Character Study on Trophimus

Character Study on Trophimus

Acts 20: And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.
Acts 21: (For they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had brought into the temple.)
2 Timothy 4: Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.

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Trophimus

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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Trophimus
TROPHIMUS . A Gentile Christian, a native of Ephesus ( Acts 21:29 ), who, with Tychicus, also of the province Asia ( Acts 20:4 ), and others, accompanied St. Paul to Jerusalem. The Jews, seeing Trophimus with the Apostle in the city, hastily concluded that St. Paul had brought him into the inner court of the Temple, separated from the outer ‘Court of the Gentiles’ by a barrier on which were inscriptions in Greek and Latin forbidding any non-Jew to enter on pain of death. This occasioned the riot which led to St. Paul’s arrest. Some years later Trophimus was left at Miletus sick ( 2 Timothy 4:20 ).

A. J. Maclean.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Trophimus
A foster-child, an Ephesian who accompanied Paul during a part of his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4 ; 21:29 ). He was with Paul in Jerusalem, and the Jews, supposing that the apostle had brought him with him into the temple, raised a tumult which resulted in Paul's imprisonment. (See TEMPLE, HEROD'S.) In writing to Timothy, the apostle says, "Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick" (2 Timothy 4:20 ). This must refer to some event not noticed in the Acts.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Trophimus
(trahf' ih muhss) Personal name meaning, “nutritious.” Gentile Christian from Ephesus who accompanied Paul to Jerusalem for the presentation of the collection (Acts 20:4-5 ; Acts 21:29 ). Paul's free association with Trophimus led to the false charge that Paul had defiled the Temple by bringing a Gentile within the Court of Israel (Acts 21:19 ). The Trophimus whom Paul left in Miletus (2 Timothy 4:20 ) is either another Trophimus or else evidence for a second Roman imprisonment. (According to Acts, Paul did not pass by Miletus on his way to Rome).



Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Trophimus
(Τρόφιμος)

Trophimus was a Christian convert belonging to Ephesus (Acts 21:29) and a companion of the apostle Paul on his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4). He is called along with Tychicus an Asian (Ἀσιανοί), and the two appear together as deputies of the Ephesian church, by which they were appointed to carry their contribution to the poorer brethren of Jerusalem. Both were with St. Paul in Macedonia and accompanied him to Asia, and thence preceded him to Troas, where they were joined by the delegates from the other churches-Sopater of Berœa, Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy. After the Apostle’s arrival at Troas the whole company seem to have journeyed together to Jerusalem. We find from Acts 21:29 that Trophimus had been seen in the Apostle’s company in Jerusalem, and the riot raised against the Apostle was made ostensibly on the ground that St. Paul had introduced Trophimus, a Gentile, into the Temple.

We have no means of knowing whether Trophimus accompanied St. Paul to Rome after his appeal to Caesar, but we find him again in the Apostle’s company after the first imprisonment. He is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:20 as having been left at Miletus sick. In 2 Corinthians 8:18-24 reference is made to two companions of the Apostle who accompanied Titus from Ephesus to Corinth with the Second Epistle to the Corinthians. It has been suggested that these two were the Ephesian friends of the Apostle, Tychicus and Trophimus, who had previously been appointed to travel with him, carrying the offerings of the Churches (2 Corinthians 8:19). We have, however, far too scanty evidence to make any certain identification (cf. J. H. Bernard, in Expositor’s Greek Testament , ‘2 Corinthians,’ 1903, p. 89).

W. F. Boyd.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Trophimus
Paul's companion, a Gentile of Ephesus (Acts 21:29). Accompanied him on his return from his third missionary journey through Asia to Jerusalem. While Tychicus, his associate, a fellow Asiatic, was left behind on the route (Acts 20:4) Trophimus went forward with Paul. The Jews raised a tumult supposing Paul had introduced Trophimus a Gentile convert into the temple. Paul left Trophimus sick at Miletus just before his own second Roman imprisonment (2 Timothy 4:12; 2 Timothy 4:20).

Trophimus was probably one of the two brethren who with Titus carried the Second Epistle to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 8:16-24, especially 2 Corinthians 8:22, since 2 Corinthians 8:18 refers to Luke). Trophimus was probably the brother sent before with Titus (2 Corinthians 12:18), and therefore must have been sent from Ephesus; he was moreover an Ephesian. A Gentile like Titus. Connected with Paul in the mission of collecting for the poor in Judaea; he was moreover with Paul on his return from this very visit to Corinth. Tradition makes him beheaded by Nero.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Trophimus
Well educated; well brought up
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Trophimus
Convert of Ephesus who accompanied Paul to Jerusalem, and whom the Jews thought Paul had taken into the temple. Acts 20:4 ; Acts 21:29 . In 2 Timothy 4:20 Paul had left him at Miletus sick.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Trophimus
Trophimus (trŏf'i-mŭs), foster-child. A native of Ephesus, Acts 21:29, and a convert to the gospel, probably under Paul's ministry. Acts 20:4. He became one of the apostle's companions and helpers in missionary travels and labors. 2 Timothy 4:20.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Trophimus
a disciple of St. Paul, and an Ephesian by birth. He came from Ephesus to Corinth with the Apostle, and kept him company in his whole journey from Corinth to Jerusalem, A.D. 58, Acts 20:4 . When St. Paul was in the temple there, the Jews laid hold of him, crying out, "Men of Israel, help; this is the man that teacheth all men every where against the people, and the law, and this place; and farther, brought Greeks also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place," Acts 21:28-29 . And this they said, because certain Jews of Ephesus having seen Trophimus with St. Paul in the city, whom they looked upon as a Gentile, imagined that St. Paul had introduced him into the temple. The whole city was immediately in an uproar, and St. Paul was secured. Trophimus afterward accompanied St. Paul; for that Apostle writes to Timothy, that he had left Trophimus sick at Miletus, 2 Timothy 4:20 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Trophimus
A disciple of Paul, a Gentile and an Ephesian by birth, came to Corinth with the apostle, and accompanied him in his whole journey to Jerusalem, A. D. 58, Acts 20:4 . When the apostle was in the temple there, the Jews laid hold of him, crying out, "He hath brought Greeks into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place;" because, having seen him in the city accompanied by Trophimus, they imagined that he had introduced him into the temple.

Some years afterwards, Paul writes that he had left him sick at Miletus, 2 Timothy 4:20 . This did not occur at Paul's former visit to Millets, since Trophimus went with him to Jerusalem; nor on the voyage to Rome, for they did not go near Millets. It is therefore one of the circumstances which prove that Paul was released, and revisited Asia Minor, Crete, Macedonia, and perhaps Spain, before his second imprisonment and death. Of Trophimus nothing farther is known.

A Dictionary of Early Christian Biography - Trophimus, 1st Bishop of Arles
Trophimus (3) , James , 1 st bp. of Arles, a subject of eager controversy. According to the tradition of the see, he was the disciple of St. Paul mentioned in Acts and II. Tim., and was sent forth as a missionary to Arles by St. Peter or St. Paul, or both. As early as 417 pope Zosimus, in a letter to the bishops of Gaul, speaking of the city of Arles, says, "Ad quam primum ex hâc sede Trophimus summus antistes, ex cujus fonte totae Galliae fidei rivulos acceperunt, directus est" (Ephesians 1 , Patr. Lat. xx. 645); and in the same pope's letter to Hilary, bp. of Narbonne, Trophimus was "quondam ad Arelatensem urbem ab apostolica sede transmissus" ( Ephesians 6 , Patr. Lat. ib , 667) Again, the 19 bishops of the province of Arles, writing to pope Leo about the middle of 5th cent., assert that it is known to all Gaul and to the church of Rome "prima intra Gallias Arelatensis civitas missum a beatissimo Petro apostolo sanctum Trophimum habere meruit sacerdotem, et exinde aliis paulatim regionibus Galliarum bonum fidei et religionis infusum" (Patr. Lat. liv. 1880), though it should be mentioned that the genuineness of this letter has been questioned. So, too, Ado, in his Martyrologium (Dec. 29) and Chronicon . On the other hand, Gregory of Tours, apparently quoting from the Acta of St. Saturninus, says in effect that Trophimus arrived in Gaul with the first bishops of Tours, Paris, and other cities in the consulate of Decius and Gratus, i.e. after the middle of 3rd cent.; and in a very old catalogue of the archbishops published by Mabillon, Vetera Analecta , p. 220 (Paris, 1723), he is preceded by Dionysius, as though he were the second bishop. The question, to which some bitterness has been imparted as being closely connected with the hotly resented claims of the early archbps. of Arles to a sort of primacy in Gaul, is elaborately discussed by Trichaud (Hist. de l’Eglise d’Arles , i. 21–143). The cathedral church at Arles was dedicated to Trophimus, with St. Stephen (Gall. Christ. i. 519).

[S.A.B.]

Sentence search

Troph'Imus - Both Trophimus and Tychicus accompanied Paul from Macedonia as far as Asia, but Tychicus seems to have remained there, while Trophimus proceeded with the apostle to Jerusalem. that Trophimus was a Gentile, and that he was a native of Trophimus was probably one brethren who, with Titus, conveyed the second Epistle to the Corinthians
Trophimus - While Tychicus, his associate, a fellow Asiatic, was left behind on the route (Acts 20:4) Trophimus went forward with Paul. The Jews raised a tumult supposing Paul had introduced Trophimus a Gentile convert into the temple. Paul left Trophimus sick at Miletus just before his own second Roman imprisonment (2 Timothy 4:12; 2 Timothy 4:20). ... Trophimus was probably one of the two brethren who with Titus carried the Second Epistle to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 8:16-24, especially 2 Corinthians 8:22, since 2 Corinthians 8:18 refers to Luke). Trophimus was probably the brother sent before with Titus (2 Corinthians 12:18), and therefore must have been sent from Ephesus; he was moreover an Ephesian
Trophimus - Paul's free association with Trophimus led to the false charge that Paul had defiled the Temple by bringing a Gentile within the Court of Israel (Acts 21:19 ). The Trophimus whom Paul left in Miletus (2 Timothy 4:20 ) is either another Trophimus or else evidence for a second Roman imprisonment
Trophimus - Trophimus . The Jews, seeing Trophimus with the Apostle in the city, hastily concluded that St. Some years later Trophimus was left at Miletus sick ( 2 Timothy 4:20 )
Trophimus - And this they said, because certain Jews of Ephesus having seen Trophimus with St. Trophimus afterward accompanied St. Paul; for that Apostle writes to Timothy, that he had left Trophimus sick at Miletus, 2 Timothy 4:20
Trophimus - When the apostle was in the temple there, the Jews laid hold of him, crying out, "He hath brought Greeks into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place;" because, having seen him in the city accompanied by Trophimus, they imagined that he had introduced him into the temple. This did not occur at Paul's former visit to Millets, since Trophimus went with him to Jerusalem; nor on the voyage to Rome, for they did not go near Millets. Of Trophimus nothing farther is known
Miletus - The place where Paul left Trophimus sick
Trophimus - (Τρόφιμος)... Trophimus was a Christian convert belonging to Ephesus (Acts 21:29) and a companion of the apostle Paul on his third missionary journey (Acts 20:4). We find from Acts 21:29 that Trophimus had been seen in the Apostle’s company in Jerusalem, and the riot raised against the Apostle was made ostensibly on the ground that St. Paul had introduced Trophimus, a Gentile, into the Temple. ... We have no means of knowing whether Trophimus accompanied St. It has been suggested that these two were the Ephesian friends of the Apostle, Tychicus and Trophimus, who had previously been appointed to travel with him, carrying the offerings of the Churches (2 Corinthians 8:19)
Trophimus, 1st Bishop of Arles - Trophimus (3) , James , 1 st bp. As early as 417 pope Zosimus, in a letter to the bishops of Gaul, speaking of the city of Arles, says, "Ad quam primum ex hâc sede Trophimus summus antistes, ex cujus fonte totae Galliae fidei rivulos acceperunt, directus est" (Ephesians 1 , Patr. of Narbonne, Trophimus was "quondam ad Arelatensem urbem ab apostolica sede transmissus" ( Ephesians 6 , Patr. Saturninus, says in effect that Trophimus arrived in Gaul with the first bishops of Tours, Paris, and other cities in the consulate of Decius and Gratus, i. The cathedral church at Arles was dedicated to Trophimus, with St
Trophimus - Trophimus (trŏf'i-mŭs), foster-child
Tych'Icus - ) There is much probability in the conjecture that Tychicus and Trophimus were the two brethren who were associated with Titus
Tychicus - Chance, an Asiatic Christian, a "faithful minister in the Lord" (Ephesians 6:21,22 ), who, with Trophimus, accompanied Paul on a part of his journey from Macedonia to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4 )
Trophimus - ) In writing to Timothy, the apostle says, "Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick" (2 Timothy 4:20 )
Tychicus - A native of the province Asia, like Trophimus, and a companion of St
Tychicus - Among the church representatives who went with Paul to present a gift to the Jerusalem church were two men from the province of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus (Acts 20:4; Acts 21:29)
Tychicus - Thence he accompanied him to Jerusalem on the Apostle’s last visit there, acting along with Trophimus as a delegate of the church of Ephesus and conveying the offerings of the church to the poor brethren at Jerusalem. It is possible that the reference in 2 Corinthians 8:18 to ‘the brother whose praise in the gospel is spread through all the churches,’ and who was deputed along with Titus and another unnamed Christian to carry the Second Epistle to the Corinthians from Ephesus to Corinth, may be Tychicus, and the other unnamed deputy may be Trophimus
Tychicus - " Trophimus went forward with Paul to Jerusalem (Acts 21:29), but Tychicus stayed behind in Asia, perhaps at Miletus (Acts 20:15; Acts 20:38). Some make Tychicus the first "brother" in 2 Corinthians 8:16-24, and Trophimus the other
Miletus - He visited Miletus again before his last imprisonment, and left Trophimus there sick (2 Timothy 4:20 where it ought to be Miletus not Miletum)
Sopater - We know that one of them, Trophimus, did so (Acts 21:29), and evidently also Aristarchus (Acts 27:2)
Miletus - The second visit is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:20 ‘Trophimus I left at Miletus sick
Names in New Testament - , ...
Barabbas, son of the learned man

Barnabas, son of consolation

Barsabas, son of Sabas

Bartimeus, son of Timai

Bartholomew, son of Tolmai
There is only one word derived from a color, ...
Rufus, red
Names derived from kindred are ...
Thomas and Didymus, twin

Trophimus, foster-child
New Testament, Names in - , ...
Barabbas, son of the learned man

Barnabas, son of consolation

Barsabas, son of Sabas

Bartimeus, son of Timai

Bartholomew, son of Tolmai
There is only one word derived from a color, ...
Rufus, red
Names derived from kindred are ...
Thomas and Didymus, twin

Trophimus, foster-child
Dionysius, Saint, Apostle of France - These were the men sent: to Tours, Gatianus the bishop; to Arles, Trophimus the bishop; to Toulouse, Saturninus the bishop; to Paris, Dionysius the bishop, etc
Eph'Esus - Paul's other companions, two, Trophimus and Tychicus, were natives of Asia, (Acts 20:4 ) and the latter was probably, (2 Timothy 4:12 ) the former certainly, (Acts 21:29 ) a native of Ephesus
Miletus - ... Miletus is mentioned again in 2 Timothy 4:20 : ‘Trophimus I left at Miletus sick. Paul was leaving Ephesus, intending to return by Macedonia to Corinth (1 Corinthians 16:5), he may have had reasons for first visiting Miletus, and been obliged to leave Trophimus, who became sick there; or, though he did not personally visit Miletus, he might use a condensed expression, which meant that his friend, having been sent to Miletus and detained there by sickness, was unable to return to Ephesus before the time of sailing, and so was left behind
Timothy, the Second Epistle to - Still, if Timothy was at Ephesus, why did he need to be told that Paul had sent Tychicus to Ephesus, or that Paul had left Trophimus, himself an Ephesian (Acts 21:29), sick at Miletus which was only 30 miles from Ephesus?... Probably Timothy's overseership extended beyond Ephesus to all the Pauline churches in Asia Minor; he combined with it the office of "evangelist," or itinerant missionary Ephesus was only his head quarters; and 2 Timothy 4:13 will accord with the theory of Ephesus or any other place in the N. His leaving Trophimus sick at Miletum (2 Timothy 4:20) could not have been on the occasion of Acts 20:15, for he was with Paul at Jerusalem soon after (Acts 21:29). ... Timothy was with Paul then at Miletum, and needed not to be informed of Trophimus' sickness there (Acts 20:4; Acts 20:17), if the occasion were the same
Ephesus - ... Two of Paul's companions, Trophimus and Tychicus, were probably natives of Ephesus (Acts 20:4 ; 21:29 ; 2 Timothy 4:12 )
Sickness - Individuals are, in general terms, ‘sick’ (Dorcas [Acts 9:37], Epaphroditus [Philippians 2:26-27], and Trophimus [2 Timothy 4:20]), yet no symptoms are mentioned by which the nature of the illness may be defined
Fabianus, Bishop of Rome - , and in the main by the Bollandists) of his having been the founder of the seven Gallic churches of Toulouse, Arles, Tours, Paris, Narbonne, Clermont, Limoges; to which he is said to have sent respectively Saturninus, Trophimus, Gratianus, Dionysius, Paulus, Astremonius, and Martialis as missionary bishops
Timotheus - Paul tells Timothy, "Erastus abode at Corinth, but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick," 2 Timothy 4:20 . Paul was at Corinth and Miletum, prior to his first imprisonment at Rome, Timothy was with him at both places; and Trophimus could not have been then left at Miletum, for we find him at Jerusalem immediately after St. Paul's arrival in that city; "for they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus, an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had brought into the temple," Acts 21:29
Ephesus - ... ‘Ephesian’ occurs as a variant reading in the ‘Western’ text of Acts 20:4 for the words ‘of Asia,’ as applied to Tychicus and Trophimus. Trophimus was an inhabitant of Ephesus ( Acts 21:29 ), capital of Asia; but Tychicus was probably merely an Inhabitant of the province Asia; hence they are coupled under the only adjective applicable to both
Seventy (2) - ) as follows:—James (brother of the Lord), Timothy, Titus, Barnabas, Ananias, Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Simon, Nicolas, Parmenas, Cleopas, Silas, Silvanus, Crescens, Epenetus, Andronicus, Amplias, Urbanus, Stachys, Apelles, Aristobulus, Narcissus, Herodion, Rufus, Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Hermas, Patrobas, Rhodion, Jason, Agabus, Linus, Gaius, Philologus, Olympas, Sosipater, Lucius, Tertius, Erastus, Phygellus, Hermogenes, Dermas, Quartus, Apollos, Cephas, Sosthenes, Epaphroditus, Caesar, Marcus, Joseph Barsabbas, Artemas, Clemens, Onesiphorus, Tychicus, Carpus, Euodius, Philemon, Zenas, Aquila, Priscas, Junias, Marcus (2), Aristarchus, Pudens, Trophimus, Lucas the Eunuch, Lazarus. But many others, including such Gentile Christians as Titus, Tychicus, Trophimus, and brethren like Timothy and Apollos, who became converts long after our Lord’s Ascension, are obviously the outcome of indiscriminating conjecture
Heal, Health - Trophimus had to be left at Miletus, sick (2 Timothy 4:20 )
Acts of the Apostles - , Timothy, Tychicus, Aristarchus, Mark, Prisca, Aquila, Trophimus must be excluded), or as having deserted him, or as being Roman Christians and recent friends
Possession - Peter’s mother-in-law, aeneas, Dorcas, the father of Publius, Epaphroditus, Trophimus, besides many others whom our Lord cured, all laboured under ordinary diseases and no hint is given that they were demoniacs