Places Study on Caphtor

Places Study on Caphtor

Genesis 10: And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Deuteronomy 2: And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
Jeremiah 47: Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.
Amos 9: Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?

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Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Caphtor
CAPHTOR or CAPHTORIM. The original seat of the Philistines (Deuteronomy 2:23). Sprung from Mizraim (Genesis 10:14), akin to the Philistines who proceeded from the Casluhim, who sprung from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13-14). In Jeremiah 47:4 "the isle (margin i.e. the maritime or even the river bordering coast) of Caphtor" is mentioned, implying their neighborhood to either the sea (the Philistines' position) or to the Nile (whose waters are called "the sea," Nahum 3:8). The Egyptian names Copt (Kebtu, Keb-her in the hieroglyphics, the modern Coptic Kuft) and Egypt, i.e. Ee (the isle or coast of) Caphtor, are evidently the source of Caphtor. Capht-ur, i.e. the Great Calpht, probably the northern delta from which the Phoenicians emigrated into Asia, from whence Capht was the Egyptian name for the oldest Phoenicians in Asia or in Africa.

The time of migration must have been very early, as the Philistines were settled in Palestine in Abraham's time (Genesis 21:32-34). A seafaring race related to the Egyptians spread abroad at an ancient date. For at Medcenet Haboo the monuments of Rameses III state that the Egyptians were at war with the Philistines, the Tok-karn (the Carians) and the Shayratana (the Cherethim or Cretans) of the sea. ("The isle of Caphtor" in its later sense may mean Crete.) All three resemble the Egyptians. In Amos 9:7, "Have I not caused the Philistines to go up from Caphtor?" (i.e. from subjection to Caphtor, previous to their migration, as the context proves) Ρhilistiym means immigrants, from the Ethiopic fallasa. The Cherethim are seemingly identified with or formed a part of the Philistines (1 Samuel 30:14; 1 Samuel 30:16).

Pusey suggests there were different immigrations of the same tribe into Palestine, which afterward merged in one name: the Casluhim first; a second from the Caphtorim; a third the Cherethim or Cretans, Crete being an intermediate resting place in their migrations from whence some passed into Philistia. The Philistines were first a Casluchian colony between Gaza and Pelusium, which was afterward strengthened by immigrants from Caphtor, and extended its territory by pressing out the Avvim (Deuteronomy 2:23; Joshua 13:3). Tacitus (Hist., 5:2) says "the inhabitants of Palestine came from Crete"; perhaps many of the Cherethim settlers in Crete from Egypt, when disturbed by Minos and the Hellenes, withdrew from Crete to Philistia, where their kinsmen were settled.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Caphtor
(cayf' tawr) The original home of the Philistines (Amos 9:7 ). In Jeremiah 47:4 and in Deuteronomy 2:23 , its inhabitants are called Caphtorim (compare Genesis 10:14 ). Though several places have at times been proposed for its location, current scholarship is generally agreed that Caphtor is the island of Crete. See Philistines; Crete .



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Caphtor
CAPHTOR . The region whence the Philistines came to Palestine ( Amos 9:7 , Jeremiah 47:4 ). Hence in Deuteronomy 2:23 Caphtorim means the Philistines. In Genesis 10:14 Caphtorim is used of the country itself in place of Caphtor; it should be placed in the text immediately after Casluhim. Many identifications of Caphtor have been attempted. The favourite theory has been that it means the island of Crete (cf. Cherethites). Next in favour is the view that Caphtor was the coast of the Egyptian Delta. It has also been identified with Cyprus. The correct theory is suggested by inscriptions of Ramses III. of Egypt ( c [Note: circa, about.] . b.c. 1200), who tells of his having repelled a great invasion by enemies who had entered Syria and Palestine from the north. The leaders of these barbarians were called Purusati , which (Egyp. r being Sem. l ) is equivalent to the Heh. Pelishtî . Connecting these facts with the circumstance that the southern coast of Asia Minor, more especially Cilicia, was called Kefto or Kafto in the Egyptian inscriptions, it appears very probable that this Kafto and Caphtor are identical. The further conjecture might be hazarded that the writing of the Hebrew waw as a vowel-letter in an original Kafto gave rise to the additional rçsh . Compare the similar case Ashkenaz.

J. F. McCurdy.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Caphtor
The country from which, beside the Caphtorim, came some of the Philistines. They sprang from Mizraim, son of Ham. Deuteronomy 2:23 ; Amos 9:7 . In Jeremiah 47:4 the 'isles,' margin , may only signify 'maritime border.' Caphtor is supposed to be somewhere in Egypt, but has not been identified. See CASLUHIM

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Caphtor
A sphere
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Caphtor
A chaplet, the original seat of the Philistines (Deuteronomy 2:23 ; Jeremiah 47:4 ; Amos 9:7 ). The name is found written in hieroglyphics in the temple of Kom Ombos in Upper Egypt. But the exact situation of Caphtor is unknown, though it is supposed to be Crete, since the Philistines seem to be meant by the "Cherethites" in 1 Samuel 30:14 (see also 2 Samuel 8:18 ). It may, however, have been a part of Egypt, the Caphtur in the north Delta, since the Caphtorim were of the same race as the Mizraite people (Genesis 10:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:12 ).

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Caphtor
Caphtor. Deuteronomy 2:23. See Crete.

Sentence search

Caphtorim - or CaphtorITES (NIV) (Caphtorim) Citizens of Caphtor or Crete. See Caphtor
Cappadocia - The same as Caphtor
Caphtor - Caphtor
Caphtorim - The people of Caphtor
Caphtor - Caphtor . Hence in Deuteronomy 2:23 Caphtorim means the Philistines. In Genesis 10:14 Caphtorim is used of the country itself in place of Caphtor; it should be placed in the text immediately after Casluhim. Many identifications of Caphtor have been attempted. Next in favour is the view that Caphtor was the coast of the Egyptian Delta. Connecting these facts with the circumstance that the southern coast of Asia Minor, more especially Cilicia, was called Kefto or Kafto in the Egyptian inscriptions, it appears very probable that this Kafto and Caphtor are identical
Caphtor - Caphtor or CaphtorIM. the maritime or even the river bordering coast) of Caphtor" is mentioned, implying their neighborhood to either the sea (the Philistines' position) or to the Nile (whose waters are called "the sea," Nahum 3:8). Ee (the isle or coast of) Caphtor, are evidently the source of Caphtor. ("The isle of Caphtor" in its later sense may mean Crete. In Amos 9:7, "Have I not caused the Philistines to go up from Caphtor?" (i. from subjection to Caphtor, previous to their migration, as the context proves) Ρhilistiym means immigrants, from the Ethiopic fallasa. ... Pusey suggests there were different immigrations of the same tribe into Palestine, which afterward merged in one name: the Casluhim first; a second from the Caphtorim; a third the Cherethim or Cretans, Crete being an intermediate resting place in their migrations from whence some passed into Philistia. The Philistines were first a Casluchian colony between Gaza and Pelusium, which was afterward strengthened by immigrants from Caphtor, and extended its territory by pressing out the Avvim (Deuteronomy 2:23; Joshua 13:3)
Casluhim - People who descended from Mizraim, and 'out of whom came Philistim' or the Philistines (some of the Philistines: see Caphtor)
Avvim - Palestine near Gaza, who were absorbed by the immigrants from Caphtor (wh
Caphtor - The country from which, beside the Caphtorim, came some of the Philistines. ' Caphtor is supposed to be somewhere in Egypt, but has not been identified
Caphtor - In Jeremiah 47:4 and in Deuteronomy 2:23 , its inhabitants are called Caphtorim (compare Genesis 10:14 ). Though several places have at times been proposed for its location, current scholarship is generally agreed that Caphtor is the island of Crete
Cappadocia - is called in Hebrew Caphtor
Naphtuhim - An Egyptian n-idhw , ‘the marshes,’ used in contrast to Pathros, may be intended; but the discovery of Caphtor, so long a puzzle, may warn us to wait for further evidence
Knop, -
Caphtor
Cherethites And Pelethites - The appellation ‘Cherethite’ seems to be connected with Crete, and there is good ground (but see Caphtor) for the belief that Caphtor, from which Amos 9:7 says the Philistines came, is to be identified with Crete
Caphtor - But the exact situation of Caphtor is unknown, though it is supposed to be Crete, since the Philistines seem to be meant by the "Cherethites" in 1 Samuel 30:14 (see also 2 Samuel 8:18 ). It may, however, have been a part of Egypt, the Caphtur in the north Delta, since the Caphtorim were of the same race as the Mizraite people (Genesis 10:14 ; 1 Chronicles 1:12 )
Isles - Cyprus and Mediterranean coasts (Jeremiah 2:10; Numbers 24:24; Jeremiah 47:4 margin, "the isle of Caphtor," i
Philis'Tines - (immigrants ), The origin of the Philistines is nowhere expressly stated in the Bible; but as the prophets describe them as "the Philistines-from Caphtor," ( Amos 9:7 ) and "the remnant of the maritime district of Caphtor" (Jeremiah 47:4 ) it is prima facie probable that they were the Caphtorim which came out of Caphtor" who expelled the Avim from their territory and occupied it; in their place, (2:23) and that these again were the Caphtorim mentioned in the Mosaic genealogical table among the descendants of Mizraim. (Genesis 10:14 ) It has been generally assumed that Caphtor represents Crete, and that the Philistines migrated from that island, either directly or through Egypt, into Palestine. But the name Caphtor is more probably identified with the Egyptian Coptos. [Caphtor ] History
Avim - The Caplitorim out of Caphtor (i
Isle, Island - " It means island when used of Caphtor, for example, or Crete, Jeremiah 47:4 2:10 Psalm 97:1 Esther 10:1 , where the phrase isles of the sea is in antithesis with the land or continent
Island, Isle - The isle of Kittim ( Jeremiah 2:10 , Ezekiel 27:6 ) is probably Cyprus, and the isle of Caphtor ( Jeremiah 47:4 mg
Philistines - They are spoken of by (Amos 9:7 ) and (Jeremiah 47:4 ) as from Caphtor, i. We learn from the Old Testament that they came from Caphtor, usually supposed to be Crete
Kir - Their migration—like the migration of the Philistines from Caphtor—is spoken of in terms similar to that of the Exodus of Israel from Egypt (Amos 9:7 ; see Amos 1:5 )
Crete - In Old Testament times the Mediterranean island of Crete was known as Caphtor
Cherethims - (See Caphtor
Island - Crete (the Old Testament Caphtor, Jeremiah 47:4 ; Amos 9:7 ) is an island 152 miles long located to the southeast of Greece (Titus 1:5 , Titus 1:12 )
Joppa - Cepheus, its earliest king, may represent Caphtor (Genesis 10:14; Deuteronomy 2:23). It belonged to the Philistines, a Mizraimite colony of Caphtorim
Crete - The Minoans of Crete were known to the Egyptians as “Keftiu,” which may be the same as biblical “Caphtor,” though the biblical term may include a wider reference to coastlands and islands of the Aegean area. The Philistines came to Palestine from Caphtor (Jeremiah 47:4 ; Amos 9:7 ) and may have been part of the widespread migrant “Sea Peoples” rather than Cretans proper
Philistia - ) Caphtorim; Amos 9:7, "the Philistines from Caphtor"; Jeremiah 47:4; Deuteronomy 2:23. " (See CaphtorIM; CASLUHIM. As in Amos and Jeremiah the Philistines are traced to Caphtor, probably the Casluhim and Caphtorim were tribes which intermingled, the Caphtorim having strengthened the Casluchian colony by immigration; so the Philistines may be said to have come from either (Bochart). ) Successive emigrations of the same race took place into Philistia, first the Casluhim, then the Caphtorim from both of which came the Philistines, who seemingly were in subjection in Caphtor (the northern delta of Egypt), from whence "Jehovah brought them up" (Amos 9:7). (See Caphtor. )... The objection to the Mizraite origin of the Philistines from their language is answered by the supposition that the Philistine or Caphtorim invaders adopted the language of the Avim whom they conquered (Deuteronomy 2:23). The Cherethites were probably Caphtorim, the modern Copts
Philistines, the - According to biblical references, the homeland of the Philistines was Caphtor (Amos 9:7 ; Jeremiah 47:4 ). See Caphtor
Philistines - They seem originally to have migrated form Egypt to Caphtor, by which some understand Crete, and others with the ancients Cappadocia, Genesis 10:14 , and thence to have passed over to Palestine under the name of Caphtorim, where they drove out the Avim, who dwelt from Hazerim to Azzah, that is, Gaza, and swelt in their stead, Deuteronomy 2:23
Phenicia - "In the Egyptian inscriptions Phoenicia is called Keft, the inhabitants being Kefa; and since Keft-ur, or 'Greater Phoenicia,' was the name given to the delta of the Nile from the Phoenician colonies settled upon it, the Philistines who came from Caphtor or Keft-ur must have been of Phoenician origin" (Compare Deuteronomy 2:23 ; Jeremiah 47:4 ; Amos 9:7 )
Amos - He rules over Syria and Caphtor, Moab and Ammon, just as truly as over Israel or Judah (1, 2, Amos 6:14 , Amos 9:7 ). Amos knows, too, that the Aramæans migrated from Kir, and the Philistines from Caphtor ( Amos 9:7 ); he has heard of the swellings of the Nile ( Amos 8:8 , Amos 9:5 ), and regards the fact with a curious dread
Philistines - They are said to have come from Caphtor ( Amos 9:7 , Jeremiah 47:4 , Deuteronomy 2:23 ), which is with much probability identified with Crete
Egypt - - The antiquity of the colonization of Egypt by Noah's descendants is shown by the record of the migration of the Philistines from Caphtor, which must have been before Abram's arrival in Palestine, for the Philistines were then there. (See PHILISTINES; Caphtor. )... The Caphtorim sprang from the Mizraim or Egyptians (Genesis 10:13-14; Jeremiah 47:4; Amos 9:7)
Gentiles - He who brought up Israel from Egypt, Amos says (Amos 9:7), is the same God who brought the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir