Character Study on Sheshbazzar

Character Study on Sheshbazzar

Ezra 1: Even those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.
Ezra 1: All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up with them of the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem.
Ezra 5: And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them into the temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered unto one, whose name was Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor;
Ezra 5: Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished.

Chain Links

Topics

Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
(sshehssh' baz zuhr) Babylonian name probably meaning, “may Shamash (sun god) protect the father.” Jewish leader who accompanied the first group of Exiles from Babylon to Jerusalem in 538 BC (Ezra 1:8 ). King Cyrus of Persia apparently appointed Sheshbazzar governor of restored Judah and supplied his company of people with provisions and many of the treasures which the Babylonians had taken from Jerusalem. He attempted to rebuild the Temple (Ezra 5:16 ), but got no farther than the foundation when he was replaced by Zerubbabel. His genealogy is not clear, but some believe the Shenazar of 1 Chronicles 3:17 may be Sheshbazzar. If so, he was a son of Jehoiachin and uncle of Zerubbabel.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Sheshbazzar
SHESHBAZZAR . This name is of Bab. [Note: Babylonian.] origin, and appears in LXX [Note: Septuagint.] in several forms, some of which point to the sun-god Samas , others ( e.g. Sanabassar ) to the moon-god Sin as the derivation, the meaning being ‘O sun-god [or moon-god], protect the lord [or the son].’ The person Sheshbazzar is described as ‘the prince of Judah,’ and is said to have received from Cyrus the sacred Temple vessels and to have taken them to Jerusalem ( Ezra 1:8 ; Ezra 1:11 , cf. Esther 2:12 Esther 2:12 ; 1E Esther 2:16 ). The same fact is stated in Ezra 5:14 ; Ezra 5:16 , where Sheshbazzar is designated ‘the governor’ ( pechâh ), and is also said to have laid the foundations of the Temple (cf. 1Es 6:18 ; 1Es 6:20 ). It is probable that the Persian title ‘Tirshatha’ in Ezra 2:63 , Nehemiah 7:65 ; Nehemiah 7:70 refers to Sheshbazzar.

Some have identified Sheshbazzar with Zerubbabel on the ground that the laying of the foundation of the Temple is in Ezra 3:8 ascribed to Zerubbabel and in Ezra 5:16 to Sheshbazzar, while instances of men bearing two different names occur not infrequently ( e.g. 2 Kings 23:34 ; 2 Kings 24:17 , Daniel 1:7 ). But, when we compare Ezra 3:8 ; Ezra 5:16 , it does not seem necessary to assume that the two men are identical. Both may have returned from Babylon at the same time, and while Sheshbazzar was the ruling official, Zerubbabel may in all likelihood have been the moving spirit in building the Temple. Ezra 3:8 gives the Chronicler’s own account of the work, while Ezra 5:1-17 purports to be an official report, and would naturally mention the official head of the community as the person responsible for what occurred during his term of office. Then the possibility of the one person bearing two names, while not impossible, seems unlikely here, because (1) both names are of foreign origin, unlike the double names Daniel and Belteshazzar , where the one is Hebrew and the other foreign; and (2) as a rule the Chronicler is careful to note the identification e.g. ‘Daniel whose name was Belteshazzar.’

If, then, Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel were two different men, was Sheshbazzar a Jew or a foreigner? In all probability he was a Jew. It was quite in accordance with the policy of the Persians to appoint a Jew to act as governor in Jerusalem, while the name Sheshbazzar , being of Bab. [Note: Babylonian.] origin, would not likely be borne by a Persian. It has been conjectured that Sheshbazzar is identical with the Shenazzar of 1 Chronicles 3:18 , a son of Jehoiachin and uncle of Zerubbabel; and this would justify the title ‘prince of Judah’ given to him in Ezra 1:8 . Then, further, it is not unlikely that the younger man, Zerubbabel, took the leading part in the work of restoration, and as a result his uncle’s memory would fall into the background. This theory is made more probable by the fact that Zerubbabel succeeded to the governorship as early as the reign of Darius Hystaspis, b.c. 520 (cf. Haggai 1:1 ; Haggai 1:14 ; Haggai 2:2 ).

W. F. Boyd.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
O sun-god, defend the lord! (Ezra 1:8,11 ), probably another name for Zerubbabel (q.v.), Ezra 2:2 ; Haggai 1:12,14 ; Zechariah 4:6,10 .

Smith's Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
(worshipper of fire ), the Chaldean or Persian name given to Zerubbabel in ( Ezra 1:8,11 ; 6:14,18 ) [ZERUBBABEL ]
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
A prince of Judah. (Ezra 1:8) The name seems to be compounded of Shush, joy—Beth, the preposition in-and Tzarar, tribulation; perhaps alluding to the faithful in Babylon still rejoicing in the Lord in the midst of tribulation.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
Apparently the Chaldean or Persian name given to ZERUBBABEL, Ezra 1:8,11 ; Ezra 5:14,16 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
Zerubbabel's Persian or Babylonian name (Ezra 1:8; Ezra 1:11; Ezra 5:14; Ezra 5:16). (See ZERUBBABEL.) "Prince" (ha-nasi , the Jewish term for head of the tribe) and "governor" (pechah , the Persian Cyrus appointing him) of Judah. "Sheshbazzar laid the foundation of the house of God in Jerusalem" as Zechariah (Zechariah 4:9) foretold that Zerubbabel should do (compare Ezra 1:11 with Ezra 2:1-2).

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Sheshbazzar
Joy in tribulation; joy of the vintage
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sheshbazzar
See ZERUBBABEL.

Sentence search

Shenazzar - See Sheshbazzar
Sheshbazzar - Sheshbazzar . ’ The person Sheshbazzar is described as ‘the prince of Judah,’ and is said to have received from Cyrus the sacred Temple vessels and to have taken them to Jerusalem ( Ezra 1:8 ; Ezra 1:11 , cf. The same fact is stated in Ezra 5:14 ; Ezra 5:16 , where Sheshbazzar is designated ‘the governor’ ( pechâh ), and is also said to have laid the foundations of the Temple (cf. It is probable that the Persian title ‘Tirshatha’ in Ezra 2:63 , Nehemiah 7:65 ; Nehemiah 7:70 refers to Sheshbazzar. ... Some have identified Sheshbazzar with Zerubbabel on the ground that the laying of the foundation of the Temple is in Ezra 3:8 ascribed to Zerubbabel and in Ezra 5:16 to Sheshbazzar, while instances of men bearing two different names occur not infrequently ( e. Both may have returned from Babylon at the same time, and while Sheshbazzar was the ruling official, Zerubbabel may in all likelihood have been the moving spirit in building the Temple. ’... If, then, Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel were two different men, was Sheshbazzar a Jew or a foreigner? In all probability he was a Jew. It was quite in accordance with the policy of the Persians to appoint a Jew to act as governor in Jerusalem, while the name Sheshbazzar , being of Bab. It has been conjectured that Sheshbazzar is identical with the Shenazzar of 1 Chronicles 3:18 , a son of Jehoiachin and uncle of Zerubbabel; and this would justify the title ‘prince of Judah’ given to him in Ezra 1:8
Sanabassar, Sanabassarus - Variants in Esther 2:12 Esther 2:12 ; 1Es 6:18 ; 1Es 6:20 of the name Sheshbazzar (wh
Sheshbazzar - King Cyrus of Persia apparently appointed Sheshbazzar governor of restored Judah and supplied his company of people with provisions and many of the treasures which the Babylonians had taken from Jerusalem. His genealogy is not clear, but some believe the Shenazar of 1 Chronicles 3:17 may be Sheshbazzar
Shena(z)Zar - He is often identified with Sheshbazzar as an alternate transliteration of a Babylonian name, but this has been denied recently
Mithredath - Treasurer of Cyrus king of Persia; to Mithredath Cyrus gave the temple vessels for Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8)
Mithredath - The Persian treasurer, whom Cyrus commanded to deliver to Sheshbazzar the sacred vessels ( Ezra 1:8 = Esther 2:11 Esther 2:11 Mithradates )
Sheshbazzar - "Sheshbazzar laid the foundation of the house of God in Jerusalem" as Zechariah (Zechariah 4:9) foretold that Zerubbabel should do (compare Ezra 1:11 with Ezra 2:1-2)
Zerubbabel - He is also known by the Persian name of Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8,11 )
Zerubbabel - On the question of his Identity with Sheshbazzar , see Sheshbazzar
Zerubbabel - The original leader of the Jews was Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8; Ezra 5:14), but his leadership was soon replaced by the joint leadership of the governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Joshua (Ezra 2:2; Haggai 1:1). (An alternative view is that Sheshbazzar was another name for Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel - Some think that Zerubbabel had also the name of Sheshbazzar, and that he has this name in Ezra 1:8
Zerubbabel - Under the urging of Haggai (Haggai 1:1 ,Haggai 1:1,1:12-15 ; Haggai 2:1 ,Haggai 2:1,2:20 ) and Zechariah (Zechariah 4:6-10 ), Zerubabel, now governor (Haggai 1:1 ) in place of Sheshbazzar (Ezra 5:14 ), resume the task (Ezra 5:1-2 ), completed in 515 B
Zerubbabel - Be was a 'prince of Judah,' and he apparently held some office in Persia as he is called Sheshbazzar
Captivities of the Jews - 536), and the return of a portion of the nation under Sheshbazzar or Zerubbabel (B
Ezra, Book of - Peculiarities in the book include the naming of Sheshbazzar (Nehemiah 1:1 ) as the leader of the first group to return and not Zerubbabel. One is that Sheshbazzar was a real historical person who actually led a small group of anxious Jews to Jerusalem. The other is that Sheshbazzar might have been another name for Zerubbabel. ... Ezra begins with the story of Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel and the first Jews to return to Jerusalem from captivity in 538 B
Governor - see), applied to the subordinate governor of Judæa ( Ezra 5:14 [Sheshbazzar] 6:7 [Nehemiah], Haggai 1:1 ; Haggai 1:14 [Zerubbabel])
Zerub'Babel - " It is probable that he was in the king of Babylon's service, both from his having, like Daniel and the three children, received a Chaldee name, Sheshbazzar, and from the fact that he was appointed by the Persian king to the office of governor of Judea
Prince - nâsî ’, ‘one lifted up,’ is applied to chiefs of tribes, princes of Ishmael ( Genesis 17:20 ), to Abraham ( Genesis 23:6 ), to Shechem ( Genesis 34:2 ), to Sheshbazzar ( Ezra 1:8 )
Zerubbabel - Sheshbazzar laid the foundation of the temple (Ezra 5:16), answering to Zerubbabel (Zechariah 4:9); "governor of Judah" (Haggai 1:1; Haggai 1:14; Haggai 2:2)
Zechariah, Book of - Apparently, an effort was made to begin rebuilding the Temple under an official named Sheshbazzar (Ezra 5:14-16 ) and perhaps Zerubabel (Ezra 3:1-13 ; Zechariah 4:9 ), but the work stopped due to opposition from persons who had not been in Exile and local officials
Nehemiah - Two other Nehemiahs appear in the OT: one in the group who returned with Sheshbazzar (Ezra 2:2 ; Nehemiah 7:7 ), and the other was the son of Azbuk, “the ruler of the half part of Bethzur” (Nehemiah 3:16 ), a helper with rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem
Captivity - A portion of the people returned under Sheshbazzar or Zerubbabel, 535 B
Chronicles, the Books of - One in Babylon would be the most likely to know all about Cyrus' decree, the presents to the captives, the bringing out of the temple vessels, their weight, the Chaldee treasurer Mithredath, and Zerubbabel's Chaldee name Sheshbazzar
God - So also Cyrus instructed Sheshbazzar, the governor, that the “house of God be builded” in Jerusalem (Ezra 5:15)
Zechariah, Theology of - Sheshbazzar led the first group of Jews home. Zerubbabel, Sheshbazzar's nephew and Jehoiachin's grandson, became the second governor
Jerusalem - Sheshbazzar, a prince of Davidic descent, led the first group of exiles back in 538 b
Zechariah, the Book of - ... The altar was built by Sheshbazzar or Zerubbabel and Jeshua, 536 B
Temple of Jerusalem - Sheshbazzar, the governor, laid the foundation