The Meaning of Mark 8:38 Explained

Mark 8:38

KJV: Whosoever thereinal/%CE%B3%E1%BD%B0%CF%81" data-number="G1063" class="xxxxxxxxx G1063" >fore shall be ashamed of me inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and of my inal/%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%82" data-number="G3056" class="xxxxxxxxx G3056" >words in this adulterous inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.

YLT: inal/%CE%B3%E1%BD%B0%CF%81" data-number="G1063" class="xxxxxxxxx G1063" >for whoever inal/%E1%BC%90%CF%80%CE%B1%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%87%CF%85%CE%BD%CE%B8%E1%BF%87" data-number="G1870" class="xxxxxxxxx G1870" >may be ashamed of me, inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and of my inal/%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%82" data-number="G3056" class="xxxxxxxxx G3056" >words, in this adulterous inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and sinful generation, the Son of Man also shall be ashamed of him, when he may come in the glory of his Father, with the holy messengers.'

Darby: For whosoever shall be ashamed of me inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and of my inal/%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%82" data-number="G3056" class="xxxxxxxxx G3056" >words in this adulterous inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and sinful generation, of him shall the Son of man also be ashamed when he shall come in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.

ASV: For whosoever shall be ashamed of me inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and of my inal/%CE%BB%CF%8C%CE%B3%CE%BF%CF%85%CF%82" data-number="G3056" class="xxxxxxxxx G3056" >words in this adulterous inal/%CE%BA%CE%B1%E1%BD%B6" data-number="G2532" class="xxxxxxxxx G2532" >and sinful generation, the Son of man also shall be ashamed of him, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.

Discover Mark 8:38

What does Mark 8:38 Mean?

Study Notes

sinful Sin. (See Scofield " Romans 3:23 ")
angels
angels
Angel, Summary: Angel, "messenger," is used of God, of men, and of an order of created spiritual beings whose chief attributes are strength and wisdom. 2 Samuel 14:20 ; Acts 12:7-103 ; Psalms 104:4 . In the O.T. the expression "the angel of the Lord" (sometimes "of God") usually implies the presence of Deity in angelic form.; Genesis 16:1-13 ; Genesis 21:17-19 ; Genesis 22:11-16 ; Genesis 31:11-13 ; Exodus 3:2-4 ; Judges 2:1 ; Judges 6:12-16 ; Judges 13:3-22 (See Scofield " Malachi 3:1 ") . The word "angel" is used of men in; Luke 7:24 ; James 2:25 ; Revelation 1:20 ; Revelation 2:1 ; Revelation 2:8 ; Revelation 2:12 ; Revelation 2:18 ; Revelation 3:1 ; Revelation 3:7 ; Revelation 3:14 In Revelation 8:3-5 . Christ is evidently meant. Sometimes angel is used of the spirit of man.; Matthew 18:10 ; Acts 12:15 . Though angels are spirits; Psalms 104:4 ; Hebrews 1:14 power is given them to become visible in the semblance of human form. Genesis 19:1 cf; Genesis 19:5 ; Exodus 3:2 ; Numbers 22:22-31 ; Judges 2:1 ; Judges 6:11 ; Judges 6:22 ; Judges 13:3 ; Judges 13:6 ; 1 Chronicles 21:16 ; 1 Chronicles 21:20 ; Matthew 1:20 ; Luke 1:26 ; John 20:12 ; Acts 7:30 ; Acts 12:7 ; Acts 12:8 etc.). The word is always used in the masculine gender, though sex, in the human sense, is never ascribed to angels.; Matthew 22:30 ; Mark 12:25 . They are exceedingly numerous.; Matthew 26:53 ; Hebrews 12:22 ; Revelation 5:11 ; Psalms 68:17 . The power is inconceivable. 2 Kings 19:35 . Their place is about the throne of God.; Revelation 5:11 ; Revelation 7:11 . Their relation to the believer is that of "ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation," and this ministry has reference largely to the physical safety and well-being of believers.; 1 Kings 19:5 ; Psalms 34:7 ; Psalms 91:11 ; Daniel 6:22 ; Matthew 2:13 ; Matthew 2:19 ; Matthew 4:11 ; Luke 22:43 ; Acts 5:19 ; 1606331297_30 . From; Hebrews 1:14 ; Matthew 18:10 ; Psalms 91:11 it would seem that this care for the heirs of salvation begins in infancy and continues through life. The angels observe us; 1 Corinthians 4:9 ; Ephesians 3:10 ; Ecclesiastes 5:6 a fact which should influence conduct. They receive departing saints. Luke 16:22 . Man is made "a little lower than the angels," and in incarnation Christ took "for a little "time" this lower place.; Psalms 8:4 ; Psalms 8:5 ; Hebrews 2:6 ; Hebrews 2:9 that He might lift the believer into His own sphere above angels. Hebrews 2:9 ; Hebrews 2:10 . The angels are to accompany Christ in His second advent. Matthew 25:31 . To them will be committed the preparation of the judgment of the nations. Matthew 13:30 ; Matthew 13:39 ; Matthew 13:41 ; Matthew 13:42 . See Scofield " Matthew 25:32 ". The kingdom-age is not to be subject to angels, but to Christ and those for whom He was made a little lower than the angels. Hebrews 2:5 An archangel, Michael, is mentioned as having a particular relation to Israel and to the resurrections.; Daniel 10:13 ; Daniel 10:21 ; Daniel 12:1 ; Daniel 12:2 ; Judges 1:9 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:16 . The only other angel whose name is revealed Gabriel, was employed in the most distinguished services.; Daniel 8:16 ; Daniel 9:21 ; Luke 1:19 ; Luke 1:26 .
Fallen angels. Two classes of these are mentioned:
(1) "The angels which kept not their first estate place, but left their own habitation," are "chained under darkness," awaiting judgment. 2 Peter 2:4 ; Judges 1:6 ; 1 Corinthians 6:3 ; John 5:22 .
(See Scofield " Genesis 6:4 ")
(2) The angels who have Satan Genesis 3:1 as leader.
(See Scofield " Revelation 20:10 ") .
The origin of these is nowhere explicitly revealed. They may be identical with the demons.
(See Scofield " Matthew 7:22 ") . For Satan and his angels everlasting fire is prepared. Matthew 25:41 ; Revelation 20:10 .

Context Summary

Mark 8:22-38 - The Cost Of Following Jesus
Our attention has been drawn to the Master's sighs; here, however, was another characteristic act. He spat on the eyes of the blind man, perhaps to excite his expectation and faith. Repulsive as ophthalmia is in the East, it did not repel Him nor staunch the flow of His pity.
We do not at once see everything clearly, but step by step we come unto perfect vision. Here we see through a glass darkly, there face to face. There was a great price to be paid; it was only through suffering and death that Jesus could do His greatest work, in redeeming and cleansing the children of men. He might have been the miracle-worker apart from Calvary; but to be the Savior, He must not spare Himself but be willing to pour out His soul even unto death. It was hard for the Apostles to learn this lesson; they wanted the Master to spare Himself. Peter, especially, sought to dissuade Him; but the Lord knew better the desperate need of men and how it must be met. There are three conditions to be fulfilled by those who have resolved to follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. 1. We must deny self; 2. Each must take up his cross; 3. We must think more of others than of ourselves. If these are realized, the soul is following Christ and making progress, even though it deems itself stagnant or drifting back. [source]

Chapter Summary: Mark 8

1  Jesus feeds the people miraculously;
10  refuses to give a sign to the Pharisees;
14  admonishes his disciples to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Herod;
22  gives a blind man his sight;
27  acknowledges that he is the Jesus who should suffer and rise again;
34  and exhorts to patience in persecution for the profession of the gospel

Greek Commentary for Mark 8:38

For whosoever shall be ashamed of me and my words [ος γαρ εαν επαισχυντηι με και τους εμους λογους]
More exactly, whosoever is ashamed (first aorist passive subjunctive with indefinite relative and εαν αν — ean ̂ an See Robertson, Grammar, pp. 957-9. It is not a statement about the future conduct of one, but about his present attitude toward Jesus. The conduct of men toward Christ now determines Christ‘s conduct then This passive verb is transitive and uses the accusative (με αυτον — me εν τηι γενεαι ταυτηι τηι μοιχαλιδι και αμαρτωλωι — auton). [source]
In this adulterous and sinful generation [οταν ελτηι]
Only in Mark.When he cometh (hotan elthēi). Aorist active subjunctive with reference to the future second coming of Christ with the glory of the Father with his holy angels (cf. Matthew 16:27). This is a clear prediction of the final eschatological coming of Christ. This verse could not be separated from Mark 9:1 as the chapter division does. These two verses in Mark 8:38; Mark 9:1 form one paragraph and should go together. [source]
When he cometh [hotan elthēi)]
Aorist active subjunctive with reference to the future second coming of Christ with the glory of the Father with his holy angels (cf. Matthew 16:27). This is a clear prediction of the final eschatological coming of Christ. This verse could not be separated from Mark 9:1 as the chapter division does. These two verses in Mark 8:38; Mark 9:1 form one paragraph and should go together. [source]
My words []
Bengel remarks that one may confess Christ in general and yet be ashamed of this or that saying. [source]
In this adulterous and sinful generation []
Peculiar to Mark. [source]

What do the individual words in Mark 8:38 mean?

Whoever for if may be ashamed of Me and - My words in the generation this - adulterous sinful also the Son - of Man will be ashamed of him when He shall come glory of the Father of Him with the angels - holy
ὃς γὰρ ἐὰν ἐπαισχυνθῇ με καὶ τοὺς ἐμοὺς λόγους ἐν τῇ γενεᾷ ταύτῃ τῇ μοιχαλίδι ἁμαρτωλῷ καὶ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐπαισχυνθήσεται αὐτὸν ὅταν ἔλθῃ δόξῃ τοῦ Πατρὸς αὐτοῦ μετὰ τῶν ἀγγέλων τῶν ἁγίων

ὃς  Whoever 
Parse: Personal / Relative Pronoun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: ὅς 
Sense: who, which, what, that.
ἐπαισχυνθῇ  may  be  ashamed  of 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Subjunctive Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἐπαισχύνομαι  
Sense: to be ashamed.
με  Me 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Accusative 1st Person Singular
Root: ἐγώ  
Sense: I, me, my.
τοὺς  - 
Parse: Article, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἐμοὺς  My 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Accusative Masculine 1st Person Plural
Root: ἐμός  
Sense: my, mine, etc.
λόγους  words 
Parse: Noun, Accusative Masculine Plural
Root: λόγος  
Sense: of speech.
γενεᾷ  generation 
Parse: Noun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: γενεά  
Sense: fathered, birth, nativity.
ταύτῃ  this 
Parse: Demonstrative Pronoun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: οὗτος  
Sense: this.
τῇ  - 
Parse: Article, Dative Feminine Singular
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
μοιχαλίδι  adulterous 
Parse: Noun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: μοιχαλίς  
Sense: an adulteress.
ἁμαρτωλῷ  sinful 
Parse: Adjective, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: ἁμαρτωλός  
Sense: devoted to sin, a sinner.
καὶ  also 
Parse: Conjunction
Root: καί  
Sense: and, also, even, indeed, but.
Υἱὸς  Son 
Parse: Noun, Nominative Masculine Singular
Root: υἱός  
Sense: a son.
τοῦ  - 
Parse: Article, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἀνθρώπου  of  Man 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: ἄνθρωπος  
Sense: a human being, whether male or female.
ἐπαισχυνθήσεται  will  be  ashamed  of 
Parse: Verb, Future Indicative Passive, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἐπαισχύνομαι  
Sense: to be ashamed.
ἔλθῃ  He  shall  come 
Parse: Verb, Aorist Subjunctive Active, 3rd Person Singular
Root: ἔρχομαι  
Sense: to come.
δόξῃ  glory 
Parse: Noun, Dative Feminine Singular
Root: δόξα  
Sense: opinion, judgment, view.
τοῦ  of  the 
Parse: Article, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
Πατρὸς  Father 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Singular
Root: προπάτωρ 
Sense: generator or male ancestor.
αὐτοῦ  of  Him 
Parse: Personal / Possessive Pronoun, Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Root: αὐτός  
Sense: himself, herself, themselves, itself.
μετὰ  with 
Parse: Preposition
Root: μετά  
Sense: with, after, behind.
ἀγγέλων  angels 
Parse: Noun, Genitive Masculine Plural
Root: ἄγγελος  
Sense: a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God.
τῶν  - 
Parse: Article, Genitive Masculine Plural
Root:  
Sense: this, that, these, etc.
ἁγίων  holy 
Parse: Adjective, Genitive Masculine Plural
Root: ἅγιος  
Sense: most holy thing, a saint.

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