Places Study on Topheth

Places Study on Topheth

2 Kings 23: And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.

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Dictionary

Fausset's Bible Dictionary - Topheth
A spot in the valley of the son of Hinnom; S.E. and S.S.E. of Jerusalem; "by the entry of the E. gate" (Jeremiah 19:2). (See HINNOM.) Infamous by the immolation in it of children to Moloch (2 Kings 23:10; Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31-32; Jeremiah 19:2; Jeremiah 19:6; Jeremiah 19:11). (See HELL.) From toph , the "drums" beaten to drown the shrieks of the children made to pass through the fire to Moloch; rather tophet means tabret, so "tabret grove," i.e. music grove, as Chinneroth is "the harp sea"; or tuph "to spit," less probably; or from a root "burning" (Persian, Gesenins); or "filth" (Roediger). One of the chief groves in Hinnom; forming part of the king's gardens, and watered by Siloam; Hinnom is placed by old writers E. of Jerusalem, answering to the month of the Tyropoeon, along the southern banks of the Kedron (Jerome De Loc. Hebrew).

Topheth was next defiled by idols, Baal and Moloch, with their inhuman sacrifices. Josiah threw down its altars and heaped here the filth of the city, so that, with its carcasses preyed on by worms and its perpetual fires for consuming refuse, it became a type of hell (Isaiah 66:24). In Kings and Jeremiah the article precedes, "the Topheth" In Isaiah 30:33 it is Τophteh , "tabret grove," as tupim in Isaiah 30:32 is "tabrets." Jeremiah (Jeremiah 7:32; Jeremiah 19:6) makes it prophetically "the valley of slaughter," i.e. the scene, no longer of slaughter of innocents (Jeremiah 19:4), but of the Jewish men who so richly deserved their fate. In Isaiah 30:33 Topheth symbolizes the funeral pyre of Sennacherib's army, not that it actually perished there, but the Assyrian forerunner of antichrist is to be burnt in ignominy whereas the Hebrew buried their dead. Satan is the king finally doomed to the fire with the lost (Matthew 5:22; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:43-44).

Holman Bible Dictionary - Topheth
(Tuhfeth) Modern translations' spelling of Tophet.



Morrish Bible Dictionary - Tophet, Topheth
See HINNOM and HELL.

People's Dictionary of the Bible - Topheth
Topheth (tô'feth), and once Tophet (tô'fet), place of burning, first applied to a deep part of the "valley of the son of Hinnom, Jeremiah 7:31, "by the entry of the east gate." Jeremiah 19:2. It seems also to have been part of the king's gardens, and watered by Siloam. Tophet occurs only in the Old Testament. 2 Kings 23:10; Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31-32; Jeremiah 19:6; Jeremiah 19:11-14. The New does not refer to it. Tophet has been variously translated. The most natural meaning seems that suggested by the occurrence of the word in two consecutive verses, in one of which it is a tabret and in the other tophet. Isaiah 30:32-33. Tophet was probably the king's "music-grove" or garden, denoting originally nothing evil or hateful. Certainly there is little evidence that it took its name from the drums beaten to drown the cries of the burning victims that passed through the fire to Molech. Afterward it was defiled by idols and polluted by the sacrifices of Baal and the fires of Molech. Then it became the place of abomination, the very gate or pit of hell. The pious kings defiled it, pouring into it all the filth of the city, till it became the "abhorrence" of Jerusalem. See Hell.

Sentence search

Tophet - (See Topheth
Tabret - Topheth) "tabret" should be, as in the Revised Version, "an open abhorring" (marg
Topheth - ... Topheth was next defiled by idols, Baal and Moloch, with their inhuman sacrifices. In Kings and Jeremiah the article precedes, "the Topheth" In Isaiah 30:33 it is Τophteh , "tabret grove," as tupim in Isaiah 30:32 is "tabrets. In Isaiah 30:33 Topheth symbolizes the funeral pyre of Sennacherib's army, not that it actually perished there, but the Assyrian forerunner of antichrist is to be burnt in ignominy whereas the Hebrew buried their dead
Molech, Moloch - Its special centre was just outside Jerusalem, at a place in the Valley of Hinnom called the Topheth (which see). Josiah suppressed the worship and defiled Topheth. On the other hand, we are told that, while Melech was worshipped at Topheth, the sanctuary of Milcom was on the Mount of Olives ( 2 Kings 23:13 ). Again, we learn from many sources that the most atrocious child-sacrifice was a prominent feature in the public religion of the Phœnicians, both in their Palestinian homeland and in Carthage; and in this connexion we find constant reference to the pit of fire into which the victims were cast (see Topheth)
Human Sacrifice - A portion of the valley bore the name Topheth, a name derived from the word for fireplace or hearth. Apparently Topheth was an open air cultic area where Molech sacrifices were offered. Josiah defiled Topheth as a part of his reformation so that “no one might burn his son or his daughter as an offering to Molech” (2 Kings 23:10 RSV)
Hinnom, Valley of - To prevent this Josiah defiled Topheth in this valley
Tophet - Topheth, from Heb
Topheth - Topheth (tô'feth), and once Tophet (tô'fet), place of burning, first applied to a deep part of the "valley of the son of Hinnom, Jeremiah 7:31, "by the entry of the east gate
Molech - It generally is assumed that references like these are to the sacrifices of children in the Valley of Hinnom at a site known as Topheth (“Topheth” probably means “firepit” in Syriac)
Hell - TOPHETor Topheth
Hinnom, Valley of - It is, of course, possible that the Valley of Hinnom may have included part of the open land formed by the junction of the three valleys below Siloam; and Topheth may have lain there, as is suggested by some authorities, but there is no necessity to extend the name beyond the limits of the actual gorge
Idolatry - Topheth)
High Place, Sanctuary - Thus Jeremiah speaks of ‘high places’ ( bâmôth ) in the valley of Topheth at Jerusalem (7:31, 19:5 RV [Note: Revised Version
Fire - The reference in the imagery to ‘fire and brimstone’ is evidently derived from the historical account of the destruction of Sodom in Genesis 19:24, mediated by passages such as Isaiah 30:33, in which Topheth is a symbol of God’s burning judgments, and Isaiah 66:24, in which the valley of Hinnom, with its fire continually burning, is the scene of final judgment on God’s enemies
Fire - The reference in the imagery to ‘fire and brimstone’ is evidently derived from the historical account of the destruction of Sodom in Genesis 19:24, mediated by passages such as Isaiah 30:33, in which Topheth is a symbol of God’s burning judgments, and Isaiah 66:24, in which the valley of Hinnom, with its fire continually burning, is the scene of final judgment on God’s enemies