Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
TIRAS . A son of Japheth ( Genesis 10:2 ), formerly identified with Thrace , but of late much more plausibly with the Turusha , a piratical people who invaded Syria and Egypt in the 13th cent. b.c. But Tiras has also been identified with Tarsus (= E. Cilicia) and even Tarshish (wh. see).
J. F. McCurdy.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
The youngest of the sons of Japheth (Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(ti rass) Division of the descendants of Japheth who are all seagoing peoples (Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ). Traditionally, they have been related to Turscha, part of the sea peoples Rameses III (1198-1166 B.C.) fought. Some have identified them with the Etruscans of Italy.
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Genesis 10:2. Josephus (Ant. 1:6, section 1) identifies his descendants with the Thracians, including the Getae (from whence came the Goths) and Dacians. Tuch derives the Tyrsenians from Tiras. (See ROSH.) Thracian tribes occupied most of northern and central Asia Minor originally. The Bithynians were Thracians. So also the Mariandynians, Paphlagonians, Phrygians (another form of the Thracian Briges), and Mysians (answering to the Moesi). Tiras follows Meshech in the genealogy, just as the Thracian tribes of Asia Minor adjoined the Moschi toward the W. Thus Genesis 10 includes among Japhet's descendants the vast nation of the Thracians, extending from the Halys in Asia Minor to the Drave and Save in Europe. Bria (perhaps "town"), in Mesembria, Selymbria, is a solitary relic of the Thracian tongue. The name has been identified as appearing in Aga-thyrsi. Taur-us, and Tyras (the river Dniester).
Morrish Bible Dictionary
Son of Japheth: his descendants have not been traced, but are supposed to correspond with the Thracians. Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
A son of Japeth, supposed to have been the forefather of the ancient Thracians, Genesis 10:2 .
Tiras - Tiras . But Tiras has also been identified with Tarsus (= E
Tiras - Tuch derives the Tyrsenians from Tiras. Tiras follows Meshech in the genealogy, just as the Thracian tribes of Asia Minor adjoined the Moschi toward the W
Japheth - Genesis 10:2 identifies Japheth's sons as Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras
Rosh - Tiras stands for Rosh with Meshech and Tubal (Genesis 10:2)
Thrace - Some have proposed to Identify Tiras ( Genesis 10:2 ) with Thrace, but this identification is uncertain
Japheth - ...
The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. It is supposed that Gomer peopled Galatia, and that from him the Cimmerians, or Cimbrians, and also the Phrygians, derived their origin; that Magog was the father of the Scythians, and Tartars, or Tatars; that Madai was the progenitor of the Medes, though some make him the founder of a people in Macedonia, called Macdi; that from Javan sprung the Ionians and Greeks; that Tubal was the father of the Iberians, and that at least a part of Spain was peopled by him and his descendants; that Meshech was the founder of the Cappadocians, from whom proceeded the Muscovites, or Russians; and that from Tiras the Thracians derived their origin
Tarshish (1) - ) favours a suggestion of Cheyne, that Tarshish may be identical with Tiras ( Genesis 10:2 )
Japheth - , leaving no literature, so that modern ethnology does not notice them); and...
(7) Tiras, the Thracians (Tentons)
Dispersion - The following table shows how the different families were dispersed: ...
| - Japheth | - Gomer | Cimmerians, Armenians | - Magog | Caucasians, Scythians | - Madal | Medes and Persian tribes | - Javan | - Elishah | Greeks | - Tarshish | Etruscans, Romans | - Chittim | Cyprians, Macedonians | - Dodanim | Rhodians | - Tubal | Tibareni, Tartars | - Mechech | Moschi, Muscovites | - Tiras | Thracians | | - Shem | - Elam | Persian tribes | - Asshur | Assyrian | - Arphaxad | - Abraham | - Isaac | - Jacob | Hebrews | - Esau | Edomites | - Ishmael | Mingled with Arab tribes | - Lud | Lydians | - Aram | Syrians | | - Ham | - Cush | Ethiopans | - Mizrain | Egyptians | - Phut | Lybians, Mauritanians | - Canaan | Canaanites, Phoenicians ...