Places Study on Hamath

Places Study on Hamath

Genesis 10: And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
Numbers 13: So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.
Numbers 34: From mount Hor ye shall point out your border unto the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:
Joshua 13: And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.
Judges 3: Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
2 Samuel 8: When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,
1 Kings 8: And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days.
2 Kings 14: He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher.
2 Kings 14: Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
2 Kings 17: And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
2 Kings 17: And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
2 Kings 18: Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?
2 Kings 19: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?
2 Kings 23: And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.
2 Kings 25: And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.
1 Chronicles 1: And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.
1 Chronicles 18: And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
1 Chronicles 18: Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
2 Chronicles 7: Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.
2 Chronicles 8: And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it.
2 Chronicles 8: And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.
Isaiah 10: Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?
Isaiah 11: And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
Isaiah 36: Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
Isaiah 37: Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?
Jeremiah 39: But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.
Jeremiah 49: Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.
Jeremiah 52: Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.
Jeremiah 52: And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.
Ezekiel 47: Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazarhatticon, which is by the coast of Hauran.
Ezekiel 47: And the border from the sea shall be Hazarenan, the border of Damascus, and the north northward, and the border of Hamath. And this is the north side.
Ezekiel 47: The west side also shall be the great sea from the border, till a man come over against Hamath. This is the west side.
Ezekiel 48: Now these are the names of the tribes. From the north end to the coast of the way of Hethlon, as one goeth to Hamath, Hazarenan, the border of Damascus northward, to the coast of Hamath; for these are his sides east and west; a portion for Dan.
Amos 6: Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: be they better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?
Zechariah 9: And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

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Dictionary

Holman Bible Dictionary - Hamath-Zobah
(hay' math-zoh' buh) Place name meaning, “hot place of Zobah.” City Solomon captured in Syria (2 Chronicles 8:3 ). Both Hamath and Zobah are cities in Syria that David controlled (2 Samuel 8:1 ). See Hamath ; Zobah. Some interpreters see the combination here as the result of a damaged text available to the Chronicler. Others think the Chronicler reflects the Babylonian and Persian administrative system of his day including the two cities in one administrative district. Other think this was simply another name for Zobah. The Chronicler in distinction from 2 Samuel 8:1 also combines the two cities into “Zobah-hamath” ( 1 Chronicles 18:3 REB, reflecting the literal Hebrew text).



Holman Bible Dictionary - Hamath
(hay' math) Place name meaning, “fortress” or “citadel.” City-state located in the valley of the Orontes River, roughly 120 miles north of Damascus. Excavation indicates this mound was occupied as early as Neolithic times. Hieroglyphic inscriptions first discovered by J. L. Burckhardt in 1810 attest early Hittite influence in Hamath. Throughout much of its existence, Hamath functioned as the capital of an independent kingdom.

The southern boundary of Hamath served as the northern boundary of Israel during the reigns of Solomon (1 Kings 8:65 ; 2 Chronicles 8:4 ) and Jeroboam II (2Kings 14:25,2 Kings 14:28 ). The “entrance of Hamath” was treated as the northern border of Israel (Numbers 34:8 ; Joshua 13:5 ; Ezekiel 47:15-17 ,Ezekiel 47:15-17,47:20 ; Ezekiel 48:1 ) and served as an accepted geographical expression (Numbers 13:21 ; Judges 3:3 ).

Toi, king of Hamath, sent his son to congratulate David after David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah. Toi had frequently fought with Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:9-10 ; 1Chronicles 18:3,1 Chronicles 18:9-10 ). See Toi . In 853 B.C. King Irhuleni of Hamath joined a coalition including Ben-hadad II of Damascus and Ahab of Israel which successfully thwarted the advance of Shalmaneser II of Assyria into northern Syria. In about 802 B.C. Adad-nirari III of Assyria crushed Damascus and levied a heavy tax upon it. During the following decades, the king of Hamath, probably named Zakir, waged a successful rivalry with Damascus. Hamath reached the zenith of its power between 800,750 B.C.

In 738 B.C. Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria exacted tribute from Hamath together with other states including Israel. Following the fall of Samaria in 722-721 B.C., Hamath was devastated in 720 B.C. by Sargon II of Assyria (Amos 6:2 ). Refugees from Samaria may have been exiled to Hamath by the Assyrians, while refugees from Hamath were brought to Samaria along with their god, Ashima (2Kings 17:24,2 Kings 17:30 ; Isaiah 11:11 ). From this time, Hamath's history seems to merge with that of Damascus (Jeremiah 49:23 ).

In the Hellenistic period, Antiochus

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Hamath-Zobah
Fortress of Zobah, (2 Chronicles 8:3 ) is supposed by some to be a different place from the foregoing; but this is quite uncertain.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Hamath
Fortress, the capital of one of the kingdoms of Upper Syria of the same name, on the Orontes, in the valley of Lebanon, at the northern boundary of Palestine (Numbers 13:21 ; 34:8 ), at the foot of Hermon (Joshua 13:5 ) towards Damascus (Zechariah 9:2 ; Jeremiah 49:23 ). It is called "Hamath the great" in Amos 6:2 , and "Hamath-zobah" in 2 Chronicles 8:3 . Hamath, now Hamah, had an Aramaean population, but Hittite monuments discovered there show that it must have been at one time occupied by the Hittites. It was among the conquests of the Pharaoh Thothmes III. Its king, Tou or Toi, made alliance with David (2 Samuel 8:10 ), and in B.C. 740 Azariah formed a league with it against Assyria. It was, however, conquered by the Assyrians, and its nineteen districts placed under Assyrian governors. In B.C. 720 it revolted under a certain Yahu-bihdi, whose name, compounded with that of the God of Israel (Yahu), perhaps shows that he was of Jewish origin. But the revolt was suppressed, and the people of Hamath were transported to Samaria (2 Kings 17:24,30 ), where they continued to worship their god Ashima. Hamah is beautifully situated on the Orontes, 32 miles north of Emesa, and 36 south of the ruins of Assamea.

The kingdom of Hamath comprehended the great plain lying on both banks of the Orontes from the fountain near Riblah to Assamea on the north, and from Lebanon on the west to the desert on the east. The "entrance of Hamath" (Numbers 34:8 ), which was the north boundary of Palestine, led from the west between the north end of Lebanon and the Nusairiyeh mountains.



Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Hamath-Zobah
Conquered by Solomon (2 Chronicles 8:3). Distinguished from "Hamath the great."

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Hamath
The chief city of upper Syria, in the valley of the Orontes, commanding the whole valley, from the low hills which form the watershed between the Orontes and the Liturgy, to the defile of Daphne below Antioch; this was "the kingdom of Hamath." An Hamitie race (Genesis 10:18). Akin to their neighbours the Hittites. "The entering in of Hamath," indicates that it (the long valley between Lebanon and Antilebanon) was the point of entrance into the land of Israel for any invading army, as the Assyrians and Babylonians, from the N. The southern approach to Hamath from Coelosyria between Libanus and Antilibanus formed the northern limit to Israel's inheritance (Numbers 13:21; Numbers 34:8; Joshua 13:5).

It was an independent kingdom under Tou or Toi in David's time; Toi sent presents to David who had destroyed the power of Hadarezer, Toi's enemy (2 Samuel 8:9-11). Tributary to Solomon who built "store cities" in it (2 Chronicles 8:4) as staples for the trade which passed along the Orontes valley. Mentioned as an ally of the Syrians of Damascus in the Assyrian inscriptions of Ahab's time. Jeroboam II "recovered Hamath" (2 Kings 14:25); but it was subjugated soon by Assyria (2 Kings 18:34; Amos 6:2; Amos 6:14), Who calls it "Hamath the great." Solomon's feast congregated all Israel "from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt" (1 Kings 8:65). The same point from which Solomon's kingdom began was the point from which, according to Amos' prophecy, began the triumph of Israel's foes for Israel's sin. From Antiochus Epiphanes it afterward got the name Epiphaneia.

It has resumed its old name little changed, Hamah; remarkable for its great waterwheels for raising water from the Orontes for the gardens and houses. The alah or "high land" of Syria abounds in ruins of villages, 365 according to the Arabs. Hamath stones have been found, four blocks of basalt inscribed with hieroglyphics, first noticed by Burckhardt in 1810; the characters in cameo raised from two to four lines, not incised, as other Syrian inscriptions. The names of Thothroes III and Amenophis I are read by some scholars in them. Burton thinks these inscriptions form a connecting link between picture writing and alphabetic writing. Probably they were Hittite in origin.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Lebo-Hamath
(lee' boh-hay' math) Place name meaning “entrance to or to come to Hamath.” KJV, RSV translate; other modern translations transliterate the Hebrew name. Many modern interpreters think Lebo-hamath was an independent city in the city-state dominated by Hamath in Syria. It could be Lebwe north of Baalbek or Labau east of the Jordan. If a definite city is not meant, Lebo-hamath would represent the territory bordering the northwestern part of the Orontes River. Lebwe is close to the Litani River about 43 miles north of Damascus. Whatever its precise location, Lebo-hamath represented the northern boundary of Canaan promised to Israel (Numbers 13:21 ; compare Ezekiel 48:1 ), not conquered by Joshua (Joshua 13:5 ; Judges 3:3 ), controlled by David (1 Chronicles 13:5 ) and Solomon (1 Kings 8:65 ), and restored to Israel by Jeroboam II about 793-753 B.C. (2 Kings 14:25 ; compare 2 Kings 13:25 ). Amos predicted complete defeat for Israel starting at Lebo-hamath (2 Kings 6:14 ).



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Hamath
Anger; heat; a wall
Hitchcock's Bible Names - Hamath-Zobah
The heat
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath
HAMATH . A city on the Orontes, the capital of the kingdom of Hamath, to the territory of which the border of Israel extended in the reign of Solomon ( 1 Kings 8:65 ), who is related to have built store-cities there ( 2 Chronicles 8:4 ). Jeroboam ii., the son of Joash, restored the kingdom to this northern limit ( 2 Kings 14:25 ; 2 Kings 14:28 ), and it was regarded as the legitimate border of the land of Israel ( Numbers 34:8 , Joshua 13:5 ), and was employed as a geographical term ( Numbers 13:21 , cf. Judges 3:3 ). The Hamathite is mentioned last of the sons of Canaan in the table of nations ( Genesis 10:18 , 1 Chronicles 1:16 ). During the time of David, Toi was king of Hamath ( 2 Samuel 8:9 ); the greatness of the city is referred to by the prophet Amos ( Amos 6:2 ), and it is classed by Zechariah with Damascus, Tyre and Zidon ( Zechariah 9:1 f.). The city was conquered by Tiglath-pileser iii. and Sargon, and part of its inhabitants were deported and the land was largely colonized by Assyrians; its capture and subjugation are referred to in the prophetic literature ( Isaiah 10:9 , Jeremiah 49:23 ; cf. also 2 Kings 18:34 , Isaiah 36:19 , 2 Kings 19:13 ). Hamath is mentioned as one of the places to which Israelites were exiled ( Isaiah 11:11 ), and it was also one of the places whose inhabitants were deported to colonize Israelite territory on the capture of Samaria ( 2 Kings 17:24 ; 2 Kings 17:30 ). See Ashima.

L. W. King.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath-Zobah
HAMATH-ZOBAH (or ‘Hamath of Zobah’). A city in the neighbourhood of Tadmor, conquered by Solomon ( 2 Chronicles 8:3 ). Some have conjectured that it is identical with Hamath (wh. see), and that Zobah is used here in a broader sense than usual. On the other hand, it may be another Hamath situated in the territory of Zobah proper.

W. M. Nesbit.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hamath, Hemath
District and a noted city in the north of Syria. We read of the HAMATHITE as early as Genesis 10:18 . The district lay north of the Lebanon and the Anti-Lebanon, but perhaps extended southward, as the northern border of Israel is spoken of as 'the entering in of Hamath.' 1 Kings 8:65 . Toi, king of Hamath, sent to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer. It was more than a hundred miles farther north than Dan, but it became tributary to Solomon and he built store cities there. 2 Chronicles 8:4 . On the death of Solomon it appears to have gained its independence, for it was recovered by Jeroboam II. 2 Kings 14:28 . It afterwards fell into the hands of the Assyrians. Jeremiah 52:9,27 .

Antiochus Epiphanes changed its name to Epiphaneia, which name appears on some maps. It is now called Hamah. The river Orontes runs through the city. It is so far removed from the path of ordinary travellers (35 12' N, 36 38' E ) that it retains its ancient customs and pride, along with its poverty and fanaticism. The district is mentioned in the future division of the land. Ezekiel 47:16,17,20 ; Ezekiel 48:1 ; Amos 6:14 ; Zechariah 9:2 . In Amos 6:2 it is called HAMATH THE GREAT.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hamath
Hamath (hâ'math), fortress, citadel. A city of Syria. It was founded by a son of Canaan, Genesis 10:18; Numbers 34:8, and was situated in the valley of the Orontes. It was 165 miles in a straight line north of Jerusalem; was visited by the spies, Numbers 13:21, and it is frequently noticed as the northern boundary of Palestine. Numbers 34:8; Joshua 13:5. Its king, Toi, blessed David for his victory over Zobah, 2 Samuel 8:9-12; Solomon extended his kingdom to Hamath, 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Chronicles 8:4, and built store-cities in that region; afterward the city and country became independent, but were again subdued by Jeroboam II. 2 Kings 14:25. 28. It was taken by the Assyrians, 2 Kings 18:34; Isaiah 10:9; Amos calls it "Hamath the great," and speaks of its desolation. Amos 6:2. Its modern name is Hamah, and it is now a place of 30,000 inhabitants.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hamath
a city of Syria, capital of a province of the same name, lying upon the Orontes, Joshua 13:5 ; Judges 3:3 ; 2 Kings 14:25 ; 2 Chronicles 7:8 . The king of Hamath cultivated a good understanding with David, 2 Samuel 8:9 . This city was taken by the kings of Judah, and afterward retaken by the Syrians, and recovered from them by Jeroboam the Second, 2 Kings 14:28 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hamath
A celebrated city of Syria. Hamath, like Jerusalem and Damascus, is one of the few places in Syria and Palestine which have retained a certain degree of importance from the very earliest ages to the present time. The name occurs in Genesis 10:18 , as the seat of a Canaanitish tribe; and it is often mentioned as the northern limits of Canaan in its widest extent, Numbers 13:21 ; Joshua 13:5 ; Judges 3:3 . In David's time, Toi king of Hamath was his ally, 2 Samuel 8:9,10 .

Burckhardt describes Hamath as "situated on both sides of the Orontes; a part of it is built on the declivity of a hill, and a part in the plain. The town is of considerable extent, and must contain at least 30,000 inhabitants. There are four bridges over the Orontes in the town. The river supplies the upper town with water by means of buckets fixed to high wheels, which empty themselves into stone canals, supported by lofty arches on a level with the upper part of the town. There are about a dozen of the wheels; the largest of them is at least seventy feet in diameter. The principal trade of Hamath is with the Arabs, who buy here their tent furniture and clothes. The government of Hamath comprises about one hundred and twenty inhabited villages, and seventy or eighty which have been abandoned. The western part of its territory is the granary of the northern Syria, though the harvest never yields more than ten for one, chiefly in consequence of the immense numbers of mice, which sometimes wholly destroy the crops." "The entering in of Hamath" is the northern part of the valley which leads up to it from Palestine, between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, Numbers 13:21 ; 1 Kings 1:53 .

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hamath
The city of Hamath was situated in the north of Lebanon, at the end of the Lebanon ranges and on the edge of the Syrian plain. In the time of David its leaders were friendly with Israel (2 Samuel 8:9-10), and in the time of Solomon it was controlled by Israel (2 Chronicles 8:3-4). After Solomon’s death it regained its independence, but it again came briefly under Israelite control during the reign of Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25).

At the northern end of the Lebanon ranges was a prominent gap known as ‘the entrance of Hamath’, where Lebanon opened on to the plains of Syria. This gap, or pass, marked Israel’s ideal northern boundary (Joshua 13:5; Amos 6:14), but only in times of unusual growth and prosperity was it the actual boundary (2 Kings 14:25). (For further details see LEBANON.)

Sentence search

ha'Math-zo'Bah - (fortress of Zobah ), ( 2 Chronicles 8:3 ) has been conjectured to be the same as Hamath. But the name Hamath-Zobah would seem rather suited to another Hamath which was distinguished from the "Great Hamath" by the suffix "Zobah
Hemath - (hee' math) KJV spelling of Hammath and Hamath. See Hammath ; Hamath
Hamath-Zobah - Hamath-ZOBAH (or ‘Hamath of Zobah’). Some have conjectured that it is identical with Hamath (wh. On the other hand, it may be another Hamath situated in the territory of Zobah proper
Hamathite - (hay' muhth ite) Citizen of Hamath and originally descended from Canaan, son of Ham, son of Noah (Genesis 10:18 ). See Hamath
Hamath - Burckhardt in 1810 attest early Hittite influence in Hamath. Throughout much of its existence, Hamath functioned as the capital of an independent kingdom. ... The southern boundary of Hamath served as the northern boundary of Israel during the reigns of Solomon (1 Kings 8:65 ; 2 Chronicles 8:4 ) and Jeroboam II (2Kings 14:25,2 Kings 14:28 ). The “entrance of Hamath” was treated as the northern border of Israel (Numbers 34:8 ; Joshua 13:5 ; Ezekiel 47:15-17 ,Ezekiel 47:15-17,47:20 ; Ezekiel 48:1 ) and served as an accepted geographical expression (Numbers 13:21 ; Judges 3:3 ). ... Toi, king of Hamath, sent his son to congratulate David after David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah. King Irhuleni of Hamath joined a coalition including Ben-hadad II of Damascus and Ahab of Israel which successfully thwarted the advance of Shalmaneser II of Assyria into northern Syria. During the following decades, the king of Hamath, probably named Zakir, waged a successful rivalry with Damascus. Hamath reached the zenith of its power between 800,750 B. Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria exacted tribute from Hamath together with other states including Israel. , Hamath was devastated in 720 B. Refugees from Samaria may have been exiled to Hamath by the Assyrians, while refugees from Hamath were brought to Samaria along with their god, Ashima (2Kings 17:24,2 Kings 17:30 ; Isaiah 11:11 ). From this time, Hamath's history seems to merge with that of Damascus (Jeremiah 49:23 )
Lebo-Hamath - (lee' boh-hay' math) Place name meaning “entrance to or to come to Hamath. Many modern interpreters think Lebo-Hamath was an independent city in the city-state dominated by Hamath in Syria. If a definite city is not meant, Lebo-Hamath would represent the territory bordering the northwestern part of the Orontes River. Whatever its precise location, Lebo-Hamath represented the northern boundary of Canaan promised to Israel (Numbers 13:21 ; compare Ezekiel 48:1 ), not conquered by Joshua (Joshua 13:5 ; Judges 3:3 ), controlled by David (1 Chronicles 13:5 ) and Solomon (1 Kings 8:65 ), and restored to Israel by Jeroboam II about 793-753 B. Amos predicted complete defeat for Israel starting at Lebo-Hamath (2 Kings 6:14 )
Hamathzobah - It can scarcely be the same as the Hamath which is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 8:4 . Probably Hamath was a province or city belonging to Zobah
a'Math - [Hamath ]
Hethlon - The "way of Hethlon" (Ezekiel 47:15 ; 48:1 ) is probably the pass at the end of Lebanon from the Mediterranean to the great plain of Hamath (q. ), or the "entrance of Hamath
ha'Math - The Hamathites were a Hamitic race, and are included among the descendants of Canaan. ( Genesis 10:18 ) Nothing appears of the power of Hamath until the time of David. (2 Samuel 8:9 ) Hamath seems clearly to have been included in the dominions of Solomon. (1 Kings 4:21-24 ) The "store-cities" which Solomon "built in Hamath," (2 Chronicles 8:4 ) were perhaps staples for trade. 900) Hamath appears as a separate power, in alliance with the Syrians of Damascus, the Hittites and the Phoenicians. About three-quarters of a century later Jeroboam the Second "recovered Hamath. The natives, however, called it Hamath even in St
Hethlon - end of Lebanon from the Mediterranean coast to the plain of Hamath, i. the entrance of Hamath (Numbers 34:8)
to'u, - king of Hamath
Hethlon - It is in the locality of Hamath. It is supposed to be identified with 'the entrance of Hamath
Hamathite - Inhabitant of Hamath
Hamath-Zobah - Distinguished from "Hamath the great
Hamath-Zobah - Both Hamath and Zobah are cities in Syria that David controlled (2 Samuel 8:1 ). See Hamath ; Zobah. The Chronicler in distinction from 2 Samuel 8:1 also combines the two cities into “Zobah-Hamath” ( 1 Chronicles 18:3 REB, reflecting the literal Hebrew text)
Ashima - (uh sshi' muh) Syrian god made and worshiped in Hamath (2 Kings 17:30 ). Hamath's goddess may have been Asherah. They may have incorporated the god of Hamath into their worship. See Hamath
Sibraim - A northern landmark of Palestine, lying between Damascus and Hamath
Hemath - See also Hamath
Ziphron - Sweet odour, a city on the northern border of Palestine (Numbers 34:9 ), south-east of Hamath
Ashima - A deity adored by the men of Hamath, who were settled in Samaria, 2 Kings 17:30
Sibraim - of the Holy Land (Ezekiel 47:16), between the boundary of Damascus and Hamath
Hamath - It is called "Hamath the great" in Amos 6:2 , and "Hamath-zobah" in 2 Chronicles 8:3 . Hamath, now Hamah, had an Aramaean population, but Hittite monuments discovered there show that it must have been at one time occupied by the Hittites. But the revolt was suppressed, and the people of Hamath were transported to Samaria (2 Kings 17:24,30 ), where they continued to worship their god Ashima. ... The kingdom of Hamath comprehended the great plain lying on both banks of the Orontes from the fountain near Riblah to Assamea on the north, and from Lebanon on the west to the desert on the east. The "entrance of Hamath" (Numbers 34:8 ), which was the north boundary of Palestine, led from the west between the north end of Lebanon and the Nusairiyeh mountains
Hamath - Hamath, like Jerusalem and Damascus, is one of the few places in Syria and Palestine which have retained a certain degree of importance from the very earliest ages to the present time. In David's time, Toi king of Hamath was his ally, 2 Samuel 8:9,10 . ... Burckhardt describes Hamath as "situated on both sides of the Orontes; a part of it is built on the declivity of a hill, and a part in the plain. The principal trade of Hamath is with the Arabs, who buy here their tent furniture and clothes. The government of Hamath comprises about one hundred and twenty inhabited villages, and seventy or eighty which have been abandoned. " "The entering in of Hamath" is the northern part of the valley which leads up to it from Palestine, between Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, Numbers 13:21 ; 1 Kings 1:53
Ashima - An idol introduced into Samaria by the colonists sent from Hamath by the king of Assyria
Toi - King of Hamath on the Orontes; sent his son Hadoram or Joram with presents of gold, silver, and brass, to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer, king of Zobah, whose kingdom bordered on Hamath and who probably had tried to reduce Toi to vassalage
Hazar-Hatticon - Village of the midway, a place near Hamath in the confines of Hauran (Ezekiel 47:16 ), probably on the north brow of Hermon
Riblah - of Hamath. ... The statement of 2 Kings 23:33 , that Pharaoh-necho put Jehoahaz in bonds at Riblah in the land of Hamath, is to be corrected by the parallel passage 2 Chronicles 36:3 , where the transaction is said to have taken place in Jerusalem itself. The phrase ‘in the land of Hamath’ ( 2 Kings 25:21 ) is to be compared with the ‘nineteen districts of Hamath’ enumerated in the Annals of Tiglath-pileser iii. It is remarkable, however, that this Riblah is mentioned in connexion with the ‘approach to Hamath’ (v. Hermon, and the centre of the kingdom of Hamath of the time of David
Sepharvaim - From southern Ava, Cuthah, and Hamath, the Assyrian king brought colonists to people Samaria, after the ten tribes were deported (2 Kings 17:24). Rabshakeh and Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:34; 2 Kings 19:13) boastingly refer to Assyria's conquest of Sepharvaim as showing the hopelessness of Samaria's resistance (Isaiah 36:19): "where are the gods of Hamath . Sepharvaim? have they (the gods of Hamath and Sepharvaim) delivered Samaria out of my hand?" How just the retribution in kind, that Israel having chosen the gods of Hamath and Sepharvaim should be sent to Hamath and Sepharvaim as their place of exile, and that the people of Hamath and Sepharvaim should be sent to the land of Israel to replace the Israelites! (Proverbs 1:31; Jeremiah 2:19)
Hamath - The chief city of upper Syria, in the valley of the Orontes, commanding the whole valley, from the low hills which form the watershed between the Orontes and the Liturgy, to the defile of Daphne below Antioch; this was "the kingdom of Hamath. "The entering in of Hamath," indicates that it (the long valley between Lebanon and Antilebanon) was the point of entrance into the land of Israel for any invading army, as the Assyrians and Babylonians, from the N. The southern approach to Hamath from Coelosyria between Libanus and Antilibanus formed the northern limit to Israel's inheritance (Numbers 13:21; Numbers 34:8; Joshua 13:5). Jeroboam II "recovered Hamath" (2 Kings 14:25); but it was subjugated soon by Assyria (2 Kings 18:34; Amos 6:2; Amos 6:14), Who calls it "Hamath the great. " Solomon's feast congregated all Israel "from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt" (1 Kings 8:65). Hamath stones have been found, four blocks of basalt inscribed with hieroglyphics, first noticed by Burckhardt in 1810; the characters in cameo raised from two to four lines, not incised, as other Syrian inscriptions
Arpad - A city dependent on Damascus, and always named with Hamath (now Hamah on the Orontes)
Riblah - A city of Syria, in the country of Hamath, at the north-east extremity of Canaan, Numbers 34:11 . Through this valley, by way of Hamath and Riblah, was the readiest access to Palestine from the north
Hamath - Hamath (hâ'math), fortress, citadel. Its king, Toi, blessed David for his victory over Zobah, 2 Samuel 8:9-12; Solomon extended his kingdom to Hamath, 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Chronicles 8:4, and built store-cities in that region; afterward the city and country became independent, but were again subdued by Jeroboam II. It was taken by the Assyrians, 2 Kings 18:34; Isaiah 10:9; Amos calls it "Hamath the great," and speaks of its desolation
Arpad - A Syrian city, associated with Hamath, 2 Kings 18:34 ; 19:1-37 ; Isaiah 10:9 ; 36:19 and with Damascus, Jeremiah 49:23
Iv - It was known by this name in the Graeco-Roman period, though the natives continued to call it Hamath (modern amah)
Arpad - A town or region in Syria, near Hamath, 2 Kings 18:34; Isaiah 10:9, dependent on Damascus, Jeremiah 49:23
Toi - King of Hamath in Syria, sent his son to rejoice with David on his victories over Hadadezer king of Zobah, 2 Samuel 8:9-11 ; 1 Chronicles 18:9
Joram - Toi's son, sent from Hamath to congratulate David on his victories over Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:10)
Toi - King of Hamath on the Orontes, who sent costly presents and congratulated David on his victory over Hadadezer
Sibraim - Apparently the northern border between Damascus and Hamath
Ziphron - It may be modern Zapherani southeast of Restan between Hamath and Homs
Hadrach - It is supposed to be found on the Assyrian monuments in the names Hatarakka, and Hatarika, where it is associated with Damascus and Hamath, as in Zechariah
Zedad - Side; sloping place, a town in the north of Palestine, near Hamath (Numbers 34:8 ; Ezekiel 47:15 )
Tob - , the others being Hamath (the less), Zobah, Beth-rehob, Maacah or Geshur. Tob joined the rest of the Aramæans, except those of Hamath ( 2 Samuel 8:9 f
Hamath - Hamath . A city on the Orontes, the capital of the kingdom of Hamath, to the territory of which the border of Israel extended in the reign of Solomon ( 1 Kings 8:65 ), who is related to have built store-cities there ( 2 Chronicles 8:4 ). The Hamathite is mentioned last of the sons of Canaan in the table of nations ( Genesis 10:18 , 1 Chronicles 1:16 ). During the time of David, Toi was king of Hamath ( 2 Samuel 8:9 ); the greatness of the city is referred to by the prophet Amos ( Amos 6:2 ), and it is classed by Zechariah with Damascus, Tyre and Zidon ( Zechariah 9:1 f. Hamath is mentioned as one of the places to which Israelites were exiled ( Isaiah 11:11 ), and it was also one of the places whose inhabitants were deported to colonize Israelite territory on the capture of Samaria ( 2 Kings 17:24 ; 2 Kings 17:30 )
Tou - King of Hamath on the Orontes, who sent an embassy to congratulate David on his defeat of Hadadezer ( 1 Chronicles 18:9 f
Ashima - As Hamath, the god’s seat of worship ( 2 Kings 17:30 ), was occupied by the Hittites, the deity was probably non-Semitic
Heth'Lon - ( Ezekiel 47:15 ; 48:1 ) In all probability the "way of Hethlon" is the pass at the northern end of Lebanon, and is thus identical with "the entrance of Hamath" in (Numbers 34:8 ) etc
Hamath, Hemath - We read of the HamathITE as early as Genesis 10:18 . The district lay north of the Lebanon and the Anti-Lebanon, but perhaps extended southward, as the northern border of Israel is spoken of as 'the entering in of Hamath. Toi, king of Hamath, sent to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer. In Amos 6:2 it is called Hamath THE GREAT
to'i - (erring ), king of Hamath on the Orontes, who, after the defeat of his powerful enemy the Syrian king Hadadezer by the army of David, sent his son Joram or Hadoram to congratulate the victory and do him homage with presents of gold and silver and brass
ar'Vad - In agreement with this is the mention of "the Arvadite, in ( Genesis 10:18 ) and 1 Chronicles 1:16 As a son of Canaan, with Zidon, Hamath an other northern localities
Hamath - The city of Hamath was situated in the north of Lebanon, at the end of the Lebanon ranges and on the edge of the Syrian plain. ... At the northern end of the Lebanon ranges was a prominent gap known as ‘the entrance of Hamath’, where Lebanon opened on to the plains of Syria
Arpad - (Isaiah 10:9 ; 36:19 ; 37:13 ), also Arphad, support, a Syrian city near Hamath, along with which it is invariably mentioned (2 Kings 19:13 ; 18:34 ; Isaiah 10:9 ), and Damascus (Jeremiah 49:23 )
Lasha - The traditional location is at Kallirhoe east of the Dead Sea; others identify it with Nuhashe or Laash in northern Syria near Hamath
Hadoram - The son of Tou, king of Hamath ( 1 Chronicles 18:10 )
Zobah - It seems to have lain near Damascus, and to have included the city Hamath conquered by Solomon, 2 Chronicles 8:3 , but also to have extended towards the Euphrates, 2 Samuel 8:3
Zoba, Zobah - District in the north of Syria lying between Hamath and Damascus
Helam - ” The earliest Greek translation of Ezekiel 47:16 apparently locates it between Damascus and Hamath in Syria
Ashima - The idol of Hamath, introduced by the Hamathites, the colonists planted in Samaria by Esarhaddon king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:24; 2 Kings 17:30; Ezra 4:2; Ezra 4:10); represented as a goat with short hair, answering to the Egyptian form of the Greek god Pan, to whom the goat was sacred
Rehob - And there was a city of Asher called Rehob, bordering upon Syria, on the road to Hamath
Hamath - The king of Hamath cultivated a good understanding with David, 2 Samuel 8:9
Riblah - City in the land of Hamath, where Pharaoh-nechoh imprisoned Jehoahaz, and whence the king of Babylon carried Zedekiah, when he slew his sons and the priests and chief men of Judah
League - Thus David maintained friendly intercourse with the kings of Tyre and Hamath, and Solomon with the kings of Tyre and Egypt
Rehob (2) - The northern limit of the spies' search (Numbers 13:21), at the entrance of Hamath (Numbers 13:21)
Berothah, Berothai - Ezekiel places it between Hamath and Damascus; the site is otherwise unknown
jo'Ram - (1 Chronicles 26:25 ) ... Son of Toi king of Hamath
Hadrach - It was apparently the large mound tell Afis, 28 miles southwest of Aleppo, and served as capital of Luhuti, which was an ally of Hamath from 854 to 773
Hethlon - Others see it as another name or a scribal change for Lebo-Hamath (Numbers 34:8 )
Hadoram -
The son of Tou, king of Hamath, sent by his father to congratulate David on his victory over Hadarezer, king of Syria (1 Chronicles 18:10 ; called Joram 2 Samuel 8:10 )
Baal Gad - limit of Joshua's victories, as Hamath was the N
Berothai - In Ezekiel 47:16 connected with Hamath and Damascus, as the northern boundary of the future inheritance of restored Israel
Rehob - It is now supposed to be represented by the castle of Hunin, south-west of Dan, on the road from Hamath into Coele-Syria
Hadoram - Son of Tou or Toi king of Hamath: he was sent to congratulate David on his victory over Hadarezer
Baal Gad - limit of Joshua's victories, as Hamath was the N
Hado'Ram - ... Son of Tou or Toi king of Hamath; his father's ambassador to congratulate David on his victory over Hadarezer king of Zobah
Helam - In this case it must have lain on the border between Damascus and Hamath
Jeroboam (2) - Very little is recorded of this king except that he obtained signal victories over the Syrians, and Hamath and Damascus were recovered, for the Lord had mercy on Israel
hi'Vites - (Joshua 9:7 ; 11:19 ) The main body of the Hivites were at this time living in the northern confines of western Palestine-- "under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh," (Joshua 11:3 ) --"in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entering in of Hamath
Hadoram - Son of Tou or Toi, king of Hamath; sent to congratulate David on his victory over Hadarezer (1 Chronicles 28:10), bearing costly presents in gold, silver, and brass (antiques according to Josephus)
Calneh, Calno - Calneh, linked with Hamath and Gath in Amos 6:2 , is probably the Kulnia (Kullani) associated with Arpad and Hadrach, Syrian cities, in the Assyrian ‘tribute’ lists, Kullanhu now six miles from Arpad
Orontes - Cities of the Orontes valley include Antioch (Acts 11:19 ; Acts 13:1 ), Hamath (2 Samuel 8:9 ; 2 Kings 17:24 ; 2 Chronicles 8:4 ; Isaiah 11:11 ), Qarqar, where King Ahab of Israel joined a coalition of Syrian kings warring against Shalmaneser III, and Riblah (2 Kings 23:33 ; 2Kings 25:6,2 Kings 25:21 )
zo'ba, - He had wars with Toi king of Hamath, (2 Samuel 8:10 ) and held various petty Syrian princes as vassals under his yoke. The name however, is found at a later date in the inscriptions of Assyria, where the kingdom of Zobah seems to intervene between Hamath and Damascus
Arpad - (ahr' pawd) or ARPHAD A city-state in northern Syria closely identified with Hamath
River of Egypt - ( Numbers 34:3-6 ) In the latter history we find Solomon's kingdom extending from the "entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt," (1 Kings 8:65 ) and Egypt limited in the same manner where the loss of the eastern provinces is mentioned
Mouse - See Hamath
Ivah - From Ivah, along with Babylon, Cuthah, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, the king of Assyria (Esar-haddon) brought people to colonize Samaria
Hivites - The main body of the Hivites were then living on the northern confines of western Palestine—"under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh," Joshua 11:3; "in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon unto the entering in of Hamath
Sargon - States under Ilu-bihdi, who drew Hamath, Arpad, Damascus, and Palestine into revolt. This was soon put down, Hamath was colonized by Assyrians, and the Philistines and Egyptians were defeated at Raphia
Tad'Mor - It lay between the Euphrates and Hamath, to the southeast of that city, in a fertile tract or oasis of the desert. It was built by Solomon after his conquest of Hamath-zobah
Hor - of Sidon to the entering in of Hamath (Kalat el Husn close to Hums, i. ancient Hamath); the northern boundary appointed to Israel (Numbers 34:8)
Hammath - Original ancestor of Kenites and Rechabites ( 1 Chronicles 2:55 ; KJV reads, “Hamath”; TEV, REB see a verbal construction meaning, “intermarried” or “connected by marriage
Hadoram - Son of Tou, city-state ruler in Hamath of Syria
Tadmor - In 2 Chronicles 8:14 Tadmor is mentioned in connection with Hamath-zobah
River of Egypt - In Joshua 13:3, "from Sihor which is before Egypt," the same torrent is marked as Israel's southern boundary, as the entering in of Hamath is the northern (Numbers 34:5; Numbers 34:8)
Hivites - Their abode was about Hermon and Lebanon (Joshua 11:3, "under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh"; Judges 3:3, "from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath"); toward Tyre (2 Samuel 24:7), and Sichem or Shechem (Genesis 34:11), and Gibeon (Joshua 9:1; Joshua 9:7)
Rib-Lah -
Riblah in the land of Hamath, a place on the great road between Palestine and Babylonia, at which the kings of Babylonia were accustomed to remain while directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia
Remphan - " The men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth; and the men of Cush made Nergal; and the men of Hamath made Ashima; and the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech, and Anammalach, the gods of Sepharvaim
Assyria - 740) Arpad, near Aleppo, after a siege of three years, and reduced Hamath. Azariah (Uzziah) was an ally of the king of Hamath, and thus was compelled by Tiglath-pileser to do him homage and pay a yearly tribute. From an early period Assyria had entered on a conquering career, and having absorbed Babylon, the kingdoms of Hamath, Damascus, and Samaria, it conquered Phoenicia, and made Judea feudatory, and subjected Philistia and Idumea
Zephaniah - He, along with some other captive Jews, was put to death by the king of Babylon "at Riblah in the land of Hamath" (2 Kings 25:21 )
Nahash - Again Hadarezer rallied the Syrian host, which was totally destroyed by the Israelite army under Joab in a decisive battle fought at Helam (2 Samuel 10:17 ), near to Hamath (1 Chronicles 18:3 )
Lebanon - The western range, the Lebanon proper, begins on the north near the banks of the Eleutherus, which passes through the plain of Emesa, the "entrance of Hamath," Numbers 34:8, to the Mediterranean, and runs for a distance of 90 geographical miles, in the direction from northeast to southwest, parallel with the Mediterranean, to the banks of the Litany, the ancient Leontes, which, draining Cœlo-Syria and breaking through the Lebanon by a wild gorge, enters the Mediterranean a few miles north of Tyre
Lebanon - (See Hamath. entrance) of Hamath" (1 Kings 8:75)
Jeroboam - He followed up his father's successes over the Syrians, took Hamath and Damascus, and all the region east f the Jordan down to the Dead Sea, and advanced to its highest point the prosperity of that kingdom
Ben-Hadad - Led a league of kings against Zakir, king of Hamath, after 800 B
Jeroboam - He repelled the Syrian invaders, took their capital city Damascus, 2 Kings 14:28, and recovered the whole of the ancient dominion from Hamath to the Dead sea
Lebanon - Lebanon proper, Jebel es-Sharki, commences at its southern extremity in the gorge of the Leontes, the ancient Litany, and extends north-east, parallel to the Mediterranean coast, as far as the river Eleutherus, at the plain of Emesa, "the entering of Hamath" (Numbers 34:8 ; 1 Kings 8:65 ), in all about 90 geographical miles in extent
Riblah - Riblah or Riblathah in the land of Hamath, on the high road between Palestine and Babylon, where the Babylonian kings remained in directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia; where Jehoahaz was put in chains by Pharaoh Necho (2 Kings 23:33), and Zedekiah, after seeing his sons slain, had his own eyes put out (Jeremiah 39:5-7; literally, Jeremiah 39:9-10), and other leading captives were slain, probably by the Assyrian death of impaling (Jeremiah 39:24; Jeremiah 39:27), as depicted on the monuments
Ninevites - They impaled some of their victims, burnt others, and they even flayed alive the king of Hamath
Gath - "Hamath
Jehoram -
Son of Toi, king of Hamath, sent by his father to congratulate David on the occasion of his victory over Hadadezer (2 Samuel 8:10 )
Joram, Jehoram - Son of Toi king of Hamath
Jeroboam - He was victorious over the Syrians (13:4; 14:26,27), and extended Israel to its former limits, from "the entering of Hamath to the sea of the plain" (14:25; Amos 6:14 )
Tadmor - (That it is really the city of Tadmor so famous in after times that is meant, is confirmed by the equally unhistorical details given in 2 Chronicles 8:3-4 regarding the Syrian cities of Hamath and Zobah
Bethel - " After the overthrow of Israel, the king of Assyria sent one of the Israelite priests to settle at Bethel, and teach the new settlers from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, "the manner of the god of the land," and "how they should fear Jehovah" (2 Kings 17:27-28)
Samaritans - When the inhabitants of Samaria and of the adjacent country were carried away by Shalmanezer king of Assyria, he sent in their place colonies from Babylonia, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, with which the Israelites who remained in the land became intermingled, and were ultimately amalgamated into one people, 2 Kings 17:24-41
Samar'Itans - (Ivah,) (2 Kings 18:34 ) and from Hamath, and front Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof
Hazael - Hazael led the Syrians, we read in the Assyrian monuments, in confederacy with the Hittites, Hamathites, and Phoenicians, against Assyria; at Antilibanus the Assyrians slew 16,000 of his warriors, and took 1,100 chariots. Jeroboam II still further "restored the coast of Israel from the entering in of Hamath unto the sea of the plain," according to Jonah's prophecy, through the Lord's great compassion (2 Kings 13:25; 2 Kings 14:25-27)
Jonah - Jeroboam II "restored the coast from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the Lord God of Israel which He spoke by the hand of His servant Jonah" etc. (See Hamath. beyond that enemy from which Jeroboam II had just delivered them, according to the prophecy of Jonah, and that they should be "afflicted from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of the wilderness" (the southern bound of Moab, then forming Israel's boundary), i
Assyria - Hamath was taken and then all Palestine was at his feet. Sargon captured Carchemish, punished the king of Syria, flayed alive the king of Hamath, and then successfully overcame So or Sabako
Leb'Anon, - It runs northeast in a straight line parallel to the coast, to the opening from the Mediterranean into the plain of Emesa, called in Scripture the "entrance of Hamath
Damascus - Jeroboam also 'restored' the coast of Israel, and recovered Damascus and Hamath, according to the prophecy of Jonah
Jeroboam - ) Jeroboam was that saviour, fulfilling the further prophecy of Jonah that Jeroboam should "restore the coast of Israel from the entering in of Hamath unto the sea of the plain" (2 Kings 14:23-29). ) Jeroboam took Syria's capital, Damascus (Amos 1:3-5; Amos 6:14; where Amos warns Israel not to exult in having just taken Hamath, for that shall be the foe's starting point to afflict you: contrast 1 Kings 8:65), and Hamath, and restored the tribes E
Hittites - They have also been found at Zenjirli and Hamath in northern Syria (cf
Hand - ... In several passages, yâd is used in the sense of “power” or “rule”: “And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates” (1 Chron
Israel, Kingdom of - , the most powerful of all the kings of of Israel, captured Damascus, and recovered the whole ancient frontier from Hamath to the Dead Sea
Jehoahaz - Meditating revenge for his father's death at Megiddo (2 Kings 23:29-30), Jehoahaz was carried captive from "Riblah" in Hamath to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho; "they brought him with chains (or hooks or rings, fastened in wild beasts' noses, appropriate figure as he was compared to a 'lion'; the Assyrian king literally put a hook through the nose of captives, as appears in the Ninevite remains) unto
Amos - Amos 1:1 to Amos 2:13; the sins of Syria, Philistia, Tyre, Edom, Ammon, Moab, the neighbors of Israel and Judah Amos 2:4 to Amos 6:14; Israel's own state and consequent punishment; the same coasts "from the entering in of Hamath," which Jeroboam has just recovered from Syria, shall be "afflicted," and the people carried into "captivity beyond Damascus" (Amos 5:27)
Remnant - 11:11, the prophet proclaims: “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his peoplewhich shall be left from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea
Canaan - From Ham came four main races; Cush (Ethiopia), Mizraim (Egypt), Phut (Nubia), and Canaan (originally before Abraham extending from Hamath in the N. Arkite, Sinite, Zemarite, and Hamathite. of Jordan are given from "the entrance of Hamath" between Lebanon and Antilebanon on the N. to Palestine by) Hamath," opened out Palestine on the N
Damascus - These state that in spite of his having the help of the Phoenicians, Hittites and Hamathites, he was unable to oppose Assyria, which slew 20,000 of his men in just one battle. Jeroboam II, Joash's son, further "recovered Damascus and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel
Syria - Hamath, a neo-Hittite state in north Syria which had been at war with Zobah, also established friendly relations with David (2 Samuel 8:9-10 )
Lebanon - This hollow plain, besides being crossed transversely by the Damascus railway and road, is traversed over more than half its length by the new line past Baalbek, Homs, and Hamath to Aleppo Some part of this plain, ‘the valley of the Lebanon, would appear to have been conquered by the Israelites ( Joshua 11:17 )
Assur - his advance into Hamath was interrupted by the leagued forces of Syria and Palestine, 85,000 in all, under Benhadad. ... By the end of Esarhaddon's reign Hamath, Damascus, and Samaria had been absorbed, Judaea made tributary, Philistia and Idumea subjected, Babylon recovered, and cities planted in Media
Palestine - ... The territory promised as an inheritance to the seed of Abraham (Genesis 15:18-21 ; Numbers 34:1-12 ) was bounded on the east by the river Euphrates, on the west by the Mediterranean, on the north by the "entrance of Hamath," and on the south by the "river of Egypt
Exile - The Assyrians brought into Samaria people from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim (2 Kings 17:24 ; Ezra 4:10 )
Blasphemy - Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? Where are the gods of Hamath and of Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Iva? Have they delivered Samaria out of my hand? Who are they, among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that Jehovah should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?" 2 Kings 18:30 ; 2 Kings 18:33-35
Land (of Israel) - ... The northern border goes from the "Great Sea" (the Mediterranean) to Mount Hor and continues on to the entrance to Hamath; then the border goes to Zedad, proceeds to Ziphron, and ends at Hazar Enan (Numbers 34:7-9 )
Sol'Omon - (1 Kings 7:1 ; 2 Chronicles 8:1 ) (d) The conquest of Hamath-zobah, and the consequent foundation of cities in the region of north Palestine after the twentieth year
Commerce - The economic and political importance of these trading communities is seen in Solomon's construction of storehouse cities in Hamath (2 Chronicles 8:4 and in Ahab's negotiations with Ben-Hadad of Syria for the establishment of “market areas in Damascus” ( 1 Kings 20:34 NIV)
Solomon - Nothing is known of the Hamath-zobah which Solomon subdued ( 2 Chronicles 8:3 )
Solomon - )... Among his buildings were the famous Tadmor or Palmyra in the wilderness, to carry on commerce with inland Asia, and store cities in Hamath; Bethhoron, the Upper and the Nether, on the border toward Philistia and Egypt; Hazor and Megiddo, guarding the plain of Esdraelon; Baalath or Baalbek, etc
Judea - It is described in numerous passages of the sacred writings, as all comprised in the Holy Land, from Hamath on the north, to the river of Egypt on the south; and from the Great or Mediterranean Sea on the west, to the deserts of Arabia on the east; a tract of country at least four hundred and sixty miles in length, and more than a hundred in breadth, Joshua 15:2 , &c; Joshua 19:24 , &c; 1 Chronicles 13:5 ; 2 Chronicles 7:8 ; Ezekiel 47:16 ; Ezekiel 47:20 ; Amos 6:14
Evil - In Jeremiah 49:23 , Hamath and Arpad hear evil tidings about the fall of Damascusevil to them because Damascus was their ally and her fall portends their own fates
Jeremiah - by way of Hamath (Jeremiah 1:11-15)
Wandering Stars - ’ The prudent action of Toi, King of Hamath, as told in the LXX text of 2 Samuel 8:9 f
Canaan - "Tadmore in the wilderness," (Palmyra,) which the Jewish monarch is stated to have built, (that is, either founded or fortified,) is considerably to the north-east of Damascus, being only a day's journey from the Euphrates; and Hamath, the Epiphania of the Greeks, (still called Hamah,) in the territory belonging, to which city Solomon had several "store cities," is seated on the Orontes, in latitude 34... 45' N