Places Study on Beth-horon

Places Study on Beth-horon

Chain Links

Topics

Dictionary

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Beth-horon
House of the hollow, or of the cavern, the name of two towns or villages (2 Chronicles 8:5 ; 1 Chronicles 7:24 ) in the territory of Ephraim, on the way from Jerusalem to Joppa. They are distinguished as Beth-horon "the upper" and Beth-horon "the nether." They are about 2 miles apart, the former being about 10 miles north-west of Jerusalem. Between the two places was the ascent and descent of Beth-horon, leading from Gibeon down to the western plain (Joshua 10:10,11 ; 18:13,14 ), down which the five kings of the Amorites were driven by Joshua in that great battle, the most important in which the Hebrews had been as yet engaged, being their first conflict with their enemies in the open field. Jehovah interposed in behalf of Israel by a terrific hailstorm, which caused more deaths among the Canaanites than did the swords of the Israelites. Beth-horon is mentioned as having been taken by Shishak, B.C. 945, in the list of his conquests, and the pass was the scene of a victory of Judas Maccabeus. (Compare Exodus 9:19,25 ; Job 38:22,23 ; Psalm 18:12-14 ; Isaiah 30:30 .) The modern name of these places is Beit-ur, distinguished by el-Foka, "the upper," and el-Tahta, "the nether." The lower was at the foot of the pass, and the upper, 500 feet higher, at the top, west of Gibeon. (See GIBEON .)

Holman Bible Dictionary - Beth-horon
(behth-hoh' rahn) Place name of uncertain meaning. Suggestions include, “house of caves,” “house of anger,” “house of the hollow,” “house of (the god) Hauron.” Twin cities, one higher than the other, and so called Upper and Lower Beth Horon. An important road here dominates the path to the Shephelah, the plain between the Judean hills and the Mediterranean coast. Joshua used the road to chase the coalition of southern kings led by the king of Jerusalem (Joshua 10:10 ). Here God cast hail stones on the enemies. The border between the tribes of Ephraim and Benjamin was at Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3 ,Joshua 16:3,16:5 ; Joshua 18:13-14 ). The city belonged to Ephraim but was set aside for the Levites (Joshua 21:22 ). The Philistines sent one unit of their army the way of Beth-horon to attack Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 13:18 ). Solomon rebuilt the lower city as a stone city and as a defense outpost (1 Kings 9:17 ). The chronicler preserved an even earlier tradition of a descendant of Ephraim, a woman named Sherah, building the two cities (1 Chronicles 7:22-24 ). When King Amaziah of Judah (796-767 B.C.) followed a prophet's advice and sent home mercenary soldiers he had hired from Israel, those soldiers fought the cities of Judah, including Beth-horon (2 Chronicles 25:13 ). Upper Beth Horon is modern beit Ur el-Foqa, five miles northwest of Gibeon and ten miles northwest of Jerusalem. It Isaiah 1750 feet above sea level. Lower Beth Horon is two miles to the east and only 1050 feet above sea level. It is modern beit Ur et-Tahta.



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beth-horon
BETH-HORON . The upper and nether, two towns represented by the villages Beit ‘Ur el-foka and Beit ‘Ur et-tahta , said to have been built by Sheerah ( 1 Chronicles 7:24 ). Their position, as commanding the ancient great highroad from the maritime plain into the heart of the mountains of Benjamin, made these places of great importance, and several celebrated battles occurred in their neighbourhood. Here Joshua defeated the Canaanites ( Joshua 10:10-14 ). Solomon fortified both these cities ( 2 Chronicles 8:5 , 1 Kings 9:17 ). By this road Shishak, king of Egypt, invaded Judah. Here Judas Maccabæus defeated the Syrian general Seron ( 1Ma 3:13-24 ) and five years afterwards Nicanor ( 1 Chronicles 7:39-40 ); more than 200 years later the Jews at the same place beat back the Roman army under Cestius Gallus. In few places in Palestine can we with greater precision set history in its geographical setting; the whole ancient road, with abundant traces of Roman work, can be followed throughout, and the two Beit ‘Urs , less than two miles apart, stand sentinel above the road as the two Beth-horons did in ancient times. The Beth-horons were on the frontier between Benjamin and Ephraim ( Joshua 16:3-5 ; Joshua 18:13-14 ). They belonged to the latter ( Joshua 21:22 ), and followed the Northern Kingdom. Possibly Sanballat the Horonite ( Nehemiah 2:10 ) was from here.

E. W. G. Masterman.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Beth-horon
House of wrath
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Beth-horon
About twelve miles from Jerusalem, lies the Arab village of Bethoor, where Dr. E. D. Clarke was by accident compelled to pass a night. It is noticed by no other traveller; and yet, there is the highest probability that this is the Beth-horon of the Scriptures. St. Jerom associates it with Rama, in the remark that they were in his time, together with other noble cities built by Solomon, only poor villages. Beth-horon stood on the confines of Ephraim and Benjamin; which, according to the learned traveller, exactly answers to the situation of Bethoor. He sup poses it, from its situation on a hill, to be Beth-horon the upper, the Beth-horon superior of Eusebius, of which frequent notice occurs in the apocryphal writings. Josephus mentions that Cestius, the Roman general, marched upon Jerusalem by way of Lydda and Beth-horon.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Beth-horon
Now Beit-ur, the name common to two neighboring towns in the northwest corner of Benjamin, still distinguished as the Upper and the Lower. These lay on two ridges, with valleys on each side; Beth-horon the Nether being separated from the Upper by a small valley, and a rocky and rough pass up the ridge on which Upper Beth-horon stood. The latter was nearest to Jerusalem about twelve miles from it; and both were on the usual routed to the seacoast. Down this pass Joshua drove the Amorites, and here Paul passed by night on his way to Antipatris, Joshua 10:1-11 Acts 23:31,32 .

Sentence search

Beth-Horon - It is noticed by no other traveller; and yet, there is the highest probability that this is the Beth-horon of the Scriptures. Beth-horon stood on the confines of Ephraim and Benjamin; which, according to the learned traveller, exactly answers to the situation of Bethoor. He sup poses it, from its situation on a hill, to be Beth-horon the upper, the Beth-horon superior of Eusebius, of which frequent notice occurs in the apocryphal writings. Josephus mentions that Cestius, the Roman general, marched upon Jerusalem by way of Lydda and Beth-horon
Beth-Horon - The border between the tribes of Ephraim and Benjamin was at Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3 ,Joshua 16:3,16:5 ; Joshua 18:13-14 ). The Philistines sent one unit of their army the way of Beth-horon to attack Saul and Jonathan (1 Samuel 13:18 ). ) followed a prophet's advice and sent home mercenary soldiers he had hired from Israel, those soldiers fought the cities of Judah, including Beth-horon (2 Chronicles 25:13 )
ad'Asa - (new ), a place in Judea, about four miles from Beth-horon
Archi - A city on the boundary of Ephraim and Benjamin (Joshua 16:2 ), between Bethel and Beth-horon the nether
Uzzen-Sherah - A town probably near Beth-horon
Horonite - Designation of Sanballat, probably as a native of Horonaim or of Beth-horon
Piram - The king of Jarmuth, defeated by Joshua at Beth-horon and afterwards put to death ( Joshua 10:3 ff
Seron - A Syrian commander defeated by Judas Maccabæus at Beth-horon ( Malachi 3:18 Malachi 3:18 ; 1Ma 3:23 f
Sherah - Apparently the daughter of Ephraim: she built Beth-horon the nether and the upper, and Uzzen-sherah
Elasa - The site may be at the ruin Il’asa , near Beth-horon
Hoham - One of the five kings pursued down the pass of Beth-horon, and taken in the cave of Makkedah and slain
Beth-Horon - They are distinguished as Beth-horon "the upper" and Beth-horon "the nether. Between the two places was the ascent and descent of Beth-horon, leading from Gibeon down to the western plain (Joshua 10:10,11 ; 18:13,14 ), down which the five kings of the Amorites were driven by Joshua in that great battle, the most important in which the Hebrews had been as yet engaged, being their first conflict with their enemies in the open field. Beth-horon is mentioned as having been taken by Shishak, B
Sheerah - ” Female member of tribe of Ephraim who established the two cities of Beth-horon as well as Uzzen-sherah (1 Chronicles 7:24 )
Beth-Horon - These lay on two ridges, with valleys on each side; Beth-horon the Nether being separated from the Upper by a small valley, and a rocky and rough pass up the ridge on which Upper Beth-horon stood
Horonite - (hahr' oh nite) Citizen of Beth-horon or of Horonaim
Hoham - HOHAM , king of Hebron, formed an alliance with other four kings against Gibeon, but was defeated by Joshua at Beth-horon, and put to death along with his allies at Makkedah ( Joshua 10:3 ff
Japhia (1) - One of the five Amorite kings confederated against Joshua (Joshua 10:3), defeated at Beth-horon, and slain at Makkedah
Bethcar -
Ithlah - Its location is not known, but some students of Bible lands geography follow some Greek manuscripts identifying Ithlah with Shithlah or Shilta, about four miles northwest of Beth-horon
Jokmeam - A town in Ephraim given to the Levites, near Beth-horon ( 1 Chronicles 6:68 )
Beth-Boron - The name of two places, the "Upper" and "Nether" Beth-horon, Joshua 16:3; Joshua 16:5, about three miles apart, on the opposite sides of a ravine or steep pass—the Thermopylæ of Palestine—on the road from Jerusalem to the sea-coast
le'hi - ( Judges 15:9,14,19 ) It may perhaps be identified with Beit-Likiyeh , a village about two miles below the upper Beth-horon
Baalath - It may have been near Gezer on the road to Beth-horon and Jerusalem
Makkedah - Canaanitish city, connected with which was a cave in which the five Amorite kings took refuge on the day of Joshua's victory at Gibeon and Beth-horon
Jar'Muth - to punish Gibeon for having made alliance with Israel, (Joshua 10:3,5 ) and who were routed at Beth-horon and put to death by Joshua at Makkedah
Shishak - It gives a long list of places conquered, among which are the names of many Jewish towns, as Taanach, Rehob, Mahanaim, Gibeon, Beth-horon, Kedemoth, Aijalon and Megiddo
Jarmuth - Piram its king was one of the five confederated to punish Gibeon for submitting to Joshua (Joshua 10:3; Joshua 10:5); routed at Beth-horon; executed at Makkedah (Joshua 10:23)
Beth-ho'Ron - Beth-horon lay on the boundary line between Benjamin and Ephraim, (Joshua 16:3,5 ) and Joshua 18:13,14 Was counted to Ephraim, ( Joshua 21:22 ; 1 Chronicles 7:24 ) and given to the Kohathites. (Joshua 21:22 ; 1 Chronicles 6:68 ) ( 1 Chronicles 6:53 ) The two Beth-horons still survive in the modern villages of Beit-ur, et-tahta and el-foka
Beriah - His daughters built the two cities named Beth-horon (1 Chronicles 7:20-25 )
Jasher - We have only two specimens from the book, (1) the words of Joshua which he spake to the Lord at the crisis of the battle of Beth-horon (Joshua 10:12,13 ); and (2) "the Song of the Bow," that beautiful and touching mournful elegy which David composed on the occasion of the death of Saul and Jonathan (2 Samuel 1:18-27 )
Jeb'Usites - (Joshua 11:3 ) "Jebus, which is Jerusalem," lost its king in the slaughter of Beth-horon, (Joshua 10:1,5,26 ) comp
Sanballat - He was a native of Beth-horon, and apparently belonged to an old Bab
Ajalon - It has been identified as the modern Yalo, at the foot of the Beth-horon pass (q
Sanballat - Nehemiah referred to Sanballat as the “Horonite,” suggesting a connection with Upper or Lower Beth-horon
Eben-Ezer - Stone of help, the memorial stone set up by Samuel to commemorate the divine assistance to Israel in their great battle against the Philistines, whom they totally routed (1 Samuel 7:7-12 ) at Aphek, in the neighbourhood of Mizpeh, in Benjamin, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon
la'Chish - ( Joshua 10:3,5 ) They were routed by Joshua at Beth-horon, and the king of Lachish fell a victim with the others under the trees at Makkedah
Beth-Horon - Beth-horon . In few places in Palestine can we with greater precision set history in its geographical setting; the whole ancient road, with abundant traces of Roman work, can be followed throughout, and the two Beit ‘Urs , less than two miles apart, stand sentinel above the road as the two Beth-horons did in ancient times. The Beth-horons were on the frontier between Benjamin and Ephraim ( Joshua 16:3-5 ; Joshua 18:13-14 )
Gezer - A landmark of Ephraim, between lower Beth-horon and the Mediterranean (Joshua 16:3), on the S
Ophir -
Caves - Henc,e also comes the name Beth-horon, "the house of caverns," and HORONAIM, "the two caverns;" and HAURAN, "the land of caverns" (Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18)
Josh'ua - In the great battle of Beth-horon the Amorites were signally routed, and the south country was open to the Israelites
Joshua - In the great battle of Beth-horon the Amorites were signally routed, and the south country was open to the Israelites
Gibeon - This eventful battle of Beth-horon sealed the fate of all the cities of Southern Palestine
Transportation And Travel -
Joshua - , Joshua 9:26 , Joshua 9:27 a), and advances to the victory at Beth-horon ( Joshua 10:1-7 ; Joshua 10:9-12 b 14a), to the execution at Makkedah ( Joshua 10:15-24 ; Joshua 10:26 f. ), and to the story of Beth-horon ( Joshua 9:8 ; Joshua 9:12 a, Joshua 9:14 b, Joshua 9:25 )
Gods, Pagan - The Canaanite god Horon was evidently worshiped in the two cities of Beth-horon (“house of Horon”)