Places Study on Kir

Places Study on Kir

Genesis 14: And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
Genesis 23: And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Numbers 22: And Balaam went with Balak, and they came unto Kirjathhuzoth.
Numbers 32: And the children of Reuben built Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,
Deuteronomy 22: A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.
Deuteronomy 27: Cursed be he that lieth with his father's wife; because he uncovereth his father's skirt. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Joshua 9: And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjathjearim.
Joshua 13: And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,
Joshua 14: And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Joshua 15: And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
Joshua 15: And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
Joshua 15: And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
Joshua 15: And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
Joshua 15: And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
Joshua 15: Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
Joshua 18: And the border was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea southward, from the hill that lieth before Bethhoron southward; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, a city of the children of Judah: this was the west quarter.
Joshua 18: And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjathjearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah:
Joshua 18: And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.
Joshua 20: And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.
Judges 1: And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
Judges 1: And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher:
Judges 1: And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
Judges 18: And they went up, and pitched in Kirjathjearim, in Judah: wherefore they called that place Mahanehdan unto this day: behold, it is behind Kirjathjearim.
Ruth 3: And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.
1 Samuel 6: And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you.
1 Samuel 7: And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD.
1 Samuel 7: And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD.
1 Samuel 15: And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.
1 Samuel 24: And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily.
1 Samuel 24: And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
1 Samuel 24: Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it.
2 Kings 3: And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.
2 Kings 16: And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
1 Chronicles 2: These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim,
1 Chronicles 2: And Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.
1 Chronicles 2: And the families of Kirjathjearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites.
1 Chronicles 6: And out of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs.
1 Chronicles 13: So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.
1 Chronicles 13: And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.
2 Chronicles 1: But the ark of God had David brought up from Kirjathjearim to the place which David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem.
Ezra 2: The children of Kirjatharim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three.
Nehemiah 7: The men of Kirjathjearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty and three.
Nehemiah 11: And for the villages, with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt at Kirjatharba, and in the villages thereof, and at Dibon, and in the villages thereof, and at Jekabzeel, and in the villages thereof,
Psalms 133: It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments;
Isaiah 15: The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence;
Isaiah 16: Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken.
Isaiah 16: Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh.
Isaiah 22: And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.
Jeremiah 2: Also in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these.
Jeremiah 13: And if thou say in thine heart, Wherefore come these things upon me? For the greatness of thine iniquity are thy skirts discovered, and thy heels made bare.
Jeremiah 13: Therefore will I discover thy skirts upon thy face, that thy shame may appear.
Jeremiah 26: And there was also a man that prophesied in the name of the LORD, Urijah the son of Shemaiah of Kirjathjearim, who prophesied against this city and against this land according to all the words of Jeremiah:
Jeremiah 48: Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded and taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed.
Jeremiah 48: And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmeon,
Jeremiah 48: Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; mine heart shall mourn for the men of Kirheres.
Jeremiah 48: Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres: because the riches that he hath gotten are perished.
Lamentations 1: Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath magnified himself.
Ezekiel 5: Thou shalt also take thereof a few in number, and bind them in thy skirts.
Ezekiel 16: Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time was the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Ezekiel 25: Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities which are on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim,
Amos 1: I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.
Amos 9: Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?
Nahum 3: Behold, I am against thee, saith the LORD of hosts; and I will discover thy skirts upon thy face, and I will shew the nations thy nakedness, and the kingdoms thy shame.
Haggai 2: If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No.
Zechariah 8: Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.

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Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Kir
"A wall", or "place fortified with a wall".)

1. An Armenian region subject to Assyria, Kurgistan or Georgia between the Black and Caspian seas (Isaiah 22:6). The river Kur (Cyrus) in it falls into the Caspian Sea. From Kir the Syrians migrated originally; and to it they were removed from Damascus by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 16:9). Esarhaddon had subdued Armenia (according to Assyrian inscriptions: Rawlinson, Herodotos i. 481), warring with it as the harbourer of his father Sennacherib's two parricidal murderers (Amos 1:5; Amos 9:7). Keil thinks Kir to be Kurena along the river Mardus in Media, or else Karine a town in Media, on the ground that the remote parts of Armenia were beyond the Assyrian empire (2 Kings 19:37); but Esarhaddon subdued it. The Septuagint,Vulgate, and Targum rendering "Cyrene" favor Keil.

2. KIR HARESH, HERES, HARESETH, HARASETH, or of MOAB. From harith "a hill" Arabic), or heres "baked clay," namely, the walls being of brick (?). Moab's two strongholds were Ar (mother) of Moab, the metropolis, and Kit of Moab (2 Kings 3:25) on the most elevated hill in the country (Isaiah 16:7; Isaiah 16:11; Isaiah 15:1; 2 Kings 3:25; Jeremiah 48:31; Jeremiah 48:36). Here the Moabite king made his last stand against confederate Israel, Judah, and Edom, (See DIBON.) Here he sacrificed his son and so created "indignation against Israel," because they had reduced him to such an awful extremity; the Israelites' own superstitious fears were excited and they withdrew from the expedition; then followed Mesha's victorious campaign recorded on the Dibon stone.

Now Kerak, capital of Moat, on the top of a hill 3,000 feet above the Dead Sea, surrounded on all sides by deep ravines, and these by hills from whence the Israelite slingers hurled when they could not take the place; entered by a tunnel through the solid rock for 100 feet distance; a deep. rock hewn moat separates the massive citadel from the town. Kiriah is the archaic term; Ir and Ar the more recent terms for a city. Kereth the Phoenician form appears in Carthage, Cirta. In the Bible we have Kerioth (i.e. "the cities"), Kartah, Kartan (Joshua 21:32; Joshua 15:25; Jeremiah 48:23-24; Jeremiah 48:41; Amos 2:2).

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Kir
A wall or fortress, a place to which Tiglath-pileser carried the Syrians captive after he had taken the city of Damascus (2 Kings 16:9 ; Amos 1:5 ; 9:7 ). (Isaiah 22:6 ), who also was contemporary with these events, mentions it along with Elam. Some have supposed that Kir is a variant of Cush (Susiana), on the south of Elam.
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Kir-Haraseth
Built fortress, a city and fortress of Moab, the modern Kerak, a small town on the brow of a steep hill about 6 miles from Rabbath-Moab and 10 miles from the Dead Sea; called also Kir-haresh, Kir-hareseth, Kir-heres (Isaiah 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31,36 ). After the death of Ahab, Mesha, king of Moab (see 2 Kings 3:20-27 ).
Easton's Bible Dictionary - Kir of Moab
Isaiah 15:1 . The two strongholds of Moab were Ar and Kir, which latter is probably the Kir-haraseth (16:7) following.
Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir-Hareseth
(keer-hehr' eh ssehth) Place name meaning, “city of pottery.” Known by various names in various texts and various versions of the Old Testament: Kir-Hareseth (2 Kings 3:25 ; Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-Haraseth (2 Kings 3:25 KJV), Kir-Heres ( Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ), and Kirharesh (Isaiah 16:11 KJV). Perhaps also the same as Kir of Moab in Isaiah 15:1 . See Kir 1.

During the reign of Jehoram of Israel, Mesha, king of Moab, rebelled against Israel (2 Kings 3:4-27 ). The kings of Judah (Jehoshaphat) and Edom joined Israel in the resulting war. The forces allied against Mesha crushed the rebellion, but they were unsuccessful in capturing Mesha. He took refuge in Kir-Hareseth—a well fortified and impregnable city. After Mesha tried unsuccessfully to break through the besiegers, he offered his son as a sacrifice upon the city walls. As a result, “there came a great wrath upon Israel” (2 Kings 3:27 NRSV); and the allied forces withdrew, leaving Mesha alive in Kir-Hareseth ( 2 Kings 3:4-27 ). Apparently, the forces of Israel and Judah feared the power of the Moabite god, Chemosh, and gave up the victory that lay within their grasp. Jehoram and Jehoshaphat did not have faith that Yahweh would give them victory over the people of Chemosh.

The prophets would later correct this view. Isaiah (Isaiah 15:1 ; Isaiah 16:7 ,Isaiah 16:7,16:11 ) and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ) prophesied that Kir-Hareseth was no match for the power of God. All human kingdoms are ultimately subject to God. Kir-Hareseth was destroyed by the Babylonians whom the prophets described as God's instrument of punishment (see Jeremiah 4:5-31 ; Jeremiah 6:1-8 , Jeremiah 6:22-26 ; Jeremiah 25:1-14 ).

Kir-Hareseth is identified with modern khirbet Karnak, about 50 miles southeast of Jerusalem and 11 miles east of the Dead Sea.

Phil Logan



Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir-Haresh
(kuhr-hay' ressh) The KJV spelling of Kir-Hareseth in Isaiah 16:11 . See Kir-Hareseth .



Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir-Heres
(kuhr-hee' rehss) Believed to be an alternate spelling of Kir-Hareseth found in Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 . The Greek translation of the name in Isaiah 16:11 suggests that the translators of the Septuagint had a Hebrew text that read Kir-Hadesheth, a name meaning “New City,” which was mistaken for Kir-Hareseth or Kir-Heres. In the context, Kir-Hares (for Kir-Hareseth) is likely the best reading (see Isaiah 16:7 ). The confusion between Kir-Hadesheth and Kir-Hareseth may be due to the similarity of the Hebrew “r” and “d.” The name Kir-Hares may be explained by the loss of the final Hebrew letter “th” from Kir-Hareseth. See Kir-Hareseth .



Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir
(kuhr) Place name meaning “wall.” 1. A Moabite city mentioned in connection with Ar in Isaiah's prophesy against Moab (Leviticus 15:1 ). Many believe that Kir is the same as Kir-Hareseth, an ancient capital of Moab along with Ar. Located at Kerak about seventeen miles south of the Arnon and eleven miles east of the Dead Sea. See Kir Hareseth.

2. Kir is the Hebrew translation of the city name, Der (a word from Akkadian which also means “wall”). Kir was a Mesopotamian city east of the lower Tigris River (which is now identified with the modern Badrah) on the main road from Elam (Persia) to Babylon. During the Neo-Babylonian period (605-539 B.C.; see Babylon), Kir was the capital of the province of Gutium. The governor of this province joined Cyrus the Persian in the overthrow of the Babylonian Empire in 539 B.C.

According to the Bible, Kir was the city from which Arameans migrated to Syria (Isaiah 22:6 ). Their migration—like the migration of the Philistines from Caphtor—is spoken of in terms similar to that of the Exodus of Israel from Egypt (Amos 9:7 ; see Amos 1:5 ). When Tiglath-pileser III conquered the area during the reign of Ahaz (2 Kings 16:9 ), the descendants of the original immigrants to Syria were sent back to Kir (compare the aversion of the ancient Hebrews to being sent back to Egypt in Deuteronomy 17:16 ; Deuteronomy 28:68 ).

Phil Logan



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kir
KIR . An unidentified place, subject in the 8th and 7th cents. to Assyria. Amos ( Amos 1:5 ), according to the present Hebrew text, predicted that the Aramæans should be carried captive to Kir. In 9:7 he declares that Jahweh brought them from Kir. It is said in 2 Kings 16:9 that Tiglath-pileser carried the people of Damascus captive to Kir, while in Isaiah 22:6 Kir is mentioned in connexion with Elam as furnishing soldiers to the Assyrian army which fought against Israel. It has been identified with Kur , a river flowing into the Caspian Sea; with Cyropolis ; with the Syrian province of Cyrrhestica ; with Cyrene ; with Kurenia in Media; with Kuris , north of Aleppo; with Koa of Ezekiel 23:23 , which has been supposed to be the same as the Gutium of the Bab. [Note: Babylonian.] -Assyr. [Note: Assyrian.] inscriptions, which possessed a high civilization as early as b.c. 3000. In reality nothing certain is known of the locality of Kir.

George A. Barton.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kir (1)
KIR (of Moab). Coupled with Ar of Moab ( Isaiah 15:1 ), possibly identical with it. Following the Targum, Kir of Moab has long been identified with the modern Kerak , a place of great importance in the times of the Crusades. Kerak is situated on a lofty spur between the Wady el-Kerak and the Wady ‘A in Franji , about 4000 feet above the Dead Sea level. The hills behind rise much higher, so that it is commanded on every side by higher ground, which explains 2 Kings 3:25-27 . It was surrounded by a wall of great thickness, and there are remains of ancient rock-hewn cisterns. The gates were to be reached only through long tunnels in the solid rock.

C. H. W. Johns.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kir-Hareseth
KIR-HARESETH ( Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-haraseth ( 2 Kings 3:25 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] [pausal form]), Kir-heres ( Jeremiah 48:31 ; Jeremiah 48:36 ), Kir-haresh ( Isaiah 16:11 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] [pausal form]). A place of great strength and importance in Moab; generally regarded as identical with Kir of Moab (wh. see). The LXX [Note: Septuagint.] and Vulg. [Note: Vulgate.] take these names as phrases, and translate them on some more or less fanciful Hebrew etymology. The Targum on Isaiah renders Kerak tokpehon , which suggests that haraseth may be connected with the Assyrian hurshu , ‘a cliff,’ etc., but the word may be Moabite or Canaanite, and seems to occur in ‘Harosheth of the Gentiles’ ( Judges 4:2 ; Judges 4:13 ; Judges 4:16 ). The modern Kasr harasha , 35 minutes’ walk above Dera’a, preserves a similar title.

C. H. W. Johns.

Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir of Moab
See Kir 1.



Hitchcock's Bible Names - Kir
A city; wall; meeting
Morrish Bible Dictionary - Kir
A country from which the Syrians had come, and to which they were carried from Damascus by the Assyrians. 2 Kings 16:9 ; Isaiah 22:6 ; Amos 1:5 ; Amos 9:7 . Being associated with Elam in Isaiah it is supposed to be in Lower Mesopotamia.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Kir of Moab, Kirharaseth, , Kirharesh, Kirheres
Fortified city in Moab. 2 Kings 3:25 ; Isaiah 15:1 ; Isaiah 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31,36 . Identified with Kerak, 31 11' N, 35 37' E .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Kir
Kir (kir), wall, or place surrounded with walls. The country whence the Syrians emigrated when they came to settle in the region north of Palestine, and to which Tiglath-pileser sent the captive Syrians after the conquest of Damascus. 2 Kings 16:9; Amos 1:5; Amos 9:7. About the location of the place scholars disagree, some placing it In Armenia, on the river Kar; others identifying it with Carena, or Carna, in Media.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Kir-Haraseth
Kir-haraseth (kir'hăr'a-sĕth), brick fortress, 2 Kings 3:25 A. V.; or Kir-hareseth, Isaiah 16:7; or Kir-haresh (kir-hâ'resh), Isaiah 16:11 A. V.; or Kir-heres (kir-hç'res), Jeremiah 48:31; Jeremiah 48:36; or simply Kir of Moab, Isaiah 15:1. A strong fortress in Moab, situated near the southeastern shore of the Dead Sea. It is now called Kerak.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Kir
1. A strong city of Moab; called also Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, and Kir-heres, Isaiah 15:1 ; 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 . It was once nearly destroyed by Joram king of Israel, 2 Kings 3:25 . It is now called Kerak, and is a town of three hundred families, on a steep hill at the head of a ravine running up fifteen miles into the mountains of Moab. Three-fourths of its present inhabitants are nominal Christians, greatly oppressed by the Mohammedan Arabs around them.

2. A region to which Tiglath-pileser transported the captive people of Damascus, 2 Kings 16:9 ; believed to have been in the vicinity of the river Kur or Cyrus, on the northeast of Armenia. The Kur flows southeast, unites with the Araxes, and empties into the Caspian Sea.

Smith's Bible Dictionary - Kir-Har'Aseth
(brick fortress ), ( 2 Kings 3:25 ) Kir-ha'resh, ( Isaiah 16:11 ) Kir-har'es, ( Jeremiah 48:31,36 ) These four names are all applied to one place, probably KIR OF MOAB, which see.
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Kir
(fortress ) is mentioned by Amos, ( Amos 9:7 ) as the land from which the Syrians (Aramaeans) were once "brought up;" i.e. apparently as the country where they had dwelt before migrating to the region north of Palestine. (A difference of opinion exists in regard to the position of Kir, since some suppose it to be identical with Carma, a city of Media, in the south, on the river Mardus; others place it in Armenia, on the river Kar. --ED.)
Smith's Bible Dictionary - Kir of Moab
(fortress of Moab ), one of the two chief strongholds of Moab, the other being Ar of Moab. The name occurs only in ( Isaiah 15:1 ) though the place is probably referred to under the names of Kir-heres, Kir-harseth, etc. It is almost identical with the name Kerak , by which the site of an important city in a high and very strong position at the southeast of the Dead Sea is known at this day. Its situation is truly remarkable. It is built upon the top of a steep hill, surrounded by a deep and narrow valley, which again is completely enclosed by mountains rising higher than the town and overlooking it on all sides.

Sentence search

Kir-Heres - (kuhr-hee' rehss) Believed to be an alternate spelling of Kir-Hareseth found in Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 . The Greek translation of the name in Isaiah 16:11 suggests that the translators of the Septuagint had a Hebrew text that read Kir-Hadesheth, a name meaning “New City,” which was mistaken for Kir-Hareseth or Kir-Heres. In the context, Kir-Hares (for Kir-Hareseth) is likely the best reading (see Isaiah 16:7 ). The confusion between Kir-Hadesheth and Kir-Hareseth may be due to the similarity of the Hebrew “r” and “d. ” The name Kir-Hares may be explained by the loss of the final Hebrew letter “th” from Kir-Hareseth. See Kir-Hareseth
Kir-Haraseth - Kir-haraseth (Kir'hăr'a-sĕth), brick fortress, 2 Kings 3:25 A. ; or Kir-hareseth, Isaiah 16:7; or Kir-haresh (Kir-hâ'resh), Isaiah 16:11 A. ; or Kir-heres (Kir-hç'res), Jeremiah 48:31; Jeremiah 48:36; or simply Kir of Moab, Isaiah 15:1
Kir-Har'Aseth - (brick fortress ), ( 2 Kings 3:25 ) Kir-ha'resh, ( Isaiah 16:11 ) Kir-har'es, ( Jeremiah 48:31,36 ) These four names are all applied to one place, probably Kir OF MOAB, which see
Kir-Haresh - (kuhr-hay' ressh) The KJV spelling of Kir-Hareseth in Isaiah 16:11 . See Kir-Hareseth
Kir of Moab - The two strongholds of Moab were Ar and Kir, which latter is probably the Kir-haraseth (16:7) following
Kir-Haraseth - Built fortress, a city and fortress of Moab, the modern Kerak, a small town on the brow of a steep hill about 6 miles from Rabbath-Moab and 10 miles from the Dead Sea; called also Kir-haresh, Kir-hareseth, Kir-heres (Isaiah 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31,36 )
Kir - Many believe that Kir is the same as Kir-Hareseth, an ancient capital of Moab along with Ar. See Kir Hareseth. Kir is the Hebrew translation of the city name, Der (a word from Akkadian which also means “wall”). Kir was a Mesopotamian city east of the lower Tigris River (which is now identified with the modern Badrah) on the main road from Elam (Persia) to Babylon. ; see Babylon), Kir was the capital of the province of Gutium. ... According to the Bible, Kir was the city from which Arameans migrated to Syria (Isaiah 22:6 ). When Tiglath-pileser III conquered the area during the reign of Ahaz (2 Kings 16:9 ), the descendants of the original immigrants to Syria were sent back to Kir (compare the aversion of the ancient Hebrews to being sent back to Egypt in Deuteronomy 17:16 ; Deuteronomy 28:68 )
Kir - Kir . Amos ( Amos 1:5 ), according to the present Hebrew text, predicted that the Aramæans should be carried captive to Kir. In 9:7 he declares that Jahweh brought them from Kir. It is said in 2 Kings 16:9 that Tiglath-pileser carried the people of Damascus captive to Kir, while in Isaiah 22:6 Kir is mentioned in connexion with Elam as furnishing soldiers to the Assyrian army which fought against Israel. In reality nothing certain is known of the locality of Kir
Kir-Hareseth - Kir-HARESETH ( Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-haraseth ( 2 Kings 3:25 AV [Note: Authorized Version. ] [pausal form]), Kir-heres ( Jeremiah 48:31 ; Jeremiah 48:36 ), Kir-haresh ( Isaiah 16:11 AV [Note: Authorized Version. A place of great strength and importance in Moab; generally regarded as identical with Kir of Moab (wh
Kir-Hareseth - ” Known by various names in various texts and various versions of the Old Testament: Kir-Hareseth (2 Kings 3:25 ; Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-Haraseth (2 Kings 3:25 KJV), Kir-Heres ( Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ), and Kirharesh (Isaiah 16:11 KJV). Perhaps also the same as Kir of Moab in Isaiah 15:1 . See Kir 1. He took refuge in Kir-Hareseth—a well fortified and impregnable city. As a result, “there came a great wrath upon Israel” (2 Kings 3:27 NRSV); and the allied forces withdrew, leaving Mesha alive in Kir-Hareseth ( 2 Kings 3:4-27 ). Isaiah (Isaiah 15:1 ; Isaiah 16:7 ,Isaiah 16:7,16:11 ) and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ) prophesied that Kir-Hareseth was no match for the power of God. Kir-Hareseth was destroyed by the Babylonians whom the prophets described as God's instrument of punishment (see Jeremiah 4:5-31 ; Jeremiah 6:1-8 , Jeremiah 6:22-26 ; Jeremiah 25:1-14 ). ... Kir-Hareseth is identified with modern khirbet Karnak, about 50 miles southeast of Jerusalem and 11 miles east of the Dead Sea
Kir of Moab - See Kir 1
Makir - (may' Kir) NIV spelling of Machir
Kir - Kir (Kir), wall, or place surrounded with walls
Kir - A strong city of Moab; called also Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, and Kir-heres, Isaiah 15:1 ; 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31
Zered or Zared - A brook, or the valley through which it flows into the south-east part of the Dead sea, probably by Kir Moab, now Kerak, Numbers 21:12 Deuteronomy 2:13,14
Kir of Moab - The name occurs only in ( Isaiah 15:1 ) though the place is probably referred to under the names of Kir-heres, Kir-harseth, etc
Kir (1) - Kir (of Moab). Following the Targum, Kir of Moab has long been identified with the modern Kerak , a place of great importance in the times of the Crusades
Ar - Its site, still called Rabbah, is found upon a hill some fifteen miles east of the Dead Sea, and south of the Arnon, midway between it and Kir Moab
Koa - Kir
Kir - Some have supposed that Kir is a variant of Cush (Susiana), on the south of Elam
Zoar - Its ruins are still seen at the opening of the ravine of Kerak, the Kir-Moab referred to in 2 Kings 3 , the modern Tell esh-Shaghur
Zoar - Its ruins are still seen at the opening of the ravine of Kerak, the Kir-Moab referred to in 2 Kings 3 , the modern Tell esh-Shaghur
Kir - (A difference of opinion exists in regard to the position of Kir, since some suppose it to be identical with Carma, a city of Media, in the south, on the river Mardus; others place it in Armenia, on the river Kar
Bozrah - Its site is found in the modern El-Busaireh, midway between Kir Moab and Mount Hor, south by east of the Dead sea
Kir - From Kir the Syrians migrated originally; and to it they were removed from Damascus by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 16:9). Keil thinks Kir to be Kurena along the river Mardus in Media, or else Karine a town in Media, on the ground that the remote parts of Armenia were beyond the Assyrian empire (2 Kings 19:37); but Esarhaddon subdued it. Kir HARESH, HERES, HARESETH, HARASETH, or of MOAB. Kiriah is the archaic term; Ir and Ar the more recent terms for a city
Kerioth - More is to be said for Kerioth being the same as Kir-heres of Isaiah 16:11 and of Jeremiah 48:31 ; Jeremiah 48:36
Kerioth - Hazor implies a pastoral spot; Kerioth, Kir ("a wall"), Kirjah , imply "military fortifications"; Welsh, caer . The Hazors are in the southern or Negeb plain; the Kirjahs in the hills. Others conjecture Kureyat; Cyril Graham Kiriath and Kiriatain S
Rezin - " Tiglath Pileser having reduced Syria to be tributary before treated Rezin as a rebel, and carried away the Syrians captive to (See Kir
Kirharaseth - We know that Kir is city; and Haresh is sometimes put for brick or baked
Hit'Tits - 'They were then settled at the town which was afterwards, under its new name of Hebron, to become one of the most famous cities of Palestine, and which then bore the name of Kir-jath-arba
Meditate - When the word is used in the sense of “to mourn,” it apparently emphasizes the sorrowful sounds of mourning, as seen in this parallelism: “Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; mine heart shall mourn for the men of Kir-heres” (Jer
Mesha - The whole land was devastated by the conquering armies, and Mesha sought refuge in his last stronghold, Kir-harasheth (q
Shield - ... The shield was covered when not in use; Isaiah 22:6, "Kir uncovered the shield," i
Moab And the Moabite Stone - The chief cities of Moab proper were Kir-hareseth (present-day Kerak) and a place called Ar Moab (possibly to be identified with the present-day village of Rabbah approximately nine miles northeast of Kerak). 2 Kings 3:1 describes a military campaign undertaken by King Jehoram of Israel and supported by King Jehoshaphat of Judah which penetrated Moab proper and culminated in a siege of Kir-hareseth. See Kir-hareseth ; Arnon River; Transjordan ; King Mesha; Ruth ; Jehoram (of Israel); Jehoshaphat
Media - They would also be opposed in their passage through Kir, or Assyria Proper, not only by the native Assyrians, but also by their enemies, the Syrians, transplanted thither before them
Mesha - Mesha retreated to Kir-hareseth from which he attempted, unsuccessfully, to escape to his Aramean allies
Mesha - Mesha retreated to Kir-hareseth from which he attempted, unsuccessfully, to escape to his Aramean allies
Names - In forming compounds to serve as names of towns or other localities, some of the most common terms employed were Kir, a "wall" or "fortress;" Kirjath , "city;" En , "fountain;" Beer , "a well," etc
Mizpah - This was probably the citadel known as Kir-Moab, now Kerak
Jehoram - At Kir-haraseth Mesha made a final stand
mo'ab - 536 the last trace of the name Moab, which lingered in the town of Kir-moab, has given place to Kerak , its modern name
Jehoshaphat - The Moabites were subdued; but the dreadful act of Mesha in offering his own son a sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth in the sight of the armies of Israel filled him with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (2 Kings 3:4-27 )
Tiglath Pileser - The king of Assyria hearkend unto Ahaz; went up against Damascus and took it, carried the people captive to Kir, and slew Rezin
Damascus - He attacked Damascus, and took it, and carried away the inhabitants to Kir, and slew Rezin, about B
Tiglath-Pileser - According to 2 Kings 16:9 , the people were taken captive to Kir, and Rezln was slain
Mizpah - Possibly Kir Moab, now Kerak, S
Damascus - The people of Damascus were carried captive to Kir, as Amos (Amos 1:5) foretold, the region from which they originally came, associated with Elam (Isaiah 22:6), probably in Lower Mesopotamia = Kish or Cush, i
Ahaz - It is true the Assyrian slew Rezin, and carried captive the Syrians of Damascus to Kir; but their ruin did not prove Ahaz's safety, "the king of Assyria helped him not
Medes - , Kir a Median city was held by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 16:9)
Dibon - There we read "Israel departed from the Moabite king, and returned to their own land;" ultimately, the Dibon stone informs us Mesha took town after town of Gad, "Medeba, Jahaz, Dibon, and Kir. rebuilt and fortified) Baalmeon, Kiriathaim, and Nebo," all once in Reuben's hands; also "Bezer" (Deuteronomy 4:43)
Amos - Amos knows, too, that the Aramæans migrated from Kir, and the Philistines from Caphtor ( Amos 9:7 ); he has heard of the swellings of the Nile ( Amos 8:8 , Amos 9:5 ), and regards the fact with a curious dread
Jehoram - After smiting the cities, telling the trees, stopping the wells, and marring the land, the allies pressed the king of Moab sore in his last stronghold Kir Haraseth, the citadel of Moab (Isaiah 15:1), now Kerak, on a steep chalk rock above the deep valley, wady Kerak, which runs westward into the Dead Sea
Assur - The captives he carried to Kir, a river flowing into the Caspian Sea
Gentiles - He who brought up Israel from Egypt, Amos says (Amos 9:7), is the same God who brought the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir
Judas Iscariot (2) - (3) Others suggest the Kerioth mentioned in Amos 2:2, Jeremiah 48:24 (LXX Septuagint Καριώθ),—an important city, either Kir-Moab, or Ar, the capital of Moab