Places Study on Calah

Places Study on Calah

Genesis 10: Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Genesis 10: And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.

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Holman Bible Dictionary - Calah
(cay' lah) Assyrian place name. City Nimrod built along with Nineveh and Rehoboth (Genesis 10:8-12 ). It is modern tell Nimrud on the east bank of Tigris River where it joins Upper Zab River twenty miles south of Nineveh. Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 B.C.) made it the capital of Assyria. Major Assyrian archaeological discoveries including the six-acre palace of Ashurnasirpal have been dug up. See Assyria.



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Calah
A most ancient Assyrian city founded by Asshur (Genesis 10:11), or rather by Nimrod; for the right translation is, "out of that city (namely, Babel in Shinar) he (Nimrod) went forth to Asshur (Assyria E. of the Tigris) and builded Nineveh and Rehoboth-ir (i.e. city markets), and Calah and Rosen, ... the same is a great city." The four formed one "great" composite city, to which Nineveh, the name of one of the four in the restricted sense, was given; answering now to the ruins E. of the Tigris, Nebi Yunus, Koyunjik, Khorsabad, Nimrud. If Calah answer to Nimrud it was between 900 and 700 B.C. capital of the empire. The war-like Sardanapalus I and his successors resided here, down to Sargon, who built a new city and called it from his own name (now Khorsabad). Esarhaddon built there a grand palace. The district Calachene afterwards took its name from it.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Calah
CALAH . The Kalach of the inscriptions, one of the great fortresses which after the fall of Nineveh (cf. Jonah 4:11 and the Greek writers) were supposed to make up that city. Both Nineveh and Calah were, however, always separate in structure and in administration. Calah lay on the site of the great modem mounds of Nimrûd , as was first proved by the explorer Layard. In Genesis 10:11 f. it is said to have been founded by Nimrod, and, along with Nineveh and other cities, to have formed part of ‘the great city.’ It was the capital, or at least the chief royal residence, under several of the greatest Assyrian kings, whose palaces have been excavated by modern explorers. Here also was found the famous black obelisk of Shalmaneser II.

J. F. McCurdy.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Calah
One of the early cities built by Asshur, or, probably by Nimrod, if we read 'out of the land he (Nimrod) went forth to Assyria,' as in the margin. Genesis 10:11,12 . Supposed to be connected with some of the ruins on the Tigris, from which so many monuments and inscriptions have been discovered; but Calah cannot be distinguished from the other early cities mentioned in connection with Nimrod.

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Calah
Favorable; opportunity
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Calah
One of the most ancient cities of Assyria. "Out of that land he [i.e., Nimrod] went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, and Resen" (Genesis 10:11 , RSV). Its site is now marked probably by the Nimrud ruins on the left bank of the Tigris. These cover an area of about 1,000 acres, and are second only in size and importance to the mass of ruins opposite Mosul. This city was at one time the capital of the empire, and was the residence of Sardanapalus and his successors down to the time of Sargon, who built a new capital, the modern Khorsabad. It has been conjectured that these four cities mentioned in Genesis 10:11 were afterwards all united into one and called Nineveh (q.v.).

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Calah
a city of Assyria, built by Ashur, Genesis 10:12 . From it the adjacent country, on the north-east of the Tigris, and south of the Gordian mountains of Armenia, was called Callachene, or Callacine.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Calah
A city of Assyria, built by Ashur or by Nimrod, Genesis 10:11,12 . It was at some distance from Nineveh, and Resen lay between them. It is thought to have been near the river Lycus, the great Zab, which empties into the Tigris.

Sentence search

ca'Lah - ( Genesis 10:11 ) The site of Calah is probably market by the Nimrud ruins. If this be regarded as ascertained, Calah must be considered to have been at one time (about B
Resen - An ancient Assyrian city, between Nineveh and Calah, Genesis 10:12
Calah - Calah . Both Nineveh and Calah were, however, always separate in structure and in administration. Calah lay on the site of the great modem mounds of Nimrûd , as was first proved by the explorer Layard
ha'Lah - is probably a different place from the Calah of (Genesis 10:11 ) It may be identified with the Chalcitis of Ptolemy
Resen - ” City Nimrod founded between Nineveh and Calah (Genesis 10:12 )
Resen - ) Calah is probably Kileh Sherghat, 55 miles S. The name Calah may have been transferred from Asshur, Kileh Sherghat, to Nimrud, when the seat of empire was transferred to this latter place
re'Sen - (bridle ), ( Genesis 10:12 ) one of the cities built by Asshur, "between Nineveh and Calah
Resen - The great city "between Nineveh and Calah" one of the four cities built by Asshur, or by Nimrod in Asshur
Resen - ] , by Nimrod, and described as lying between Nineveh and Calah ( i. That the words ‘the same is a great city’ should refer to Resen alone seems unlikely more probably Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, and Calah are included, the two latter forming, with Resen, suburbs of the first
Resen - Head of the stream; bridle, one of Nimrod's cities (Genesis 10:12 ), "between Nineveh and Calah
Calah - city markets), and Calah and Rosen, . If Calah answer to Nimrud it was between 900 and 700 B
Nimrod - He established an empire in Shinar, the classical Babylonia, the chief towns being Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh: and extended this empire northward along the course of the Tigris over Assyria, where he founded a second group of capitals, Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah, and Resen
Rehoboth (2) - "the streets of the city"), Calah, Resen, and Nineveh
Calah - Supposed to be connected with some of the ruins on the Tigris, from which so many monuments and inscriptions have been discovered; but Calah cannot be distinguished from the other early cities mentioned in connection with Nimrod
Ashur - It is believed that Ashur originally dwelt in the land of Shiner and about Babylonia, but that he was compelled by the usurper Nimrod to depart from thence, and settle higher toward the springs of the Tigris, in the province of Assyria, so called from him, where some think he built the famous city of Nineveh, and those of Rehoboth, Calah, and Resen, Genesis 10:11-12
Nim'Rod - , from which we learn (1) that he was a Cushite; (2) that he established an empire in Shinar (the classical Babylonia) the chief towns being Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh; and (3) that he extended this empire northward along the course of the Tigris over Assyria, where he founded a second group of capitals, Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah and Resen
Asshur - (See Calah; NINEVEH
Rehoboth - Rehoboth-Ir, “broad places of the city,” likely denotes an open space within Nineveh or its suburbs (Genesis 10:11 ) rather than a separate city between Nineveh and Calah
Calah - , Nimrod] went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, and Resen" (Genesis 10:11 , RSV)
Tiglath Pileser - son of Zira, from whom Calah is called Bitzirah, because he had a temple at Zira or Calah). corner of Calah (Nimrud). They bear traces of intentional defacement, and Esarhaddon used them as building materials in his palace at Calah
Cities - (Genesis 4:17 ) After the confusion of tongues the descendants of Nimrod founded Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar, and Asshur, a branch from the same stock, built Nineveh, Rehoboth-by-the-river, Calah and Resen, the last being "a great city
Tigris - bank, opposite Mosui, were Nineveh and Calah, a little N
Cities - After the confusion of tongues the descendants of Nimrod founded Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar, and Asshur, a branch from the same stock, built Nineveh, Rehoboth-by-the-river, Calah and Resen, the last being "a great city
Races - North Semites : ( a ) Babylonians (Shinar, Accad, Bahel, Erech); ( b ) Assyrians (Asshur, Nineveh, Calah); ( c ) Aramæans (Syrians); ( d ) Canaanitish peoples (1) Ammonites, (2) Amorites, (3) Canaanites, (4) Edomites, (5) Hivites, (6) Israelites, (7) Jebusites, (8) Moabites, (9) Phœnicians (Tyre, Sidon, Arvad, etc
Nebo (2) - ... A statue of Nebo with the god's epithets written across the body, set up at Calah by Pul, is in the British Museum
Nineveh - According to his view, Nimrud would be identified with Calah, and Khorsabad with Dur-sargina, or "the city of Sargon. " He further claims that Assyrian writers do not consider these places to be parts of Nineveh, but distinct and separate cities; that Calah was for a longtime the capital, while Nineveh was a provincial town; that Dur-sargina was built by Sargon—not at Nineveh, but near Nineveh; and that Scripture similarly distinguishes Calah as a place separate from Nineveh, and so far from it that there was room for a great city between them
Nebo - A statue of Nebo found at Calah, where it was set up by Pul, king of Assyria, is now in the British Museum
Tig'Lath-Pile'Ser - His slabs, which are tolerably numerous show that he must have built or adorned a residence at Calah (Nimrud ), where they were found
City - Rawlinson supposes Rehoboth, Calah, etc
Assyria, History And Religion of - The foundation of other Assyrian cities, notably Calah and Nineveh, appears in Genesis 10:11-12 . He also rebuilt the city of Calah as the new military and administrative capital. A scene carved in relief on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser, unearthed at Calah, shows Jehu groveling before Shalmaneser, the only known depiction of an Israelite king. , Calah was destroyed. Ninurta, the god of war and hunting, became a fitting patron for the Assyrian capital Calah
Nimrod - "And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar: out of that land he went forth to invade Assyria; and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, and Resin, between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city," Genesis 10:8-12
Assur - The chief cities were Nineveh, answering to the mounds opposite Mosul (Nebi Yunus and Koyunjik), Calah or Hulah, now Nimrud Asshur, now Kilek Sherghent; Sargina, now Khorsabad; Arbela, Arbil (G. Others identify Kileh Sherghat on the right bank of the Tigris with the ancient Calah, Nimrud with Resen. city markets), Calah, Resen, and Nineveh (in the restricted sense), formed one great composite city, Nineveh (in the larger sense): Jonah 3:3. (Asshur-izir-pal) transferred the seat of government from Kileh Sherghat (Assur) to Nimrud (Calah), where he built the gorgeous palace lately discovered. Identified by some with Vul-lush of the Assyrian lists, who reigned at Calah (Nimrud) from 800 to 750 B
Nineveh - Nimrud in inscriptions is called Kalkhu or Calah in Genesis 10:11; Khorsabad is called Sargina from Sargon. It subsequently, with Rehoboth, Ir, Calah, and Resen, formed one great city, "Nineveh" in the larger sense. ... Asshur-danin-il and Iralush III follow; then Tiglath-i-nin; Asshur-idanni-pal next after ten victorious campaigns built a palace at Calah, 360 ft. long by 300 broad, with man lions at the gateways, and by a canal brought the Zab waters to Calah; he was "lord from the upper Tigris to Lebanon and the great sea
All - Shemitic from Calah, to be ended or completed to perfect
Nimrod - Rawlinson conjectures that Nimrod denotes not an individual but the "settlers," and that Rehoboth, Calah, etc
Ashtoreth - At Agade, Calah, and Babylon greater stress seems to have been laid upon the milder aspect, and it is doubtless with the worship of this side of Ishtar’s nature that the religious prostitution mentioned by Greek writers was connected (Hdt
Assyria - A great empire of western Asia, founded at a very early date probably the oldest on the Euphrates, and is traced to Asshur, Genesis 10:10-11, who built Nineveh, Rehoboth (?), Calah, and Resen
Babylon, History And Religion of - Ninurta, god of war and hunting, was patron for the Assyrian capital Calah
Gods, Pagan - Ninurta, god of war and hunting, was patron for the Assyrian capital Calah