying the prophet with them
Jeremiah - , Jeremiah moved to Mizpah, the capital of Gedaliah, the newly appointed Jewish governor of the Babylonian province of Judah (Jeremiah 40:5 ). When Gedaliah was assassinated (Jeremiah 41:1 ), Jeremiah was deported to Egypt against his will by Jewish officers who had survived the catastrophes (Jeremiah 42:1-43:7 )
Fasting - On the 3rd of Tishri (October) the murder of Gedaliah was commemorated by a fast ( Jeremiah 41:1 ), and on the 10th of Tebeth (January) another fast recalled the siege of Jerusalem by the Chaldæans ( 2 Kings 25:1 , Jeremiah 52:4 )
Jeremiah, Book of - These chapters give the history of the remnant left in the land under Gedaliah, Jeremiah being with them. Gedaliah was murdered by Ishmael, sent by the king of the Ammonites, and the people were carried away
Fasting - ... The only other periodical fasts in the Old Testament were those connected with the capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar: the fast of the 4th month commemorated its capture (Jeremiah 39:2; Jeremiah 52:6-7); that of the 5th month the burning of the temple and the chief houses (Jeremiah 52:12-14); that of the 7th the murder of Gedaliah (Jeremiah 41:1-3); that of the 10th the beginning of the siege (Zechariah 7:3-5; Zechariah 8:19)
Remnant - … Then Johanan the son of Kareah spake to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly saying, Let me go, I pray thee, and I will slay Ishmael … wherefore should he slay thee, that all the Jews which are gathered unto thee should be scattered, and the remnant in Judah perish?” (Jer
Ammon, Ammonites - ’... After the destruction of Jerusalem, Baalis, king of Ammon, sent a man to assassinate Gedaliah, whom Nebuchadnezzar had made governor of Judah (Jeremiah 40:14 )
Exile - A third deportation, a punishment for Gedaliah's assassination, occurred in 582 B. Jews loyal to the Davidic tradition assassinated Gedaliah, the governor (2 Kings 25:25 )
Remnant - , Ezra 9:8 ; Jeremiah 24:8 ; 52:15 ; those left behind under Gedaliah, Jeremiah 40:6,11 , 15 ; or the Jews who came out of exile Ezra 9:8,13 ; Zechariah 8:6,11-12 )
Egypt - ... When Nebuchadnezzar had destroyed Jerusalem, he left some Jews in the land under Gedaliah the Governor; but Gedaliah being slain, they fled into Egypt, taking Jeremiah with them, to Tahpanhes
Daniel - But Gedaliah was virtually a satrap under Nebuchadnezzar in Judaea, i
Jeremiah - At length, after the destruction of Jerusalem, being carried with the remnant of the Jews into Egypt, whither they had resolved to retire, though contrary to his advice, upon the murder of Gedaliah, whom the Chaldeans had left governor in Judea, he there continued warmly to remonstrate against their idolatrous practices, foretelling the consequences that would inevitably follow
Jeremiah - "... Notwithstanding the wrongs he had received from his countrymen for 40 years, as a true patriot he stayed with the Jews under Gedaliah, the son of his friend Ahikam (Jeremiah 39-40). After Gedaliah's murder by Ishmael, Johanan first consulted Jeremiah as to going to Egypt with a foregone conclusion, then carried Jeremiah, in spite of the prophet's warning, to Egypt (Jeremiah 41-43). (See Gedaliah; ISHMAEL; JOHANAN
Nebuchadnezzar - (See Gedaliah; NEBUZARADAN; JERUSALEM
Zechariah, Prophecy of - The people are challenged as to whether they had been sincere in their fasts during the seventy years: the fast "in the fifth month" was in memory of the destruction of Jerusalem, 2 Kings 25:8 ; and in the "seventh month" for the murder of Gedaliah
Leadership - ... After Jerusalem fell to the Babylonians, Judah was ruled by governors chosen by Babylon and then Persia, some at least from Judean royal blood (Gedaliah, 1 Kings 25:22 ; Zerubbabel 1 Chronicles 3:10-19 )