Places Study on Shinar

Places Study on Shinar

Genesis 10: And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
Genesis 11: And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.
Genesis 14: And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;
Genesis 14: With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.
Isaiah 11: And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
Daniel 1: And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
Zechariah 5: And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.

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Dictionary

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Shinar
SHINAR . A term employed in the OT for the greater part, if not the whole, of Babylonia ( Genesis 10:19 ; Genesis 11:2 ; Genesis 14:1 ; Genesis 14:9 , Joshua 7:21 , Isaiah 11:11 , Zechariah 5:11 , Daniel 1:2 ). Its former identification with Sumer , or Southern Babylonia, never regarded as very satisfactory, is now given up. Equally untenable is the view that it is to be identified with Shankhar , a land or district the king of which is mentioned in a letter from Tell el-Amarna along with the king of Khatti. There is little doubt that Shinar is to be identified with the land of Babylonia, but the origin of the name has not been determined.

L. W. King.

Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shinar, the Land of
LXX. and Vulgate "Senaar;" in the inscriptions, "Shumir;" probably identical with Babylonia or Southern Mesopotamia, extending almost to the Persian Gulf. Here the tower of Babel was built (Genesis 11:1-6 ), and the city of Babylon. The name occurs later in Jewish history (Isaiah 11:11 ; Zechariah 5:11 ). Shinar was apparently first peopled by Turanian tribes, who tilled the land and made bricks and built cities. Then tribes of Semites invaded the land and settled in it, and became its rulers. This was followed in course of time by an Elamite invasion; from which the land was finally delivered by Khammurabi, the son of Amarpel ("Amraphel, king of Shinar," Genesis 14:1 ), who became the founder of the new empire of Chaldea. (See AMRAPHEL .)
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Shinar
Shinar was an ancient name for the land of Babylon. Its chief towns were Babel, Erech and Accad, and its most famous warrior was Nimrod (Genesis 10:9-10; Genesis 11:1-9; Genesis 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; Daniel 1:2). (For details see BABEL; BABYLON.)

Holman Bible Dictionary - Shinar, Plain of
(sshi' nahr) Place name of uncertain meaning used in various Ancient Near Eastern documents apparently with somewhat different localities in mind. Some evidence points to a Syrian district cited as Sanhara in the Amarna letters. Some scholars equate Shinar in Assyrian texts with modern Sinjar west of Mosul in Iraq. Others think a Kassite tribe was meant originally. Whatever its meaning outside the Bible, biblical texts use Shinar as a designation for Mesopotamia (Genesis 10:10 ). See Mesopotamia .

The tower of Babel was built in Shinar (Genesis 11:2-9 ). The King of Shinar opposed Abraham (Genesis 14:1 ). Isaiah prophesied that God would bring out a remnant of His people from Shinar (Genesis 11:11 ). Daniel 1:1-2 and probably Zechariah 5:11 equate Babylon and Shinar, thus limiting Shinar to its major city in the writers' day.



The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Shinar
Rendered remarkable for the tower of Babel being built there. (Genesis 11:2, etc.) The word Chaldean.

Morrish Bible Dictionary - Shinar
Ancient name of the plain lying in the south between the Euphrates and the Tigris. It was where Nimrod established his kingdom, and where the tower of Babel was built. Amraphel, king of Shinar, was one of the four kings who fought against the five kings when Lot was taken prisoner. In later times it was known as Chaldea, or Babylonia (as in the LXX of Isaiah 11:11 ), and thither some of the captives from Judah were carried. Genesis 10:10 ; Genesis 11:2 ; Genesis 14:1,9 ; Isaiah 11:11 ; Daniel 1:2 ; Zechariah 5:11 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Shinar
A region in Mesopotamia, the plain between the Tigris and Euphrates. Here the rebels against God's will built the Βabel tower (Genesis 11:2-3). Famed for its wheat (Herodotus 1:193). Derived from sheni "two" and 'ar or nahar "rivers."

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Shinar
a province of Babylonia, where men undertook to build the tower of Babel, Genesis 11:2 ; Genesis 10:10 . Calneh was built in this country. Amraphel was king of Shinar in the days of Abraham, Genesis 14:1 . See BABYLON .

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Shinar
Shinar (shî'nar), the Land of, casting out? country of two rivers? The region where the people, after the Flood, made bricks and used slime (bitumen) for mortar. Genesis 11:2-3. It would seem originally to have denoted the northern part of Babylonia, as "Chaldæa" denoted the southern part; but subsequently, like Chaldæa, it was sometimes used for the whole. Genesis 10:10; Isaiah 11:11; Daniel 1:2; Zechariah 5:11. In Joshua 7:21 it is rendered "Babylonish." Among its cities were Babel (Babylon), Erech or Orech (Orchoi), Calneh or Calno (probably Niffer), and Accad.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Shinar
A level region of indefinite extent around Babylon and the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris, Genesis 10:10 11:2 14:1 Joshua 7:21 Isaiah 11:11 Daniel 1:2 Zechariah 5:11 . See MESOPOTAMIA .

Hitchcock's Bible Names - Shinar
Watch of him that sleeps

Sentence search

Shinar, Plain of - Some scholars equate Shinar in Assyrian texts with modern Sinjar west of Mosul in Iraq. Whatever its meaning outside the Bible, biblical texts use Shinar as a designation for Mesopotamia (Genesis 10:10 ). ... The tower of Babel was built in Shinar (Genesis 11:2-9 ). The King of Shinar opposed Abraham (Genesis 14:1 ). Isaiah prophesied that God would bring out a remnant of His people from Shinar (Genesis 11:11 ). Daniel 1:1-2 and probably Zechariah 5:11 equate Babylon and Shinar, thus limiting Shinar to its major city in the writers' day
Amraphel - King of Shinar, in the time of Abram
ac'Cad, - one of the cities in the land of Shinar
Erech - "The beginning of Nimrod's kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh in the land of Shinar. of Babylon, now Warka; in the land of Shinar
Amraphel - King of Shinar in the time of Abraham
am'Raphel - (keeper of the gods ) perhaps a Hamite king of Shinar or Babylonia, who joined the victorious incursion of the Elamite Chedorlaomer against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the plain
Babel - ) The city and tower in the land of Shinar, where the confusion of languages took place
Shinar - Amraphel was king of Shinar in the days of Abraham, Genesis 14:1
Amraphel - Perhaps a Hamite king of Shinar or Babylonia, who joined the victorious incursion of the Elamite Chedorlaomer against the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities of the plain
Shinar - Shinar . There is little doubt that Shinar is to be identified with the land of Babylonia, but the origin of the name has not been determined
Shinar, the Land of - Shinar was apparently first peopled by Turanian tribes, who tilled the land and made bricks and built cities. This was followed in course of time by an Elamite invasion; from which the land was finally delivered by Khammurabi, the son of Amarpel ("Amraphel, king of Shinar," Genesis 14:1 ), who became the founder of the new empire of Chaldea
Babylonish Garment, - literally "robe of Shinar," (Joshua 7:21 ) an ample robe, probably made of the skin or fur of an animal, comp
Amraphel - Shinar, his kingdom, or Babylonia, was subordinate to the great Elanrite king, (See CHEDORLAOMER
Shinar - Shinar was an ancient name for the land of Babylon
e'Rech - (length ), one of the cities of Nimrod's kingdom in the land of Shinar, ( Genesis 10:10 ) doubtless the same as Orchoe, 82 miles south and 43 east of Babylon, the modern designations of the site --Warka, Irka and Irak --bearing a considerable affinity to the original name
Nimrod - He seems to have feared neither God nor man; to gather around him a host of adventurers, and extended his conquests into the land of Shinar, where he founded or fortified Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh. According to one interpretation of Genesis 10:11 , he also founded Nineveh and the Assyrian empire; though this is usually understood to have been done by Asshur, when expelled by Nimrod from the land of Shinar, Micah 5:6
Erech - One of Nimrod's cities in the plain of Shinar, Genesis 10:10
Chaldea - This country had also the name of Shinar
Calneh - One of the ancient cities in the land of Shinar built by Nimrod
Nimrod - The "land of Nimrod" (Micah 5:6 ) is a designation of Assyria or of Shinar, which is a part of it
Tongues, Confusion of - " (See Shinar
Nimrod - Powerful king of Shinar (Babylon) referenced in Genesis 10:8-10
Accad - It was in the land of Shinar, and George Smith locates it at Agadi, on the Euphrates, north of Babylon
Babylonish Garment - Stolen by Achan ( Joshua 7:21 ); literally ‘mantle of Shinar’; probably a cloak of embroidered stuff
Amraphel - King of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and cities of the plain (Genesis 14:1,4 )
Nimrod - He established an empire in Shinar, the classical Babylonia, the chief towns being Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh: and extended this empire northward along the course of the Tigris over Assyria, where he founded a second group of capitals, Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah, and Resen
Amraphel - The king of Shinar ( Genesis 14:1 )
Nim'Rod - , from which we learn (1) that he was a Cushite; (2) that he established an empire in Shinar (the classical Babylonia) the chief towns being Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh; and (3) that he extended this empire northward along the course of the Tigris over Assyria, where he founded a second group of capitals, Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah and Resen
Amraphel - ” King of Shinar or Babylon who joined a coalition to defeat Sodom and Gomorrah, then other kings in Canaan and the Dead Sea area
Calneh - a city in the land of Shinar, built by Nimrod, and one of the cities mentioned Genesis 10:10 , as belonging to his kingdom
Elam - It is frequently mentioned in Scripture, as lying to the south-east of Shinar
Accad - One of the four cities built in the plain of Shinar by Nimrod, founder of the Assyrian empire, Genesis 10:10
Tidal - A king of Goiim, or ‘the nations,’ who accompanied Amraphel of Shinar and Arioch of Ellasar in the expedition made by Chedorlaomer of Elam against Sodom and the cities of the plain ( Genesis 14:1 )
Shinar - Amraphel, king of Shinar, was one of the four kings who fought against the five kings when Lot was taken prisoner
Shinar - Shinar (shî'nar), the Land of, casting out? country of two rivers? The region where the people, after the Flood, made bricks and used slime (bitumen) for mortar
Erech - One of the cities of Nimrod in the land of Shinar
Calneh - One of Nimrod' s original seats meaning "the fort of the god Anu" (worshipped afterwards at Babylon) in the land of Shinar, i
Shi'Nar - It may be suspected that Shinar was the name by which the Hebrews originally knew the lower Mesopotamian country where they so long dwelt, and which Abraham brought with him from "Ur of the Chaldees
Dispersion - As to the manner of the dispersion of the posterity of Noah from the plain of Shinar, it was undoubtedly conducted with the utmost regularity and order
Babel, Tower of - The name given to the tower which the primitive fathers of our race built in the land of Shinar after the Deluge (Genesis 11:1-9 ). Their object in building this tower was probably that it might be seen as a rallying-point in the extensive plain of Shinar, to which they had emigrated from the uplands of Armenia, and so prevent their being scattered abroad
Calneh, Calno - Calneh is associated in Genesis 10:10 with Babylon, Erech, and Accad as the earliest cities of Shinar
Asshur - He went from the land of Shinar and built Nineveh, etc
Chedorlaomer - In the 13th they revolted, whereupon he, with his subordinate allies, the kings of Shinar (Babylonia), and Ellasar, and Tidal, "king of nations" (Median Scyths, belonging to the old population) smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzims in Ham, the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, the Horites in mount Seir, the Amalekites, and the Amorites in Hazezon Tamar; and finally encountered and defeated the five allied kings in the vale of Siddim. He was Semitic, and had made himself lord paramount over the Hamite kings of Shinar and Ellasar
Cities - (Genesis 4:17 ) After the confusion of tongues the descendants of Nimrod founded Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar, and Asshur, a branch from the same stock, built Nineveh, Rehoboth-by-the-river, Calah and Resen, the last being "a great city
Erech - , "Orech"), length, or Moon-town, one of the cities of Nimrod's kingdom in the plain of Shinar (Genesis 10:10 ); the Orchoe of the Greeks and Romans
Calah - A most ancient Assyrian city founded by Asshur (Genesis 10:11), or rather by Nimrod; for the right translation is, "out of that city (namely, Babel in Shinar) he (Nimrod) went forth to Asshur (Assyria E
Nimrod - "The beginning of his kingdom was Babel" with other towns in the land of Shinar
Chedor-Laomer - His vassals, Amraphel, king of Shinar, Arioch, king of Ellasar, and Tidal, king of Goiim, helped him to defeat the Canaanite princes of Sodom, Gomorrah, Adman, Zeboiim, and Zoar, who had rebelled against him after having acknowledged his authority for twelve years
Accad - One of the cities in the land of Shinar, with Babel, Erech, and Calneh, the beginning of Nimrod's kingdom (Genesis 10:10)
Cities - After the confusion of tongues the descendants of Nimrod founded Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar, and Asshur, a branch from the same stock, built Nineveh, Rehoboth-by-the-river, Calah and Resen, the last being "a great city
Sumer - ... In the Old Testament, Sumer is the territory referred to as Shinar (Genesis 10:10 ) or Chaldea (Jeremiah 50:10 ). See Shinar
Races - North Semites : ( a ) Babylonians (Shinar, Accad, Bahel, Erech); ( b ) Assyrians (Asshur, Nineveh, Calah); ( c ) Aramæans (Syrians); ( d ) Canaanitish peoples (1) Ammonites, (2) Amorites, (3) Canaanites, (4) Edomites, (5) Hivites, (6) Israelites, (7) Jebusites, (8) Moabites, (9) Phœnicians (Tyre, Sidon, Arvad, etc
Slime, - It is first spoken of as used for cement by the builders in the plain of Shinar or Babylonia
Chaldea - The land of Shinar adjoined Chaldea on the north, in which were the early cities of Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh
Accad - Nimrod's kingdom embraced Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar
Babel - It was in the plain of Shinar, and made of burnt bricks, with "slime" (probably bitumen) for mortar
Mesopotamia - Eden was not far off; Ararat was near to it on the north, and the land of Shinar on the south
Jeho-i'Akim - For four years Jehoiakim was subject toi Egypt, when Nebuchadnezzar, after a short siege, entered Jerusalem, took the king prisoner, bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon, and took also some of the precious vessels of the temple and carried them to the land of Shinar
Dispersion - ... Dispersion, from the plain of Shinar. ... The tenth chapter of Genesis gives us an account of the principal nations of the earth in their migrations from the plain of Shinar, which was their common residence after the Flood
Building - The cities of the plain of Shinar were founded by the descendants of Shem (10:11,12,22)
Architecture - " To the race of Shem is attributed (Genesis 10:11,12,22 ; 11:2-9 ) the foundation of those cities in the plain of Shinar, Babylon Nineveh and others
Eden - The site must undoubtedly be sought for somewhere along the course of the great streams the Tigris and the Euphrates of Western Asia, in "the land of Shinar" or Babylonia
Accad - The high land or mountains, a city in the land of Shinar
Babel - But by this punishment in the plains of Shinar, the Lord laid the foundation of his own glory and his servants' honour; and the wonderful conversion of souls, at that season of Pentecost, demonstrated both the power of God, and the wisdom of God, in confirmation of the faith
Pitch - It is known that the plain of Shinar did abound with it, both in its liquid and solid state; that there was there a cave and fountain which was continually casting it out; and that the famous tower and no less famous walls of Babylon were built by this kind of cement, is confirmed by the testimony of several ancient authors
Chald a - Originally it was the district in the south of the "land of Shinar" where Nimrod built four cities
Mesopotamia - Here was the plain of Shinar (Genesis 11:2; Genesis 14:1), where the Babel tower and kingdom were
Akkadian - Their ancient capital Akkad, (Agade), is mentioned in Genesis 10:10 as one of the cities of Shinar (Mesopotamia)
Bela - Bela is joined with Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, in Genesis 14:2; Genesis 14:8, forming a confederacy against the invading kings of Elam, Shinar, etc
Eden - Yet long after the flood the plain of Shinar in the same region attracted the admiration of the sons of Cush, Genesis 10:8-10 ; 11:2
Nimrod - "And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar: out of that land he went forth to invade Assyria; and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah, and Resin, between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city," Genesis 10:8-12 . Though the main body of the Cushites was miraculously dispersed and sent by Providence to their destinations along the sea coasts of Asia and Africa, yet Nimrod remained behind, and founded an empire in Babylonia, according to Berosus, by usurping the property of the Arphaxadites in the land of Shinar; where "the beginning of his kingdom was Babel," or Babylon, and other towns: and, not satisfied with this, he next invaded Assur, or Assyria, east of the Tigris, where he built Nineveh, and several other towns
Chaldea - The contemporaneous king of Babylon in the north, in the country termed Shinar in Scripture, was Khammu-rabi
Accad - ) "And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar," Genesis 10:10
Babylon (2) - It was originally known as the "land of Shinar" and the "land of Nimrod
Babel - the tower and city founded by the descendants of Noah in the plain of Shinar. ... The sum of the whole is as follows: All the descendants of Noah remained in Armenia in peaceable subjection to the patriarchal religion and government during the lifetime of the four royal patriarchs, or till about the beginning of the sixth century after the flood; when, gradually falling off from the pure worship of God, and from their allegiance to the respective heads of families, and seduced by the schemes of the ambitious Nimrod, and farther actuated by a restless disposition, or a desire for a more fertile country, they migrated in a body southwards, till they reached the plains of Shinar, probably about sixty years after the death of Shem
Babel - Babel was one of three important towns founded by the great warrior-hunter, Nimrod, in the land of Shinar. Shinar was the ancient name for the land of Babylon, or Babylonia
Tongues, Confusion of - The belief that the world, after the Flood, was re-populated by the progeny of a single family, speaking one language, is reconciled in the Bible with the existing diversity of tongues by a story which relates how the descendants of Noah, in the course of their wanderings, settled in the plain of Shinar, or Babylonia, and there built of brick a city, and a tower high enough to reach heaven, as a monument to preserve their fame, and as a centre of social cohesion and union
Elam - Chedorlaomer who invaded Palestine in Abraham's time (Genesis 14) was king of Elam, and then lord paramount over Amraphel, king of Shinar (Babylonia) on its confines
Ur - Light, or the moon city, a city "of the Chaldees," the birthplace of Haran (Genesis 11:28,31 ), the largest city of Shinar or northern Chaldea, and the principal commercial centre of the country as well as the centre of political power
Pentecost - Jerusalem, the mount of the Lord, is the center of God's spiritual kingdom of peace and righteousness; Babel, the center of Satan's kingdom and of human rebellion, ignores God the true bond of union, and so is the city of confusion, in the low dead level of Shinar
Babylon, Kingdom of - Babylonia was divided into the two districts of Accad in the north, and Summer (probably the Shinar of the Old Testament) in the south
Ethiopia - The dispersed Israelites shall be brought as an offering by the nations to the Lord (Zephaniah 3:8-9; Isaiah 66:20; Isaiah 60:9), from both the African and the Babylonian Cush, where the ten tribes were scattered in Peter's time (1 Peter 1:1; 1 Peter 5:13; Isaiah 11:11, "from Cush and from Shinar"
Babylon - Then, except some allusion to Shinar, Genesis 14:1, the Chaldæans, Job 1:17, and the Babylonish garment (R
Remnant - 11:11, the prophet proclaims: “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his peoplewhich shall be left from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea
Babylon - In ancient times the northern part was often known as Akkad (or Accad; Genesis 10:10), and the southern part as Sumer, then Shinar, and later Chaldea (Genesis 10:10; Genesis 11:2; Genesis 11:28; Ezekiel 12:13; Ezekiel 23:15)
Mesopotamia - The southern part of Mesopotamia answers nearly to the country anciently called the land of Shinar; to which the Prophet Daniel 1:2 , refers, and Zechariah 5:11
ba'Bel - (confusion ), Bab'ylon (Greek form of Babel ), is properly the capital city of the country which is called in Genesis Shinar, and in the later books Chaldea, or the land of the Chaldeans
Babylon, Mystical - Compare Achan's "Babylonian garment," Joshua 7:21; Hebrew: "a robe of Shinar
Babel - " Capital of the country Shinar (Genesis), Chaldea (later Scriptures). Chedorlaomer (or Lagomer, an idol), king of Elam, is represented in Genesis 14 as leader of the other kings including the king of Shinar (Babylonia). The cuneiform inscriptions often designate the people of the lower Euphrates region Kiriath Arbol, "the four nations;" such a confederacy appears in Genesis 14, of which the king of Shinar was one. Erech (Warka) and Ur (Mugheir) were then the capitals; the land was Shinar, and the people (according to the monuments) Akkadim (Accad, Genesis 10:10)
Captivity - In Daniel 1:1-2, we find that in the third year of Jehoiakim Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem and carried away part of the temple vessels of Jehovah to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god Bel
Babylon - In Genesis 11:2 , it speaks of Babel being built in a plain in the land of Shinar, whichthey reached by travellingfrom the east; this reads in the margin travelling 'eastward,' a reading preferred by many and by the Revisers
Nineveh - Tacitus styles it, "Vetustissima sedes Assyriae;" [the most ancient seat of Assyria;] and Scripture informs us that Nimrod, after he had built Babel, in the land of Shinar, invaded Assyria, where he built Nineveh, and several other cities, Genesis 10:11
Nin'Eveh - Asshur, or according to the marginal reading, which is generally preferred, Nimrod is there described, ( Genesis 10:11 ) as extending his kingdom from the land of Shinar or Babylonia, in the south, to Assyria in the north and founding four cities, of which the most famous was Nineveh
Hammurabi - ” Some scholars identified Hammurabi with the biblical king of Shinar named Amraphel (Genesis 14:1 ,Genesis 14:1,14:9 )
Nebuchadnezzar - Took Jerusalem in the third year of Jehoiakim, and "carried into the land of Shinar, to the house of his god (Merodach), part of the vessels of the house of God" (Daniel 1:1-2; 2 Chronicles 36:6)
Abraham - of Persia, Susiana), the chief sovereign, with Amrephar of Shinar (Babylon), Arioch of Ellasar (the Chaldean Larissa, or Larsa, half way between Ur, or Mugheir, and Erech, or Warka, in Lower Babylonia), and Tidal, king of nations, attacked Bera of Sodom, Birsha of Gomorrah, Shinab of Admah, and Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela or Zoar, because after twelve bears of subordination they "rebelled" (Genesis 14)
Assyria - Playfair, as the most probable:—"The founder of it was Ashur, the second son of Shem, who departed from Shinar, upon the usurpation of Nimrod, at the head of a large body of adventurers, and laid the foundations of Nineveh, where he resided, and erected a new kingdom, called Assyria, after his name, Genesis 10:11
Assur - of the Shinar plain, and three and half miles S
Zechariah, Prophecy of - Subsequently two women (emblematic of commercial covetousness) come forth (doubtless typical of twin forms of the development of evil), and carry it to the land of Shinar, where Babylon, the mother of idolatry, was built, there to build the ephah a house
Division of the Earth - 2614, or five hundred and forty-one years after the deluge, and one hundred and ninety-one years after the death of Noah, in the following order:—"To the sons of Shem was allotted the middle of the earth, namely, Palestine, Syria, Assyria, Samaria, Singar, [or Shinar,] Babel, [or Babylonia,] Persia, and Hegiaz; [Arabia;] to the sons of Ham, Teimen, [or Idumea, Jeremiah 49:7 ,] Africa, Nigritia, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, Scindia, and India; [or India west and east of the river Indus;] to the sons of Japheth, also, Garbia, [the north,] Spain, France, the countries of the Greeks, Sclavonians, Bulgarians, Turks, and Armenians
Palestine - 2000, as appears by the reference to ‘Amraphel, king of Shinar’ (= Hammurabi), occurred the battle of the four kings and five recorded in Genesis 14:1-24 the first event on Palestinian soil of which a Palestinian record is preserved