2 Kings 15:
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
2 Kings 16:
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am
thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
2 Kings 16:
And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was
at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Successor to Pul, king of Assyria. He is called a usurper and the founder of the second Assyrian empire. He reigned B.C. 745-727. In the reign of Pekah, king of Israel, he overran the northern part of Palestine, and took away the people as captives. 2 Kings 15:29 ; 1 Chronicles 5:6 . In the days of Ahaz, when Pekah had formed an alliance with Rezin, king of Damascus, against Judah, Ahaz appealed to the king of Assyria. Tiglath-pileser attacked Damascus, and according to his monuments he destroyed that city and put Rezin to death. The monuments also state that he held a court at Damascus where the kings met him, to own their submission, and pay their tribute. Scripture relates that Ahaz met him there, and also that he paid a heavy tribute; but the final result was that Tiglath-pileser, instead of helping Ahaz, distressed him, and carried away captive the tribes on the east of the Jordan. Israel remained tributary to Assyria. 2 Kings 16:7,9,10 ; 1Ch, 5:26; 2 Chronicles 28:20 . Some Assyrian scholars hold that Tiglath-pileser is the same person as PUL. But in 1 Chronicles 5:26 both kings are mentioned as different persons, and the dates of the Pul of scripture do not agree with those of Tiglath-pileser. See PUL.
Dinaites - They have been variously identified with the Da-ja-Ã§ni , a tribe of western Armenia, mentioned in inscriptions of Tiglathpileser I
Abelbethmaachah - It was besieged in the rebellion of Sheba, 2 Samuel 20:13-22 ; eighty years afterwards it was taken by Ben- hadad, 1 Kings 15:20 , and again, after 200 years, by Tiglathpileser, 2 Kings 15:29
Cushan - , taking the latter part of the name as a title or local appellation, Chushan "of the two iniquities" (= oppressing Israel, and provoking them to idolatry), a Mesopotamian king, identified by Rawlinson with Asshur-ris-ilim (the father of Tiglathpileser I
go'Zan - Gozan was the tract to which the Israelites were carried away captive by Pul, Tiglathpileser and Shalmaneser, or possibly Sargon
Hazor - Hazor revived, however, and for a time oppressed the Israelites; but was subdued by Barak, fortified by Solomon, and remained in the possession of Israel until the invasion of Tiglathpileser, Joshua 19:36 ; Judges 4:2 ; 1 Kings 9:15 ; 2 Kings 15:29
Rabbath - Towards the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, Tiglathpileser having taken away a great part of the Israelites, the Ammonites were guilty of many cruelties against those who remained; for which the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel pronounced very severe prophecies against Rabbath, their captial, and against the rest of the country; which probably had their completion five years after the destruction of Jerusalem, Jeremiah 49:1-3 Ezekiel 21:20