Holman Bible Dictionary
(behth-sshahn) See Beth-Shean .
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
- Beth-Shean, Beth-shan
BETH-SHEAN, BETH-SHAN . The site of this ancient stronghold, allotted to Manasseh, although in the territory of Issachar ( Joshua 17:11 ff., Judges 1:27 ), is marked by the great mound and village of BeisÃ¢n , in the throat of the Vale of Jezreel, where it opens into the GhÃ´r . Manasseh failed to eject the Canaanites, but at a later date they were reduced to servitude. Here the Philistines dishonoured the bodies of Saul and his sons ( 1 Samuel 31:7 ff.). During the Greek period it was known as Scythopolis ; but the ancient name again prevailed in the form of BeisÃ¢n . After changes of fortune in the MaccabÃ¦n struggle, and in the time immediately succeeding, it attained considerable prosperity as a member of the Decapolis ( 1Ma 12:40 , Jos. [Note: Josephus.] Ant . XIV. V. 3, BJ III. IV. 7, etc.). There must always have been a strong admixture of heathen inhabitants (Jos. [Note: Josephus.] Vita , 6, Abhoda Zarah i. 4). It is now in the hands of a body of Circassians.
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
- Beth-Shean, or Beth-shan
More generally known by the name of Scythopolis, was situated two miles west of the Jordan, at the extremity of the valley of Jezreel, and arm of the great plain of Esdraelon, running down from it to the valley of the Jordan in a southeasterly direction. It stood on the brow, just where the former valley drops down by a rather steep descent to the level of the latter. Bethshean was assigned to Manasseh, though not at once subdued,
Joshua 17:11,16 ; Judges 1:27 . The dead body of Saul was fastened to its walls, 1 Samuel 31:10,12 ; 2 Samuel 21:12 ; 1 Kings 4:12 . The place is now called Beisan, and is about twenty-four miles south of Tiberias. The present village contains seventy of eighty houses, the inhabitants of which are in a miserable condition, owing to the depredations of the Bedaween. The ruins of the ancient city are of considerable extent, along the banks of the rivulet which ran by it, and on the side of the valley; and bespeak to it have been nearly three miles in circuit.
Shen - Some early translators read, “Beth-shan
Jabesh-Gilead - A town on the east of Jordan, on the top of one of the green hills of Gilead, within the limits of the half tribe of Manasseh, and in full view of Beth-shan. In gratitude for this deliverance, forty years after this, the men of Jabesh-Gilead took down the bodies of Saul and of his three sons from the walls of Beth-shan, and after burning them, buried the bones under a tree near the city (1 Samuel 31:11-13 )
Ephraim, Forest of -
Beth-Shean, Beth-Shan - BETH-SHEAN, Beth-shan
Jabesh-Gilead - Later, the men of Jabesh-gilead demonstrated the high regard in which they held Saul by retrieving the bodies of the slain king and his sons from the walls of Beth-shan (1 Samuel 31:11-13 )
Jezreel - The northern city of Jezreel, which guarded the corridor to Beth-shan, was the site of the royal residence of Omri and Ahab where the incident of Naboth's vineyard occurred (1 Kings 21:1 )
Jonathan - Their bodies were first hung on the wall of Beth-shan and later retrieved to Jabesh
Saul - Saul's body was beheaded and hung on the walls of Beth-shan, from whence it was rescued and buried by the grateful inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead (1 Samuel 31:8-13 )
Ashtaroth - At Beth-shan, the Philistines erected a temple to Ashtaroth (1 Samuel 31:10 )
Saul - The following day the Philistines severed the heads of Saul and his sons, and exposed the bodies on the walls of Beth-shan, whence the grateful Jabesh-gileadites brought them away by night (chs
Philistines, the - Apparently, the Philistines had Ashtoreth temples at Beth-shan (1 Samuel 31:10 NIV) and, according to Herodotus, at Ashkelon (Herodotus 1:105)
Samuel, First Book of - The bodies of Saul and of his sons were hanged up on the wall of Beth-shan, but were rescued during the night by men of Jabesh-gilead, burnt, and the bones buried under a tree
Sea of Galilee - Rish Laqish says: ‘If Paradise be in the land of Israel, Beth-shan is its entrance’ (ביתשאן פיתחה)
Archaeology And Biblical Study - Steles of Seti I, Rameses II, and Rameses III were found at Beth-shan