Character Study on Heman

Character Study on Heman

1 Kings 4: For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
1 Chronicles 2: And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
1 Chronicles 6: And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,
1 Chronicles 15: So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah;
1 Chronicles 15: So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were appointed to sound with cymbals of brass;
1 Chronicles 16: And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever;
1 Chronicles 16: And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.
1 Chronicles 25: Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:
1 Chronicles 25: Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamtiezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:
1 Chronicles 25: All these were the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.
1 Chronicles 25: All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.
2 Chronicles 5: Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)
2 Chronicles 29: And of the sons of Heman; Jehiel, and Shimei: and of the sons of Jeduthun; Shemaiah, and Uzziel.
2 Chronicles 35: And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's seer; and the porters waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.
Psalms 88: {A Song or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.} O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Heman
(hee' man) Personal name meaning, “faithful.” 1. In Genesis 36:22 , one of the sons of Lotan mentioned among the descendants of Esau. KJV renders the name Hemam . 2. In 1 Kings 4:31 , a notable sage to whose wisdom that of Solomon is compared. 3. In 1 Chronicles 6:33 , the son of Joel, a Kohathite. He was one of the Temple singers under David and Solomon. In 1 Chronicles 25:5 , he is called a seer. Elsewhere in that chapter he is said to have prophesied using musical instruments. He may be the same as the Heman mentioned in 1 Kings 4:31 . The psalm title attributes Psalm 88:1 to Heman.



Easton's Bible Dictionary - Heman
Faithful.
1 Kings 4:31 ; 1 Chronicles 2:6 , a son of Zerah, noted for his wisdom.

Grandson of Samuel (1 Chronicles 6:33 ; 15:17 ), to whom the 88th Psalm probably was inscribed. He was one of the "seers" named in 2 Chronicles 29:14,30 , and took a leading part in the administration of the sacred services.


Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Heman
HEMAN . There appear at first to be three different men of this name in the OT. 1. A legendary wise man whose wisdom Solomon excelled ( 1 Kings 4:31 ). 2. A son (or clan) of Zerah of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ), probably also alluded to in the title of Psalms 88:1-18 as Heman the Ezrahite, Ezrah being another form of Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 . A Korahite singer of the time of David, said to be the son of Joel the son of Samuel ( 1 Chronicles 6:33 ; cf. also 1Ch 15:17 ; 1 Chronicles 15:19 , 1 Chronicles 16:41 , 1 Chronicles 25:1-6 ). As Chronicles in a number of cases confuses the genealogy of Judah with that of Levi (cf., e.g. , 1 Chronicles 2:42-43 with 1 Chronicles 6:2 ), and as the wise men of 1 Kings 4:31 are legendary, it is probable that the three Hemans are the same legendary ancestor of a clan celebrated for its music and wisdom. This view finds some support in the fact that the title of Psalms 88:1-18 makes Heman both an Ezrahite (Judahite) and a Korahite (Levite).

George A. Barton.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Heman
1. 1 Chronicles 2:6; 1 Kings 4:31. Probably the same as 2; though a Levite by birth he was reckoned in the family of Zerah, of Judah, as dwelling among them.

2. Grandson of Samuel; a Kohathite (1 Chronicles 6:31-38; 1 Chronicles 6:44). Colleague of Asaph and Ethan or Jeduthun ("the praise man") in arranging the vocal and instrumental music of the temple service, under David "after that the ark had rest" (1 Chronicles 15:16-22; 1 Chronicles 25:1-3). (See ASAPH; ETHAN.) Lord A. Hervey makes Heman 14th in descent from Levi. Called "the king's seer in the matters (words) of God, to lift up the horn," inheriting by God's gift the spirit of prophecy of his grandfather. Heman had 14 sons and three daughters.

The sons were each the head of one of the 25 wards of Levites, "instructed in the songs of the Lord." Heman the Kohathite probably, or his father, married an heiress of the house of Zerah (See ZERAH, 1), and so, though by birth son of Joel, he is legally called the Ezrahite or son of Zerah in the title of Psalm 88, as Ethan is named the author in the title of Psalm 89, and other psalms have Asaph in the title. Not that Psalm 89, was actually by Heman; it was by "sons of Korah" who attributed the authorship to Heman by way of honour (Hengstenberg).

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Heman
Their trouble; tumult; much; in great number
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Heman
1. Son of Zerah, or Mahol: he was renowned for his wisdom, which, however, was surpassed by that of Solomon. 1 Kings 4:31 ; 1 Chronicles 2:6 .

2. Son of Joel, a Kohathite: he was both a seer and chief of the musicians in the sanctuary under David. His fourteen sons were also musicians. 1 Chronicles 6:33 ; 1 Chronicles 15:17,19 ; 1 Chronicles 16:41,42 ; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6 ; 2 Chronicles 5:12 ; 2 Chronicles 29:14 ; 2 Chronicles 35:15 . Psalm 88 is ascribed to Heman the Ezrahite, who some think to be the same person, but (as in the margin of the A.V.) it more probably refers to No. 1.

Whyte's Dictionary of Bible Characters - Heman
HEMAN was 'David's seer in the matters of God.' Now a seer is just a man who sees. He is just a man who has eyes in his head. Other men also have eyes indeed, but, then, they do not see with their eyes as a seer sees. A seer stands out among all other men in this, that he sees with all his eyes. Heman, then, was a seer. And he was a seer in this. Heman saw constantly a sight that to most men even in Israel was absolutely invisible. Heman saw, and saw nothing else, but his own soul. From his youth up Heman had as good as seen nothing in the whole world but his own soul. And, after he was well on in life, Heman was moved of God to set down the sight of his own soul in the eighty-eighth Psalm. David, on occasion, was a wonderful seer himself. But David had not given himself up from his youth up to the things of his own soul as Heman had done. David was a man of affairs, and he had many other matters to see to besides the matters of God and of his own soul; but Heman saw nothing else. Separate me Heman and Heman's soul, the Holy Ghost had said. And it was so. And David, discovering that, made Heman the king's seer. Saul also in his day had sought out a seer. Only, the seer that Saul sought out was a seer who could see stolen sheep on the mountains a hundred miles away. Whereas David sought in Heman a seer who could see both David's soul and his own; and who could see sin in David's soul and in his own when no other eye in all Israel could see it. My sin is ever before me, said David, when his eyes were once opened. And it was to Heman, under God, even more than to Nathan or Gad, that David owed that ever-present sight. 'In the matters of God Heman was the King's seer,' says the sacred writer. God had many matters, first and last, with David; but God's first matter with David, as with all men, was David's sin and David's soul. And Heman from his youth up had been kept so close at God's school for seers in the matters of sin and the soul, that David sought out Heman and established him in Mount Zion as the King's most private, most trusted, and most highly-honoured seer. This, then, was Heman, the seer of David in the matters of God.

'My soul is full of troubles,' says this great seer, speaking about himself in the eighty-eighth Psalm. What led Heman to speak about himself in that way to a people who could not understand what he said, we do not know. What led Heman to speak and to publish abroad this most melancholy of all the Psalms we are not told. He speaks in this Psalm as he was moved to speak by the Holy Ghost; but more than that we do not know. It may have been to console David in some of his many inconsolable seasons. It may have been to rebuke David by letting him see that a saint of God who had never sinned as David had sinned, had, nevertheless, been cast of God into depths that even David had never known. Or it may have been that there might be a Psalm grievous enough for our Lord to recall it and to repeat it during His three hours darkness on the cross. Or it may have been because God, in His far foreknowledge, saw some one in this house this night that no other Psalm would suit but this saddest of all the Psalms, Who can tell? Now, Heman's soul so full of troubles, you must understand, was not on account of Heman's outward estate. It was not Heman's actual sin like David's. Neither was there any terrible trouble, like David's, among his large family of sons and daughters. Heman had brought up his sons and daughters far more successfully than David had done. For all Heman's sons and daughters assisted their father in sacred song in the house of the Lord. Some of the worst troubles we see and hear men's souls to be full of all around us come to them through their children. But that was not Heman's case. At the same time Heman cannot take a happy father's full joy out of his talented and dutiful children because of the overwhelming trouble of his own soul. He cannot sing and play with his gifted and gracious children with all his heart as other happy fathers sing and play. And that is another trouble to Heman's soul already so full of troubles. It is a terrible price to pay for his post as David's seer to have a soul like that. It is a terrible baptism into the matters of God to have a soul from his youth up so full of inconsolable troubles.

'My soul is full of troubles,' says Heman, 'till I am driven distracted.' Every day we hear of men and women being driven distracted through love, and through fear, and through poverty, and through pain, and sometimes through over-joy, and sometimes, it is said, through religion. It was thought by some that the Apostle Paul was quite distracted in his day through his too much thought and occupation about divine things. And our Lord Himself was again and again said to be beside Himself And no wonder. For if love, and fear, and pain of mind and heart, and sometimes over-joy have ever driven men distracted: who ever had all these things, and more, on his mind and on his heart like our Lord? To see what was in man, and what comes out of the heart of man: and to see all that with such holy eyes and with such a holy heart as His, and then to see and understand how all that so concerned Himself-had the very Godhead not held Him up, no mortal mind and heart could have endured under the sight. No wonder that Jesus of Nazareth was often, even to His mother and His brethren, like a man that should be kept close watch over at home. The Second Evangelist was a remarkable seer in all the matters of our Lord. He saw things in our Lord that no other Evangelist had the eyes to see: and he writes about our Lord in words that no other Evangelist can command. And one word he writes in goes so near describing absolute distraction that we shrink back from truly and fully translating it. We water it down till we say that our Lord was sore amazed and very heavy. To be made sin sore amazed our Lord. It almost drove Him beside Himself. A terror at sin, and a horror: a terror and a horror at Himself, took possession of our Lord's soul in the garden till He was full of a trouble beyond all experience and imagination of mortal men. It was not death. Death is nothing. Death is nothing to sin. Death and all its terrors did not much move our Lord. He went up to meet death with a serenity and with a stateliness of soul that confounded and almost converted those who saw it. No; it was not death. It was sin. It was that in which our mothers conceived us. It was that which we drink up like water. It was that which we are all full of from the sole of the foot even unto the head. It was sin. It was hell-fire in His soul. It was the coals, and the rosin, and the juniper, and the turpentine of the fire that is not quenched. The pains of hell gat hold upon Him, He found trouble and sorrow till He was well-nigh distracted. Now there was no Old Testament saint so like our Lord in all that as was Heman. And in the measure that we have our Lord's eyes and Heman's eyes wherewith to see sin, in that exact measure wilt we each one of us fill up what is behind of these tremendous distractions. As it is, our brain sometimes reels in its distracted globe. We know that we sometimes talk distractedly. We know that we terrify and torment other men. We terrify and are a torment to ourselves when no one knows it. We tremble sometimes at the thought of what this may yet grow to if it goes on, as it will go on, all our days. But be not too much cast down. Comfort my people. Say to them that for all their present shame they shall yet have double. Say to them that this is wisdom. Say to them that this is the only mind that hath the true wisdom. Say to them, and assure them, that this is the beginning in them of the wisdom, and the truth, and the love, and the salvation of their God and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Now, with all that, this is not to be wondered at that Heman says next. Anything else but this is not to be expected from Heman. Heman makes it an additional complaint, but it is a simple and a necessary consequence of his own troubled and distracted soul. 'Thou hast put mine acquaintance far from me. Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness.' Job, Heman's spiritual equal almost, has the very same complaint again and again, 'He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. My kinsfolk have failed me, and my familiar friends have forgotten me. All my inward friends have abhorred me; and they whom I loved are all turned against me.' And no wonder. Who that could help it would live in the same house with Heman? With such a morose and melancholy man? Friends and lovers, the oldest, and the warmest, and the best-they all have their several limits. Most men are made with little heart themselves, and they are not at home where there is much heart, and much exercise of heart. They flee in a fright from the heights and the depths of the high and deep heart. It needs a friend that sticketh closer than a brother to keep true to a man who has much heart, and who sees and feels with all his heart. Heman had wife and child: he had David, and Asaph, and Jeduthun also; and a whole choir-seat full of smiling acquaintances; but all that only made him feel the more alone. Asaph, also, in the same seat, felt the same loneliness. 'Whom have I in heaven but Thee? And there is none upon earth that I desire beside Thee.' Much as Heman and Asaph had in common, they were all the time such strangers to one another when their distractions were upon them that they felt, as we say, as far as the poles asunder. When thou prayest, said our Lord, enter thy closet. That is to say, enter thine own distracted heart. And there is One, and only One, with thee in thy lockfast heart. David and Asaph and all,-there is nothing that sifts out lover and friend like prayer; the prayer that is, that takes up the troubles and the distractions of the soul. When our Lord took His distracted soul to His Father, the most that His best lovers and friends could do for Him was to fall asleep three times outside the door. Heman, besides being the king's seer, was also an eminent type of Christ, both in the distracting troubles of his soul, and in the fewness and in the infidelity of his friends.

Down to Gehenna, and up to the Throne,He travels the fastest who travels alone.Now all that, bad as it was, would have been easily borne had it been a sudden stroke and then for ever over. Had it been a great temptation, a great fall, a great repentance, a great forgiveness, and then the light of God's countenance brighter than ever all Heman's after-days. Had it been with Heman as it was with David: 'For His anger endureth but a moment; in His favour is life; weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning.' Or had it been with Heman as it was with Isaiah: 'For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy upon thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer.' Josiah and Jeremiah bore their yoke also all their youth; but Heman bore his yoke all his days. Heman is now an old man; but like the woman in the gospel he is nothing better but rather worse. There are troubles and distractions in a man's youth sometimes that turn his hair grey before its proper time. But in most cases, by God's goodness, a life like that either comes to an early end altogether, or some great relief and great recovery comes in His grace from God. For the Lord will not cast off for ever. He doth not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men. But Heman's yoke from his youth up has been of that terrible kind that it has eaten into his soul deeper and deeper with every advancing year. Had Heman lived after Paul's day he would have described himself in Paul's way. He would have said that the two-edged sword had become every year more and more spiritual, till it entered more and more deep every year into his soul. And since souls like Heman's are absolutely bottomless and shoreless; and since the law of God is infinitely and increasingly holy and just and good; how could a man like Heman escape being every day of his life more and more sold under sin? He could not. All that Heman had hitherto come through was like child's-play at trouble and distraction compared with this. For his troubles have now taken on an inwardness and an incessancy such as an old saint of God once said would surely some day drive her into the pond.

God forbid, when God is a little displeased with any of His saints, that I should by a single hair-breadth help forward their affliction. God forbid that I should in anything make the heart of any righteous man more sad and should take away from him any of his true refuges. Before I do that may my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth. At the same time, I will risk it lest they be refuges of lies. I will risk it so that some one here present may perchance be discovered to himself and so saved. Heman's sad case has sometimes been set down to God's sovereignty. And so may all your sadness, possibly. But I would not have you believe that too easily. The chances with you lie all the other way. Are you quite sure that this deep darkness of yours is quite unaccountable to you short of God's sovereignty-short of His deep, hidden, divine will? I doubt it, and I would have you doubt it. I would have you make sure that there is no other possible explanation of this darkness of His face. All the chances are that it is not God's ways that are so distractingly dark, but your own. Look yet closer and yet deeper into yourself for the bottom of this dark mystery. If I were you I would let no man, not even an angel of light, cheat me out of my soul with any of his antinomianisms about the divine sovereignty. Is it not rather a divine controversy? Lean to that explanation. Look as you have never yet looked, and see if there is not some sinful way in you that is the cause of all this darkness on God's part, and all this distraction on your part. The only thing you can think of is such a little thing, that, if it is a sin, it is not worth God's pains to take so much notice of it, and to punish you so persistently for it. It is not a thing for God to stand upon; it is such a small affair. Well, if it is so small, all the more put it away. Put it away for a time at any rate, and, if light does not come, then return to it, if you cannot live without it. Only, there is a sermon of authority which says, Be ye therefore perfect; and it is through terrible distractions, and darknesses, and severities, and sanctifications that this perfect salvation comes to some men: and it looks to me as if you were one of them.

And to close with, there is a singular use in Heman for ministers. When God is to make a very sinful man into a very able, and skilful, and experimental minister, He sends that man to the same school to which He sent Heman. This was God's way, on the side of His sovereignty, with the Servant of the Lord also in the 50th of Isaiah. 'Who comforteth us in all our tribulations,' says Paul also, 'that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble.' His own troubles and distractions give a minister 'a lady's hand,' as an old writer has it, in dealing with troubled and distracted souls. Now, who can tell what God has laid up for you to do for Him and for men's souls when you are out of your probationership of trouble and distraction, and are promoted to be a comforter of God's troubled and distracted saints? He may have a second David, and far more, to comfort and to sanctify in the generation to come; and you may be ordained to be the King's seer in the matters of God. Who can tell? Only, be you ready, for the stone that is fit for the wall is not left to lie in the ditch.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Heman
1. A celebrated sage, of the tribe of Judah. The period of his life is unknown, 1 Kings 4:31 .

2. A Kohathite Levite, to whom as a chief musicians of the temple of the eighty-eighty Psalm is inscribed, 1 Chronicles 6:33 ; 16:41,42 .

Sentence search

Hothir - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Mallothi - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:26 )
Hothir - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Mahazioth - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Eliathah - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Joshbekashah - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Romamti-Ezer - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:31 )
to'ah - (lowly ) a Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Samuel and Heman
Maha'Zioth - One of the fourteen sons of Heman the Kohathite
Romam'ti-e'Zer, - one of the fourteen sons of Heman
Giddalti - Son of Heman a Kohathite: appointed to the service of song
Mallothi - Son of Heman, and one appointed to the service of song
Romamtiezer - Son of Heman: he was appointed to the service of song
Giddalti - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:29 )
Giddal'ti - (I have trained up ), one of the sons of Heman, the king's seer
Mal'Lothi - (my fullness ), a Kohathite, one of the fourteen sons of Heman the singer
Heman - Hervey makes Heman 14th in descent from Levi. Heman had 14 sons and three daughters. " Heman the Kohathite probably, or his father, married an heiress of the house of Zerah (See ZERAH, 1), and so, though by birth son of Joel, he is legally called the Ezrahite or son of Zerah in the title of Psalm 88, as Ethan is named the author in the title of Psalm 89, and other psalms have Asaph in the title. Not that Psalm 89, was actually by Heman; it was by "sons of Korah" who attributed the authorship to Heman by way of honour (Hengstenberg)
ho'Thir - (fullness ),the thirteenth son of Heman, "the king's seer," ( 1 Chronicles 25:4,28 ) and therefore a Kohathite Levite
Ezrahite - Ethan and Heman are called so; i
Joshbek'Ashah - (a seat in a hard place ), son of Heman, head of the seventeenth course of musicians
Bukki'ah - (wasting from Jehovah ), a Kohathite Levite, of the sons of Heman, one of the musicians in the temple
ez'Rahite, the - (son of Zerah ), a title attached to two persons --Ethan, ( 1 Kings 4:31 ; Psalm 89:1 ) title, and Heman, Psal 88:1 title
Mahazioth - ” Son of Heman who served as a Temple musician (1Chronicles 25:4,1Chronicles 25:6-7,1 Chronicles 25:30 )
Mahazioth - ” Son of Heman who served as a Temple musician (1Chronicles 25:4,1Chronicles 25:6-7,1 Chronicles 25:30 )
Mallothi - My fulness, a Kohathite Levite, one of the sons of Heman the Levite (1 Chronicles 25:4 ), and chief of the nineteenth division of the temple musicians (26)
Eliathah - To whom God will come, one of the foureen sons of the Levite Heman, and musician of the temple in the time of David (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Bukkiah - A Levite of the sons of Heman, and leader of the sixth band or course in the Temple service ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:13 )
Bukkiah - Leader of the sixth bourse of musicians in the temple service; "of the sons of Heman, the king's seer in the words of God
Shubael - Son of Heman and a chief in the service of song
Ezrahite - A name given to Heman in the title of Psalms 88:1-18 , and to Ethan (wh
Hothir - ” Priestly musician in the clan of Heman under David (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Romamti-Ezer - Elevation of help, one of the sons of Heman, "the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn
Mahol - Heman, Chalcol, and Darda (1 Kings 4:31; 1 Chronicles 2:6)
Joshbekashah - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:24 )
Ethan - Son of Kishi or Kushaiah; head of the Merarite Levites in David's time; a "singer" (1 Chronicles 6:33-44); with Heman and Asaph, the heads of the other two Levite families, Ethan was to sound with cymbals (1 Chronicles 15:17; 1 Chronicles 15:19). The three names are given in 1 Chronicles 16:37-41; 1 Chronicles 25:6; 2 Chronicles 5:12, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun. "Heman the Ezrahite" (i
Heman - He may be the same as the Heman mentioned in 1 Kings 4:31 . The psalm title attributes Psalm 88:1 to Heman
Joshbekashah - ” A Levite musician from clan of Heman, the seer, under David (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Heman - Heman was 'David's seer in the matters of God. Heman, then, was a seer. Heman saw constantly a sight that to most men even in Israel was absolutely invisible. Heman saw, and saw nothing else, but his own soul. From his youth up Heman had as good as seen nothing in the whole world but his own soul. And, after he was well on in life, Heman was moved of God to set down the sight of his own soul in the eighty-eighth Psalm. But David had not given himself up from his youth up to the things of his own soul as Heman had done. David was a man of affairs, and he had many other matters to see to besides the matters of God and of his own soul; but Heman saw nothing else. Separate me Heman and Heman's soul, the Holy Ghost had said. And David, discovering that, made Heman the king's seer. Whereas David sought in Heman a seer who could see both David's soul and his own; and who could see sin in David's soul and in his own when no other eye in all Israel could see it. And it was to Heman, under God, even more than to Nathan or Gad, that David owed that ever-present sight. 'In the matters of God Heman was the King's seer,' says the sacred writer. And Heman from his youth up had been kept so close at God's school for seers in the matters of sin and the soul, that David sought out Heman and established him in Mount Zion as the King's most private, most trusted, and most highly-honoured seer. This, then, was Heman, the seer of David in the matters of God. What led Heman to speak about himself in that way to a people who could not understand what he said, we do not know. What led Heman to speak and to publish abroad this most melancholy of all the Psalms we are not told. Or it may have been because God, in His far foreknowledge, saw some one in this house this night that no other Psalm would suit but this saddest of all the Psalms, Who can tell? Now, Heman's soul so full of troubles, you must understand, was not on account of Heman's outward estate. It was not Heman's actual sin like David's. Heman had brought up his sons and daughters far more successfully than David had done. For all Heman's sons and daughters assisted their father in sacred song in the house of the Lord. But that was not Heman's case. At the same time Heman cannot take a happy father's full joy out of his talented and dutiful children because of the overwhelming trouble of his own soul. And that is another trouble to Heman's soul already so full of troubles. ... 'My soul is full of troubles,' says Heman, 'till I am driven distracted. Now there was no Old Testament saint so like our Lord in all that as was Heman. And in the measure that we have our Lord's eyes and Heman's eyes wherewith to see sin, in that exact measure wilt we each one of us fill up what is behind of these tremendous distractions. ... Now, with all that, this is not to be wondered at that Heman says next. Anything else but this is not to be expected from Heman. Heman makes it an additional complaint, but it is a simple and a necessary consequence of his own troubled and distracted soul. ' Job, Heman's spiritual equal almost, has the very same complaint again and again, 'He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. Who that could help it would live in the same house with Heman? With such a morose and melancholy man? Friends and lovers, the oldest, and the warmest, and the best-they all have their several limits. Heman had wife and child: he had David, and Asaph, and Jeduthun also; and a whole choir-seat full of smiling acquaintances; but all that only made him feel the more alone. ' Much as Heman and Asaph had in common, they were all the time such strangers to one another when their distractions were upon them that they felt, as we say, as far as the poles asunder. Heman, besides being the king's seer, was also an eminent type of Christ, both in the distracting troubles of his soul, and in the fewness and in the infidelity of his friends. Had it been a great temptation, a great fall, a great repentance, a great forgiveness, and then the light of God's countenance brighter than ever all Heman's after-days. Had it been with Heman as it was with David: 'For His anger endureth but a moment; in His favour is life; weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning. ' Or had it been with Heman as it was with Isaiah: 'For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. ' Josiah and Jeremiah bore their yoke also all their youth; but Heman bore his yoke all his days. Heman is now an old man; but like the woman in the gospel he is nothing better but rather worse. But Heman's yoke from his youth up has been of that terrible kind that it has eaten into his soul deeper and deeper with every advancing year. Had Heman lived after Paul's day he would have described himself in Paul's way. And since souls like Heman's are absolutely bottomless and shoreless; and since the law of God is infinitely and increasingly holy and just and good; how could a man like Heman escape being every day of his life more and more sold under sin? He could not. All that Heman had hitherto come through was like child's-play at trouble and distraction compared with this. Heman's sad case has sometimes been set down to God's sovereignty. ... And to close with, there is a singular use in Heman for ministers. When God is to make a very sinful man into a very able, and skilful, and experimental minister, He sends that man to the same school to which He sent Heman
Shebuel - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Heman - Heman . A son (or clan) of Zerah of the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ), probably also alluded to in the title of Psalms 88:1-18 as Heman the Ezrahite, Ezrah being another form of Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 Zechariah 3 . , 1 Chronicles 2:42-43 with 1 Chronicles 6:2 ), and as the wise men of 1 Kings 4:31 are legendary, it is probable that the three Hemans are the same legendary ancestor of a clan celebrated for its music and wisdom. This view finds some support in the fact that the title of Psalms 88:1-18 makes Heman both an Ezrahite (Judahite) and a Korahite (Levite)
Hemam - ] in both places Heman
Shebuel - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 [ 1 Chronicles 25:20 Shubael ])
Sheb'Uel, - ... One of the fourteen sons of Heman the minstrel, (1 Chronicles 25:4 ) called also SHUBAEL
Mallothi - Like his father Heman (1 Chronicles 25:5 ), he may have exercised a prophetic role (king's seer)
Abi'Asaph - Among the remarkable descendants of Abiasaph were Samuel the prophet, (1 Samuel 1:11 ) and Heman the singer
Giddalti - ” Son of Heman to whom David gave the task of prophesying through playing musical instruments (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Shebuel - Levite, son of Heman (1 Chronicles 25:4 ); apparently the same as Shubael (1 Chronicles 25:20 )
Kushaiah - His son Ethan was appointed as a chief assistant of Heman (1 Chronicles 15:17 )
Musician, Chief - Heman and Asaph were his two colleagues (2 Chronicles 35:15 )
Shebuel - ... ... One of the sons of Heman; one of those whose duty it was to "lift up the horn" in the temple service (1 Chronicles 25:4,5 ); called also Shubael (ver
Jeduthun - The names Asaph and Heman appear along with that of Jeduthun as original ancestors of Temple musicians. In 1 Chronicles 15:17 , however, Asaph and Heman are associated with Ethan, suggesting that Ethan and Jeduthun may be different names for the same person
ta'Hath -
A Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Samuel and Heman
Azarel - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:18 ; called in V
Darda - Mentioned with Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, and Calcol as a son of Mahol, and a proverbial type of wisdom, but yet surpassed by Solomon ( 1 Kings 4:31 )
Jeremoth - Son of Heman, appointed to the service of song
ta'Hath -
A Kohathite Levite, ancestor of Samuel and Heman
Music - The sons of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun were set apart by David for the musical service. Heman, with one of his leaders, directed the central choir, Asaph the right, and Jeduthun the left wing
Mattaniah -
A Levite, son of Heman, the chief of the ninth class of temple singers (1 Chronicles 25:4,16 )
Jerimoth - ... ... A Levitical musician under Heman his father (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Mattaniah - Son of Heman: engaged in the service of song
Hanani -
One of the sons of Heman (1 Chronicles 25:4,25 )
Elkanah - ... ... Another Levite of the line of Heman the singer, although he does not seem to have performed any of the usual Levitical offices
Eliathah - Many scholars of the Hebrew language think the names of the last nine sons of Heman in 1 Chronicles 25:4 originally formed a verse of a Hebrew psalm in which Eliathah would have meant, “My God are you
Jer'Emoth - (1 Chronicles 23:23 ) ... Son of Heman; head of the thirteenth course of musicians in the divine service
Mahol - The father of Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Chalcol, and Darda ( 1 Kings 4:31 ), who are mentioned as famous for their wisdom, though surpassed in this respect by Solomon
Amasai - A Levite in the line of Kohath and of Heman the singer (1 Chronicles 6:35 ), often identified with 1
Hananiah - ... One of the sons of Heman (1 Chronicles 25:4,23 )
Dara - the famous musicians of whom Ethan and Heman are named in the titles of Psalm 88 and Psalm 89
e'Than - " With Heman and Asaph, the heads of the other two families of Levites, Ethan was appointed to sound with cymbals
Hana'ni -
One of the sons of Heman, and head of the eighteenth course of the service
Jerimoth - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Heman - Psalm 88 is ascribed to Heman the Ezrahite, who some think to be the same person, but (as in the margin of the A
Aza're-el, - ) ... A Levite musician of the family of Heman in the time of David, (1 Chronicles 25:18 ) called 1 Chronicles 25:4 ) (B
Asaph - "The sons of Asaph" were poets and musical composers of the school founded by him; as Heman and Jeduthun also were heads of schools of sacred inspired music
Uzziel - Son of Heman and one employed in the service of song
Jer'Imoth - (1 Chronicles 24:30 ) ... Son of Heman, head of fifteenth ward of musicians
Hanani - A son of Heman ( 1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Jehiel - ... ... One of the Levites of the family of Heman who assisted Hezekiah in his work of reformation (2 Chronicles 29:14 )
Eliel - A Levite and ancestor of the singer Heman (1 Chronicles 6:34 )
Jehiel - Son of Heman, a Levite
Hanani - Temple musician and descendant of Heman (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Jeduthun - He wasa Merarite Levite, along with the Kohathite Heman and the Gershonite Asaph directing the music of the sanctuary; 4,000 in all, divided into courses, "praising the Lord with the instruments which I made, said David, to praise therewith" (1 Chronicles 23:5-6). Asaph and his brethren ministered before the ark at Jerusalem, Jeduthun and Heman "before the tabernacle of Jehovah in the high place at Gibeon. ... Jeduthun's singers with Asaph's and Heman's (namely, their sons and brethren), arrayed in white linen, officiated at the E
Kohath - Samuel was Kohathite, and therefore so was Heman the singer, Samuel's descendant
Alleluia - ) Never found in the palms of David and his singers, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun: but in later psalms, namely, those of the captivity and the return, the Fifth Book
Mattani'ah - (Nehemiah 13:13 ) ... One of the fourteen sons of Heman, whose office it was to blow the horns in the temple service appointed by David
Seer - " (1 Samuel 3:20) But concerning the name of seer, we find frequent mention made of this character, not as the Lord's seer, but the king's; thus Gad is called the prophet Gad, but expressly said to be David's seer; (see 2 Samuel 24:11) So Heman is called the king's seer, though he is not said to have been a prophet of the Lord
Hananiah - Son of Heman: appointed to the service of song
Shimei - ... ... One of the sons of Heman, who assisted in the purification of the temple (2 Chronicles 29:14 )
Hananiah - Son of Heman among the priestly musicians in the Temple (1 Chronicles 25:4 )
Korah - In a later list of Temple singers the group of Heman replaced Korah and was joined by Asaph and Ethan as the three groups of Temple singers (1 Chronicles 6:33-48 )
Shimei - Son of Heman: he took part in the purification of the temple
Hananiah - One of the sons of Heman, who could ‘prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals’ ( 1 Chronicles 25:6 ), though their special function seems to have been the use of the horn ( 1 Chronicles 25:1 ; 1 Chronicles 25:4 ; 1 Chronicles 25:6 )
Zachariah, Zacharias - Esther 1:15 Esther 1:15 = Heman of 2 Chronicles 35:16
Hanani'ah -
One of the fourteen sons of Heman, and chief of the sixteenth course of singers
jo'el -
Eldest son of Samuel the prophet, (1 Samuel 8:2 ; 1 Chronicles 6:33 ; 15:17 ) and father of Heman the singer
Gibeon - David put the brazen altar before the tabernacle (2 Chronicles 1:5) probably at the same time lie removed the ark to Zion and appointed the priests under Zadok to offer the daily sacrifices, and Heman and Jeduthun to direct the music (2 Chronicles 1:3)
Surpliced Choir - In the description of that service given in 2 Chronicles5:12 and 13 we read: "Also the Levites which were the singers, allof them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and theirbrethren, being arrayed in white linen
Poetry - A sacred choir was formed, himself at its head; then followed the three chief musicians, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun; then Asaph's four sons, Jeduthun's six, and Heman's 14. Besides, there were 4,000 Levite singers (1 Chronicles 25); Asaph with his company was with the ark on Zion; Heman and Jeduthun with the tabernacle at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:37-42). Even the music was put in charge of spiritually gifted men, and Heman was "the king's seer in the words of God" (1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Chronicles 25:5)
Zephaniah - Ancestor of Samuel and Heman; a Kohathite Levite (1 Chronicles 6:36), called Uriel 1 Chronicles 6:24
Music - ... Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun were chiefs of the music of the tabernacle under David, and of the temple under Solomon. Asaph had four sons, Jeduthun six, and Heman fourteen
Psalms - ... ... The third book contains 17 psalms (73-89), of which the 86th is ascribed to David, the 88th to Heman the Ezrahite, and the 89th to Ethan the Ezrahite
Kohath, Kohathites - (3) In David’s reign the Chronicler relates that the Temple music was managed partly by Heman, a Kohathite, and his family ( 1 Chronicles 6:31-38 ; 1Ch 16:41 f
Habakkuk - The closing words, "to the chief singer on my stringed instruments," imply that Habakkuk with his own instruments would accompany the song he wrote under the Spirit; like the Levite seers and singers, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun (1 Chronicles 25:1-5)
Music - (1 Chronicles 26:6,7 ) The whole number was divided into 24 courses, each of which would thus consist of a full band of 154 musicians, presided over by a body of 12 specially-trained leaders, under one of the twenty-four sons of Asaph, Heman or Jeduthun as conductor
Shimei - A Levite, of the sons of Heman; took part in the purification of the temple under Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:14)
Prophecy - So again Heman, the king's seer, 1 Chronicles 25:5
Levites - Elkanah a Levite is called an "Ephrathite," "Heman the Ezrahite," i. " Korah's sons of the Levites, headed by Heman, played upon psalteries and harps (1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:32); the Kohathites prepared the shewbread every sabbath; the Gershonites were headed by Asaph's son in the temple choir (1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 6:44; 1 Chronicles 15:17), the Merarites by Ethan or Jeduthun
Levite - The respective leaders were Heman, Asaph and Ethan (Jeduthan), all of whom are mentioned as writers of psalms (1 Chronicles 6:1; 1 Chronicles 6:31-48; 1 Chronicles 15:16-22; 2 Chronicles 5:12; Psalms 73; Psalms 74; Psalms 75; Psalms 76; Psalms 77; Psalms 78; Psalms 79; Psalms 80; Psalms 81; Psalms 82; Psalms 83; Psalms 88; Psalms 89)
Joel - Father of Heman the singer
Psalms - ... Neither Heman nor the sons of Heman are named in the superscriptions, but the sons of Korah; perhaps because Heman, though musical and head of the Korahitic singers, was not also poetically gifted as was Asaph; Psalm 88, is gloom throughout, yet the title calls it (shir ) a "song" of joy; this can only refer to Psalm 89 which follows being paired with it; it was when the "anointed" of David's throne (Josiah) had his "crown profaned on the ground," being not able to" stand in the battle" (Psalms 89:43), and his son Jehoahaz after a three months' reign was carried to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho (2 Chronicles 35:20-25; 2 Chronicles 36:1-4; Psalms 89:45); the title, "to the chief musician," shows the temple was standing, Josiah had just before caused a religious revival
Genealogy - In 1 Chronicles 25:4 the names of the sons of Heman seem to be simply fragments of a hymn or psalm
Prophets - Thus "the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun," are said to "prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals," 1 Chronicles 25:1 ; and they prophesied, it is said, "according to the order of the king
Chronicles, the Books of - That of the high priests (1 Chronicles 6:1-15) must have been drawn up during the captivity; that in 1 Chronicles 6:50-53, and those of Heman and Asaph (1 Chronicles 6:33-39, etc
Music - Nevertheless, the following passage makes it evident that women, likewise, were thus employed: "God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters; and all these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the Lord, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God," 1 Chronicles 25:5-6
Music And Musical Instruments - Later, the descendants of Heman and other Levitical leaders of music were among the exiles of the Return from Babylon, and under them the services were reconstituted as of old ( Nehemiah 12:27 ; Nehemiah 12:45 ff
the Queen of Sheba - For He is wiser in men's hearts than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman and Chalcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and His fame is now in all the nations round about
Music, Instruments, Dancing - Others mentioned include the sons of Korah, Asaph, Solomon, Heman the Ezrahite, Ethan the Ezrahite, Moses, and Jeduthun
Prophet - Elijah stirred up the prophetic gift within him by a minstrel (2 Kings 3:15); so Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun (1 Chronicles 25:5-6)