Pas-Dammim - ), between Shochoh and Azekah (1 Samuel 17:1 ; 1 Chronicles 11:13 )
e'Lah, the Valley of - ( 1 Samuel 17:2,19 ) It lay somewhere near Socoh of Judah and Azekah, and was nearer Ekron than any other Philistine town
Pasdammin - The site is probably between Socoh and Azekah, the same as Ephes-dammin (1 Samuel 17:1 )
Azekah - One of the letters found at Lachish tells of searching for signal lights from Azekah but not being able to see them. speaks of Azekah's location on a mountain ridge, being inaccessible like an eagle's nest, too strong for siege ramps and battering rams. ...
Later tradition connected Azekah with the tomb of the prophet Zechariah and then with Zechariah the father of John the Baptist, to whom a large church was dedicated. calls Azekah, “Beth Zechariah,” or “house of Zechariah” and pictures a large church there. ...
Azekah is located at tell Zakariya five and one half miles northeast of Beth Govrin above the Valley of Elah
Gederah - Near the "valley of the terebinth", near Azekah and Socoh
Ephes-Dammin - ” Town between Shocoh and Azekah where Philistines gathered to fight Saul (1 Samuel 17:1 ) preceding David's killing of Goliath
Makkedah - It lay in the vicinity of Libnah, Azekah, and Lachish, southwest of Jerusalem, in the tribe of Judah, Joshua 10:10-28 ; 12:16 ; 15:41
Elah, Valley of - Near Shocoh of Judah and Azekah; Ekron was the nearest Philistine town. A mile down the valley is Tell Zakariyeh, probably Azekah
Shaaraim - Some would locate it at khirbet esh-Sharia a mile northeast of Azekah
Socoh or Shochoh - 1 1 Kings 4:10 , a town in the plain of Judah, near Azekah, famous for a battle of David and Saul with the Philistines, 1 Samuel 17:1 ; against whom Rehoboam fortified it, and by whom it was afterwards taken, 2 Chronicles 11:7 28:18
Beth-ho'Ron - (house of caverns ), the name of two towns or villages, an "upper" and a "nether," ( Joshua 16:3,5 ; 1 Chronicles 7:24 ) on the road from Gibeon to Azekah, (Joshua 10:10,11 ) and the Philistine plain
Ephesdammim - Between Shochoh and Azekah, in Judah, the Philistine encampment when David slew Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1). The site of Saul's battle with the Philistines and Goliath was at the bend of the valley, where the Jerusalem road down which probably Saul came crosses the valley, at Ephesdammim, between Socoh (Shuweikeh) and Azekah (El-Azek)
Socho - Between Socho and Azekah the Philistines were posted for the battle wherein Goliath fell (1 Samuel 17:1)
Soco, Socoh - A fortified town in the ShephÃ§lah of Judah, mentioned in Joshua 15:35 along with Adullam and Azekah; the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 17:1 ) ‘pitched between Socoh and Azekah’: Ben-hesed, one of Solomon’s twelve officers, had charge of it ( 1 Kings 4:10 ); it was re-fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:7 ); during the reign of Ahaz it was taken, along with other prominent fortress cities of the ShephÃ§lah, by the Philistines
Rehoboam - Some of his fortifications may be those at Lachish and Azekah
Adoni-Zedek - Routed they fled to Bethhoron, thence to Azekah and Makkedah, amidst the fearful hailstorm from God, followed by the sun's standing still at Joshua's command
Elah - It was near Shochoh of Judah and Azekah (17:1)
Bethhoron - On the road from Gibeon (now el Jib) to Azekah and the Philistine plain (Joshua 10:10-11; Joshua 16:3; Joshua 16:5; Joshua 18:13-14), on the boundary between Benjamin and Ephraim, but counted to the latter and given to the Kohathites (Joshua 21:22)
Lachish - Lachish and Azekah were the last cities to stand against the king of Babylon ( Jeremiah 34:7 )
Fortified Cities - At the end of the monarchy, Jeremiah reported that the Babylonians had conquered all the fortified cities of Judah except Lachish and Azekah (Jeremiah 34:6-7 )
Zedekiah - ...
Then King Nebuchadnezzar marched his army against Zedekiah, and took all the fortified places of his kingdom, except Lachish, Azekah, and Jerusalem
Jeshua - On the line of retreat of the five kings who fought at Gibeon, midway between the lower Bethhoron and Shochoh, near Azekah, is the large village Yeshua, which probably commemorates Joshua's commanding the sun to stand still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon, a day without a parallel (Joshua 10:12-14)
Zedeki'ah - This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out
Zedekiah - ...
Nebuchadnezzar on learning Zedekiah's treachery had sent a Chaldaean army which reduced all Judaea except Jerusalem, Lachish, and Azekah (Jeremiah 34)
Saul - The Philistines once more invaded the land, and gathered their army between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim, on the southern slope of the valley of Elah
Fortification And Siegecraft - More easily accessible to the ordinary student is the detailed account, with measurements and plans, of the citadel of Tell Zakariya perhaps the ancient Azekah fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:9 , cf