People's Dictionary of the Bible
Pithom (pî'thom), house or temple, of Tum, who was the sun-god of Heliopolis, a "treasure city," or depot of provisions, built by the Israelites in Goshen. Exodus 1:11. M. Naville has identified Pithom with Pa-Tum, "setting sun," and with Tel el-Maskhûta, where he found remarkable ruins, brick grain-chambers, and similar evidences of a "store city."
Holman Bible Dictionary
(pi' thahm) Egyptian place name Per-Atum meaning, “mansion or estate of Atum” (an Egyptian god). The only mention of this city in the Bible relates to the plight of the Israelites in Egypt (Exodus 1:11 ). Coupled with the city of Rameses, it becomes an important clue to the Exodus chronology. See Exodus .
Some recognize tell el-Retabah as Pithom, but the predominate opinion seems to see tell el-Maskhutah as Pithom, a religious name given Succoth. Papyrus Anastasi mentions Pithom in a report to Merneptah.
Gary C. Huckabay
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Their mouthful; a dilatation of the mouth
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Egyptian, Pa-Tum, "house of Tum," the sun-god, one of the "treasure" cities built for Pharaoh Rameses II. by the Israelites (Exodus 1:11 ). It was probably the Patumos of the Greek historian Herodotus. It has now been satisfactorily identified with Tell-el-Maskhuta, about 12 miles west of Ismailia, and 20 east of Tel-el-Kebir, on the southern bank of the present Suez Canal. Here have recently (1883) been discovered the ruins of supposed grain-chambers, and other evidences to show that this was a great "store city." Its immense ruin-heaps show that it was built of bricks, and partly also of bricks without straw. Succoth (Exodus 12:37 ) is supposed by some to be the secular name of this city, Pithom being its sacred name. This was the first halting-place of the Israelites in their exodus. It has been argued (Dr. Lansing) that these "store" cities "were residence cities, royal dwellings, such as the Pharaohs of old, the Kings of Israel, and our modern Khedives have ever loved to build, thus giving employment to the superabundant muscle of their enslaved peoples, and making a name for themselves."
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
One of the cities which the children of Israel built for Pharaoh during their captivity in Egypt. Perhaps the name is derived from Pe, the mouthâand Sham, which signifies to finish;âbut there is no authority for it. A much more important consideration is it to remark the diligence of Israel in their captivity, thus building houses for their masters. Though the Egyptians oppressed them, and made their lives bitter by reason of the task-masters set over them, ye we do not find that the poor captives gave over their duty because of their enemies' cruelty. The Holy Ghost compels the foes of the church thus to give testimony, however unwillingly, to the dutiful and honourable deportment of the people. "And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Ramases. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel." (Exodus 1:11-12) I beg the reader to observe how every thing turned out the reverse of their tyrants' intention. Egypt wished to lesson Israel by cruelty: Israel thrived and multiplied the more. Egypt intended to make their lives bitter to them; whereas the bitterness recoiled on themselves. Thus the Lord carries on the gracious purposes of his government in the minds of men in all ages! We have another striking testimony of a like kind to the good conduct of the Lord's people upon a similar occasion, when the people were again brought into bondage. I mean when Jobin, king of Canaan, ruled with an iron rod over Israel. (See Judges 4:1-24 and Judges 5:1-31) The mother of Sisera gave this unintentional testimony to the good housewifery of our mothers in Israel, when, looking out at a window to watch for the coming of her son in triumph, she cried out,"Have they not divided the preys to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?" (Judges 5:30) Here we see that the daughters of Israel, as their fathers before them, ate not the bread of idleness, for their divers colours of needlework manifested their industry. But what an awful character must this mother of Sisera have been, to take pleasure in the lusts of her son! Forgetting the chastity of her sex, she seemed to rest in the very thought that the daughters of Israel would serve for the savage sports of her son and his army, and a damsel or two fall to the lot of every man. We see here, in striking features, a mind indeed ripe for hell. We behold sin become so exceedingly sinful, that the sinner enjoys in idea what in reality he doth not partake of. This is the state which the apostle Paul describes of sinners, "who knowing the judgment of God, that they who commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but take pleasure in them that do them." (Romans 1:32) The imagination can form no picture out of hell of equal malignity of mind. Such are full ripe for hell; the next step brings them into it. They are like a vessel brim full, one drop more, and they sink to the bottom.
Morrish Bible Dictionary
One of the store-cities built bythe Israelites for the Pharaoh 'who knew not Joseph.' Exodus 1:11 . It has been identified with Tell Maskhuta, on the west of the Suez Canal, 30 35' N, 32 11'E . In these ruins bricks have been found in some of which no straw can be discovered.
Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
one of the cities that the Israelites built for Pharaoh in Egypt, during the time of their servitude, Exodus 1:11 .
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary
One of the cities built by the children of Israel for Pharaoh in Egypt, during their servitude, Exodus 1:11 . This is probably the Pathumos mentioned by Herodotus, which he places near Pi-beseth and the Pelusiac arm of the Nile, not far from the canal made by the kings Necho and Darius to join the Red Sea with the Nile. See EGYPT.
Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
PITHOM . One of the ‘treasure cities’ built by the Israelites in Egypt ( Exodus 1:11 etc.). It is the Egyptian PetÃ´m (‘House of EtÃ´m’), the site of which is now marked by Tell el-Maskhuta in the Wady Tumilat. The researches of Naville and Petrie indicate that the city dates as far back as the 12th Dyn., and was occupied down to very late times. It was capital of the 8th nome of Lower Egypt, and in it was worshipped a form of the sun-god under the name of EtÃ´m.
F. Ll. Griffith.
Pithom - ...
Some recognize tell el-Retabah as Pithom, but the predominate opinion seems to see tell el-Maskhutah as Pithom, a religious name given Succoth. Papyrus Anastasi mentions Pithom in a report to Merneptah
Pithom - Pithom (pî'thom), house or temple, of Tum, who was the sun-god of Heliopolis, a "treasure city," or depot of provisions, built by the Israelites in Goshen. Naville has identified Pithom with Pa-Tum, "setting sun," and with Tel el-Maskhûta, where he found remarkable ruins, brick grain-chambers, and similar evidences of a "store city
Treasure Cities - (See Pithom
Rameses - After the Israelites became slaves, they were forced to help build Rameses and Pithom (Exodus 1:11 ) as store cities for Pharaoh Rameses II. See Egypt ; Exodus ; Pithom
Treasure-Cities - [Pithom ]
Etham - (See EXODUS; Pithom
Zaphnath-Paaneah - , of Goshen, the chief city of which was Pithom, "the place of life
Brick - They built storehouse cities of brick in Pithom and Ramses. Both straw-made bricks and bricks of pure clay have been found at Pithom and Ramses
Pithom - Pithom
Goshen - Some scholars equate Heroonpolis with the Egyptian storage city, Pithom (Exodus 1:11 ). Undoubtedly, Goshen, “land of Rameses,” refers to the land around the city of Rameses and in the vicinity of Pithom. describe how nomadic tribes moved from Edom past the Merneptah fortress in Teku to the wells of Pithom. (4) Both the two cities which the Hebrews built, Rameses and Pithom, and the Hyksos capital at Zoan are key issues for settling on a date for the Exodus
Etham - Etham is probably Pithom, the frontier city toward the wilderness
City - The Israelites in Egypt were employed in building the "treasure cities" of Pithom and Raamses (Exodus 1:11 ); but it does not seem that they had any cities of their own in Goshen (Genesis 46:34 ; 47:1-11 ). ...
Pithom and Raamses, built by the Israelites as "treasure cities," were not places where royal treasures were kept, but were fortified towns where merchants might store their goods and transact their business in safety, or cities in which munitions of war were stored. (See Pithom
Succoth - It was near Pithom and is usually identified with tell el-Maskhutah or tell er-Retabah
Goshen - It contained the treasure-cities Rameses and Pithom
Cities - " The earliest description of a city, properly so called, is that of Sodom, (Genesis 19:1-22 ) Even before the time of Abraham there were cities in Egypt, (Genesis 12:14,15 ; Numbers 13:22 ) and the Israelites, during their sojourn there, were employed in building or fortifying the "treasure cities" of Pithom and Raamses
Cities - Even before the time of Abraham there were cities in Egypt, Genesis 12:14-15; Numbers 13:22, and the Israelites, during their sojourn there, were employed in building or fortifying the "treasure cities" of Pithom and Raamses
Goshen - It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen" (46:28), and "the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37 ), for the towns Pithom and Rameses lay within its borders; also Zoan or Tanis (Psalm 78:12 )
The first encampment of the Israelites after leaving Ramesses (Exodus 12:37 ); the civil name of Pithom (q
Pithom - Succoth (Exodus 12:37 ) is supposed by some to be the secular name of this city, Pithom being its sacred name
Rameses - It and Pithom were on the canal dug under Osirtasin of the 12th dynasty
Goshen - fortified anew) for Pharaoh Raamses and Pithom as treasure cities (Genesis 47:11; Exodus 1:11)
Succoth - It is probably the Egyptian Thuke , the same as or near to Pithom (wh
Pithom - "And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Ramases
Exodus - Exodus 1:11 says, however, that the Israelites in Egypt built the store cities of Pithom and Raamses for Pharaoh
Exodus - (See Pithom
Egypt - As Pithom, excavated by Dr
Pharaoh - , the builder of Pithom, and Egyptian scholars have long seen in him the Pharaoh of the Exodus
Israel - Exodus 1:11 states that they were compelled to aid in building the cities of Pithom and Raamses. The main thread of it must be true, but in details, such as the reference to Pithom and Raamses, the tradition may be mistaken
Exodus, the - ...
The first two days' march brought Israel from Rameses (the general name of the district, and the city built by Israel on the canal from the Nile to lake Timsah) by way of Succoth, to Etham or Pithom, the frontier city of Egypt (Heroopolis) near the S
Egypt - In this district, or adjacent to it, are mentioned also the cities Pithom, Raamses, Pi-Beseth, and On or Helipolis
Egypt - " Among his many structures noted on monuments and in papyri are fortifications along the canal from Goshen to the Bed Sea, and particularly at Pi-tum and Pi-rameses or Pi-ramessu; these must be the same as the treasure-cities Pithom and Rameses, built or enlarged by the Israelites for Pharaoh
Egypt - Such were the bricks which the Israelites were employed in making, and of which the cities of Pithom and Rameses were built
Egypt - Of localities in Upper Egypt only Syene and Thebes (No) are mentioned; in Middle Egypt, Hanes; while on the eastern border and the route to Memphis (Noph) are Shihor, Shur, Sin, Migdol, Tahpanhes, Pi-beseth, On; and by the southern route, Goshen, Pithom, Succoth, Rameses, besides lesser places in the Exodus