Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
SHUNEM . A border town of Issachar ( Joshua 19:18 ), and the camping-ground of the Philistines before Saul’s last battle ( 1 Samuel 28:4 ). It has been identified from early times with SÃ´lam , a village five miles south of Tabor, on the south slope of Little Hermon. It is on the north of the Valley of Jezreel, and opposite to Gilboa, where Saul was encamped; the situation suits the scene of the battle well. A Shunem is also the scene of Elisha’s miracle in 2 Kings 4:8 ff., where the identification is more doubtful. The narrative suggests a place on the road from Samaria, his home ( 2 Kings 4:1 ), to Carmel, and not too far from the latter ( 2 Kings 4:25 ff.); Solam satisfies neither of these conditions. Shunammite is applied (1) to Abishag ( 1 Kings 1:2 ), who is perhaps the original of the Shulammite of Song of Solomon 6:13 , the interchange of t and n being exemplified in the modern Solam = Shunem; (2) to the unnamed friend of Elisha in 2 Kings 4:8 ff; 2 Kings 8:1-6 . The narrative gives us a picture of Heb. home-life at its best, and shows how the legal and theoretical subjection of the wife was often modified in practice. She is ‘a great woman,’ perhaps an heiress, and takes the lead in both stories; by the time of the latter she may have been a widow. For the miracle, cf. 1 Kings 17:8 ff..
C. W. Emmet.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Two resting-places, a little village in the tribe of Issachar, to the north of Jezreel and south of Mount Gilboa (Joshua 19:18 ), where the Philistines encamped when they came against Saul (1 Samuel 28:4 ), and where Elisha was hospitably entertained by a rich woman of the place. On the sudden death of this woman's son she hastened to Carmel, 20 miles distant across the plain, to tell Elisha, and to bring him with her to Shunem. There, in the "prophet's chamber," the dead child lay; and Elisha entering it, shut the door and prayed earnestly: and the boy was restored to life (2 Kings 4:8-37 ). This woman afterwards retired during the famine to the low land of the Philistines; and on returning a few years afterwards, found her house and fields in the possession of a stranger. She appealed to the king at Samaria, and had them in a somewhat remarkable manner restored to her (Compare 2 Kings 8:1-6 ).
Holman Bible Dictionary
(sshyoo' nehm, sshyoo' nam mite) Place name of uncertain meaning. Town in tribe of Issachar located southeast of Mount Carmel. The site was captured by the Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III about 1450 B.C., again by Labayu of Shechem about 1350 B.C., and rebuilt by Biridya of Megiddo. The Israelites controlled it under Joshua (Joshua 19:18 ). The Philistines camped at Shunem while fighting with Saul (1 Samuel 28:4 ). About 920 B.C., the Egyptian pharaoh Shishak captured the town. See 1 Kings 1:3 ; compare 1 Kings 2:17 ). The prophet Elisha stayed often at the home of a Shunammite couple, prophesied that a son would be born to them, and raised the boy from the dead after an accident in the field (2 Kings 4:1 ). It is modern Solem, about eight miles north of Jenin and three miles east of Affulah.
Holman Bible Dictionary
(sshyoo' nehm) Place name of uncertain meaning. Town in tribal territory of Issachar (Joshua 19:18 ). Place where Philistines camped against Saul, who, in fear, sought to talk to the dead Samuel through a medium (1 Samuel 28:4 ). Abishag from Shunem warmed David on his death bed (1 Kings 1:3 ). See 2 Kings 4:1 ). Shunem is modern Solem on the southern edge of the Nebi Dachi across from Mount Gilboa. It is three miles east of Affuleh and three and a half miles north of Jezreel.
The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary
is the same with the former, only by a corrupt reading Shunem for Shalem. One of David's wives, and the generous woman to the prophet Elisha, were each called by this name. (1 Kings 1:3 etc 2 Kings 4:12 etc)
Morrish Bible Dictionary
City in Issachar, near to which the Philistines encamped previous to the fight on Gilboa. Also where a Shunammite showed hospitality to Elisha. Joshua 19:18 ; 1 Samuel 28:4 ; 2 Kings 4:8 . Identified with Solam , 32 36' N, 35 20' E .
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
SHUNAMITE. A city of Issachar (Joshua 19:18). The Philistines' place of encampment before the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 28:4). The residence of the Shunammite women (2 Kings 4:8), amidst grainfields; connected with Mount Carmel. Abishag's home (1 Kings 1:3). "Five miles S. of Mount Tabor," in Eusebius' (Onom.) time called "Sulem." Rather eight Roman miles from Tabor. Now Solam, a village on the S.W. side of "little Hermon," jebel Duhy , three miles N. of Jezreel, five from Gilboa (Fukua), in view of the sacred site on Mount Carmel, amidst rich grainfields. It has a spring, without which the Philistines would not have encamped there.
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Shunem (shu'nem), two resting-places. A city in the territory of Issachar. Joshua 19:18. The Philistines encamped there before the great battle of Gilboa. 1 Samuel 28:4. David's nurse, Abishag, was of Shunem, 1 Kings 1:3, and it was the residence of the Shunammite woman who entertained Elisha. 2 Kings 4:8. It answers to the modern Sulem, on the southwestern slope of Little Hermon, about 53 miles north of Jerusalem.
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Their change; their sleep
Shunammite - See Shunem...
Haphra'im - (two pits ), a city of Issachar, mentioned next to Shunem. ( Joshua 19:19 ) About 6 miles northeast of Lejjun , and two miles west of Solam (the ancient Shunem), stands the village of el' Afuleh , which may possibly be the representative of Haphraim
Shulammite - See Shunem, Song of Songs
Shunammite - (sshyoo' nam mite) Resident of or native from Shunem
Shunammite - A person of Shunem (1 Kings 1:3 ; 2 Kings 4:12 )
Shu'Lamite, the, - one of the personages in the poem of Solomon's (Song of Solomon 6:13 ) The name denotes a woman belonging to a place called Shulem, which is probably the same as Shunem. [Shunem ] If, then, Shulamite and Shunammite are equivalent, we may conjecture that the Shunammite who was the object of Solomon's passion was Abishag, the most lovely girl of her day, and at the time of David's death the most prominent person at Jerusalem
Shunem - Shunem (shu'nem), two resting-places. David's nurse, Abishag, was of Shunem, 1 Kings 1:3, and it was the residence of the Shunammite woman who entertained Elisha
Abez - From a Chaldee term meaning "tin"; or else a contraction for Thebez, near Shunem
Shulamite - The same, as some think, with "Shunammite," from "Shunem:" otherwise, the import of the word is uncertain (Song of Solomon 6:13 ; RSV, "Shulammite")
Chesul'Loth - ( Joshua 19:18 ) From its position int he lists it appears to be between Jezreel and Shunem (Salam )
Shunem - Abishag from Shunem warmed David on his death bed (1 Kings 1:3 ). Shunem is modern Solem on the southern edge of the Nebi Dachi across from Mount Gilboa
ab'Ishag, - a beautiful Shunammite (from Shunem, in the tribe of Issachar), taken into David's harem to comfort him in his extreme old age
Shu'Nammite, the, - the native of Shunem , is applied to two persons: Abishag, the nurse of King David, ( 1 Kings 1:3,15 ; 2:17,21,22 ) and the nameless hostess of Elisha
Abishag - A beautiful virgin of Shunem, in Issachar, chosen to marry David in his old age and cherish him
Shulam(m)Ite - (sshuh' lam ite) Description of woman in Song of Song of Solomon 6:13 either as from Shunem through a copying change; from Shulam, an otherwise unknown town; Solomonite, referring to a relationship to Solomon; or a common noun meaning, “the replaced one
Chesulloth - Fertile places; the loins, a town of Issachar, on the slopes of some mountain between Jezreel and Shunem (Joshua 19:18 )
Shunem - ShunemâOr Shunammite...
is the same with the former, only by a corrupt reading Shunem for Shalem
Abishag - Abishag (ăb'i-shăg or a-bî'shăg), father of error, a beautiful virgin of Shunem, in Issachar, chosen to cherish David in his old age
Harod - The present 'Ain Jalud ("Goliath's Fountain"), south of Jezreel and nearly opposite Shunem, is probably the fountain here referred to (7:4,5)
Shunem - Shunem . A Shunem is also the scene of Elisha’s miracle in 2 Kings 4:8 ff. Shunammite is applied (1) to Abishag ( 1 Kings 1:2 ), who is perhaps the original of the Shulammite of Song of Solomon 6:13 , the interchange of t and n being exemplified in the modern Solam = Shunem; (2) to the unnamed friend of Elisha in 2 Kings 4:8 ff; 2 Kings 8:1-6
Abishag - ) The beautiful young woman of Shunem in Issachar, who cherished David in his old age
Abishag - , "given to") error, a young woman of Shunem, distinguished for her beauty
Shunammite - Designation of an inhabitant of Shunem
Abishag - Abishag was from Shunem, a city guarding the Jezreel Valley
Japhia - In the Amarna Letters, the Egyptian pharaoh required the town to supply forced laborers after Labayu of Shechem destroyed Shunem
Gehazi - We afterwards find him recounting to king Jehoram the wonderful deeds of Elisha, at the moment when the providence of god brought the woman of Shunem before the king, to claim the restoration of her lands, 2 Kings 8:1-6
Shunem, Shunammites - The Philistines camped at Shunem while fighting with Saul (1 Samuel 28:4 )
Shunem - On the sudden death of this woman's son she hastened to Carmel, 20 miles distant across the plain, to tell Elisha, and to bring him with her to Shunem
Aphek - But if they approached from Shunem ( 1 Samuel 28:4 ), Aphek must have been in Esdraelon in the neighbourhood of el-FÃ»leh
Gilboa - side of the plain at Shunem; Saul on the S
Elisha - Many miracles also were wrought at his word; some of these were, healing the waters of Jericho; supplying the widow's cruse with oil, and the allied armies of Judah, Israel, and Edom with water; gaining a son for the woman of Shunem, and restoring him to life; healing the leprosy of Naaman; detecting and punishing Ghazi
Elisha - We next read of his predicting a fall of rain when the army of Jehoram was faint from thirst (2 Kings 3:9-20 ); of the multiplying of the poor widow's cruse of oil (4:1-7); the miracle of restoring to life the son of the woman of Shunem (4:18-37); the multiplication of the twenty loaves of new barley into a sufficient supply for an hundred men (4:42-44); of the cure of Naaman the Syrian of his leprosy (5:1-27); of the punishment of Gehazi for his falsehood and his covetousness; of the recovery of the axe lost in the waters of the Jordan (6:1-7); of the miracle at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria and Jezreel; of the siege of Samaria by the king of Syria, and of the terrible sufferings of the people in connection with it, and Elisha's prophecy as to the relief that would come (2 Kings 6:24-7:2 )
Necromancy - Saul sought the Lord when the Philistines threatened at Shunem
Beelzebub or Beelzebul - 8); Elisha was recognized as a prophet by the woman of Shunem, because no fly crept over his place at the table (Berakh
Furniture - Consider the home of the “wealthy woman” of Shunem (in lower northern Palestine about five miles east of Megiddo), found in 2 Kings 4:8-37
Elisha - Elisha went frequently to Shunem, a city of Manasseh, on this side Jordan, and was entertained by a certain matron at her house
Elisha - ...
A great woman at Shunem bestowed hospitality on Elisha, and provided a chamber for his use whenever he passed that way
Saul - ...
After some time the Philistines "gathered themselves together" in the plain of Esdraelon, and pitched their camp at Shunem, on the slope of Little Hermon; and Saul "gathered all Israel together," and "pitched in Gilboa" (1 Samuel 28:3-14 )
Zebedee - Shunem, Endor, and Bethshean could also be seen, and Megiddo too,—the scene of Josiah’s heroic fight; while nearer still on the shoulder of Carmel was ‘the place of burning,’—the site of Elijah’s sacrifice, and of Baal’s inglorious defeat before the God of Israel
Galilee (2) - Nazareth, Capernaum, Shunem, Nain, Cana, etc
Miracle - Raising the son of the Nain widow closely resembles the reanimations by Elijah and Elisha (Luke 7:11-17 ) and occurs on virtually the identical site as one of them (Old Testament Shunem)
Elisha - of Lydda, now Jiljilieh) to Carmel, Elisha stayed at Shunem in Issachar, now Solam, three miles N