Character Study on Shalman

Character Study on Shalman

2 Kings 17: Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.
2 Kings 18: And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.
Hosea 10: Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy people, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon her children.

Chain Links

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Shalman
(sshal' man) Personal name meaning, “complete, peace.” Mysterious figure in Hosea 10:14 , sometimes identified by scholars as an abbreviation of Shalmanezer V of Assyria and sometimes as a ruler of Moab listed by Tiglath-Pileser III among kings paying him tribute. His name became synonymous with violence and ruthlessness.



Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shalman
An Assyrian king (Hosea 10:14 ), identified with Shalmaneser II. (Sayce) or IV. (Lenormant), the successor of Pul on the throne of Assyria (B.C. 728). He made war against Hoshea, the king of Israel, whom he subdued and compelled to pay an annual tribute. Hoshea, however, soon after rebelled against his Assyrian conquerer. Shalmaneser again marched against Samaria, which, after a siege of three years, was taken (2 Kings 17:3-5 ; 18:9 ) by Sargon (q.v.). A revolution meantime had broken out in Assyria, and Shalmaneser was deposed. Sargon usurped the vacant throne. Schrader thinks that this is probably the name of a king of Moab mentioned on an inscription of Tiglath-pileser as Salamanu.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shalman
SHALMAN . This name occurs only in the clause ‘as Shalman spoiled Beth-arbel in the day of battle’ ( Hosea 10:14 ). The person and place referred to are both unknown. Shalman may be a contraction for Shalmaneser , but it is impossible to say which, if any, of the four kings of Assyria bearing that name suits the connexion. It has been suggested that the Moabite king Salmanu (mentioned in Tiglath-pileser’s triumphal inscription, ii Rawl. 67, line 60) may be the person referred to by the prophet. The Vulg. [Note: Vulgate.] version seems to think of the slaughter of Zalmunna by Gideon ( Judges 9:1-57 ). See also art. Beth-arbel.

W. F. Boyd.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shalman
One who laid waste Beth-arbel. Hosea 10:14 . Probably tile same person as SHALMANESER.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shalman
SHALMANESER. Hosea 10:14 the 'eser common to Shalman with three other Assyrian kings is omitted, Tiglath Pil-eser, Esar-haddon, and Sharezer. No monuments of Shalman remain, because Sargon his successor, an usurper, destroyed them. The Assyrian canon agrees with Scripture in making Shalman king directly after Tiglath Pileser. Menander of Ephesus spoke of his warring in southern Syria and besieging Tyre five years (Josephus, Ant. 9:14). (See HOSHEA; SARGON.) Hoshea king of Israel revolted; then, on Shalman coming up against him, became his tributary servant, but conspired in dependence on So of Egypt, and withheld tribute. Shalman a second time invaded the Holy Land (723 B.C.). As Sargon claims the capture of Samaria he must have ended what Shalman began. Scripture (1 Kings 17:3-6, the general expression "the king of Assyria," and 1 Kings 18:9-10, "they took it,") accords with this: "Shalman spoiled Beth Arbel in the day of battle." G. Smith states that tablets prove the S.E. palace at Nimrud to be that of Shalmaneser, 860 B.C.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Shalman
Peaceable; perfect; that rewards

Sentence search

Shalman - ShalmanESER. Hosea 10:14 the 'eser common to Shalman with three other Assyrian kings is omitted, Tiglath Pil-eser, Esar-haddon, and Sharezer. No monuments of Shalman remain, because Sargon his successor, an usurper, destroyed them. The Assyrian canon agrees with Scripture in making Shalman king directly after Tiglath Pileser. ) Hoshea king of Israel revolted; then, on Shalman coming up against him, became his tributary servant, but conspired in dependence on So of Egypt, and withheld tribute. Shalman a second time invaded the Holy Land (723 B. As Sargon claims the capture of Samaria he must have ended what Shalman began. Scripture (1 Kings 17:3-6, the general expression "the king of Assyria," and 1 Kings 18:9-10, "they took it,") accords with this: "Shalman spoiled Beth Arbel in the day of battle. palace at Nimrud to be that of Shalmaneser, 860 B
Shalman - Shalman . This name occurs only in the clause ‘as Shalman spoiled Beth-arbel in the day of battle’ ( Hosea 10:14 ). Shalman may be a contraction for Shalmaneser , but it is impossible to say which, if any, of the four kings of Assyria bearing that name suits the connexion
be-ar'Bel - (house of God's court ), named only in ( Hosea 10:14 ) as the scene of a sack and massacre by Shalman
Betharbel - A city destroyed by Shalman, who was possibly Shalmaneser king of Assyria; nothing further is known of the city
Beth-Arbel - The Shalman here named was probably Shalmaneser, the king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:3 )
Beth-Arbel - See Shalman
Betharbel - )) Scene of the sack and massacre by Shalmaneser at his first invasion (2 Kings 17:3; Hosea 10:14). "As Shalman spoiled Betharbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces upon her children. Jerome curiously refers "Shalman" to "Zalmunna," and Betharbel ("the house of him who judged Baal"), i
Beth-Arbel - It is said to have been spoiled by Shalman (perhaps Shalmaneser III