Character Study on Secundus

Character Study on Secundus

Acts 20: And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Secundus
SECUNDUS . A man of Thessalonica who accompanied St. Paul on his journey to Jerusalem ( Acts 20:4 ), perhaps as a delegate to carry alms from his city. The Greek of the verse is obscure, but the meaning probably is that Aristarchus and Secundus and those mentioned afterwards went direct to Troas from Corinth and waited there for the Apostle, who came with Sopater by way of Macedonia. See Sopater.

A. J. Maclean.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Secundus
Second, a Christian of Thessalonica who accompanied Paul into Asia (Acts 20:4 ).
Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Secundus
(Σεκοῦνδος [TR [Note: R translated, translation.] ], Σέκουνδος [WH [Note: H Westcott-Hort’s Greek Testament.] , Blass])

Secundus was a Macedonian Christian belonging to the church of Thessalonica, by which he and Aristarchus were deputed to convey to Jerusalem the contributions of the Thessalonians on behalf of the poor brethren of the mother church. He accompanied St. Paul on his last journey to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4). The Apostle on this occasion intended to sail from Corinth, but the discovery of a plot at the last moment caused him to sail for Macedonia, where he may have met the deputies of the churches of Thessalonica and BerCEa. It is more probable, however, that they had been previously instructed to join the Apostle at Troas, where we find them along with deputies from Asia (Acts 20:5). It is uncertain whether Secundus remained in Syria after St. Paul’s arrest or returned to Thessalonica. He is never again mentioned in the NT, but the name occurs in the well-known inscription of Thessalonica (CIG [Note: IG Corpus Inscrip. Graecarum.] ii. 1967), which gives a list of politarchs.

Literature.-W. M. Ramsay, St. Paul the Traveller3, 1897, p. 287; R. J. Knowling in Expositor’s Greek Testament ii. [1900] 422; also articles in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (5 vols) and Encyclopaedia Biblica .

W. F. Boyd.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Secundus
(ssih cuh' duhss) Latin personal name meaning, “second.” Representative of church of Thessalonica who accompanied Paul on his journey as he took the churches' contributions to the Jerusalem church (Acts 20:4 ).



Morrish Bible Dictionary - Secundus
A believer of Thessalonica, and for a time a companion of Paul. Acts 20:4 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Secundus
Of Thessalonica. Along with Aristarchus accompanied Paul in his last journey from Greece to Jerusalem as far as Troas (Acts 20:4).

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Secundus
Second
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Secundus
A disciple at Thessalonica, who accompanied Paul in some of his journeys, Acts 20:4 .

A Dictionary of Early Christian Biography - Secundus, a Gnostic
Secundus (1), Gnostic of 2nd cent., a disciple of Valentinus, and apparently one of the earliest of that teacher's successors, since he is the first of that school of whom Irenaeus gives an account (I. xi. 2). Irenaeus reports two things as peculiar in his teaching: (1) he divided the primary Ogdoad into two Tetrads, a right-hand and a left-hand one, the one being called light, the other darkness; (2) he did not allow the Sophia out of whose passions, according to the Valentinian theory, the material world took its origin to have been one of the 30 primary Aeons. The short notice in Irenaeus seems the ultimate source of all authentic information about Secundus.

[G.S.]

A Dictionary of Early Christian Biography - Secundus, Bishop of Tigisis
Secundus (4), bp. of Tigisis, a fortified town of Numidia, in the neighbourhood of Lambese and Thamagada (Procop. Vandal. ii. 13). The persecution under Diocletian appears to have reached its height in Feb. 304, and on May 19 Paulus, bp. of Cirta, committed the act of "tradition" which partly gave rise to the proceedings in which Secundus became conspicuous. Paulus soon died, and some 11 or 12 bishops met at Cirta on Mark 5 (according to Optatus May 8), 305, under the presidency of Secundus, as primate of Numidia, to appoint a successor. Although persecution had virtually ceased, the churches were not yet restored, and the assembly met in the house of Urbanus, where they ordained Silvanus. Optatus says that amid the uproar of mutual incrimination [DONATISM] Purpurius of Limata taxed Secundus with tradition, because, instead of leaving his post of duty before the inquisition, he remained until dismissed in safety, which would not have been the case unless he had purchased his safety by act of surrender. On this a murmur arose in the assembly, and Secundus, in alarm, accepted a method of escape suggested by his nephew Secundus the younger, that such questions as this of personal conduct ought to be left to the judgment of the Almighty, a judicious evasion received with acclamation by all (Opt. i. 14; Aug. Ep. 43. 6).

When, on the death of Mensurius, bp. of Carthage, a.d. 311, Caecilian was appointed to succeed him, Secundus was sent for in haste to preside at a meeting of 70 malcontents at Carthage, and their factious opposition resulted in the schismatic appointment of Majorinus (Opt i. 19; Aug. Parm. i. 5). The case was brought up afresh at the conference of 411. Tillem. vi. 5–14; Morcelli, Afr. Chr. ii. 194–207; Ribbek, Aug. und Don. pp. 52–57, 69; Sparrow Simpson, St. Aug. and Afr. Ch. Divisions (1910), p. 32.

[H.W.P.]

Sentence search

Secundus, Bishop of Tigisis - Secundus (4), bp. of Cirta, committed the act of "tradition" which partly gave rise to the proceedings in which Secundus became conspicuous. Paulus soon died, and some 11 or 12 bishops met at Cirta on Mark 5 (according to Optatus May 8), 305, under the presidency of Secundus, as primate of Numidia, to appoint a successor. Optatus says that amid the uproar of mutual incrimination [DONATISM] Purpurius of Limata taxed Secundus with tradition, because, instead of leaving his post of duty before the inquisition, he remained until dismissed in safety, which would not have been the case unless he had purchased his safety by act of surrender. On this a murmur arose in the assembly, and Secundus, in alarm, accepted a method of escape suggested by his nephew Secundus the younger, that such questions as this of personal conduct ought to be left to the judgment of the Almighty, a judicious evasion received with acclamation by all (Opt. 311, Caecilian was appointed to succeed him, Secundus was sent for in haste to preside at a meeting of 70 malcontents at Carthage, and their factious opposition resulted in the schismatic appointment of Majorinus (Opt i
Secundus - Secundus . The Greek of the verse is obscure, but the meaning probably is that Aristarchus and Secundus and those mentioned afterwards went direct to Troas from Corinth and waited there for the Apostle, who came with Sopater by way of Macedonia
Secundus, a Gnostic - Secundus (1), Gnostic of 2nd cent. The short notice in Irenaeus seems the ultimate source of all authentic information about Secundus
Secundians - A denomination in the second century which derived their name from Secundus, a disciple of Valentine
ja'Son - ) He is probably the same as the Jason mentioned in (Romans 16:21 ) It is conjectured that Jason and Secundus, (Acts 20:4 ) were the same
Second - Secundus L
Secundus - ] , Blass])... Secundus was a Macedonian Christian belonging to the church of Thessalonica, by which he and Aristarchus were deputed to convey to Jerusalem the contributions of the Thessalonians on behalf of the poor brethren of the mother church. It is uncertain whether Secundus remained in Syria after St
Sopater, Sosipater - Troas [see Secundus]
Thessalonica - Members of the church here were Jason, Gaius, Secundus, Aristarchus
Thessalonica - Among his converts were Caius, Aristarchus, Secundus, and perhaps Jason
Trophimus - Paul in Macedonia and accompanied him to Asia, and thence preceded him to Troas, where they were joined by the delegates from the other churches-Sopater of Berœa, Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy
Aristarchus - He seems to have been an influential member of the Church of Thessalonica, and was deputed along with Secundus (q
Jovianus Flavius, Christian Emperor - Saturninus Secundus Sallustius, the prefect of the East, a moderate heathen, who was respected also by Christians, was elected; but he refused the dangerous honour, and Jovian was chosen
Caecilianus, Archdeacon And Bishop of Carthage - Secundus, primate of Numidia and bp. Secundus and the Numidian bishops answered by excommunicating him and his party, and ordaining as bishop the reader Majorinus, a member of Lucilla's household
Ruler - The accuracy of Luke has been vindicated by the use of the term, for while classical authors use the terms poliarchos and politarchos of similar "rulers," the form used by Luke is supported by inscriptions discovered at Thessalonica, one of which mentions Sosipater, Secundus, and Gaius among the politarchs, names occurring as those of Paul's companions
Thessalonica - ) Other Thessalonian Christians were Demas perhaps, Gaius (Acts 19:29), Secundus, and Aristarchus (Acts 20:4; Acts 27:2; Acts 19:29)
Epiphanes, a Gnostic Writer - In giving an account of the doctrines of some followers of Valentinus, after stating the theory of Secundus, he goes on to mention the description which another "illustrious teacher of theirs" (clarus magister ) gives of the origin of the primary Tetrad
Nerva - ... On the murder of Domitian on 18th September, 96, he was, at the instance of Petronius Secundus, prefect of the praetorian guard, and Parthenius, the murderer of Domitian, elected Emperor, though over sixty years of age
Eusebius (60), Bishop of Nicomedia - 20) who at first refused their signatures among them both the Eusebii Theognis of Nicaea Menophantus of Ephesus Secundus of Ptolemais Theonas Patrophilus Narcissus Maris and others. 9) all except Secundus and Theonas joined in the condemnation of Arius; and Sozomen (i. Philostorgius admits that the whole Arian party except Secundus and Theonas signed the symbol but that they did it deceitfully (ἐν δόλῳ) with the mental reservation of ὁμοιούσιον (of similar substance) for ὁμοούσιον (of the same substance). He adds according to his editor that they did this under the direction of Constantina the sister of Constantine; and further he relates that "Secundus when sent into exile reproached Eusebius for having signed saying that he did so in order to avoid going into exile and that Secundus expressed a confident hope that Eusebius would shortly be exiled an event which took place three months after the council
Macedonia - He loved to re-visit his first European mission-field (Acts 19:21; Acts 20:1-3, 1 Corinthians 16:5, 2 Corinthians 1:20; 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 8:1; 2 Corinthians 9:2; 2 Corinthians 9:4), and among other ‘men of Macedonia’ who aided and cheered him were Gaius and Aristarchus (Acts 19:29), Secundus of Thessalonica (Acts 20:4), Sopater of Berœa (Acts 20:4), and Epaphroditus of Philippi (Philippians 2:25)
Arius the Heresiarch - Some few of the bishops, we learn, apparently under the leadership of Eusebius of Nicomedia, presented a document so frankly Arian that it was at once torn to pieces by those present, and Arius was excommunicated by all but Theonas and Secundus. Arius, Theonas, and Secundus were deposed and banished, while three other bishops, who had displayed leanings toward Arius, namely Eusebius of Nicomedia, Theognis of Nicaea itself, and Maris of Chalcedon, a city on the Asiatic shore opposite Constantinople, were unwilling signatories of the document, but affixed their signatures in deference to the emperor's wishes. ... That the apparent unanimity of the council (Secundus and Theonas of Lower Egypt being the only dissentients) covered a considerable amount of divergent opinion is indisputable. Philostorgius says that Secundus and Theonas predicted that this would happen when they themselves had been sentenced to banishment
Trajan - Plinius Caecilius Secundus, governor of the province Bithynia-Pontus about 111-113
Thessalonica - Members of the church of Thessalonica whose names are known are Jason, Gaius, Secundus, Aristarchus, and perhaps Demas
Aetius, Arian Sect Founder And Head - The see of Athanasius was then occupied by George of Cappadocia, under whom Aetius served as a deacon, and when nominated to the episcopate by two Arian bishops, Serras and Secundus, he refused to be consecrated by them on the ground that they had held communion with the Homoousian party (Philost
Valentinus, Founder of a Gnostic Sect - Among his disciples, Secundus appears to have been one of the earliest. He makes also the like remark concerning Secundus and Marcus. (Secundus, Marcus) are simply taken from Irenaeus
Trajanus, m. Ulpius - " Trajan replied with the following rescript: "You have followed the right course, my dear Secundus, in investigating the cases of those denounced to you as Christians, for no fixed rule can be laid down for universal adoption
Thessalonians, the Epistles to the - ) Paul probably visited Thessalonica subsequently (Acts 20:4) on his way to Asia, and took with him thence the Thessalonians Aristarchus and Secundus
Heracleon, a Gnostic - probably the earlier treatise of Hippolytus) contained an article on Heracleon between those on Ptolemaeus and Secundus, and on Marcus and Colarbasus
Donatus And Donatism - The charge was a strange one to be made by Caecilian's chief opponent, Secundus, bp. of Tigisis, for documents exist which prove Secundus himself a traditor, in spite of his boast to Mensurius
Slave, Slavery - Tacitus mentions the case of Pedanius Secundus, prefect of the city, who had been murdered by one of his slaves, and under a law requiring that, should a slave kill his master, all the slaves of the same household should forfeit their lives, some 400 of the culprit’s fellow-slaves were put to death at Rome a
Magi - Secundus nomine Gaspar, iuvenis imberbis, rubicundus
Julius (5), Bishop of Rome - If on this ground you complain of my receiving Athanasius, much more may I complain of your asking me to acknowledge Pistus, a man alleged by the envoys of Athanasius to have been condemned as an Arian at Nice and admitted by your own representatives to have been ordained by one Secundus, who had been so condemned
Hilarius (7) Pictaviensis, Saint - ... (2) Ad Constantium Augustum Liber Secundus
Athanasius, Archbishop of Alexandria - 24), by a notorious Arian bishop named Secundus
Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons - 11 and 12, of various opinions within the Valentinian system and of Valentinus himself, Secundus, Ptolemaeus, and others; c
Chrysostom, John, Bishop of Constantinople - He was of good family; his father Secundus filling the post of "magister militum" (στρατηλάτης ), one of the eight men of distinguished rank—illustres viros (Veget