Places Study on Kir-hareseth

Places Study on Kir-hareseth

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Holman Bible Dictionary - Kir-hareseth
(keer-hehr' eh ssehth) Place name meaning, “city of pottery.” Known by various names in various texts and various versions of the Old Testament: Kir-Hareseth (2 Kings 3:25 ; Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-Haraseth (2 Kings 3:25 KJV), Kir-Heres ( Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ), and Kirharesh (Isaiah 16:11 KJV). Perhaps also the same as Kir of Moab in Isaiah 15:1 . See Kir 1.

During the reign of Jehoram of Israel, Mesha, king of Moab, rebelled against Israel (2 Kings 3:4-27 ). The kings of Judah (Jehoshaphat) and Edom joined Israel in the resulting war. The forces allied against Mesha crushed the rebellion, but they were unsuccessful in capturing Mesha. He took refuge in Kir-Hareseth—a well fortified and impregnable city. After Mesha tried unsuccessfully to break through the besiegers, he offered his son as a sacrifice upon the city walls. As a result, “there came a great wrath upon Israel” (2 Kings 3:27 NRSV); and the allied forces withdrew, leaving Mesha alive in Kir-Hareseth ( 2 Kings 3:4-27 ). Apparently, the forces of Israel and Judah feared the power of the Moabite god, Chemosh, and gave up the victory that lay within their grasp. Jehoram and Jehoshaphat did not have faith that Yahweh would give them victory over the people of Chemosh.

The prophets would later correct this view. Isaiah (Isaiah 15:1 ; Isaiah 16:7 ,Isaiah 16:7,16:11 ) and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ) prophesied that Kir-Hareseth was no match for the power of God. All human kingdoms are ultimately subject to God. Kir-Hareseth was destroyed by the Babylonians whom the prophets described as God's instrument of punishment (see Jeremiah 4:5-31 ; Jeremiah 6:1-8 , Jeremiah 6:22-26 ; Jeremiah 25:1-14 ).

Kir-Hareseth is identified with modern khirbet Karnak, about 50 miles southeast of Jerusalem and 11 miles east of the Dead Sea.

Phil Logan



Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kir-hareseth
KIR-HARESETH ( Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-haraseth ( 2 Kings 3:25 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] [pausal form]), Kir-heres ( Jeremiah 48:31 ; Jeremiah 48:36 ), Kir-haresh ( Isaiah 16:11 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] [pausal form]). A place of great strength and importance in Moab; generally regarded as identical with Kir of Moab (wh. see). The LXX [Note: Septuagint.] and Vulg. [Note: Vulgate.] take these names as phrases, and translate them on some more or less fanciful Hebrew etymology. The Targum on Isaiah renders Kerak tokpehon , which suggests that haraseth may be connected with the Assyrian hurshu , ‘a cliff,’ etc., but the word may be Moabite or Canaanite, and seems to occur in ‘Harosheth of the Gentiles’ ( Judges 4:2 ; Judges 4:13 ; Judges 4:16 ). The modern Kasr harasha , 35 minutes’ walk above Dera’a, preserves a similar title.

C. H. W. Johns.

Sentence search

Kir-Haresh - (kuhr-hay' ressh) The KJV spelling of Kir-hareseth in Isaiah 16:11 . See Kir-hareseth
Kir-Heres - (kuhr-hee' rehss) Believed to be an alternate spelling of Kir-hareseth found in Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 . The Greek translation of the name in Isaiah 16:11 suggests that the translators of the Septuagint had a Hebrew text that read Kir-Hadesheth, a name meaning “New City,” which was mistaken for Kir-hareseth or Kir-Heres. In the context, Kir-Hares (for Kir-hareseth) is likely the best reading (see Isaiah 16:7 ). The confusion between Kir-Hadesheth and Kir-hareseth may be due to the similarity of the Hebrew “r” and “d. ” The name Kir-Hares may be explained by the loss of the final Hebrew letter “th” from Kir-hareseth. See Kir-hareseth
Kir-Hareseth - ” Known by various names in various texts and various versions of the Old Testament: Kir-hareseth (2 Kings 3:25 ; Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-Haraseth (2 Kings 3:25 KJV), Kir-Heres ( Isaiah 16:11 ; Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ), and Kirharesh (Isaiah 16:11 KJV). He took refuge in Kir-hareseth—a well fortified and impregnable city. As a result, “there came a great wrath upon Israel” (2 Kings 3:27 NRSV); and the allied forces withdrew, leaving Mesha alive in Kir-hareseth ( 2 Kings 3:4-27 ). Isaiah (Isaiah 15:1 ; Isaiah 16:7 ,Isaiah 16:7,16:11 ) and Jeremiah (Jeremiah 48:31 ,Jeremiah 48:31,48:36 ) prophesied that Kir-hareseth was no match for the power of God. Kir-hareseth was destroyed by the Babylonians whom the prophets described as God's instrument of punishment (see Jeremiah 4:5-31 ; Jeremiah 6:1-8 , Jeremiah 6:22-26 ; Jeremiah 25:1-14 ). ... Kir-hareseth is identified with modern khirbet Karnak, about 50 miles southeast of Jerusalem and 11 miles east of the Dead Sea
Kir-Haraseth - Built fortress, a city and fortress of Moab, the modern Kerak, a small town on the brow of a steep hill about 6 miles from Rabbath-Moab and 10 miles from the Dead Sea; called also Kir-haresh, Kir-hareseth, Kir-heres (Isaiah 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31,36 )
Kir-Haraseth - ; or Kir-hareseth, Isaiah 16:7; or Kir-haresh (kir-hâ'resh), Isaiah 16:11 A
Kir - Many believe that Kir is the same as Kir-hareseth, an ancient capital of Moab along with Ar
Kir - A strong city of Moab; called also Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, and Kir-heres, Isaiah 15:1 ; 16:7,11 ; Jeremiah 48:31
Kir-Hareseth - Kir-hareseth ( Isaiah 16:7 ), Kir-haraseth ( 2 Kings 3:25 AV [Note: Authorized Version
Moab And the Moabite Stone - The chief cities of Moab proper were Kir-hareseth (present-day Kerak) and a place called Ar Moab (possibly to be identified with the present-day village of Rabbah approximately nine miles northeast of Kerak). 2 Kings 3:1 describes a military campaign undertaken by King Jehoram of Israel and supported by King Jehoshaphat of Judah which penetrated Moab proper and culminated in a siege of Kir-hareseth. See Kir-hareseth ; Arnon River; Transjordan ; King Mesha; Ruth ; Jehoram (of Israel); Jehoshaphat
Mesha - Mesha retreated to Kir-hareseth from which he attempted, unsuccessfully, to escape to his Aramean allies
Mesha - Mesha retreated to Kir-hareseth from which he attempted, unsuccessfully, to escape to his Aramean allies