Character Study on Shaphan

Character Study on Shaphan

2 Kings 22: And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, the scribe, to the house of the LORD, saying,
2 Kings 22: And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
2 Kings 22: And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD.
2 Kings 22: And Shaphan the scribe shewed the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
2 Kings 22: And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Michaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asahiah a servant of the king's, saying,
2 Kings 22: So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.
2 Kings 25: And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.
2 Chronicles 34: Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.
2 Chronicles 34: And Hilkiah answered and said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD. And Hilkiah delivered the book to Shaphan.
2 Chronicles 34: And Shaphan carried the book to the king, and brought the king word back again, saying, All that was committed to thy servants, they do it.
2 Chronicles 34: Then Shaphan the scribe told the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath given me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
2 Chronicles 34: And the king commanded Hilkiah, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Abdon the son of Micah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah a servant of the king's, saying,
Jeremiah 26: Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death.
Jeremiah 29: By the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon) saying,
Jeremiah 36: Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the LORD, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the LORD'S house, in the ears of all the people.
Jeremiah 36: When Michaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of the LORD,
Jeremiah 36: Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and, lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes.
Jeremiah 39: Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.
Jeremiah 40: Now while he was not yet gone back, he said, Go back also to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, whom the king of Babylon hath made governor over the cities of Judah, and dwell with him among the people: or go wheresoever it seemeth convenient unto thee to go. So the captain of the guard gave him victuals and a reward, and let him go.
Jeremiah 40: And Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan sware unto them and to their men, saying, Fear not to serve the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.
Jeremiah 40: Likewise when all the Jews that were in Moab, and among the Ammonites, and in Edom, and that were in all the countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant of Judah, and that he had set over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan;
Jeremiah 41: Then arose Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Babylon had made governor over the land.
Jeremiah 43: Even men, and women, and children, and the king's daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah.
Ezekiel 8: And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up.

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Shaphan
(sshay' fan) Personal name meaning, “coney.” Prominent court official during King Josiah's reign in Judah (2 Kings 22:1 ). Shaphan served as scribe and treasurer. During Josiah's religious reforms and refurbishment of the Temple, Shaphan delivered the newfound book of the law (probably Deuteronomy) from Hilkiah the priest to the king's palace. He also was sent to Huldah the prophetess to confer concerning the book (2 Kings 22:14 ). Shaphan and his sons befriended Jeremiah on several occasions. See Ahikam ; Elasah ; Gedeliah; Jaazaniah .



Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shaphan
A coney, a scribe or secretary of king Josiah (2 Kings 22:3-7 ). He consulted Huldah concerning the newly-discovered copy of the law which was delivered to him by Hilkiah the priest (8-14). His grandson Gedaliah was governor of Judea (25:22).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shaphan
SHAPHAN (‘coney’ or ‘rock-badger’; an old totem clan-name so W. R. Smith). 1 . ‘The scribe’ (secretary of state) of Josiah in 621 b.c., ‘son of Azaliah,’ who laid before the king the law-book discovered by Hilkiah (wh. see) in the Temple ( 2 Kings 22:3-11 = 2 Chronicles 34:8-18 ). Shaphan appears to have been the chief lay leader in the execution of Josiah’s reforms. His family for two following generations played a worthy part as servants of Jehovah, and friends of the prophet Jeremiah: the Ahikam of 2 Kings 22:12-14 (= 2 Chronicles 34:20-22 ) and Jeremiah 26:24 , the Gemariah of Jeremiah 36:12 ; Jeremiah 36:25 , and Elasah ( Jeremiah 29:3 ) were Shaphan’s sons; the Micaiah of Jeremiah 36:11-12 , and Gedaliah (wh. see), whom the Chaldæans made governor of Judæa after the Captivity of 586 b.c., his grandsons. 2 . The ‘Jaazaniah, son of Shaphan,’ denounced in Ezekiel 8:11 as ringleader in idolatry, was possibly, but not certainly, a son of the same Shaphan.

G. G. Findlay.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shaphan
Son of Azaliah and perhaps father of Ahikam, Gemariah, Elasah, and Jaazaniah: he was scribe or secretary to king Josiah. He presented to the king the book of the law that had been found in the temple. 2 Kings 22:3-14 ; 2 Kings 25:22 ; 2 Chronicles 34:8-20 ; Jeremiah 26:24 ; Jeremiah 29:3 ; Jeremiah 36:10-12 ; Jeremiah 39:14 ; Jeremiah 40:5-11 ; Jeremiah 41:2 ; Jeremiah 43:6 ; Ezekiel 8:11 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shaphan
("the jerboa'.) 2 Kings 22:3; 2 Kings 22:12; Jeremiah 29:8; Jeremiah 36:10-12; Jeremiah 39:14; Jeremiah 40:5; Jeremiah 40:9; Jeremiah 40:11; Jeremiah 41:2; Jeremiah 43:6; Ezekiel 8:11. Sent by king Josiah, With the governor of the city and the recorder, to Hilkiah to take account of the money collected for repairing the temple. Hilkiah gave the discovered copy of the law to Shaphan who read it to the king. Josiah then sent Shaphan, etc., to Huldah the prophetess to inquire of the Lord His will. Shaphan must have been then an old man, for his son Ahikam was then a man of influence at court. Ahikam was Jeremiah's friend; hence Gemariah gives the prophet and Earuch a friendly warning to hide, and intercedes that Jehoiakim should not burn the roll (Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:19; Jeremiah 36:25).

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Shaphan
1. A scribe or secretary under King Josiah, to whom he read from the newly found autograph roll of the book of the law, 2 Kings 22:12 ; Jeremiah 29:3 ; 36:10 ; Ezekiel 8:11 .

2. The father of Ahikam, 2 Kings 22:12 ; 25:22 ; Jeremiah 26:24 .

Sentence search

Azaliah - ” Father of Shaphan, Josiah's scribe (2 Kings 22:3 ). See Shaphan
Shapham - Shaphan
Shaphan - Shaphan served as scribe and treasurer. During Josiah's religious reforms and refurbishment of the Temple, Shaphan delivered the newfound book of the law (probably Deuteronomy) from Hilkiah the priest to the king's palace. Shaphan and his sons befriended Jeremiah on several occasions
Azaliah - Father of Shaphan the scribe
Azaliah - Father of Shaphan the scribe ( 2 Kings 22:3 , 2 Chronicles 34:8 )
Shaphan - Shaphan (‘coney’ or ‘rock-badger’; an old totem clan-name so W. Shaphan appears to have been the chief lay leader in the execution of Josiah’s reforms. His family for two following generations played a worthy part as servants of Jehovah, and friends of the prophet Jeremiah: the Ahikam of 2 Kings 22:12-14 (= 2 Chronicles 34:20-22 ) and Jeremiah 26:24 , the Gemariah of Jeremiah 36:12 ; Jeremiah 36:25 , and Elasah ( Jeremiah 29:3 ) were Shaphan’s sons; the Micaiah of Jeremiah 36:11-12 , and Gedaliah (wh. The ‘Jaazaniah, son of Shaphan,’ denounced in Ezekiel 8:11 as ringleader in idolatry, was possibly, but not certainly, a son of the same Shaphan
Gemariah - Son of Shaphan, the court scribe, who had a room in the Temple, where Baruch read from Jeremiah's sermons to the congregation (Jeremiah 36:10 ). See Shaphan
Shaphan - Hilkiah gave the discovered copy of the law to Shaphan who read it to the king. Josiah then sent Shaphan, etc. Shaphan must have been then an old man, for his son Ahikam was then a man of influence at court
Azali'ah - (whom the Lord reserved ), the father of Shaphan the scribe in the reign of Josiah
Ahikam - He was the son of Shaphan, the royal secretary, and the father of Gedaliah, governor of Judea after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians (2 Kings 25:22 ; Jeremiah 40:5-16 ; 43:6 ). It was in the chamber of another son (Germariah) of Shaphan that Baruch read in the ears of all the people Jeremiah's roll
Gemariah -
The son of Shaphan, and one of the Levites of the temple in the time of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:10 ; 2 Kings 22:12 ). ... ... The son of Hilkiah, who accompanied Shaphan with the tribute-money from Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar, and was the bearer at the same time of a letter from Jeremiah to the Jewish captives at Babylon (Jeremiah 29:3,4 )
Ahikam - the son of Shaphan, and father of Gedaliah
Elasah - Son of Shaphan, one of the two sent by king Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar at Babylon (by whose permission alone be reigned) after the first deportation
Gemariah - A son of Shaphan the scribe
el'Asah - ... Son of Shaphan, one of the two men who were sent on a mission by King Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar at Babylon
Gemariah - The son of Shaphan, from whose chamber Baruch read to the people the roll of Jeremiah's prophecies
Gemariah - Son of Shaphan, and father of Michaiah
Elasah - ... ... The son of Shaphan, one of the two who were sent by Zedekiah to Nebuchadnezzar, and also took charge of Jeremiah's letter to the captives in Babylon (Jeremiah 29:3 )
Ahi'Kam - (a brother who raises up ), son of Shaphan the scribe, an influential officer at the court of Josiah, was one of the delegates sent by Hilkaih to consult Huldah
Jaaz-Aniah - ... ... The son of Shaphan (Ezekiel 8:11 )
Gemariah - Shaphan the scribe's son, Michaiah's father. Son of Hilkiah, the high priest who found the book of the law in the Lord's house, and showed it to Shaphan (2 Kings 22:8); sent by king Zedekiah on an embassy to Nebuchadnezzar; entrusted by Jeremiah with a letter to the captives in Babylon
Coney - The name of Spain is said to have been given to it by Phoenician voyagers, who seeing its western coast overrun with animals resembling the Shaphan, called it Hispania, or Coley-land. Some eminent interpreters think the Shaphan means the Jerboa
Gemari'ah -
Son of Shaphan the scribe, and father of Michaiah
Coney - The Hebrew word Shaphan is supposed to signify the Syrian Hyrax, an animal about the size of the rabbit, but which does not really chew the cud. It exactly answers to the other notices respecting the Shaphan, such as living among the rocks, which it constantly does, and it is exceedingly quick in leaping from rock to rock, Psalm 104:18 ; it is also extremely difficult to catch; one of their number being on the watch while the others feed: at the approach of an enemy a signal is given, and all disappear
Ahikam - Son of Shaphan the scribe, and one of those sent by Josiah to Huldah the prophetess to inquire of the Lord as to the book of the law that had been found
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan. Shaphan was the scribe who read to Josiah the law
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, who appeared in Ezekiel’s vision as ringleader of seventy of the elders of Israel in the practice of secret idolatry at Jerusalem ( Ezekiel 8:11 )
Ahikam - ” Son of Josiah's scribe Shaphan
Gedali'ah - (God is my greatness ), son of Ahikam (Jeremiah's protector, ( Jeremiah 26:24 ) and grandson of Shaphan the secretary of King Josiah
Michaiah - It was to his grandfather Shaphan, Josiah's scribe, that Hilkiah delivered the book of the law just found (2 Kings 22:10)
Ahikam - Son of Shaphan the scribe, sent by Josiah to Huldah the prophetess (2 Kings 22:12)
ja-Azani'ah - ) ... Son of Shaphan
Elasah - Son of Shaphan, the royal scribe
Jaazaniah - Son of Shaphan, and leader of the seventy elders who were seen in a vision by Ezekiel offering incense to idols
Gemariah - The son Shaphan, a scribe of the temple in the time of Jehoiakim
Coney - (Shaphan ), a gregarious animal of the class Pachydermata, which is found in Palestine, living in the caves and clefts of the rocks, and has been erroneously identified with the rabbit or coney
Meshullam - ... ... Grandfather of Shaphan, "the scribe," in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:3 )
Jaazaniah - His father Shaphan may have been the counselor of Josiah (2 Kings 22:1 )
Gedaliah - ... The son of Ahikam, and grandson of Shaphan, secretary of king Josiah (Jeremiah 26:24 )
Hilkiah - (See JOSIAH; Shaphan
Coney - Shaphan , from the root "to hide"; the S
Coney - Shaphan; i
Meshullam - Grandfather of Shaphan the scribe
Hilkiah - Hilkiah in the course of the repairs "found the book of the law of the Lord, given by the hand of Moses," and being not able to read it himself gave it to Shaphan to read (2 Kings 22:8, etc. Shaphan "read therein" (not the whole, which would require a different phrase, 2 Kings 23:2) to the king. ... Shaphan the professional "scribe" read it to Josiah, who as well as Hilkiah probably could not read, for reading and writing were confined to the "scribes," excepting a few who like Moses had learned in Egypt (Acts 7:22)
Meshullam - The grandfather of Shaphan ( 2 Kings 22:3 )
Meshullam - Grandfather of Shaphan, King Josiah's secretary (2 Kings 22:3 )
Josiah - It will only be after your heart is tender and your life repaired that Hilkiah and Shaphan and Huldah the prophetess will be able to discover and to read to you either the law of Moses, or the grace and truth that has come by Jesus Christ. ... When the law of the Lord, as it was written in the newly disinterred Books of Moses, was read for the first time to Josiah, and while Shaphan the scribe was still reading it, Josiah rose up and rent to pieces his royal robe. After having looked for it, I do not read that Shaphan the scribe rent his robe, nor Ahikam the son of Shaphan, nor Hilkiah the priest, nor Achbor, nor Asahiah the servant of Josiah, nor Huldah the prophetess. The finding of the law was, no doubt, a great event in sacred archæology, as well as in sacred letters, to Shaphan and Hilkiah; but it did not come home to their hearts as it all came home to Josiah's heart. Has He even yet been given in that way to you? Do you rend your heart every day as you hear and read the Word of God? Or, are your clothes as whole, and your hearts, as were Hilkiah's and Shaphan's, and all the rest of the merely official and salaried servants of the palace and the temple? On the other hand, if all you have done only adds itself on to what you have not done: if your best works break your heart even more than your worst: if it is no rhetoric that all your righteousnesses are so much filthy rags: then, I wish much to assure you, that so it always is when the Holy Spirit accompanies the Word of God, either read or heard
Josiah - Hilkiah, the high priest, found the book and gave it to Shaphan, the scribe, who in turn read it to King Josiah
Gedaliah - Son of Ahikam, who saved Jeremiah from death (Jeremiah 26:24); grandson of Shaphan, Josiah's secretary, whom the king sent to inquire concerning the book of Jehovah' s law recently found (2 Kings 22:12; 2 Kings 22:14)
Law - 15:3); in fact, in Josiah’s days the “law” (whether the whole Torah, or a book or a part) was recovered: “And Hilkiah … said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord” (2 Chron
Zedekiah - In the first year of his reign, Zedekiah sent to Babylon Elasah, the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah, the son of Hilkiah, probably to carry his tribute to Nebuchadnezzar
Scribes - In the reign of David, Seraiah, 2 Samuel 8:17 , in the reign of Hezekiah, Shebna, 2 Kings 18:18 , and in the reign of Josiah, Shaphan, 2 Kings 22:3 , are called scribes, and are ranked with the chief officers of the kingdom; and Elishama the scribe, Jeremiah 36:12 , in the reign of Jehoiakim, is mentioned among the princes
Name, Names - And the curious recrudescence of words of this class in and about the reign of Josiah ( Huldah , ‘weasel,’ Shaphan , ‘rock-badger,’ etc