Character Study on Zebah

Character Study on Zebah

Judges 8: And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.
Judges 8: And the princes of Succoth said, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thine army?
Judges 8: And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.
Judges 8: Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.
Judges 8: And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.
Judges 8: And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did upbraid me, saying, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thy men that are weary?
Judges 8: Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king.
Judges 8: Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that were on their camels' necks.
Psalms 83: Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:

Chain Links

Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Zebah
ZEBAH (‘victim’). A Midianite king, mentioned together with Zalmunna , who was killed by Gideon as the result of blood-revenge ( Judges 8:18-21 ); both kings had, however, been previously overcome in battle by Gideon, who championed the Israelites against their Midianite oppressors. This victory must have been of vital and far-reaching consequence to the Israelites, for it is more than once commemorated long after as a landmark in the nation’s history ( Isaiah 9:4 ; Isaiah 10:26 , Psalms 83:11 ). The death of Zebah and Zalmunna is very graphically described. Gideon commands Jether, his eldest son, to slay them, but being only a youth he is afraid; so the kings ask Gideon himself to kill them; he does so, and takes the crescents from the necks of their camels. This last action may conceivably Imply a kindly remembrance of the kings on the part of Gideon, for from Judges 8:19 it would seem that it was only reluctantly, and from a sense of duty, that he slew them.

W. O. E. Oesterley.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Zebah
Man-killer, or sacrifice, one of the two kings who led the vast host of the Midianites who invaded the land of Israel, and over whom Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Judges 8 ). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon. The kings were taken alive and brought back across the Jordan; and confessing that they had personally taken part in the slaughter of Gideon's brothers, they were put to death (Compare 1 Samuel 12:11 ; Isaiah 10:26 ; Psalm 83:11 ).
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Zebah
One of the twoMidianite kings who were defeated and slain by Gideon. Judges 8:5-21 ; Psalm 83:11 .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Zebah
Victim; sacrifice
Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Zebah
One of Midian's two kings (Judges 8:5-21; Psalms 83:11). Oreb and Zeeb were the prince-generals of Midian, slain by the Ephraimites at the central fords of the Jordan (Judges 7:25). Zebah and Zalmunna were their kings slain by Gideon at Karkor, high up on the Hauran, where they had fled by the ford further to the N. and on through Gilead. Their murder of his brothers (three at least, as not the dual but plural is used) at Tabor was what, in spite of hunger and faintness, especially stimulated Gideon to such keenness in the pursuit.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Zebah
(zee' buh) Personal name meaning “slaughter” or “sacrifice.” He and Zalmunna were Midianite kings that Gideon captured and killed because they had killed Gideon's brothers (Judges 8:4-21 ; see Psalm 83:11 ; Isaiah 9:4 ; Isaiah 10:26 ). This account shows the act of blood revenge that often prevailed in that day and marks a turning point in Israel's struggles against Midian.



American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Zalmunna And Zebah
Midianitish kings, defeated and slain by Gideon, Judges 8:5 .

Sentence search

Zalmunna - He was slain afterwards with Zebah (Judges 8:5-21 ). (See Zebah
Zalmun'na - [Zebah ]
Zalmunna - See Zebah
Karkor - Place in the east of Jordan, where the host of Zebah and Zalmunna encamped
Kar'Kor - (foundation ), the place in which Zebah and Zalmunna were again routed by Gideon, ( Judges 8:10 ) must have been on the east of Jordan
Karkor - Where Gideon finally dispersed the remains of Zebah and Zalmunna's host (Judges 8:10-11), E
Zeeb - One of the two general "princes" of Midian, inferior to the king Zebah
Jether - Afraid as a youth to slay Zebah and Zalmunna at his father's bidding
Zebah - Zebah (‘victim’). The death of Zebah and Zalmunna is very graphically described
Karkor - According to Judges 8:10-11 , Zebah and Zalmunna, two Midianites leaders, were encamped at Karkor with fifteen thousand troops when Gideon attacked and routed them
Nobah - A place named with Jogbehah in the account of Gideon’s pursuit of Zebah and Zalmunna ( Judges 8:11 ), possibly also in Numbers 21:30 , where the Syr
Heres - ] ) ‘the ascent of Heres’ is mentioned as the spot from which Gideon returned after the defeat of Zebah and Zalmunna
Zebah - Zebah and Zalmunna were their kings slain by Gideon at Karkor, high up on the Hauran, where they had fled by the ford further to the N
Zebah - Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon
Nachor - His concubine Reumah bore Zebah and Maachah (whose descendants David came in contact with: 1 Chronicles 18:8; 1 Chronicles 19:6), Gaham and Thahash
Oreb And Zeeb - Two princes of Midian in the invasion of Israel, mentioned as inferior to the kings Zebah and Zalmunna ( Judges 7:25 ; Judges 8:3 , Psalms 83:11 ; cf
Oreb - Zebah and Zalmunna were their kings (Judges 8:5; Judges 8:10; Judges 8:12; Judges 8:18; Judges 8:21)
Tabor - The brothers of Gideon, each of whom "resembled the children of a king," were murdered here by Zebah and Zalmunna
Suc'Coth - ( Genesis 32:30 ) and Genesis33:18 In accordance with this is the mention of Succoth in the narrative of Gideon's pursuit of Zebah and Zalluunna
Offering - In the Hebrew, an offering, minchah, is distinguished from a sacrifice, Zebah, as being bloodless
ta'Bor - (Judges 4:6-15 ) The brothers of Gideon each of whom "resembled the children of a king," were murdered here by Zebah and Zalmunna
ta'Bor - (Judges 4:6-15 ) The brothers of Gideon each of whom "resembled the children of a king," were murdered here by Zebah and Zalmunna
Tabor - ) Here Zebah and Zalmunna slew Gideon's brothers (Judges 8:18-19)
Midian, Mtdianites - ] preserves as Zebah and Zalmunna ( Judges 8:18 ), while E [Note: Elohist
Gideon - Gideon pursues them across the Jordan; he halts during the pursuit, both at Succoth and at Penuel, in order to refresh his three hundred followers; in each case food is refused him by the inhabitants; after threatening them with vengeance on his return, he presses on, overtakes the Midianite host, and is again victorious; he then first punishes the inhabitants of Succoth and Penuel, and next turns his attention to the Midianite chiefs, Zebah and Zalmunna
Offerings And Sacrifices - The Hebrew word normally translated "sacrifice" (Zebah ) does not occur in Leviticus 1-3 until 3:1 in the introduction to the "peace offering" section (see also vv. " The word for "sacrifice" ( Zebah ) first occurs in Genesis 31:54 in the covenant-making ceremony between Jacob and Laban: "He [Jacob] offered a sacrifice there in the hill country and invited his relatives to a meal" (cf. seblam"m or Zebah, "sacrifice, " or some combination of the two; see below), and the grain offerings that often came with them (Heb
Gideon - ... Coming unexpectedly on the host which thought itself "secure" amidst their Bedouin countrymen at Karkor, in a third battle he defeated them and slew Zebah and Zalmunnah the two kings (emirs) after battle, in just retribution for their having slain his kingly brothers in cold blood at Tabor; then he taught by corporal punishment with thorns the elders of Succoth to know their error, and beat down the tower of Penuel