Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
TIMNAH . 1 . A town in the high region of S. Judah, S. E. of Hebron ( Joshua 15:57 ). It is possible that this was the Timnah visited by Judah at the time of sheep-shearing ( Genesis 38:12 ). Or it may have been 2 . A place on the N. frontier of the tribe of Judah between Beth-shemesh and Ekron ( Joshua 15:10 ). At one time it was counted in the territory of Dan ( Joshua 19:43 ), but at another it was in Philistine possession ( Judges 14:1 ). Here Samson celebrated his marriage. His father-in-law is called the Timnite ( Judges 15:6 ). The town was held by the Hebrews in the reign of Uzziah, but was lost to the Philistines by Ahaz ( 2 Chronicles 28:13 ). It is now identified with Tibneh , on the S. side of the Wady Sarar , 2 miles W. of Beth-shemesh. 3 . For Genesis 36:40 see Timna, 3 .
H. L. Willett.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
A town of Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). The Philistines took possession of it in the days of Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:18 ). It was about 20 miles west of Jerusalem. It has been identified with Timnatha of Dan (Joshua 19:43 ), and also with Timnath (Judges 14:1,5 ).
A city in the mountains of Judah (Josh.15:57)= Tibna near Jeba'.
A "duke" or sheik of Edom (Genesis 36:40 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(tihm' nuh) Place name meaning, “allotted portion.” 1. Town assigned to Dan (Joshua 19:43 ), located on the southern border with Judah (Joshua 15:10 ). The site is likely tell el-Batashi about four miles northwest of Beth-shemesh in Judah. Philistines occupied the site at the time of Samson (Judges 14:1-5 ). Uzziah likely took the site as part of his conquest of Philistine cities (2 Chronicles 26:6 ). His grandson Ahaz lost the city to the Philistines again (2 Chronicles 28:18 ). The city fell to the Assyrian king Sennacherib in 701 B.C. 2. Village in the hill country of Judah (Joshua 15:57 ). This Timnah was the likely scene of Judah's encounter with Tamar (Genesis 38:12-14 ). The probable site lies south of Hebron about four miles east of Beit Nettif.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("a divided or assigned part".)
1. Judah went to shear his sheep in Timnah (Genesis 38:13-14).
2. A boundary town in Judah on the N. side (Joshua 15:10). Near the western extremity, further than Bethshemesh, toward Ekron; in the shephelah or low hills between the mountains and the plain (2 Chronicles 28:18). Probably the same as TIMNATHAH of Dan (Joshua 19:43), and as the Timhah of Samson. (Judges 14:1; Judges 14:19); haunted by lions, etc., therefore thinly peopled; higher than Askelon, lower than Zorah (Judges 13:25). Now Tibneh, a deserted site S.W. of Zorah, and two miles W. of Ain Shems. Timnah when deserted by the Danite emigrants to Laish fell by turns to Judah and the Philistines.
Tibneh is 740 ft. above the sea, not in the plain. Samson in going down to it would descend first 700 ft. into the valley, then ascend again 350 ft. to Timnah. The grain which he fired grew in the valley, whereas the vineyards and olives lined the hills. With appropriate accuracy Judges (Judges 15:4-6) says "the Philistines came up" to Timnah. The substitution of b for m, which we see in Tibneh for Timnah, occurs also in Atab for Etam (Judges 15:8; Judges 15:11, where instead of KJV "top" translated "he went down and dwelt in the cleft" seiph of the rock Etam). These clefts were the natural hiding places of the Israelites from their oppressors; and the term seiph is only used of the kind of rock to which the term celah is applied, nikrah of the "cavities" of the rock called tsur .
Etam answers to Belt Arab, which has a cavern called "the place of refuge," 250 ft. long, and from 5 to 8 ft. high, 18 ft. wide. The natural cleft has been artificially but rudely hewn in the rock. As Beit Atab, into which Samson went down for refuge (now called Hasuta), answers to the rock Elam ("eagle's nest"), so seven miles off is a low hill, and close by is a chapel sacred to sheikh Nedhir, "the Nazarite chief," and higher up is the ruin "Ism-Allah," i.e. God heard, evidently pointing to the battle of Ramath Lehi. Moreover the springs were sometimes called Ayun Kara, answering to En-Hak. Kore, "fountain of the crier": Judges 15:19. (Palestine Exploration Quarterly Statement, July 1878, pp. 116-118).
3. A town in the mountain district of Judah, enumerated with Maon, Ziph, and Carmel S. of Hebron.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. Duke descended from Esau. Genesis 36:40 ; 1 Chronicles 1:51 . Perhaps the same as TIMNA No. 3.
2. City on the north border of Judah. Joshua 15:10 . Identified with ruins at Tibnah , 31 45' N, 34 56' E .
3. City in the south of Judah. Joshua 15:57 ; 2 Chronicles 28:18 . Identified with Tibna, 31 42' N, 35 2' E.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
, Timnath, And Thimnathah
An ancient city of the Canaanites, Genesis 38:12-14 ; on the borders of Judah and Dan after the conquest, Joshua 15:10 19:43 . It was for a long time subject to the Philistines, and Samson's wife was a Timnite, Judges 14:1-5 2 Chronicles 28:18 . Its deserted site, now called Tibneh, lies three miles southwest of Zorah.
Timnath - , "Timnah. , "Timnah;" probably also identical with Timnah, the modern Tibneh, west of Beth-shemesh
Timnath - The Hebrew name is Timnah as in the R. It is called Timnah in the R. 1 and 2 to be the same place as Timnah in Joshua 15:10
Timnath - Timnathah, which is appropriately rendered in the Revised Version, Timnah, a town in Judah. ...
The town where Samson sojourned, probably identical with "Timnah" (1) (Judges 14:1-18 )
Tim'Nath - [Timnah ]
Timnath - (See Timnah
Enaim - ” A village near Timnah, where Tamar seduced Judah (Genesis 38:14 ). See Timnah
Timnite - (tihm nite) Resident of Timnah (Judges 15:6 )...
Thimnathah - (thihm' nuh thah) KJV alternate form of Timnah (Joshua 19:43 )
Timnath - (tihm' nath) KJV alternate form of Timnah (Genesis 38:12-14
Timnite - A man of Timnah
am'Alek - (dweller in a valley ), a son of Eliphaz by his concubine Timnah grandson of Esau, and chieftain ("duke," Authorized Version) of Edom
Thim'Nathah, - [See Timnah ]
Amalek - Son of Eliphaz, by his concubine Timnah, of the Horites; grandson of Esau; duke of Edom (Genesis 36:12; Genesis 36:16)
Timna - ] has, by a slip, Timnah ])
Timnah - Judah went to shear his sheep in Timnah (Genesis 38:13-14). Timnah when deserted by the Danite emigrants to Laish fell by turns to Judah and the Philistines. to Timnah. With appropriate accuracy Judges (Judges 15:4-6) says "the Philistines came up" to Timnah. The substitution of b for m, which we see in Tibneh for Timnah, occurs also in Atab for Etam (Judges 15:8; Judges 15:11, where instead of KJV "top" translated "he went down and dwelt in the cleft" seiph of the rock Etam)
Eliphaz - ) as son of Esau by Adah ( 1 Chronicles 1:4 ; 1 Chronicles 1:10 ), and father of Amalek by his Horite concubine Timnah ( 1 Chronicles 1:12 ; 1 Chronicles 1:22 )
Timnah - Timnah . It is possible that this was the Timnah visited by Judah at the time of sheep-shearing ( Genesis 38:12 )
Naamah - Village in the Shephelah district of Judah (Joshua 15:41 ), likely khirbet Farad about twenty-two miles west of Jerusalem between Timnah and Eltekeh
Tim'na, - ) ...
A duke or phylarch of Edom in the last list in (Genesis 36:40-43 ; 1 Chronicles 1:51-54 ) Timnah was probably the name of a place or a district
Tim'Nah - In the later history of the Jews, Timnah must have been a conspicuous place. It may be identified either with the Timnah in the mountains of Judah No
Enaim - From the narrative in Genesis 38:1-30 we gather that it lay between Adullam and Timnah
Enam - on an ancient road from Adullam, the very road by which Judah would have come from Adullain to Timnah
Arimathaea - ] ), the city of Elkanah and Samuel (1 Samuel 1:1), near Diospolis (Lydda) and in the district of Timnah (Tibneh). of Timnah,—an identification adopted by G
Iram - Timnah and Kenaz called their cities after their own names
Timnah - This Timnah was the likely scene of Judah's encounter with Tamar (Genesis 38:12-14 )
Manoah - We hear of Manoah on four more occasions: we find him remonstrating with his son about the proposed Philistine marriage ( Judges 14:2-3 ); he accompanied his son on the preliminary visit to Timnah ( Judges 14:5 ; Judges 14:8 ), and again to the marriage itself ( Judges 14:9-10 )
Allotment - Judah claimed all land west of the Dead Sea from Kadesh-barnea and the wilderness of Zin to the Sorek valley, including the cities of Beth-shemesh, Ekron, and Timnah
Ahaz - , the cities of the low hill country (shephelah ), Bethshemesh, Ajalon, Gederoth, Shocho, Timnah, Gimzo
Philistia - Shocho, Timnah, and Gimzo: Isaiah 9:12, "the Syrians before (i
Samson - Politically it takes us to the time when Dan, perhaps weakened by the departure of its 600 men of war ( Judges 1:34 ; Judges 1:18 ) acquiesces in the rule of the Philistines; Timnah is in their hands
Judges (1) - The fourteenth chapter gives an account of Samson’s courtship and marriage with the Philistine woman of Timnah: Judges 13:1-4 his first meeting with her, and his desire that his parents should go down to Timnah to secure her for him, they at first demur, but ultimately they accompany him thither
Hezekiah - of Judah, Bethshemesh, Ajalon, Gederoth, Shocho, Timnah, Gimzo" with their dependent villages, "the Lord having brought Judah low because Ahaz had made Judah naked, and transgressed sore against the Lord" (2 Chronicles 28:18-19)