Places Study on Heliopolis

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Holman Bible Dictionary - Heliopolis
(hee lih ahp' uh lihss) Greek name for Egyptian city of On, meaning “city of the sun” or Beth Shemesh in Hebrew. See On .



Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Heliopolis
See ON .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Heliopolis
City of the sun,

1. A celebrated city of Egypt, called in Coptic, Hebrew, and the English version, ON, sun, light, Genesis 41:45 . The Seventy mention expressly, Exodus 1:11 , that On is Heliopolis. Jeremiah, Jeremiah 43:13 , calls this city Beth-shemesh, that is, house or temple of the sun. In Ezekiel 30:17 , the name is pronounced Aven, which is the same as On. The Arabs called it Ani-Shems, fountain of the sun. All these names come from the circumstance that the city was the ancient seat of the Egyptian worship of the sun. It was in ruins in the time of Strabo, who mentions that two obelisks had already been carried away to Rome. At present its site, six miles north northeast from Cairo, is marked only by extensive ranges of low mounds full of ruinous fragments, and a solitary obelisk formed of a single block of red granite, rising about sixty feet above the sand, and covered on its four sides with hieroglyphics.

2. Another Helioplis is alluded to in Scripture under the name of the "plain of Aven," or field of the sun, Amos 1:5 . This was the Heliopolis of Coele-Syria, now Baalbec. Its stupendous ruins have been the wonder of past centuries, and will continue to be the wonder of future generations, till barbarism and earthquakes shall have done their last work. The most notable remains are those of three temples, the largest of which, with its court and portico, extended 1,000 feet from east to west. A magnificent portico, 180 feet long, with twelve lofty and highly wrought columns, led to a large hexagonal court, and this to a vast quadrangle, 440 feet by 370. Fronting on this rose ten columns of the peristyle, which surrounded the inner temple. There were nineteen columns on each side, or fifty-four in all, only six of which are now standing, and they were seven feet in diameter, and sixty-two feet high, besides the entablature of nearly fourteen feet. This temple rested on an immense vaulted substructure, rising nearly fifty feet above the ground outside, and in this are three stones sixty-three long and thirteen feet high, lying twenty feet above the ground. The temples are of Roman origin; and in vastness of plan, combined with elaborateness and delicacy of execution, they seem to surpass all others in the world. "They are like those of Athens for lightness, but far surpass them in vastness; they are vast and massive, like those of Thebes, but far excel them in airiness and grace." (Robinson.)

Sentence search

City of the Sun - Usually taken as a reference to Heliopolis (Isaiah 19:18 ). See Heliopolis
Aven - See Heliopolis
City of Destruction - See Heliopolis
On - See Heliopolis
On - The city of Heliopolis , On also in Egyptian, Genesis 41:45 ; Genesis 41:50 ; Genesis 46:20 . Heliopolis . Tradition makes Plato and other Greek philosophers study in Heliopolis; later, the foundation of the Alexandrian library, on the one hand, deprived Heliopolis of the glory of learning, and, on the other, the old traditions of royal descent from the Sun-god had little weight with the Ptolemys. Early in the Roman period Heliopolis is described by Strabo as almost deserted
Potipherah - The priest of On, or Heliopolis, whose daughter Asenath became Joseph's wife
Aven - The Egyptian Heliopolis or city of On (q. ... ... In Amos 1:5 it denotes the Syrian Heliopolis, the modern Baalbec
Destruction, City of - Ir-ha-Heres, "city of overthrow," because of the evidence it would present of the overthrow of heathenism), the ideal title of On or Heliopolis (q
Asenath - An Egyptian name, meaning "gift of the sun-god", daughter of Potipherah, priest of On or Heliopolis, wife of Joseph (Genesis 41:45 )
Cleopatra's Needle - Either of two obelisks which were moved in ancient times from Heliopolis to Alexandria, one of which is now on the Thames Embankment in London, and the other in Central Park, in the City of New York
Abilene - Abela, or Abila, the capital, was north of Damascus, and south of Heliopolis
Heres - Strong manuscript evidence reads “city of Heres” or Heliopolis in Isaiah 19:18 (compare REB, TEV, NRSV). See Heliopolis
On - (abode or city of the sun ), a town of lower Egypt, called BETH-SHEMESH in ( Jeremiah 43:13 ) On is better known under its Greek name Heliopolis. The chief object of worship at Heliopolis was the sun, whose temple, described by Strabo, is now only represented by the single beautiful obelisk, of red granite so feet 2 inches high above the pedestal which has stood for more than 4000 years, having been erected by Usirtesen, the second king of the twelfth dynasty. Heliopolis was anciently famous for its learning, and Eudoxus and Plato studied under its priests. The two famous obelisks, long called "Cleopatra's Needles," one of which now stands in London and the other in Central Park in New York city, once stood before this city, and were seen by the children of Israel before the exodus, having been quarried at Syene on the Nile, erected at On (Heliopolis) by Thothmes III
On - (abode or city of the sun ), a town of lower Egypt, called BETH-SHEMESH in ( Jeremiah 43:13 ) On is better known under its Greek name Heliopolis. The chief object of worship at Heliopolis was the sun, whose temple, described by Strabo, is now only represented by the single beautiful obelisk, of red granite so feet 2 inches high above the pedestal which has stood for more than 4000 years, having been erected by Usirtesen, the second king of the twelfth dynasty. Heliopolis was anciently famous for its learning, and Eudoxus and Plato studied under its priests. The two famous obelisks, long called "Cleopatra's Needles," one of which now stands in London and the other in Central Park in New York city, once stood before this city, and were seen by the children of Israel before the exodus, having been quarried at Syene on the Nile, erected at On (Heliopolis) by Thothmes III
Asenath - Wife of Joseph and daughter of a priest in Egyptian temple at On or Heliopolis
Abilene - A plain, a district lying on the east slope of the Anti-Lebanon range; so called from its chief town, Abila (Luke 3:1 ), which stood in the Suk Wady Barada, between Heliopolis (Baalbec) and Damascus, 38 miles from the former and 18 from the latter
Pithom - Pithom (pî'thom), house or temple, of Tum, who was the sun-god of Heliopolis, a "treasure city," or depot of provisions, built by the Israelites in Goshen
Potipherah - (poh tih fuhr' uh) A priest in the Egyptian city of On (Heliopolis) where the sun god, Re, was worshiped
Potipherah - "Devoted to Ra" the sun god, the priest of On or Heliopolis, the grand scat of sun worship
Aven - The name applied to the city elsewhere called On, or Heliopolis
Abilene - The name of a district of country on the eastern declivity of Anti-Lebanon, from twelve to twenty miles north-west of Damascus, towards Heliopolis, or Baalbek; so called from the city of ABILA, and also called Abilene of Lysanias, to distinguish it from others
Irha-Heres - This name may probably refer to Heliopolis
Shur - This wall or line of fortifications extended from Pelusium to Heliopolis
Aven - Referred to On or Heliopolis in Egypt (Ezekiel 30:17 )
Aven - On, or Heliopolis, 'House of the Sun,' in northern Egypt, a seat of idolatry: its young men should fall by the sword
Orontes River - The Orontes, modern Asi (Turkish), Nahr el Assi (Arabic), rises near Heliopolis (Bealbek) in the Beka's valley of Lebanon, and flows north some 250 miles through Syria and Turkey before turning southwest through the great city of Antioch to reach the coast just south of ancient Seleucia, the seaport of Antioch
Beth-She'Mesh - (Jeremiah 43:13 ) In the middle ages Heliopolis was still called by the Arabs Ain Shems
Abilene - It was described by ancient writers as eighteen miles from Damascus on the way to Heliopolis or Baalbek, and Robinson reached its site in six hours, on the eastern slope of the Anti-Libanus
Beth-Shemesh - A place in Egypt, Jeremiah 43:13; same as Heliopolis, or On
Aven - Probably the great plain of Lebanon, Coele-Syria (included in the Scripture designation, "Syria of Damascus"), in which the idol temple of Baalbek or Heliopolis, the city of the sun god Baal, stood
Baalbec - Called by the Greeks Heliopolis i
Onias - He fled into Egypt where he built, near Heliopolis, a new temple for the use of the many Jews in Egypt (160 B
ir-ha-Heres - " Some think the five are Heliopolis, Leontopolis, Migdol, Daphne (Tahpanhes), and Memphis. On or Heliopolis, in the nome (prefecture) of which he persuaded Ptolemy Philometer (149 B
on - Identified with the ruins of Heliopolis, 30 8' N, 31 23' E : about ten miles N
Aven - a city of Egypt, afterward called Heliopolis, and On, Ezekiel 30:17
On - Egyptian place name meaning, “city of the pillar,” called in Greek Heliopolis or “city of the sun” and in Hebrew as Beth-shemesh, “city of the sun” (Jeremiah 43:13 ) and Aven
Bethshemesh - Supposed from its signification, 'house of the sun,' to be the same as On, or Heliopolis, associated with sun-worship
Beth-Shemesh - ... ... An idol sanctuary in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:13 ); called by the Greeks Heliopolis, and by the Egyptians On (q
Beth-Shemesh - A city in Egypt, a seat of heathen idolatry ( Jeremiah 43:13 ), identified with the ancient Heliopolis, called ‘Ain Shems by the Arabs (Wallis Budge, The Nile , 281f
a'Ven - ... The sacred city of Heliopolis or On, in Egypt
Goshen - It was near Heliopolis and Rameses, and not far from the capital of Egypt, Genesis 45:10 47:11 Exodus 8:1-12:51
Pibeseth - Ezekiel couples it with Aven (On or Heliopolis) as on the route of an invader from the N
Heliopolis - The Seventy mention expressly, Exodus 1:11 , that On is Heliopolis. This was the Heliopolis of Coele-Syria, now Baalbec
ir-ha-Heres - to On, the Heliopolis of the Greeks, a city a few miles N. Ptolemy granted him a site at Leontopolis, in the ‘nome,’ or district, of Heliopolis; and there Onias erected his temple (Jos. of Heliopolis, near which there are remains of a Jewish necropolis (Naville, The Mound of the Jew and the City of Onias , pp. 290, when there were undoubtedly many Jewish settlements in Egypt: the original reading, these scholars suppose with Dillmann, was ‘city of the sun,’ the meaning being that one of these colonies, preserving loyally the faith of their fathers, should flourish even in Heliopolis, the city of the sun-god; the reading was altered afterwards, when the Jews of Palestine began to show hostility towards the Egyptian temple, by the Jews of Egypt into ‘city of righteousness’ (LXX [Note: Septuagint
On - Versions have "Heliopolis" ("city of the sun") instead of On in Genesis and of Aven in Ezekiel
Abila - Abila stood in the Suk ("a market") wady Barada, a gorge where the river breaks down through the mountain Antilebanon toward the plain, with a semicircular background of cliffs three or four hundred feet high, between Heliopolis (Baalbec), 32 miles off; and Damascus,... 18
On - A noted city of Lower Egypt, Genesis 41:45; Genesis 41:50; called Beth-shemesh, or "house of the sun," Jeremiah 43:13, and known to the Greeks as Heliopolis, or "city of the sun
Basilica, Saint Peter's - The covered colonnades of Doric columns which enclose the beautiful piazza, form an integral part of the basilica; these are surmounted by 162 images of saints, after Bernini; the celebrated obelisk of Heliopolis stands in the center of the ellipse
Saint Peter's Basilica - The covered colonnades of Doric columns which enclose the beautiful piazza, form an integral part of the basilica; these are surmounted by 162 images of saints, after Bernini; the celebrated obelisk of Heliopolis stands in the center of the ellipse
Missions Etrangeres de Paris - The project, coming under the immediate protection of Pope Alexander VII, was furthered by the untiring efforts of Monsignor Pallu, Bishop of Heliopolis, and Monsignor Motte-Lambert, Bishop of Beirut, whose nominations as vicars Apostolic were confirmed by Propaganda in 1658
Society of Foreign Missions of Paris - The project, coming under the immediate protection of Pope Alexander VII, was furthered by the untiring efforts of Monsignor Pallu, Bishop of Heliopolis, and Monsignor Motte-Lambert, Bishop of Beirut, whose nominations as vicars Apostolic were confirmed by Propaganda in 1658
Bethshemesh - An idol sanctuary in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:13), the Greek Heliopolis, Egyptian On, E
On - It was called Heliopolis by the Greeks, and Bethshemeth by the Hebrews, Jeremiah 43:13 ; both of which names, as well as its Egyptian one of On, imply the city or house of the sun
Calf Worship - ... The rites of Mnevis' feast at Heliopolis, boisterous revelry, dancing, offerings, etc
Beth-Shemesh - Beth-shemesh of Egypt is to be identified with Heliopolis (five miles northeast of Cairo) according to the Septuagint or early Greek translation (Jeremiah 43:13 )
Alexandria - Among the ancient monuments to be seen are the Catacombs, the Column of Diocletian, 94 feet high and named "Pompey's Pillar"—not from the famous Pompey, but from a Roman prefect who erected the column in honor of the emperor Diocletian—and one of the two obelisks or "Needles of Cleopatra," which, however, belong to the time of the Pharaohs and were brought from Heliopolis
on (2) - ) at Leontopolis in the "prefecture" (nome ) of Heliopolis, on the ground that it would induce Jews to reside there, and that Isaiah almost 600 years before foretold the site
Egypt - " Among the most interesting ancient cities are:(a) On or Heliopolis, "the city of the sun," ten miles northeast of Cairo, where there was an obelisk of red granite 68 feet high, and erected previous to the visit of Abraham and Sarah to the land of the Pharaohs. Joseph was married at Heliopolis, Genesis 41:45, and there, according to Josephus, Jacob made his home; it was probably the place where Moses received his education, where Herodotus acquired most of his skill in writing history, and where Plato, the Greek philosopher, studied. There are ruins of temples at Denderah, Abydos, Philæ, Heliopolis, and at Ipsamboul, 170 miles south of Philæ, in Nubia. Among the noted tombs are those at Thebes, Beni-Hassan, and Osiout, and among the obelisks are those at Luxor, Karnak, Heliopolis, and Alexandria
Egypt - The Fayyum was rescued for agriculture by the kings of the Twelfth Dynasty; and two obelisks were erected in front of the temple of the sun-god at On or Heliopolis (near Cairo), one of which is still standing. Amon, like most of the other gods, was identified with Ra, the sun-god of Heliopolis
Babylon - There was also a Babylon in Egypt, a city not far from Heliopolis
Lysanias - (5) Another inscription at Heliopolis, whose lacunœ have been filled out by Renan, renders it exceedingly probable that there were more than one ruler bearing the name in question
Pharaoh - The 12th dynasty, moreover, was especially connected with On or Heliopolis
Egypt - Theological systems developed around local gods at Hermopolis, Memphis, and Heliopolis. Dominance was achieved by the system of Heliopolis, home of the sun god Atum, later identified with Ra
Petrus ii., Archbaptist of Alexandria - Peter tells us that the pagans esteemed Lucius as the favourite of Serapis, because he denied the divinity of the Son; and dwells on the brave confessorship (1) of 19 priests and deacons whom Magnus, after vain attempts to make them Arianize, transported to the pagan city of Heliopolis in Phoenicia, sending also into penal servitude 23 monks and others who expressed their sympathy; (2) of 7 Egyptian bishops exiled to Diocaesarea, a city inhabited by Jews, while some other prelates were "handed over to the curia," their official immunity from onerous curial obligations being annulled in requital of their steadfastness in the faith
Moses - Egypt had then two chief seats of learning, or universities, at one of which, probably that of Heliopolis, his education was completed
Oracle - Venus Aphacite had one at Aphaca between Heliopolis and Byblus. When Trajan had formed the design of his expedition against the Parthians, he was advised to consult the oracle of Heliopolis, to which he had no more to do but send a note under a seal
Music - This obelisk is supposed to have been erected at Heliopolis, by Sesostris, near four hundred years before the Trojan war
Egypt - Sutech answers to the Phoenician Baal, and is represented in inscriptions as the Hittites' chief god, and had human sacrifices at Heliopolis under the Hyksos, which Aahmes I suppressed. This 12th dynasty was especially connected with On or Heliopolis, where Osirtasin I, the second king of that dynasty, built the temple, and where his name and title stand on the famous obelisk, the oldest and finest in Egypt
Egypt - Only on the road to Asia, at Heliopolis and Bubastis, have relics been found of these kings. , on the other hand, was as active in the Delta as in other parts of Egypt, and although Ammon remained the principal god of the State, Ptah of Memphis and Rç the sun-god of Heliopolis were given places of honour at his side
Judgments of God - Cyril, the deacon, was murdered by some Pagans, at Heliopolis, for his opposition to their images
Joseph - The Egyptian name of Zaphenath-paneah (of which the meaning is perhaps ‘The God spake and he came into life,’ suggesting that the bearer of the name owed his promotion to the Divine use of him as revealer of the Divine will) was conferred upon him, and he married Asenath , daughter of one of the most important dignitaries in the realm, the priest of the great national temple of the sun at On or Heliopolis, seven miles north-east of the modern Cairo
Idol - Obelisks to the sun god at the city (house) of the sun, as Beth-shemesh or Heliopolis mean; "On" in Genesis 41:45; 2 Kings 3:2; 2 Kings 10:26-27 margin
Gods, Pagan - The names of the gods Seth of Avaris, Ra of Heliopolis, and Ptah of Memphis are evident in the Nineteenth Dynasty names Seti, Ramses, and Merneptah
Judea - In the north-west quarter were Bethshemesh, or Heliopolis, a Levitical city, about ten miles west of the capital; Rama, six miles north from Jerusalem; Emmaus, a village eight miles north north-west from Jerusalem, afterward called Nicopolis, in consequence of a victory gained by Vespasian over the revolted Jews; Bethoron, a populous Levitical city on the road to Lydda, a few miles north-west of Emmaus; Kirjath-jearim, on the road to Joppa, nine miles westward from the capital; Lydda, now Lod, and called by the Greeks Diospolis, about twelve miles east of Joppa; Ramla, supposed to be the same as Arimathea, about five miles south-west of Lydda; Joppa, a maritime town, now Jaffa, about twelve leagues north-west of Jerusalem; Jabne, a walled sea-port town between Joppa and Azotus; and Ekron, a town on the north boundary of the Philistines
Plagues of Egypt - His principal festival was at the summer solstice, when the inundation commenced; at which season, in the dog days, by a cruel idolatrous rite, they sacrificed red-haired persons, principally foreigners, to Typhon, or the power that presided over tempests, at Busiris, Heliopolis, &c, by burning them alive, and scattering their ashes in the air, for the good of the people, as we learn from Plutarch
Egypt - But still, in Egypt, the Jews continued in the enjoyment of their privileges, so late as the reign of the sixth Ptolemy, called Philometor, who committed the charge of his affairs to two Jews, Onias and Dositheus; the former of whom obtained permission to build a temple at Heliopolis
Moses - Born at Heliopolis (Josephus, Ap
Joseph - ... Then Joseph, who shrank from adulterous lusts, in righteous retribution received pure wedded joys in union with Asenath ("devoted to Neith and Isis") daughter of Potipherah ("devoted to Ra, the sun god") priest of ON , Heliopolis or Bethshemesh (the city of the sun god), the religious capital
Hermas, Known as the Shepherd - Zahn conjectures that Hermas was born in Egypt because the architecture of the tower of Hermas's visions resembles the description in Josephus of the Jewish temple in the Egyptian Heliopolis